Bulandshahr, formerly Baran, is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.[3]

Left to right, top to bottom: Garden Gate, Mahatma Gandhi bust (Malika park), Bathing ghat, Nahar (Canal), Kala Aam, Exhibition grounds, Kali Nadi bridge and MiG-27 fighter aircraft at Veteran's Air Force School in Ganganagar
Bulandshahr is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Bulandshahr is located in India
Bulandshahr (India)
Coordinates: 28°24′25″N 77°50′59″E / 28.40694°N 77.84972°E / 28.40694; 77.84972
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
Founded byKing Ahibaran
 • Total72 km2 (28 sq mi)
195 m (640 ft)
 • Total235,310[1]
 • Density788/km2 (2,040/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91 (5732)
Vehicle registrationUP-13
Sex ratio1.892 /

It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr district and part of Delhi NCR region. According to the Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated Districts of India on the basis of the 2011 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.[4]

Etymology edit

An early history of Bulandshahr and its origin of name is given by British District magistrate and collector for the Indian Civil Service, Frederic Salmon Growse, in a paper titled "Bulandshahr Antiquities" published in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1879.[5] Bulandshahr was founded as 'Baran' by the king Ahibaran.[6]

Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city",[7] (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language during the Mughal era.[8]

History edit

Early history edit

Growse's discoveries in the 1880s showed that Baran was inhabited by Buddhists between 400 and 600 AD.[9]

The kingdom of Baran came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Baran and conquered it and the Raja Chandrasen Dodiya was killed and Aibak took control of the Baran kingdom.[citation needed]

The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the State Museum Lucknow.[citation needed]

British rule edit

Raja Lachhman Singh (1826–1896), who served the government from 1847 and wrote a Statistical Memoir of the Bulandshahr District, moved to Bulandshahr following retirement.[10][11]

Indian Rebellion of 1857 edit

A large number of Gurjar and Rajput rulers, called zamindars, rebelled and attacked Bulandshahr itself on 21 May 1857.[12] The Gurjars plundered multiple towns such as Sikandrabad. They burnt down Telegraph lines and Dak Bungalows. The rebelling Nawab, Walidad Khan also belonged from Bulandshahr. The presence of Nawab Walidad Khan in Bulandshahr had completely paralysed the British about this time.[13]

Walidad Khan recruited a large number of Indian Muslims who had been serving in the Irregular Cavalry, such as Skinner's Horse.[14][15]

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is generally associated with the surrounding areas, such as Meerut, Delhi and Aligarh.[16] On 20 May 1857, the 9th regiment of Bulandshahr looted the treasury at Bulandshahr. Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall was subsequently appointed assistant magistrate of Bulandshahr, and Lord Roberts was also present in the district.[16][17][18]

Park edit

Raja Babu Park had been constructed in Bulandshahr in 1837, and a statue of Queen Victoria was placed there in 1901, when the park was renamed ‘Maharani Victoria Park’.[19]

Development under Frederick Growse edit

Growse, district magistrate and collector of Bulandshahr from 1876 to 1884, resided at Collector's House.[20] In 1884 he published Bulandshahr; or, Sketches of an Indian district; social, historical and architectural.[21]

Post-independence edit

Following India's independence, ‘Maharani Victoria Park’ was renamed after Rajeshwar Dayal Saxena, president of the Civil Bar Association and later president of Municipal Board, Bulandshahar. Later it was renamed again back to 'Raja Babu Park'. In 1969 a bust of Mahatma Gandhi was established in the park.[19]

Geography edit

The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km.[23] It lies in the Bulandshahr District on the Agra to Delhi Road, and is surrounded by Delhi, Meerut, Moradabad, Badaun and Aligarh.[16]

Demographics edit

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. Population in the age groups of 0 to 6 years was 30,886. The total number of literates were 160,203, of which 90,761 were males and 69,442 were females. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 78.37%.[1]

Administration and politics edit

Bulandshahr is one of seven administrative sub-divisions of the District of Bulandshahr.[3]

Buildings edit

Bulandshahr has four gates; Bunford Club Gate, Fatehganj Gate, Growseganj Gate and Moti Bagh Gate.[19][clarification needed]

Events edit

The town hosts an annual exhibition known as 'numaish'.[24]

Attractions edit

Clock Tower edit

Clock Tower is a historical landmark from the Victorian era located at the centre of Bulandshahr district in Raja Babu Park or Malka Park which was constructed during the British period in 1837. In 1901, a statue of Queen Victoria was placed in this park and the park was named as 'Maharani Victoria Park'. After the independence of the country, it was renamed as 'Raja Babu Park'. In 1969, a statue of Mahatma Gandhi was established inside the tower.[25][26]

Kuchesar Fort edit

Kuchesar Fort, (alternatively known as 'Rao Raj Vilas Kuchesar Fort') is located at Kuchesar, in Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh, India, approximately 84.3 kilometres (52.4 miles) east of Delhi.[28][29]

The fort served as the erstwhile seat of the Jat Kingdom of Uttar Pradesh.[30]

MiG-27 Fighter Aircraft edit

Mikoyan MiG-27, a supersonic swing-wing fighter aircraft is placed on static display at Veteran's Air Force School in Ganganagar, Bulandshahr. This is the first MiG-27 to be preserved and publicly displayed in Uttar Pradesh.[32][33]

The Kargil War veteran has also featured on 'Warbirds of India' [34] by PVS Jagan Mohan,[35] a military historian who authored The India-Pakistan Air War of 1965.[36]

Notable people edit

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "District-Profile | District Bulandshahr, Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  4. ^ "List of Minority Concentration Districts (Category 'A' & 'B')" (PDF). minorityaffairs.gov.in. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  5. ^ Growse, F. S. (1879). "Bulandshahr Antiquities". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal: 270–276.
  6. ^ Provinces (India), North-Western (1875). Statistical, Descriptive and Historical Account of the North-Western Provinces of India: Meerut division. v.2:pt.1. Saháranpur District. v.2:pt.2. Aligarh District. v.3:pt.1. Bulandshahr District. v.3:pt.2. Meerut (Mirath) District. v.3:pt.3. Muzaffarnagar District. Printed at the North-western Provinces' Government Press. p. 78.
  7. ^ Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Bulandshahr. Government of Uttar Pradesh. 1980.
  8. ^ Everett-Heath, John (24 October 2019). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780191882913.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-188291-3.
  9. ^ Nevill, H. R. (1922). District Gazetteers Of The United Provinces Of Agra And Oudh Bulandshar Vol-V. Lucknow: Government Branch Press. pp. 204–208.
  10. ^ Buckland, C. E. (1971). Dictionary of Indian Biography. Ardent Media. p. 60.
  11. ^ Growse, Frederic Salmon (1884). Bulandshahr: Or, Sketches of an Indian District: Social, Historical and Architectural. Benares: Medical Hall Press. p. 10.
  12. ^ Tewari, J. P. (1966). "The Revolt of 1857 in Bulandshahr District". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 28: 365–376. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44140455.
  13. ^ Heehs, Peter (29 August 1991), "British Rule and Indian Revolt", India's Freedom Struggle 1857-1947, Oxford University Press, pp. 18–31, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195627985.003.0003, ISBN 978-0-19-562798-5, retrieved 9 November 2021
  14. ^ Bengal, Past & Present:Journal of the Calcutta Historical Society · Volume 86. Calcutta Historical Society. 1967. 1967. p. 47.
  15. ^ Fleetwood Williams. Narrative of Events Attending the Outbreak of Disturbances and the Restoration of Authority in the District of Meerut in 1857-58. Government Press. p. 59.
  16. ^ a b c Tewari, J. P. (1966). "The revolt of 1857 in Bulandshahr District". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 28: 365–376. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44140455.
  17. ^ Mukherjee, Paresh Nath (1958). "Bulandshahr in 1857 rising". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 21: 496–500. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44145246.
  18. ^ "Nawab Walidad Khan and the 1857 Struggle in the Bulandshahr district". The Peasant and the Raj. Cambridge South Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 1978. pp. 140–158. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511563416.008. ISBN 9780521216845. {{cite book}}: |journal= ignored (help)
  19. ^ a b c "Census of India 2011: Bulandshahr village and town directory". Series 10, PART XII-A.
  20. ^ a b c d "Indian Architecture of To-day as Exemplified in the New Buildings of Bulandshahr District, Part II · Highlights from the Digital Content Library". dcl.dash.umn.edu. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  21. ^ Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland. 1893. pp. 650–652.
  22. ^ Growse, F.Bulandshahr; or, Sketches of an Indian district; social, historical and architectural. Benares: Medical Hall Press, 1884. p. 67
  23. ^ "Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh to New Delhi, Delhi route by Road via NE 3". maps.google.com. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
  24. ^ The Geographer. Aligarh Muslim University Geographical Society. 1982. p. 70.
  25. ^ "District Bulandshahr". bulandshahar.nic.in.
  26. ^ "Bulandshahr" (PDF). CensusIndia.
  27. ^ "District Bulandshahr". bulandshahar.nic.in.
  28. ^ "Rao Raj Vilas Kuchesar". kuchesarfort.com. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  29. ^ "Mud Fort". bulandshahar.nic.in.
  30. ^ "Mud Fort". Rao Raj Vilas Kuchesar Fort. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  31. ^ "Kuchesar Mud Fort, as a Heritage Hotel". worldarchitecture.org. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  32. ^ PVS Jagan, Mohan (29 May 2023). "WarbirdsOfIndia". Warbirds of India.
  33. ^ "AerialVisuals". www.aerialvisuals.ca.
  34. ^ PVS Jagan, Mohan (29 May 2023). "WarbirdsOfIndia". Warbirds of India.
  35. ^ "Author". Harpercollins. HarperCollinsPublishersIndia.
  36. ^ MOHAN, PVS JAGAN; CHOPRA, SAMIR. The India-Pakistan Air War of 1965. Manohar Books.
  37. ^ PVS Jagan, Mohan (29 May 2023). "WarbirdsOfIndia". Warbirds of India.
  38. ^ "Freedom fighter Abbas Ali to support Arvind Kejriwal". The Hindu. 31 March 2014. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  39. ^ Wilson, Derek (2004). "Baxter [née fforde], Kathleen Mary Carver [Kay]". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). OUP. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/72210. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  40. ^ "All you want to know about #SonalChauhan". FilmiBeat. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  41. ^ Brass, Paul R. (13 November 2012). An Indian Political Life: Charan Singh and Congress Politics, 1957 to 1967. SAGE Publications India. p. 405. ISBN 978-81-321-1715-5.
  42. ^ Damodaran, Harish (2018). INDIA'S NEW CAPITALISTS: Caste, Business, and Industry in a Modern Nation. Hachette India. ISBN 978-93-5195-280-0.
  43. ^ "Shri. Arif Mohammed Khan | Kerala Agricultural University". www.kau.edu. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  44. ^ "History-maker Satish Kumar at the nation's service". Olympic Channel. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2021.

External links edit