Bahraich

Bahraich is a city and a municipal board in Bahraich district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Located on the Saryu River, a tributary of the Ghaghara river, Bahraich is 125 kilometres (78 miles) north-east of Lucknow, the state capital. The districts of Barabanki, Gonda, Balrampur, Lakhimpur Kheri, Shravasti and Sitapur share local boundaries with Bahraich. A factor which makes this town important is the international border shared with Nepal.

Bahraich
City
Bahraich Clock Tower
Bahraich Clock Tower
Bahraich is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bahraich
Bahraich
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Bahraich is located in India
Bahraich
Bahraich
Bahraich (India)
Coordinates: 27°34′30″N 81°35′38″E / 27.575°N 81.594°E / 27.575; 81.594Coordinates: 27°34′30″N 81°35′38″E / 27.575°N 81.594°E / 27.575; 81.594
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBahraich
Government
 • BodyBahraich Nagar Palika Parishad
 • MayorRubeena Rehan Khan
 • MLAAnupama Jaiswal (BJP)
 • MPAkshaibar Lal (BJP) and Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh (BJP)
Area
 • Total34 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation
126 m (413 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total186,223
 • Density5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
271801
Telephone code+91 05252
Vehicle registrationUP-40
Sex Ratio892 /
Websitebahraichnpp.in

Geography and climateEdit

It has an average elevation of 126 metres (413 feet). Bahraich has a warm humid subtropical climate with hot summers from April to July. The rainy season is from July to mid-September when Bahraich gets an average rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds, and occasionally frontal rainfall will occur in January. In winter the maximum temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the minimum is in the −1 to 7 °C (30 to 45 °F) range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers are extremely hot with temperatures rising to the 40 to 47 °C (104 to 117 °F) range, the average highs being in the high of 30s (degree Celsius). Average annual rainfall is 1,900 centimetres (750 inches) (approx).[3]

Climate data for Bahraich (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
35.2
(95.4)
41.0
(105.8)
44.6
(112.3)
45.8
(114.4)
47.6
(117.7)
44.4
(111.9)
39.2
(102.6)
39.4
(102.9)
38.6
(101.5)
35.2
(95.4)
31.7
(89.1)
47.6
(117.7)
Average high °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
26.1
(79.0)
32.1
(89.8)
37.3
(99.1)
37.9
(100.2)
36.8
(98.2)
33.2
(91.8)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91.0)
32.3
(90.1)
29.0
(84.2)
24.3
(75.7)
31.4
(88.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
21.6
(70.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
25.3
(77.5)
21.1
(70.0)
15.1
(59.2)
10.6
(51.1)
19.7
(67.5)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.6
(33.1)
5.6
(42.1)
11.1
(52.0)
13.5
(56.3)
18.3
(64.9)
18.7
(65.7)
21.1
(70.0)
18.3
(64.9)
12.2
(54.0)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
0.6
(33.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 20.9
(0.82)
18.6
(0.73)
12.0
(0.47)
11.9
(0.47)
51.4
(2.02)
189.6
(7.46)
332.6
(13.09)
284.9
(11.22)
245.3
(9.66)
57.3
(2.26)
4.5
(0.18)
11.7
(0.46)
1,240.7
(48.85)
Average rainy days 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3 3.2 7.3 12.3 12.0 8.4 2.1 0.3 0.8 52.0
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 69 56 40 29 38 53 73 76 75 66 65 70 59
Source: India Meteorological Department[4][5]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Indian Census, Bahraich had a total population of 186,223, of which 97,653 were males and 88,570 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 24,097. The total number of literates in Bahraich was 119,564, which constituted 64.2% of the population with male literacy of 66.5% and female literacy of 61.7%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Bahraich was 73.7%, of which male literacy rate was 76.4% and female literacy rate was 70.8%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 9,584 and 170 respectively. Bahraich had 30460 households in 2011.[1]

PoliticsEdit

Bahraich is divided into two parliamentary constituencies, Bahraich and Kaiserganj. The former is held by Akshaibar Lal of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the latter by Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh, also of the BJP.

There are seven State Assembly constituencies:

TransportationEdit

RoadsEdit

Bahraich is well connected with other districts of Uttar Pradesh. UPSRTC and private operators provide road connectivity to Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Bareilly, Haridwar, Delhi, Jaipur Balrampur, Gonda, Barabanki, Pratapgarh, Shimla, Mathura, Jhansi, Jaunpur, Gorakhpur, Basti, Varanasi, Shravasti and Agra. There are buses for Lucknow in every 15 minutes. National Highway 927 (India) connects the city to Barabanki and state capital Lucknow.

RailwaysEdit

 
Broad Gauge train at Bahraich
 
Metre gauge engine at bahraich meter gauge yard.

Bahraich railway station is a main railway station in Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh. Its code is BRK. It serves Bahraich city. The station consists of 3 platforms, two for broad gauge and one for meter gauge. Bahraich to Jarwal Road is a Broad gauge station 55 kilometers (34 miles) from district headquarters and lies on Delhi–Barauni line.[6] Plans for converting the Bahraich – Gonda tracks to broad-gauge have been in talks since October 2018.[7][8] It is complete as of July 2020, but due to lack of electrification, only diesel locomotives are run in these tracks. According to the railway board, ₹327.32 crore is to be invested to electrify the whole Bahraich-Gonda-Balrampur-Gorakhpur line, with expected completion by the year 2021.[9]

MediaEdit

Bahraich has an All India Radio relay station known as Akashvani Bahraich. It broadcasts on FM frequencies @ 100.1 .

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Bahraich". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  3. ^ "District Industrial Profile of Bahraich district" (PDF). MSME-Development Institute -Allahabad, Government of India Ministry of MSME. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Station: Bahraich Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 65–66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M212. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  6. ^ "बहराइच से जरवलरोड तक बिछे रेल लाइन" (in Hindi). 27 October 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  7. ^ "नवरात्र में बहराइच से गोंडा के बीच चल सकती ट्रेन". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). 8 October 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Broad gauge rail line from Bahraich to Burhwal | Allahabad News – Times of India". The Times of India. 14 February 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  9. ^ "327 करोड़ से बहराइच व गोरखपुर रेल लाइन का होगा विद्युतीकरण". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). 24 July 2020. Retrieved 26 August 2020.

External linksEdit