Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. This city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). According to Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated Districts of India on the basis of the 2011 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there.
|• Total||18 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||195 m (640 ft)|
|• Density||788/km2 (2,040/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||91 (5732)|
|Sex ratio||892 ♂/♀|
A king named Ahibaran is said to have laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital named baranshahr. It was called Baran city and the name changed to Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city" (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language during the Mughal era. There is a present-day place called Upper Court (Hindi: ओपरकोट) which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area. The kingdom of Baran came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Baran and conquered it and the Raja Chandrasen Dor was killed and Aibak took control of the Baran kingdom.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. The literacy rate was 81.07 per cent.
- Sonal Chauhan, Bollywood actress in Jannat with Emraan Hashmi, was born in Bulandshahr.
- Banarasi Das, popularly known as Babu Banarasi Das (1912-1985) was an Indian politician and Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- Jaiprakash Gaur, founder and chairman of Jaiprakash Associates and Jaypee Group companies.
- Satish Kumar, Boxer medalist of 2014 Asian Games.
- Hitesh Kumari, former minister of UP irrigation department, and was MLA from dibai constituency. Hitesh Kumari
- Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava, Indian scientist expert in bioinformatics, winner of awards including Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
- Kushal Pal Singh, CEO of DLF Limited, India's largest real estate developer.
- Neera Yadav, ex-officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
- Maulana Ashiq Ilahi Bulandshahri, notable Islamic Scholar of recent past.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "List of Minority Concentration Districts (Category 'A' & 'B')" (PDF). minorityaffairs.gov.in. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "New Delhi, Delhi to Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh directions, best route map, conditions and traffic info". www.distancebetweencities.co.in. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "सतीश यादव के पदक जीतने पर सिकंदराबाद में जश्न". www.jagran.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015.