Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Sultanpur is a city situated on the banks of holy river Gomati in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Sultanpur District and is a part of Faizabad division in Uttar Pradesh, India. [3]It is situated 135 kilometres east of state capital Lucknow. The common language of the people of Sultanpur is Awadhi. Kurebhar is a most developed town in the district.

Sultanpur
City
Railway Station, Sultanpur
Railway Station, Sultanpur
Sultanpur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Sultanpur
Sultanpur
Sultanpur is located in India
Sultanpur
Sultanpur
Coordinates: 26°15′54″N 82°04′23″E / 26.264884°N 82.073125°E / 26.264884; 82.073125Coordinates: 26°15′54″N 82°04′23″E / 26.264884°N 82.073125°E / 26.264884; 82.073125
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictSultanpur
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Uttar Pradesh
Elevation
95 m (312 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total107,640
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
228001
Vehicle registrationUP-44
Websitesultanpur.nic.in

HistoryEdit

According to legend, In Sultanpur area beside the Gomti river it is said that kush the son of Ram was born with badh(बाध) so it was the birth place of Kusa, the son of Rama.[4] This was identified with the Kusapura mentioned by Xuanzang, who said that Gautama Buddha taught here for six months and that it had a stupa built at the time of Ashoka which was then in disrepair.[4]

The town was under Bhar rule until around 1200, when it was supposedly conquered by a Muslim army under Ala-ud-din Khalji. It was said that when Muslims during the time of Mamluk Dynasty came to trade in this area of Kusapura the then Bhar rulers of Kusbhawanpur executed them and the horses were seized.[4] when it was heard to the Sultan Ala-ud-Din khilji He Gathered an army and attack them at once, on the opposite bank of the Gomti from Kusbhawanpur.[4] Then Ala-ud-din khilji setelled a muslims in the area of mahmudpur located in Sultanpur.[4] The city of Kusbhawanpur was renamed after the Ala-ud-din khilji Title "SULTAN" and a new city was founded on the site, called Sultanpur .[4]

Old Sultanpur was originally located on the left bank of the Gomti, and is mentioned on several occasions by Muslim historians as the site of battles.[4] It was a prosperous town with several muhallas, or wards.[4] At some point, though, the British established a military station and cantonments on the opposite (right) bank of the Gomti, at a village then called Girghit, and this eventually took on the name Sultanpur instead while the old town declined.[4] The old town was described in 1839 as being in a state of disrepair, without commerce or industry, and with a population of just 1,500 people.[4] The only remains of the Bhar period were two brick wells on the south, "about a mile from the river", and a large mound or dih called Majhargaon in the middle of town, which was supposedly the remains of the old Bhar palace.[4] Atop Majhargaon was a fort built by the sultan, then partly ruined, and containing houses belonging to the faujdar and his followers.[4] Northwest of the fort was a mosque also built by the sultan, and there were also a couple of other mosques built by the Sayyid chaudhris of the pargana.[4] The town then had "many old brick dwelling houses and a few new ones".[4] Old Sultanpur was eventually razed to the ground by the British after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, in retaliation for the murder of two British officers in the town at the beginning of the uprising.[4]

As for new Sultanpur, it was also called Chhaoni Sarkar by officials and Kampu, or "the camp", by locals.[4] It was built up on the site of the old cantonment, which was removed in 1861.[4] Sultanpur was made a municipality in June 1869, with a municipal committee; a municipal board was formed in September 1884.[4] In 1890 the Victoria Manzil was built for the first agricultural exhibition, and it served as the town hall and the meeting place for the municipal board under British rule.[4] At the turn of the 20th century, the town also had a police station and hospital, jail, poorhouse, leper asylum, and a dispensary which was rebuilt in 1895, at the same time as the Amethi female hospital was built in town, almost entirely funded by Raja Bhagwan Bakhsh Singh of Amethi.[4] The town also had three markets: Perkinsganj, Shawganj, and Partabganj, the last of which opened in 1895 and was named after Partab Bahadur Singh, the raja of Kurwar.[4]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 Indian Census, Sultanpur had a total population of 107,640, of which 56,420 were males and 51,220 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 11,647. The total number of literates in Sultanpur was 84,080, which constituted 78.1% of the population with male literacy of 81.5% and female literacy of 74.4%. The effective literacy rate of the 7+ population of Sultanpur was 87.6%, of which male literacy was 91.6% and female literacy rate was 83.2%. The Scheduled Castes population was 7,706. Sultanpur had 17,954 households in 2011.[1]

Geography and climateEdit

Sultanpur is the headquarters of the Sultanpur district, the north side of the district is bounded by Ayodhya district; the south side by Pratapgarh district; the west side by Barabanki and Raebareli districts; and the east side by Azamgarh, Ambedkarnagar, and Jaunpur districts.

Sultanpur has an average elevation of 95 metres (312 ft). The geography of Sultanpur comprises plain lands, except for some regions around the Gomti River, which drains almost the whole city and district. The southern part of city drains towards the Sai River flowing through Pratapgarh district. The only significant minerals found in the region are in Kanker district. It joins sharda canal part 16 and 17 jointly in whole district and fulfill the requirements of water for agriculture.

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

Sultanpur is connected to nearby cities through the 4-lane Lucknow to Varanasi NH 56 and the 2-lane Allahabad to Ayodhya road. UPSRTC is the major public transport apart from other commercial modes run by private agencies.

TrainEdit

Sultanpur Junction railway station (station code: SLN) connects Sultanpur to major cities in India.

AirEdit

The nearest airport to Sultanpur is Ayodhya Airport[5] (60 km) and Allahabad Airport which is 99 kilometers away. Lucknow Airport is 140 km from Sultanpur and is connected by 4-lane NH 56.

CollegesEdit

General colleges include Maharana Pratap Post Graduate College[6] and Kamla Nehru Institute for Physical and Social Sciences.[7] Engineering and management colleges include Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology and KNIPSS- Management Institute.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Sultanpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ "About District | District Sultanpur, Government of Uttar Pradesh". Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Nevill, H.R. (1903). Sultanpur: A Gazetteer, Being Volume XLVI Of The District Gazetteers Of The United Provinces Of Agra And Oudh. Allahabad: Government Press. pp. 204–8. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  5. ^ Tyagi, Harshita (24 November 2020). "UP Cabinet clears proposal to rename Ayodhya Airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport". Times Now. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  6. ^ "-::- Welcome to RANA PRATAP POST GRADUATE COLLEGE Sultanpur". www.rppgsultanpur.org. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  7. ^ ":: KNIPSS Sultanpur U.P." knipss.ac.in. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  8. ^ ":::KNIPSS::Management Institute Sultanpur U.P." www.knmt.org.in. Retrieved 11 February 2020.

External linksEdit