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Muzaffarnagar (pronunciation (help·info)) is a city under Muzaffarnagar Urban Metropolitan Region and is controlled by municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is a part of the Delhi NCR abbreviation of National Capital Region (NCR). It is the headquarters of the Muzaffarnagar district. It is situated midway on Delhi - Haridwar/Dehradun National Highway (NH 58), the city is also well connected with the national railway network.
Sugar Bowl of India
|Incorporated as City||1826|
|Founded by||Saiyed Muzaffar Ali khan|
|Named for||Saiyed Muzaffar Ali khan|
|• Body||Municipal Board of Muzaffarnagar|
|• District Magistrate||Mrs Selva Kumari|
|• Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha||Sanjeev Kumar Balyan (BJP)|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Kapil Dev Agarwal (BJP)|
|• Total||204.8 km2 (79.1 sq mi)|
|• Length||16.3 km (10.1 mi)|
|• Width||16 km (10 mi)|
|Elevation||267 m (876 ft)|
|• Rank||15 (In U.P.)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi,English and Urdu|
|• Literacy rate||87.15|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|First newspaper||Dainik Dehat (est. 1936)|
The city is located in the middle of highly fertile upper Ganga-Yamuna Doab region and is very near to the New Delhi and Saharanpur, making it one of the most developed and prosperous cities of Uttar Pradesh. It comes under the Saharanpur division . This city is part of Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) and Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor (ADKIC). It share its border with state of Uttarakhand. It is the principal commercial, industrial and educational hub of Western Uttar Pradesh. As of July 2019, Ms Selva Kumari is the District Magistrate of Muzaffarnagar.
The town was renamed in 1633 by the son of a Mughal Commander Sayyid Muzaffar Khan during the reign of Shah Jahan, which was earlier ruled by Maulaheri jats with the name of Sarwat(Sarasvatipura).In 1947,When the country got independence Late Shri Keshav Gupta, a renowned freedom fighter who went on to become the first MLA from Muzaffarnagar constituency following which the Indian flag was hoisted for the first time at his residence in the Muzaffarnagar City.
2013 Muzaffarnagar riotsEdit
According to a May 2015 report in India Today:
Shamli and adjoining Muzaffarnagar districts are considered sensitive ever since large-scale communal violence erupted in August and September 2013. More than 50 people had died and over 50,000 were rendered homeless ... The riot that ensued had engulfed many districts of western UP.
Some politicians have demanded that the city name be changed from Muzaffarnagar to Lakshminagar.
Muzaffarnagar is 272 meters above sea level in the Doab region of Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is 125 kilometres NE of the national capital, Delhi, and 200 kilometres SE of Chandigarh, and near to Bijnor, Meerut and Hastinapur.
Muzaffarnagar has a monsoon influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by much hot summers and cooler winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot. The monsoon arrives in late June and continues till the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March. June is the warmest month of the year.
The temperature in June averages 30.2 °C. In January, the average temperature is 12.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The average annual temperature in Muzaffarnagar is 24.2 °C. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in Muzaffarnagar are 45 °C (113 °F) on 29 may,1994 and −0.9 °C (30.4 °F) respectively. The rainfall here averages 929 mm. The driest month is November, with 8 mm of rain. Highest precipitation falls in July, with an average of 261.4 mm.
|Climate data for Muzaffarnagar (1981–2010, extremes 1981–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||28.9
|Average high °C (°F)||19.2
|Average low °C (°F)||5.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||25.1
|Average rainy days||1.9||2.5||2.2||1.2||2.1||4.4||9.5||9.9||5.5||1.1||0.5||1.1||42.0|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||58||51||45||31||34||48||69||72||65||54||54||58||53|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
As of the[update] 2011 census, Muzaffar Nagar municipality had a population of 392,451 and the urban agglomeration had a population of 494,792. The municipality had a sex ratio of 897 females per 1,000 males and 12.2% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 80.99%; male literacy was 85.82% and female literacy was 75.65%.
Muzaffarnagar city is governed by Municipal Council which comes under the remit of the Muzaffarnagar Urban Agglomeration. The city's population is 392,451; the urban/metropolitan population is 494,792, of which 261,338 are males and 233,454 are females.
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Muzaffarnagar is an industrial city with sugar, steel and paper being the major industries. District Muzaffarnagar has 8 sugar mills. More than 40% of the region's population is engaged in agriculture. According to Economic Research firm Indicus Analytics, Muzaffarnagar has the highest agricultural GDP in Uttar Pradesh, as well as UP's largest granary.
Muzaffaranagar has both public and private healthcare system. The District hospital is the major government hospital in the city along with several general practitioners in the city. The city is also catered by a private medical college (Muzaffarnagar Medical College) on the outskirts of the city.
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Muzaffarnagar is well connected by road and railway networks. The Ghaziabad - Saharanpur line passes through the city thus forming the backbone of the long-distance and best possible travel from the city. Indian Railways provides connections to New Delhi, Western Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, South India, and other parts of the country. Dehradun Shatabdi Express and Dehradun Jan Shatabdi Express trains pass through and halt at the Muzaffarnagar station. The Meerut - Shaharanpur section of this railway route is now being developed as a part of the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor. The corridor extends from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal.
The National Highway - 58 (NH-58) passes through Muzaffarnagar city. This highway provides connections towards Delhi on the southern direction and upper reaches of the Himalayas in the Uttarakhand state in the northern direction. The highway is the backbone of road transportation for the Muzaffarnagar city as well as the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. Cities and areas of Hardwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun as well as Badrinath and Kedarnath are served by this highway.
City transportation mostly consists of tricycles and 3-wheeled vehicles, rickshaws. An international airport, Muzaffarnagar International Airport, was proposed in the city in order to reduce the traffic at the Indira Gandhi International Airport, however, the same was transferred to the Jewar Airport.
Muzaffarnagar lies approximately halfway on the road from Delhi to Uttarakhand Rishikesh (the NH-58). As a result, many roadside resorts and eateries have sprung up on the highway near the city. Especially, the town of Khatauli is famed for its canal side forest park named "Cheetal". Once visited for the sight of deer and rabbits and other wild animals, the Cheetal is now encroached by privately owned dhabas and resorts thus sidelining the animals.
This list of "famous" or "notable" persons has no clear inclusion or exclusion criteria. Please help to define clear inclusion criteria and edit the list to contain only subjects that fit those criteria. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Gourav Baliyan, wrestler
- Sanjeev Balyan, politician, Member of parliament Muzaffarnagar Loksabha
- Kartar Singh Bhadana, political figure
- Kamna Chandra, Haryana film writer
- Sumit Jain, entrepreneur, co-founder & CEO Opentalk.to | co-founder and ex-CEO Commonfloor.com
- Divya Kakran, wrestler
- Swami Kalyandev (1876–2004), an ascetic in the fields of education and social reform, awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Indian government
- Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (once lived in Muzaffarnagar)
- Nishu Kumar, Indian professional football player, plays as full back at Bengaluru FC and India.
- Harendra Singh Malik, political figure
- Ali Quli Mirza, Bollywood actor and singer
- Sultan Rahi, Pakistani actor
- Nivin Ramani, Indian actor
- Sumit Rathi, Indian football player, plays for ATK
- Rajpal Singh Saini, political figure
- Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Bollywood actor
- Narain Singh, Gurjar leader and deputy chief minister of UP
- Brahma Singh, scientist and agriculturist; awarded the Padma Shri by the Indian government.
- Shaukat Thanvi, Pakistani author who wrote Qazi G
- Rakesh Tikait, Farmer leader
- "Who's Who". muzaffarnagar.nic.in. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "Muzaffarnagar City". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Digital South Asia Library, Volume 18. 1909. p. 93. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Muzaffarnagar District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 18, p. 83.
- "Government releases data of riot victims identifying religion". The Times of India. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- "Western Uttar Pradesh tense after communal violence in Shamli". India Today. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
- Rashid, Omar (10 November 2018). "U.P. cities renaming: Muzaffarnagar, Agra, Sultanpur likely in list". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Muzaffarnagar, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
- "Station: Muzaffarnagar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 515–516. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
- "Muzaffarnagar clashes sour its famed jaggery business". indiatimes.com. India Times. 19 September 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Elections: Uttar Pradesh Assembly". Retrieved 18 May 2018.