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Maharashtra Police (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र पोलिस सेवा, IAST: Mahārāṣṭra Pulīs Sēvā, formerly Bombay State Police) is the law enforcement agency responsible for the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is headed by Director General of Police and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Maharashtra Police
MSPD.jpg
Logo of the Maharashtra Police Department
Abbreviationम.पो.से
Mottoसद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय (Sanskrit)
To protect Good and to destroy Evil
Agency overview
EmployeesSuperintendents of Police: 277
Deputy Superintendents: 652
Police Inspectors: 3530
Assistant Police Inspectors: 4530
Sub Inspectors: 7601 [1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionMaharashtra, IN
India Maharashtra locator map.svg
Map of Maharashtra Police Department's jurisdiction
Size307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)
Population112,372,972 (2011)
Governing bodyGovernment of Maharashtra
General nature
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra

Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Child agency
  • Mumbai Police, Nagpur Police, Pune Police, Thane City Police, Navi Mumbai Police, Nasik City Police, Amravati City Police, Solapur City Police, Aurangabad City Police, Pimpri-Chinchwad City Police.
Website
www.mahapolice.gov.in

It is one of the largest police departments in the country, having about 35 district police units in the state. The Maharashtra Police Department has a strength of nearly 1.95 lakh.[2] It also has 1.5 lakh women in its force.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

During the 17th century (until 1655), the area of present-day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese formed a basic law enforcement structure in this area with the establishment of a Police out-post in 1661.[4]

The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organised by Gerald Aungier, the then Governor of Bombay in 1669. This Bhandari Militia was composed of around 500 men and was headquartered at Mahim, Sevree and Sion.[5] In 1672, the judicial overview of police decisions by courts was introduced, although none of the judges had any actual legal training.[6] The situation remained unchanged through the Maratha wars.[7] However, by 1682, policing remained stagnant. There was only one ensign for the whole Bhandari militia, and there were only three sergeants and two corporals.[4]

In 1936, the Sind Province Police was split from the Bombay Province Police. In 1947, it was renamed to Bombay State Police, following India's independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Bombay State Police was divided into Gujarat Police, Mysore Police (later renamed Karnataka Police) and Maharashtra Police.

 
Independence Day Parade by Maharashtra Police at Karjat railway station

Special unitsEdit

State Intelligence DepartmentEdit

The State Intelligence Department (SID) came into existence in 1905 as the Criminal Investigation Department (Intelligence Wing) and was renamed to its current name in 1981. It is headed by the Commissioner of Intelligence.

Maharashtra State Criminal Investigation DepartmentEdit

Maharashtra State Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is a Crime Branch which was established in 1905 and is headquartered in Pune. It is headed by the Additional Director General of Police.

Anti-Terrorism SquadEdit

The Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) unit was created by the Government of Maharashtra in 2004 for countering terrorism. It works in coordination with Central Agencies such as Intelligence Bureau (IB) and Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).

Quick Response TeamEdit

The Quick Response Team (QRT) was created to protect the coasts of Maharashtra. Since Mumbai is vulnerable to attacks from terrorists and underworld elements, there was a need for a highly trained, motivated, young, fit and fully equipped team to tackle such groups and to terminate hostage situations. This team responds in the shortest time, moves by fastest means, takes action to collect tactical information and neutralizes the threat. They rescue hostages, render assistance to Central forces and other State forces on Government duty. On the occasion of 30th Maharashtra Road Safety Week, Maharashtra Police launched "Cop for a Day" Program, this new initiative allows any citizen to be a part of the Maharashtra Police Force for 1 Day and be associated with different departments within Maharashtra Police[8]

Anti-Corruption BureauEdit

Anti Corruption Bureau, Maharashtra is an agency of Government of Maharashtra constituted to investigate offences of bribery and corruption falling within the purview of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 in the state of Maharashtra.

Force OneEdit

Force One is an elite commando force, which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guards (NSG), as a response to the 2008 Mumbai attacks and was commissioned two days before its first anniversary.

Highway Traffic PoliceEdit

The Highway Traffic Police branch was created in 1993 to monitor operations on Indian roads and highways.

State Reserve Police ForceEdit

The State Reserve Police Force (SRPF) was created on 6 March 1948 as a Special Armed Police Force of the State of Maharashtra.

Other DepartmentsEdit

  • Training Directorate
  • Protection of Civil Rights Cell
  • Motor Transport Unit: This was established in 1948 to cater to the needs of mobility of Maharashtra Police.
  • State Police Wireless: Established before 1947

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maharashtra Police cadre strength", Maharashtra Police
  2. ^ "Workforce". Maharashtra Police. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  3. ^ Nishikant, Karlikar (3 January 2014). "Supriya Sule mocks Delhi CM's no-beacon stance". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b Mumbai Police – History at the Mumbai Police Website
  5. ^ "Maharashtra State Gazetteers – Greater Bombay District". Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  6. ^ Edwardes (1923), p 19
  7. ^ Mumbai Police Force History on TIFR website.
  8. ^ http://www.copforaday.com/