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Gonda is a city and municipal board of Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 125 km north east of the state capital Lucknow. Gonda is divided into four tahsils named Gonda, Colonelganj, Tarabganj and Mankapur. Gonda is located at 27°08′N 81°56′E / 27.13°N 81.93°E / 27.13; 81.93.[1] In the Swachh Survekshan 2017, Gonda was ranked the dirtiest city in India among the 434 cities surveyed.[2]

Gonda, Uttar Pradesh
गोण्डा
Gonda, Uttar Pradesh is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gonda, Uttar Pradesh
Gonda, Uttar Pradesh is located in India
Gonda, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 27°08′N 81°56′E / 27.13°N 81.93°E / 27.13; 81.93Coordinates: 27°08′N 81°56′E / 27.13°N 81.93°E / 27.13; 81.93
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gonda
Elevation 120 m (390 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 122,164
Languages
 • Official Hindi (Awadhi Dialect)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP-43
Website www.gonda.nic.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

The name of this district comes from the Sanskrit-Hindi word goshala, meaning cowshed. The cowsheds of the royal lineage of Ayodhya viz. Ikshavaku (Raghukul) of the Solar dynasty were located here. The territory covered by the present district of Gonda is a part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the departure to Saket Dham of Lord Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava, with the city of Sravasti as his capital.[3]

More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including Sravasti.[4]

DemographicsEdit

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Gonda urban agglomeration had a population of 138,929, out of which males were 71,475 and females were 67,454. The literacy rate was 80.32 per cent.[5]

Religions in Gonda[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
60.59%
Muslims
  
37.81%
Jains
  
0.02%
Others†
  
0.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

OverviewEdit

The founder of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya, Swaminarayan was born as Ghanshyam Pandey in the village Chhapaiya of Gonda district. As a child, he also lived in Ayodhya and visited the town of Gonda on a pilgrimage with his parents.[7] The Swaminarayan Akshardham temple in New Delhi is dedicated to him, as Akshardham is his divine abode.

Famous placesEdit

  • Generation Next Place For Computer Education Gonda City.

Swaminarayan Chhapaiyā: The village of Chhapaiya is situated at a distance of 45 km from the district headquarters. The chief interest of the place is Swaminarayan temple which marks the birthplace of Swaminarayan, or Sahajanand Swami, who was born here on 2 April 1781 as Ghanshyam Pande.and Ghanshyam left Chhapaiya at the age of 11 to travel to the pilgrimage sites around India. He completed his pilgrimage in Western Gujarat, where he assumed the leadership of Swaminarayan Sampradaya. The very famous Akshardham temples in New Delhi and in Gandhinagar, Gujarat built by his spiritual successor, Pramukh Swami Maharaj, are both dedicated to him. His followers consider him to be a manifestation of the Supreme Godhead.[8] There have been many movies about the Swaminarayan filmed in this temple in Chhapaiya and in nearby places in the district.

Local collegesEdit

  • Baba Gayadeen Vaidya Babu Ram Mahavidyalaya[9]
  • Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya[10]
  • Bhagirathi Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya, wazirganj Gonda[11]
  • Chandra Shekhar Shyamraji Mahavidyalaya[12]
  • Dashrath Singh Memorial Mahavidyalay[13]
  • Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar Mahavidyalaya[14]
  • Hakikullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya[15]
  • Jagdamba Sharan Singh Educational Institute[16]
  • Kamta Prasad Mathura Prasad Janta Mahavidyalaya[17]
  • Kisan Degree College[18]
  • L.B.S. P. G. College[19] (in Gonda town)
  • Lakhan Lal Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya[20]
  • Maa Gayatri Ram Sukh Pandey Mahavidyalaya[21]
  • Mahakavi Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya[22]
  • Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya[23] Nawabgang
  • Nandini Nagar Vidhi Mahavidyalaya[24] Nawabgang
  • Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[25]
  • Pt. Jag Narain Shukla Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[26]
  • Pt. Ram Dutt Shukla Mahavidyalaya[27]
  • Raghoram Diwakar Dutt Gyanoday Mahavidyalaya[28]
  • Raja Raghuraj Singh Mahavidyalaya[29] Mankapur
  • Ram Nath Memorial Mahavidyalaya[30]
  • Ravindra Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya[31]
  • Saraswati Devi Nari Gyansthali Mahavidyalaya[32] (in Gonda town)
  • Sardar Mohar Singh Memorial Mahila Mahavidyalaya[33] Mankapur
  • Saryu Degree College[34] situated in tehshil Colonelganj of Gonda district.
  • Smt. J. Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya[35]
  • Sri Raghukul Mahila Vidyapeeth[36] (in gonda town)
  • Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Mahavidyalaya[37]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gonda
  2. ^ "Swachh Survekshan 2017: Indore cleanest city, Bhopal at no 2, Gonda dirtiest". The Indian Express. 4 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
  4. ^ India Divine
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  6. ^ Census 2011 http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/143-gonda.html. Retrieved 9 May 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Dave, Ramesh (2010). Ghanshyam Charitra (7th ed.). Amdavad: Swaminarayan Aksharpith. p. 43. ISBN 81-7526-338-5. 
  8. ^ Williams, Raymond (2001). An Introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-521-65422-7. 
  9. ^ [1]
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  11. ^ [3]
  12. ^ [4]
  13. ^ [5]
  14. ^ [6]
  15. ^ [7]
  16. ^ [8]
  17. ^ [9]
  18. ^ [10]
  19. ^ [11]
  20. ^ [12]
  21. ^ [13]
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  32. ^ [24]
  33. ^ [25]
  34. ^ [26]
  35. ^ [27]
  36. ^ [28]
  37. ^ [29]

Gonda/Neiborhood

Triveni nagar colony

Avash vikash colony

Avash vikash colony phase 1

Upadhyay nagar colony, upadhyay atta chakki

Sichayi vibhag colony

Raja mohhalla

Nayyar colony

Makka colony

Gayatre puram colony

Post office colony

Malviye nagar

Civil line

Cheddi purwa

khaira railway colony

sarrafa market

shiv Puri colony

Hyadil colony

Subhash nagar

Kacheri

Bargaon

Porter ganj

External linksEdit