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Mehedinți County

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Mehedinți County (Romanian pronunciation: [meheˈdint͡sʲ] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania on the border with Serbia and Bulgaria. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Orșova) and three communes (Dubova, Eșelnița and Svinița) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.

Mehedinți County
Județul Mehedinți
County
Coat of arms of Mehedinți County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mehedinți county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63°N 22.88°E / 44.63; 22.88
CountryRomania
Development regionSud-Vest
Historical regionOltenia, Banat
CapitalDrobeta-Turnu Severin
Area
 • Total4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)
Area rank30th
Population (2011)
 • Total254,570
 • Rank39th
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 252 or (+40) 352[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-MH
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Contents

DemographicsEdit

In 2011, it had a population of 254,570 and the population density was 51.6/km2.

Year County population[3]
1948 304,788
1956   304,091
1966   310,021
1977   322,371
1992   332,091
2002   306,732
2011   254,570

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 4,933 km2.

In the North-West there are the Mehedinți Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians.

The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Railway and ship equipment industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.

In the North, coal and copper are extracted.

The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.

TourismEdit

 
1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

The main tourist destinations are:

PoliticsEdit

The Mehedinți County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 31 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PSD-UNPR Electoral Alliance 18                                    
  National Liberal Party 11                                    
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                    

Administrative divisionsEdit

Historical countyEdit

Județul Mehedinți
County (Județ)
 
The Mehedinți county court building of the interwar period.
 
Coat of arms
 
Country  Romania
Historic regionOltenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Turnu Severin
Area
 • Total5,320 km2 (2,050 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total303,878
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the western part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Mehedinți County. At present, its territory comprises a large part of the current territory of Mehedinţi County except for the northern part belonging to Gorj County, while a small part of the former Severin County where Orsova was located is currently part of Mehedinti County.

It was bordered on the west by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, in the northwest by Severin County, to the north by Hunedoara County, to the east by the counties of Gorj and Dolj, and in the south by the Kingdom of Bulgaria.

AdministrationEdit

 
Map of Mehedinți County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided into four administrative districts (plăṣi):[5]

  1. Plasa Câmpul
  2. Plasa Cloșani, headquartered at Cloșani
  3. Plasa Motru, headquartered at Motru
  4. Plasa Ocolul, headquartered at Turnu Severin

Subsequently, Plasa Câmpul was disbanded and replaced with five more districts:

  1. Plasa Bâcleș, headquartered at Bâcleș
  2. Plasa Broșteni, headquartered at Broșteni
  3. Plasa Cujmir, headquartered at Cujmiru
  4. Plasa Devesel, headquartered at Devesel
  5. Plasa Vânju Mare, headquartered at Vânju Mare

PopulationEdit

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 303,878 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 98.7% Romanians, 1.2% Romanies, 0.3% Germans, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.0% Eastern Orthodox, 0.5% Roman Catholic, 0.2% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban populationEdit

In 1930, the county's urban population comprised 91.3% Romanians, 2.5% Germans, 1.3% Romanies, 1.3% Jews, 1.1% Serbs and Croats, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 92.9% Eastern Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 1.5% Jewish, 0.4% GreekCatholic, 0.4% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived August 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Mehedinți

External linksEdit