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Pratapgarh (Hindi: प्रतापगढ़), also called Belha, Bela, Bela Pratapgarh', is a city and municipality of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Pratapgarh district, part of the Allahabad Division. Pratapgarh is the birthplace of the national poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan.

It is one of the oldest districts of Uttar Pradesh, that came into existence in the year 1858. It is at a height of 491 Mt. from sea level. Indian poet Aadya Prasad Mishra 'Unmatt' hails from this place.

Contents

History and etymologyEdit

 
Belha Devi Temple in Pratapgarh City

The district is named after its headquarter town Belha Pratapgarh, commonly known as Pratapgarh. Raja Pratap Bhadur Singh, a local raja between 1628–1682, located his capital at Rampur near the old town of Aror. There he built a garh (fort) and called it Pratapgarh after himself. Subsequently, the area around the fort became known as Pratapgarh. When the district was constituted in 1858, its headquarters was established at Belha, which came to be known as Belha Pratapgarh, the name Belha presumably being derived from the temple of Belha Bhawani on the bank of river Sai. It is popularly known as "Belha Mai" – meaning Mother Goddess Belha.

Several human skeletons along some animal bones and a number of a small stones implements, belonging probably to the Neolithic, have been unearthed in Archaeological exploration at Sarai Nahar in Kunda Tehsil . It is the only site in the entire valley of Ganga which has yielded human skeleton of such an early age as also the Stone Age implements. On the left bank of river Sai there stand a ruined "Kot" representing a Buddhist Stupa. Town Bihar has been conjectured that the remain are probably on an ancient Buddhist monastery which gave its name Bihar. Bihar signifies Vihar or majesties. The name itself as Buddhist.

Shiv TempleEdit

There is a famous Shiv Mandir ( Lord Shiva's Temple ) in Pratapgarh City town area. This Temple is famous for its grand design and a beautiful architecture that make this Temple unique in the whole Pratapgarh District. Through out the year, hundreds and thousands of devotee from other parts of Pratapgarh as well from neighboring districts visit this Temple. Legends say whatever you wish make there, it will be granted by the Lord Shiva. This Temple is located on the Raibareily - Pratapgarh highway in Pratapgarh City market near the City fort.

GeographyEdit

Sai and the Ganges are the main rivers flowing through Pratapgarh district. The district lies between the parallels of 25°34′ and 26°11′ north latitude and between the meridians of 81°19′ and 82°27′ east longitude extending for some 110 kilometres (68 mi) from west to east. It is bounded on the north by the district of Sultanpur, on the south by Allahabad, on the east by Jaunpur, on the west by Fatehpur and north-west by Raebareli. In the south-west the Ganges forms the boundary of the district for about 50 kilometres (31 mi). Separating it from Fatehpur and Allahabad and in the extreme north-east the Gomti forms the boundary for about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi). According to the Central Statistical Organization (Central Statistics Office), India, the district has an area of 3,730 square kilometres (1,440 sq mi).

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Pratapgarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Primarily, an agragrian district, for a while now, Pratapgarh has risen in ranks as the top producer of Aonla or Amla fruit. It is a multi-purpose fruit, is extremely rich in vitamin C, helps cure gastro-intestinal disorders, is said to encourage youth and liveliness and is exported all over India and possibly throughout the world in form of sweets and medicines.

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Pratapgarh
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.11%
Muslim
14.10%
Sikhism
0.05%
Jainism
0.02%
Christians
0.12%
Buddhism
0.24%
Others†
0.36%

As of 2011 Pratapgarh district's population is 3,209,141.[2] This gives it a ranking of 109th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 854 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.2%.[3] Pratapgarh has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 73.1%.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

TransportEdit

The Pratapgarh Railway junction handles 42 trains every day.

  • Old Delhi – Pratapgarh: Padmawat Express Daily from old Delhi station at 7:50 pm Train No. 14207/14208 Vai Ghaziabad-Morababad-Bareilly-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  • New Delhi – Varanasi: Kashi Vishwanath Express Daily from New Delhi station at 11:40 am Train No. 14257/14248 Vai Ghaziabad-Morababad-Bareilly-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  • Delhi Anand Vihar (T) – Varanasi: Garibrath Express from Anand Vihar Mega Terminal station at 6:15 pm Train No. 22407/22408 Vai Ghaziabad-Morababad-Bareilly-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  • New Delhi – Puri: Neelanchal Express Sunday, Tuesday, Fri from New Delhi station at 6:30 am Train No. 12875/12876 Vai Ghaziabad-Aligarh-Etawah-Kanpur-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  •  
    Bakulahi River
    New Delhi – New Farakka: NDLS–NFK Express Thursday from New Delhi station at 6:00 pm Train No. 14003/14004 Vai Ghaziabad-Morababad-Bareilly-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  • Old Delhi – Howrah: JSM–HWH SF Express Thursday from Old Delhi Station at 3:05 pm Train No. 12371/12372 Vai Ghaziabad-Morababad-Bareilly-Lucknow-Raibareli-Amethi.
  • Chandigarh - Kunda(Pratapgarh)- Allahabad Unchahar Express/14218 Mail/Express. (Travel Time: 19h 20m 39 halts Distance: 893 km Avg Speed: 46 km/hr).
  • Pratapgarh to Mumbai - Saket Express(Train Number 11068) & Udyog Nagari Express (Train Number 12173)

The daily passenger trains link Pratapgarh with Lucknow, the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, along with Amethi, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Agra, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Howrah, Allahabad, Varanasi, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jammutawi, Haridwar, Dehradun, Jhansi, Moradabad, Bareli, Patna, Gaya, Jabalpur, Nagpur, Puri, and Delhi. There is also a tri-weekly train to Bhopal, Pratapgarh–Bhopal Express, which is a super-fast train. Another super-fast train, the bi-weekly Udyognagri Express, connects the city with Mumbai, the metro city and capital of Maharashtra. There is also a Delhi–Varanasi garib rath express at midnight.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Member of the Legislative AssemblyEdit

Famous TemplesEdit

  • Ma Pratapwahini Shitla Mata Mandir, Katra Medniganj, Katra, Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh India
  • maa panchmukhi mandir balipur, lohiya park tiraha kachehari, pratapgarh, up.
  • maa durga mandir, balipur, kachehari bhangwachungi road, pratapgarh, up.
  • sreeraamjanki mandir*, baba laldas ka shivgarh {koni} pratapgarh, up.
  • hanuman mandir, trezari charaha, pratapgarh, up.
  • shivmandir, sabjimandi, pratapgarh, up.
  • Baba Kachnarveer Dham "An ancient Shiv Temple about 500 yrs old" sekhpur chauras, kunda Pratapgarh
Ghuisarnath Temple, Kumbhapur, Lalganj, Pratapgarh
 
Lord Shani's statue in Shani Dham View of river Bakulahi from the Shani Dev Temple
  • Baba Belkhar Nath Dham
  • Shri Manishwar Mahadev Mandir Khuskhuswapur(Belha)
  • Aushaan devi Temple at Jamethi, bhitwa Pratapgarh
  • Haudan nath dhaam
  • Belha Devi Mandir (Belha)
  • Baba HARIHAR NATH Gobri Pratap garh
  • Baba Shobh Nath Mandir (Ajhara-Lalganj)
  • Shani Dev Temple, Kushfara, Vishvanath Ganj, Pratapgarh
  • Baba Ghuisarnath Dham (Sangipur, Lalganj Ajhara)
  • Bhayaharan Nath Dham (Katra Gulab Singh, Mandhata)
  • Bhakti Dham Temple, Mangarh, Kunda, Pratapgarh
  • Yaksha-Udhishthira Samvad Asthal {AJGARA DHAM} (Ajgara raniganj), Pratapgarh
  • Chandika Dham Chandikan, Pratapgarh
  • Shri Ram Janki Hanuman mandir Babhanpur PO- Rendigarapur patti pratapgarh
  • Saie Data Kuti Chilbila Pratapgarh
  • Paliyan nath temple, Vill-Goi, Pratapgarh
  • Baba Balukeshwar Nath Dham Avadhpuri, Devghat Road, Moahanganj, Pratapgarh
  • Baba Gopnath Dham Ranki Shangipur Pratapgarh
 
Maa Chauharjan (Barahi) Devi Temple, Pratapgarh
 
Kamakshi Devi Temple, Kamasin, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • Maa Durga Dham Bahuta, Patti Pratapgarh
  • Chamunda Devi Mandir (Baghrai), Pratapgarh
  • Shiv Mandir (Baghrai) Pratapgarh
  • Kamachchha Devi Mandir (Kamasin), Pratapgarh
  • Shiv mandir, civil lines, pratapgarh
  • Shri Shiv Mandir Hathigawan Kunda Pratapgarh
  • Ram Janki Mandir (Mahuli)
  • Old Hanuman Mandir Kohandaur
  • Ram Janki Mandir Kohandaur
  • Harihar Baba Jee Mandir (Dharauli) Kohandaur
  • Mangrauran Bhavani Mangraora Pratap Garh
  • Kalyani Devi Mandir Kalyani Narharpur Kohandaur
  • Haudesvar Nath Mahadev Mandir Kunda
  • Surya Mandir (Swaruppur)
  • Chandikan Devi
  • Shakti devi (Shivpur)
  • Barahi Devi in Chauharjan (Gram sabha Parasurampur, Post Meduali)
  • Radha Krishna Temple (SangramGanj)
  • Baba Budenath Dham (Deom Pashchim, Sangipur)
  • Jagadguru Kripalu Parishat (Mangarh, Kunda)
  • Chandika Dham Chandikan
  • Kamakshi Devi (kamasin)
  • Nayer Devi (Heeraganj)
  • Jangali Vir Baba (Lalganj)
  • Inhan Devi Mandir
  • Maa Varahi Devi (Chauharjan Dham), Lakshipur, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • Karenti Ghat Kunda Pratapgarh
  • Budhau Baba Dham, Akhodi Teer, Sarai Jamuari, Sarsi Dih, Mangraura, Patti, Pratapgarh
  • Kaali Maata Mandir, Sarai Jamuari, Patti, Pratapgarh
  • Shree Radha Krishna Prachin Shiv Mandir Devgarh Kamasin Raniganj pratapgarh
  • Baba Baleshwar Naath (Mahadevan) at the Bank of Sai River, Mohanganj
  • Bansatti devi Mandir, katra bhuwalpur, Po-Katra Mediniganj
  • Maa Kaali Devi Mandir, katra chauraha, Po-Katra Mediniganj
  • Maa Khuilan Devi Mandir, Newadi, Lokapur, Jethwara-Mandhata Road, Pratapgarh
  • Jalahal Devi Mandir Near Hainsi Paraji Bazar PO-Hainsi Paraji Pratapgarh
  • Kharesar Baba Mandir Near Hainsi Paraji Bazar PO-Hainsi Paraji Pratapgarh
  • Shri Ram janki hanuman mandir Babhanpur PO- Rendigarapur patti pratapgarh
  • Kachnar Veer Baba Chaurash Derwa Kunda Pratapgarh
  • Hanuman & Shiv mandir (Kushfara) Pratapgarh
  • Maa Durga BhaktiDhaam, Chandipur, Kohandour, Pratapgarh
  • Jai Maa Kaali, Dhaam (Takkarganj, Babaganj, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Adhar veer baba, pure Ban Pratapgarh
  • Pakadi veer Baba, pure Wasudev Pratapgarh
  • kajee veer Baba, kajeepur Pratapgarh
  • maa chamunda dham badali ka purwa mahrajpur pratapgarh
  • Kateshwar Nath mandir Katawarh Shamshergang Pratapgarh
  • Bude Baba near Bank of river ganga Kalakankar Pratapgarh uttar Pradesh
  • Chakrapani vishunu bhagwan temple Kalakankar Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh
  • Hathi Rambeer Baba Dham, Sangrampur (In front Of Shiva Pandey home) Gondey, Chilbila Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh
  • Ajgar Baba Dham as well known as Raja Nahush moksh sthali at AjgaraMela Mahostava Rishi Panchami hHindi month Bhando every year Pratapgarh Lucknow National Highway.
  • Maa Saltanti Devi Dhaam, (GraamDevi), Sagra, Sadar, Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh.
  • Hanuman ji Temple, Danpur, Rajgarh, Pratapgarh.
  • Shiv Ji Temple, Danpur, Rajgarh, Pratapgarh.
  • Vishwambhar Nath Mandir, Sadaha, Aspurdewsara, Pratapgarh( shri Gosai Maharaj)
  • Bhanwa Beer baba ram janki mandir old talab newra madhupur pratapgarh
  • Bhawani Mandir(Maa Asta Bhuja Devi Mandir), Gonday, Pratapgarh
  • Mata Astbhuja Devi (Langdi Maharani Mandir), Etouri, Sagra Sunderpur, Pratapgarh

Schools and collegeEdit

  • M.B.S. Public School, Bhadausi, Garwara, Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh India
  • Shitla Prasad Intermediate College, Garwara, Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh India
  • Shivrajpur Prathmik Vidyalaya, Shivrajpur, Garwara, Pratapgarh Uttar Pradesh India
  • New Angels Sr. Sec. school, katra road, Pratapgarh.
  • St. Namdev convent school, pratapgarh.
  • Suresh Chandra Mishra Mahavidalaya, belhaghat Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Intermediate college Babaganj, Kunda, Pratapgarh, 230143 (u.p.)
  • Central public school, Patti, Pratapgarh. U. P. Phone number 05343- 250062, 9918563660
  • Prabhavati Girls degree college Kushaha, Pratapgarh(U.P.)
  • Shivram intermediate college Kushaha Pratapgarh (U.P.)
  • Prabhavati Memorial Public School Kushaha, Pratapgarh(U.P.)
  • Shivram Uchchatar Madhyamic Vidyalya Kushaha, Pratapgarh(U.P.)
  • P.G. COLLEGE DERWA PRATAPGARH
  • B.T.C MAHAVIDYALAYA DERWA PRATAPGARH
  • RANICHANDRAWATI BALIKA INTER COLLEGE CHAURAS DERWA PRATAPGARH
  • AATREYA ACADEMY PHULWARI, KATRA ROAD, PRATAPGARH (U.P.)
  • SANGAM INTERNATIONL SCHOOL, KATRA MEDNIGANJ, PRATAPGARH (U.P.)
  • Shubhash Shishu Mandir, Gobari, Pratapgarh
  • Suryansh Public school, Raniganj, Pratapgarh
  • Suryansh Sanskrit Mahavidalaya, Basirpur, Pratapgarh
  • Sarswati Sishu Mandir, Ajeet Nagar, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Munishwar Dutta Post Graduate College, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Pratap Bahadur Post Graduate College, Pratapgarh (City), Uttar Pradesh.
  • Ram Raj Intermediate College Patti Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Pratapgarh
  • Shubhash Shishu Mandir Gobri, Pratap garh
  • Shiv Pati Devi Yamuna Prasad Mishra Balika Inter College Ajhara lalganj Pratapgarh(Prastavit)
  • Government Girls Inter College (G.G.I.C.), Pratapgarh, U.P.
  • Novel international school rakhaha Pratapgarh
  • Sarla inter college chamrupur Pratapgarh
  • Dev Narayan Inter College Kachha Pratapgarh
  • ATL school(C.B.S.E Board) katra Road Pratapgarh
  • Angels Inter College, Shiv ji puram Katara Road Pratapgarh
  • St Johns Academy Viveknagar Pratapgarh
  • Sarsswti Sishu Mandir, Ajeet Nagar, Pratapgarh (U.P.)
  • B. D Mishra Intermediate College, Tarapur, Pratapgarh
  • M. P. S Intermediate College, Jethwara, Pratapgarh
  • Mahatma Gandhi Inter College, Bahunchara-230137, Pratapgarh
  • Krishna Prasad Hindu Intermediate College Pratapgarh
  • G. V. Inter College Delhupur pratapgarh
  • S.B.P. Inter College Bahuta, Patti, Pratapgarh.
  • Ram Narayan Intermediate College, Patti, Pratapgarh.
  • Prabavati memorial public school(CBSE Board) Kushaha Pratapgarh (U.P.)
  • R. S. B. Inter College Baghrai, Pratapgarh 230129 (Up)
  • Ma Gomati Smarak Degree College Bhav Baghrai Pratapgarh 230201 (UP)
  • Gyanodaya Vidyalaya Baghrai Pratapgarh 230129 (UP)
  • Mahadev Prashad intermediate college(M.P.I.C), mahadev nagar, Pratapgarh
  • Sangipur PG Mahavidyalaya, Sangipur, Pratapgarh
  • Government Girl Inter College(G.G.I.C.) Sangipur, Pratapgarh
  • Government Inter College, Sangipur.Pratapgarh
  • St. Anthony's Inter College, Civil Lines, Pratapgarh
  • St.Joseph's School, Civil Lines, Pratapgarh up
  • SP Inter College Kunda Luknow-Allahabad National Highway, Pratapgarh
  • Balbhadra Inter College Deeha Shekpur-Hathigawan GT Road, Pratapgarh
  • CRESCENT MODEL SCHOOL, Kunda Pratapgarh,[4][5]
  • Tulsi Inter College Babuganj Jamethi, Kunda Pratapgarh
  • Hathigawa Inter College, Hathigawa Road, Kunda Pratapgarh
  • MATA VAISHNVI ACADEMY ( M.V ACADEMY)BEHIND SHIVAM GAS AGENCY MEERA BHAWAN PRATAPGARH( U.P)
  • St. Fransis Convent School, Pratapgarh
  • Ram Anjor Mishra Inter college, lalganj, pratapgarh
  • Lourds Children School, Cristion Colony, Pratapgarh
  • Prabhat Academy (I.C.S.E.Board), Pratapgarh
  • Govt Polytechnic, Sultanpur Road, Chilbila
  • Angels Inter College, Katra Road, Pratapgarh
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Lalganj Ajhara
  • P.G College Patti Pratapgarh.
  • B.D. Intermediate College Pure Budhidhar Baba Gang Kunda Pratap Garh
  • M.D.P.G. College Allahabad Road Pratap Garh
  • P.B.P.G. and Inter College Pratapgarh City
  • G.I.C. (Government Inter College) Pratap Garh
  • Madarsa Islameya Noorululoom Harharpur Balkerangang Vishwanathgang Pratapgarh.

▪Madarsa Arabiya Darul Ulum Basupur Mandhata Pratapgarh

  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Avadheshpuram, Lala Bazar, Kalakankar
  • Kalu Ram Inter College, Shitalaganj, Pratapgarh.
  • Rani Rajeshwari Inter College, Dilippur, Pratapgarh
  • Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Post Graduate Degree College, Lalganj
  • Amar Janta Inter Mediate College, Katra Gulab Singh
  • Abul kalam Inter College
  • Bharat Singh Inter College Kumhiya Patti Pratapgarh.
  • Tilak Inter College,
  • Bhadreshwar Inter college Derwa Kunda Pratapgarh.
  • P. P S Intermediate College Daudpur Saraimadhai Pratapgarh

¤ B.B.S.Inter College Barna Lalgopalganj Kunda Pratapgarh

  • S.J.P.R.N.D.Inter College, Ramapur, Kohandour, Pratapgarh
  • Brijendra Mani Inter College(BMIC), Kohandour, Pratapgarh
  • Shweta memorial girls inter college, ashthbhujanagar prtapgarh
  • L.B.S Sikhsan & prasikshan sansthan entha, kunda, pratapgarh
  • Lallan Shambhu Inter Mediate College, Harakhpur, Mandhata, pratapgarh.
  • Joyti Higher Secondary School, Kisun Ganj, Sandwa Chandikan, Pratapgarh.
  • D.R. Primary School Katra Medniganj Pratapgarh.
  • Sarswati Sisu Mandir Ranigunj Pratapgarh
  • RBP Singh IC Birapur pratpgarh
  • Saket girls intermediate college, dahilamau, gau ghat, pratapgarh
  • Saket girls degree college, dahilamau, gau ghat, pratapgarh
  • Sri Ram Inter College, chilbilla, pratapgarh
  • JJK VidyaMandir Khargi Pur Mandhata Pratap Garh
  • Madarsa Islamiya Arabia Talimuddin SonPur Jethwara Pratap Garh
  • SunRise SChool Khargi Pur Mandhata Pratap Garh
  • Hanumat Intermediate College Kalakankar Pratapgarh pin code 229408
  • RYS Public School, (UP Board), Jalesharganj, Pratapgarh (Vimlesh Chandra Shukla)
  • Einstein Public School (CBSE Board), Lalganj Ajhara, Pratapgarh
  • Ram Raj Inter College Patti Pratapgarh
  • Degree College Patti Pratapgarh
  • Raj computer center kandharpur kohandour pratapgarh
  • Pt.nagesh dutt public school lalganj pratapgarh
  • Ajab Narayan Public Intermediate college, Bhupiamau, Pratapgarh
  • Sarojini Monastery Intermediate college, Bhupiamau, Pratapgarh
  • Shree Durga Shishu Vidya Niketan Gonday, pratapgarh
  • Jagdish Narayan Intermediate College Dhingwas, Pratapgar
  • Sumitra Devi Balika Inter College Derwa, Pratapgarh
  • Krishna Kumar Mishra Inter College, Bhawanpur, Derwa, Pratapgarh
  • Krishna Public School ( KPS), Laxiganj, Heeraganj, Kunda, Pratapgarh.

NewspapersEdit

  • Akhand Bharat News (www.akhandbharatnews.com) Indias leading Hindi news website
  • Jansandesh Times
  • Dainik Jagran- Buero Chief srinarain mishra
  • Amar Ujala - Buero Chief C P Upadhayay
  • Hindustan - Buero Chief K K Mishra
  • Delly News
  • Times of India
  • The Tribuan
  • The Hindu
  • Dainik jagran
  • compact
  • iNext
  • Sahara
  • Moolniwasi Nayak
  • Hindustan Times
  • Nyay ka prahri Buero chief Amit shukl

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ official website of state govt.
  3. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ https://www.google.co.in/search?q=school+kunda&rlz=1C1CHBD_enIN702IN702&oq=school+kunda&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i60.4707j0j1&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8#q=school kunda&tbs=lf:1, 6lf_ui:2&rflfq=1&rlha=0&rllag=25724003,81511488,427&tbm=lcl&rldimm=5676028416065509569
  5. ^ http://crescentschool.in/

External linksEdit