Ballia is a city with a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the eastern most city of the state. The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara.The city is situated 140 km (87 mi) east of Varanasi and about 380 km from the state capital Lucknow. It has a bird century protected area, the Jai Prakash Narayan bird sanctuary.
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According to locals, the name Ballia was derived from the name of the sage Valmiki, the author of Ramayana. Valmiki resided here at one point, and the place was commemorated by a shrine (although it has long since been washed away). Another belief about the origin of the name is that it refers to the sandy quality of the soil, locally known as "Ballua" (balu meaning sand).
Ballia district is the easternmost part of the Uttar Pradesh state and borders on Bihar State. It comprises an irregularly shaped tract extending westward from the confluence of the Ganga and the Ghaghra, the former separating it from Bihar in the south and the latter from Deoria and Bihar in the north and east respectively. The boundary between Ballia and Bihar is determined by the deep streams of these two rivers. It is bounded on the west by Mau, on the north by Deoria, on the north-east and south-east by Bihar and on the south-west by Ghazipur. The district lies between the parallels of 25º33' and 26º11' North latitudes and 83º38' and 84º39' East longitudes. Ballia is among the least forest covered districts in India.
|Climate data for Ballia|
|Average high °F||—||—||—||115.7||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||118.4|
|Average high °C||—||—||—||46.5||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||48.0|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low upto 2010)|
In 1901, Ballia had a population of 15,278. According to the 2001 Indian census, Ballia had a population of 102,226. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Ballia had an average literacy rate of 65%, which was higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 58% of the males and 42% of females being literate. 11% of the population was under six years of age.
As of 2011 Indian Census, Ballia had a total population of 104,424, of which 55,459 were males and 48,965 were females with a sex ratio of 883 females per 1000 males. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 11,623. The total number of literates in Ballia was 77,331, which constituted 74.1% of the population with male literacy of 78.0% and female literacy of 69.5%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Ballia was 83.3%, of which male literacy rate was 88.0% and female literacy rate was 78.0%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 8,703 and 3,942 respectively. Ballia had 15772 households in 2011.
Ballia railway station caters to many trains daily including 2 Rajdhani Expresses. Train connectivity to major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata as well as to Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi and Allahabad via many trains is available.
Ballia is well connected to the state capital Lucknow and the cities of Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi and Allahabad by road. The state bus corporation UPSRTC is the primary road transport media.
Dadri Mela (fair)Edit
Dadri Mela is the first largest cattle fair of India, which is held 5 km (3.1 mi) from Ballia town, near NH 31 and 3 km (1.9 mi) from the bus station of Ballia city. The fair starts with people taking a holy dip in the river Ganges on the full moon of Kartik Poornima (October–November). This fair is held annually in the honour of Dardar Muni, the disciple of Maharishi Bhrigu.
This one-month-long fair is organised in two phases. The first phase starts ten days before the onset of Kartik Poornima, during which traders bring some excellent breeds of cattle from across India for sale/purchase. On or after Kartik Poornima, various cultural programs are organised and one can find here a large number of makeshift shops of various items during the next fortnight.
It is an affiliating University and university began its first season in 2016–17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For academic year 2016–17 exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.
- "Census of India: Ballia". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "District Profile". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 270. .
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Dadri Mela, Uttar Pradesh".
- "Dadri Mela, Ballia".
- "Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh- List of State Universities". upgovernor.nic.in. Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh.
- "विद्यापीठ से अलग होंगे बलिया के 122 कॉलेज".
- "बलिया के 122 कालेज अलग होने से विद्यापीठ को करोड़ों का घाटा".
- "काशी विद्यापीठ कराएगा परीक्षा लेकिन डिग्री देगा बलिया विवि,क्यों?- Amarujala".
- "विद्यापीठ ही कराएगा बलिया के 122 कालेजों की परीक्षा".
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ballia.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Ballia.|