Gonda, Uttar Pradesh

Gonda is a city and municipal board of Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 120 km north east of the state capital Lucknow. Gonda is divided into four tehsils named Gonda, Colonelganj, Tarabganj and Mankapur.

Gonda
City
Gonda is located in Uttar Pradesh
Gonda
Gonda
Gonda is located in India
Gonda
Gonda
Coordinates: 27°08′N 81°56′E / 27.13°N 81.93°E / 27.13; 81.93Coordinates: 27°08′N 81°56′E / 27.13°N 81.93°E / 27.13; 81.93
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictGonda
Government
 • TypeNagar Nigam
 • MayorUzma Rashid
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total122,164
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-43
Websitegonda.nic.in

HistoryEdit

The name of this district comes from the Sanskrit-Hindi word gonarda, meaning cow's voice. The cowsheds of the royal lineage of Ayodhya viz. Ikshavaku (Raghukul) of the Solar dynasty were located here. The territory covered by the present district of Gonda is a part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the departure to Saket Dham of Lord Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava, with the city of Sravasti as his capital.[3]

More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including Sravasti.[4]

DemographicsEdit

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Gonda urban agglomeration had a population of 138,929, out of which males were 71,475 and females were 67,454. The population in the age range of 0 to 6 years was 15,608. The total number of literates were 99,057 (71.3%), of which 55,067 were males and 43,990 were females. The sex ratio was 944. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 80.32 per cent.[1]

OverviewEdit

The founder of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya, Swaminarayan was born as Ghanshyam Pandey in the village Chhapaiya of Gonda. As a child, he also lived in Ayodhya and visited the town of Gonda on a pilgrimage with his parents.[5] The Swaminarayan Akshardham temple in New Delhi is dedicated to him, as Akshardham is his divine abode.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Gonda, Uttar Pradesh (1981–2010, extremes 1932–1993)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.9
(84.0)
35.0
(95.0)
41.1
(106.0)
45.0
(113.0)
49.9
(121.8)
48.0
(118.4)
43.2
(109.8)
40.0
(104.0)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
37.7
(99.9)
29.0
(84.2)
49.9
(121.8)
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
25.7
(78.3)
31.9
(89.4)
37.3
(99.1)
38.5
(101.3)
37.5
(99.5)
33.4
(92.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
31.9
(89.4)
29.1
(84.4)
24.6
(76.3)
31.5
(88.7)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.8
(60.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.2
(75.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
23.8
(74.8)
20.1
(68.2)
14.1
(57.4)
9.9
(49.8)
18.6
(65.5)
Record low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.6
(34.9)
4.0
(39.2)
11.8
(53.2)
13.2
(55.8)
16.7
(62.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
14.0
(57.2)
12.2
(54.0)
5.6
(42.1)
0.7
(33.3)
0.1
(32.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.8
(0.54)
10.3
(0.41)
9.2
(0.36)
8.3
(0.33)
28.6
(1.13)
126.3
(4.97)
333.1
(13.11)
286.9
(11.30)
246.6
(9.71)
53.9
(2.12)
1.2
(0.05)
10.6
(0.42)
1,128.6
(44.43)
Average rainy days 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.9 2.3 6.0 13.2 11.0 7.6 1.7 0.2 1.0 47.5
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  3. ^ Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
  4. ^ "Excavations at Sravasti". IndiaDivine.org. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  5. ^ Dave, Ramesh (2010). Ghanshyam Charitra (7th ed.). Amdavad: Swaminarayan Aksharpith. p. 43. ISBN 978-81-7526-338-3.
  6. ^ "Station: Gonda Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 291–292. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M215. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.

External linksEdit