List of islands by area

This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world larger than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and most of the islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, four very large continental landmasses are also shown.

Dymaxion world map with the continental landmasses (Roman numerals) and 30 largest islands (Arabic numerals) roughly to scale

Continental landmassesEdit

Continental landmasses are not usually classified as islands despite being completely surrounded by water.[Note 1] However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers, the Americas is sometimes defined as two separate continents while mainland Australia is sometimes defined as an island as well as a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list, mainland Australia along with the other major landmasses have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental landmasses only.[Note 2] The artificial Panama and Suez canals are disregarded, as they are not natural waters that separate the continents.

Rank Continental landmass[Note 3] Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
1 Afro-Eurasia 79,810,726[Note 4] 30,815,094 126 countries,[Note 8] 9 de facto states,[Note 10] 2 overseas autonomous cities of Spain,[Note 11] Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera,[Note 12]   Hong Kong,[Note 13] and   Gibraltar[Note 14]
2 Americas 37,699,623[Note 15] 14,555,906 22 countries[Note 17] and   French Guiana[Note 18]
3 Antarctica[Note 19] 12,272,800[Note 20] 4,738,600 None[Note 22]
4 Australia[Note 23] 7,591,608[Note 24] 2,931,136   Australia

IslandsEdit

Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greaterEdit

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
1 Greenland (main island)[Note 25][8] 2,130,800[12] 822,700   Greenland[Note 26]
2 New Guinea[Note 27] 785,753[13] 303,381   Indonesia (Papua and West Papua)
  Papua New Guinea (Highlands, Momase, and Southern regions)
3 Borneo[Note 28] 748,168 288,869   Brunei
  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South, and West Kalimantan)
  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 Madagascar (main island)[Note 29] 587,041[14] 226,658   Madagascar
5 Baffin Island 507,451[15] 195,928   Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 443,065 171,068   Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau, North, South, and West Sumatra provinces)
7 Honshū 225,800 87,200   Japan (Chūbu, Chūgoku, Kansai, Kantō, and Tōhoku regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[15] 83,897   Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain[Note 30] 209,331 80,823   United Kingdom (England, Scotland, and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[15] 75,767   Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761   Indonesia (Gorontalo, Central, North, South, Southeast, and West Sulawesi)
12 South Island (Te Waipounamu) 145,836 56,308   New Zealand (Canterbury, Marlborough, Nelson, Otago, Southland, Tasman, and the West Coast)
13 Java (Jawa) 138,794 53,589   Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Central, East, and West Java)
14 North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui) 111,583 43,082   New Zealand (Auckland, the Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatū-Whanganui, Northland, Taranaki, Waikato, and Wellington)
15 Luzon 109,965 42,458   Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos, and the National Capital Region)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[15] 42,030   Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island) 105,806 40,852   Cuba
18 Iceland (main island)[Note 31] 101,826 39,315   Iceland

Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi)Edit

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
19 Mindanao 97,530 37,660   Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[16] 32,595   Republic of Ireland
  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaidō 78,719 30,394   Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture)
22 Hispaniola 73,929 28,544   Dominican Republic
  Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,990   Russia (Sakhalin)
24 Banks Island 70,028[15] 27,038   Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 65,268[17] 25,200   Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania (main island) 65,022 25,105   Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island[Note 32] 55,247[15] 21,331   Canada (Nunavut)
28 Alexander Island[Note 33] 49,070 18,950 None[Note 34]
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego[Note 35] 47,992 18,530   Argentina (Tierra del Fuego)
  Chile (Magallanes)
30 Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya north) 47,079 18,177   Russia (Arkhangelsk)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None[Note 36]
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[15] 16,671   Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[15] 16,274   Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[15] 15,913   Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó[Note 37] 40,100[17] 15,500   Brazil (Pará)
36 Spitsbergen 38,981[18] 15,051   Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyūshū 37,437 14,455   Japan (Kyūshū region)
38 New Britain 35,145 13,570   Papua New Guinea (East New Britain Province and West New Britain Province)
39 Taiwan (main island) 34,507 13,323   Republic of China (Taiwan) [Note 38]
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[15] 12,872   Canada (Nunavut)
41 Yuzhny Island (Novaya Zemlya south) 33,246 12,836   Russia (Arkhangelsk)
42 Hainan 33,210 12,820   China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[15] 12,079   Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972   East Timor
  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
45 Sicily 25,711[19] 9,927   Italy (Sicily)

Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)Edit

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
46 Somerset Island 24,786[15] 9,570   Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny Island 24,000 9,300   Russia (Sakha)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247   Italy (Sardinia)
49 Bananal[Note 39] 20,000[17] 7,398   Brazil (Tocantins)
50 Shikoku 18,545 7,160   Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,970   Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram 17,454 6,739   Indonesia (Maluku)
53 New Caledonia (main island) 16,648 6,428   New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of   France)
54 Bathurst Island 16,042[15] 6,194   Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[15] 6,119   Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[17] 6,100 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[18] 5,586   Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554   Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island 14,204 5,484   Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,465   Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[15] 5,062   Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,075 5,048   Philippines (Western Visayas and Central Visayas)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961   Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706   Philippines (Mimaropa)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637   Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Yos Sudarso (Dolak) 11,742 4,534   Indonesia (Papua)
67 Bangka 11,413 4,407   Indonesia (Bangka Belitung Islands)
68 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[15] 4,361   Canada (Nunavut)
69 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327   Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70 Jamaica (main island) 11,190 4,320   Jamaica
71 Bylot Island 11,067[15] 4,273   Canada (Nunavut)
72 Sumba 10,711 4,136   Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73 Mindoro 10,572 4,082   Philippines (Mimaropa)
74 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066   Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75 Hawaiʻi (Big Island) 10,434 4,029   United States (Hawaii)
76 Cape Breton Island 10,311[15] 3,981   Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)Edit

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
77 Prince Charles Island 9,521[15] 3,676   Canada (Nunavut)
78 Bougainville Island 9,318 3,598   Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79 Kodiak Island 9,311 3,595[20]   United States (Alaska)
80 Cyprus (main island) 9,251 3,565   Cyprus   Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas of the   United Kingdom and   Northern Cyprus[Note 40]
81 Puerto Rico (main island) 9,100 3,500   Puerto Rico insular area of the   United States
82 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402   Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83 Corsica 8,741 3,375   France (Corsica)
84 Disko Island 8,612 3,325   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
85 Carney Island 8,500[17] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86 Chiloé Island 8,478 3,273   Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87 Buru 8,473 3,271   Indonesia (Maluku)
88 Crete 8,350 3,220   Greece (Crete)
89 Anticosti Island 7,941[15] 3,066   Canada (Quebec)
90 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,050 None (Antarctic territorial claim by   New Zealand). Status as an island is disputed.
91 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037   Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
92 Tupinambarana (western part) 7,700 3,000   Brazil (Amazonas) (if taken as one fluvial island)
93 New Ireland 7,405 2,859   Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
94 Leyte 7,368 2,845   Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95 East Falkland 7,040 2,720   Falkland Islands (a British Overseas Territory administered by the   United Kingdom and disputed by   Argentina[Note 41])
96 Zealand 7,031[21] 2,715   Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97 Cornwallis Island 6,995[15] 2,701   Canada (Nunavut)
98 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577   United States (Alaska)
99 Kerguelen (main island) 6,617 2,555   French Southern and Antarctic Lands overseas territory of   France
100 Siple Island 6,390 2,470 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101 Graham Island 6,361[15] 2,456   Canada (British Columbia)
102 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394   Russia (Sakha Republic)
103 Melville Island 5,765 2,226   Australia (Northern Territory)
104 Prince Edward Island 5,620[15] 2,170   Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157   Fiji (Northern Division)
106 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107 Coats Island 5,498[15] 2,123   Canada (Nunavut)
108 Bali 5,416 2,091   Indonesia (Bali)
109 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080   United States (Alaska)
110 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,067   Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
111 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[15] 2,029   Canada (Nunavut)
112 Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island 5,157 1,991   Russia (Sakha Republic)
113 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983   United States (Alaska)
114 Riesco Island 5,110[22] 1,970   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115 Edgeøya 5,073[18] 1,959   Norway (Svalbard)
116 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[15] 1,949   Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117 Trinidad 5,009 1,934   Trinidad and Tobago
118 Caviana 5,000[22] 1,900   Brazil (Pará)

Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)Edit

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
119 Kolguyev Island 4,968 1,918   Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120 Gurupá 4,864[22] 1,878   Brazil (Pará)
121 Isabela Island 4,711 1,819   Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122 North Jutlandic Island (Vendsyssel-Thy) 4,685[21] 1,809   Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123 Lombok 4,625 1,786   Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124 West Falkland 4,531 1,749   Falkland Islands (a British overseas territory administered by the   United Kingdom and disputed by   Argentina[Note 41])
125 Belitung 4,478 1,729   Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126 Cebu 4,468 1,725   Philippines (Central Visayas)
127 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
128 Stefansson Island 4,463[15] 1,723   Canada (Nunavut)
129 Madura Island 4,429 1,710   Indonesia (East Java)
130 Buton 4,408 1,702   Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689   Australia (South Australia)
132 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684   United States (Alaska)
133 Nunivak Island 4,209[22] 1,625   United States (Alaska)
134 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590   United States (Alaska)
135 Hoste Island 4,117[22] 1,590   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136 Spaatz Island 4,100[22] 1,600 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Chile and   United Kingdom)
137 Baranof Island 4,065 1,570   United States (Alaska)
138 Nias 4,048 1,563   Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527   Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
140 Milne Land 3,913 1,511   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
141 Malaita 3,836 1,481   Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
142 Siberut 3,829 1,478   Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143 Bohol 3,821 1,475   Philippines (Central Visayas)
144 South Georgia 3,718 1,436   South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands part of the British Overseas Territories territories under sovereignty of the   United Kingdom
145 Euboea 3,707 1,431   Greece (Central Greece)
146 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147 Mallorca 3,667 1,416   Spain (Balearic Islands)
148 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415   Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
149 Long Island 3,629[22] 1,401   United States (New York)
150 Socotra 3,607 1,393   Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
151 Wetar 3,600[22] 1,400   Indonesia (Maluku)
152 Tupinambarana (northern part) 3,600 1,400   Brazil (Amazonas)
153 Traill Island 3,542 1,368   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
154 Bear Island 3,500[22] 1,400 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
155 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328   Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
156 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,285   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
157 Masbate Island 3,268[22] 1,262   Philippines (Bicol Region)
158 Etorofu Island/Iturup 3,238 1,250 Territorial dispute initially part of   Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by   Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
159 Makira (San Cristóbal) 3,190 1,230   Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
160 Mansel Island 3,180[15] 1,230   Canada (Nunavut)
161 Yamdena 3,100[22] 1,200   Indonesia (Maluku)
162 Waigeo 3,060[22] 1,180   Indonesia (West Papua)
163 Akimiski Island 3,001[15] 1,159   Canada (Nunavut)
164 Gotland 2,994[23] 1,156   Sweden (Gotland)
165 Funen 2,985[21] 1,153   Denmark (Southern Denmark)
166 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147   Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
167 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145   United States (Alaska)
168 Taliabu 2,913 1,125   Indonesia (North Maluku)
169 Muna Island 2,889 1,115   Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
170 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
171 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086   United States (Alaska)
172 Borden Island 2,794[15] 1,079   Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
173 North Andaman Island 2,781 1,074   India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
174 Manitoulin Island 2,766[24] 1,068   Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
175 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051   United States (Alaska)
176 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032   Estonia (Saaremaa)
177 Moresby Island 2,608[15] 1,007   Canada (British Columbia)
178 James Ross Island 2,598 1,003 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
179 Obira 2,542 981   Indonesia (North Maluku)
180 Réunion (main island) 2,535 979   France (Réunion overseas department)

Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)Edit

This section of the list might not be complete but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Rank Island Area
(km2)[11]
Area
(sq mi)
Nation(s)
181 Navarino Island 2,473[citation needed] 955   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
182 Paramushir 2,471[22] 954   Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
183 Ross Island 2,460[22] 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by   New Zealand)
184 Ymer Island 2,437 941   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
185 Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
186 Karaginsky Island 2,404[citation needed] 928   Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
187 Cornwall Island 2,358[15] 910   Canada (Nunavut)
188 Peleng 2,346 906   Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
189 Groote Eylandt 2,285 882   Australia (Northern Territory)
190 Yapen 2,278 880   Indonesia (Papua)
191 Morotai 2,266 875   Indonesia (North Maluku)
192 Princess Royal Island 2,251[15] 869   Canada (British Columbia)
193 Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864   Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
194 Wilczek Land 2,203[citation needed] 851   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
195 Hinnøya 2,198[18] 849   Norway (Nordland and Troms)
196 Nelson Island 2,183[25] 843   United States (Alaska)
197 Richards Island 2,165[15] 836   Canada (Northwest Territories)
198 Trangan 2,149 830   Indonesia (Maluku)
199 Alor Island 2,120 820   Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
200 Margarita Island 2,100 810   Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
201 Lewis and Harris 2,086 805   United Kingdom (Scotland)
202 Laut Island 2,057 794   Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
203 Malakula 2,041 788   Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
204 New Georgia 2,037 786   Solomon Islands (Western Province)
205 Misool 2,034 785   Indonesia (West Papua)
206 Magdalena Island 2,025 782   Chile (Aysén Region)
207 René-Levasseur Island 2,020[24] 780   Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
208 Tenerife 2,008 775   Spain (Canary Islands)
209 Ayon 2,000[citation needed] 770   Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
210 Kuiu 1,962 758   United States (Alaska)
211 Manus 1,940 750   Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
212 Bioko 1,935 747   Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
213 Biak 1,904 735   Indonesia (Papua)
214 Maui 1,903 735   United States (Hawaii)
215 Bacan 1,900 730   Indonesia (North Maluku)
216 Žitný ostrov 1,886[citation needed] 728   Slovakia (Bratislava Region Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
217 Mauritius (main island) 1,874 724   Mauritius
218 Fraser Island 1,840[26] 710   Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
219 Jeju Island 1,826[27] 705   South Korea (Jeju Province)
220 Stewart Island/Rakiura 1,815 701   New Zealand (Southland)
221 Bely Island 1,810 700   Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
222 Afognak 1,809 698   United States (Alaska)
223 Umnak 1,793 692   United States (Alaska)
224 Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682   Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
225 Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681   Russia (Sakha Republic)
226 Simeulue 1,754 677   Indonesia (Aceh)
227 Kobroor 1,723 665   Indonesia (Maluku)
228 Air Force Island 1,720[15] 660   Canada (Nunavut)
229 Natuna Besar 1,720[citation needed] 660   Indonesia (Riau Islands)
230 Savai'i 1,718 663   Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga Gaga'emauga Gaga'ifomauga Vaisigano Satupa'itea and Palauli)
231 Geographical Society Island 1,717 663   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
232 Bathurst Island 1,692 653   Australia (Northern Territory)
233 Bering Island 1,660[citation needed] 640   Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
234 Skye 1,659 641   United Kingdom (Scotland)
235 Lesbos 1,641 634   Greece (North Aegean)
236 Soisalo 1,635[28] 631   Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia)
237 Fuerteventura 1,633 631   Spain (Canary Islands)
238 Salawati 1,623 627   Indonesia (West Papua)
239 Great Inagua 1,615 624   Bahamas (Inagua)
240 Kunashiri Island/Kunashir Island 1,612 622 Territorial dispute initially part of   Japan (Hokkaidō region and prefecture) then claimed by   Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
241 Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
242 Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619   Indonesia (Maluku)
243 Rantau 1,598 617   Indonesia (Riau)
244 Senja 1,590[18] 610   Norway (Troms)
245 Flaherty Island 1,585[15] 612   Canada (Nunavut)
246 Oahu 1,583 611   United States (Hawaii)
247 Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,575 608   Tanzania (Unguja North Region Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
248 Graham Bell Island 1,557 601   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
249 Eglinton Island 1,541[15] 595   Canada (Northwest Territories)
250 Middle Andaman Island 1,536[27] 593   India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
251 Clavering Island 1,535 593   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
252 Gran Canaria 1,530 590   Spain (Canary Islands)
253 Pioneer Island 1,527 590   Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
254 Catanduanes 1,523 588   Philippines (Bicol Region)
255 Charcot Island 1,500[citation needed] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Chile and   United Kingdom)
256 Rupat 1,490 580   Indonesia (Riau)
257 Qeshm 1,488 575   Iran (Hormozgan Province)
258 Nares Land 1,466 566   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
259 South Andros Island 1,448 559   Bahamas (South Andros)
260 Bhola Island 1,441[citation needed] 556   Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
261 Fergusson Island 1,437 555   Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
262 Urup 1,437 555   Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
263 Copper Island 1,435[citation needed] 554   United States (Michigan), did not exist until dredging in the 1860s
264 Kauai 1,435 554   United States (Hawaii)
265 São Luís Island 1,410[citation needed] 540   Brazil (Maranhão)
266 Rhodes 1,410 540   Greece (South Aegean)
267 King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina   Chile and   United Kingdom)
268 Graham Island 1,378[15] 532   Canada (Nunavut)
269 Pitt Island 1,375[15] 531   Canada (British Columbia)
270 Nottingham Island 1,372[15] 530   Canada (Nunavut)
271 Chongming Island 1,370[29] 530   People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
272 Desolación Island 1,352 522   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
273 Ramree Island 1,350[27] 520   Myanmar (Rakhine State)
274 Flinders Island 1,330 510   Australia (Tasmania)
275 Öland 1,347[23] 520   Sweden (Kalmar)
276 Lougheed Island 1,308[15] 505   Canada (Nunavut)
277 Dawson Island 1,290 500   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
278 Barentsøya (Barents) 1,288[30] 497   Norway (Svalbard)
279 Lembata (Lomblen) 1,270 490   Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
280 Basilan 1,266 489   Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
281 Shannon Island 1,259 486   Greenland forms part of the Danish Realm (  Denmark)
282 Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by   Australia)
283 Morfil 1,250 480   Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
284 Lolland 1,243[21] 480   Denmark (Zealand)
285 Mangole 1,229 475   Indonesia (North Maluku)
286 New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474   Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
287 Rote Island 1,227 474   Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
288 South Andaman Island 1,211 468   India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
289 Södertörn 1,207[31] 466   Sweden (Stockholm) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by Södertälje Canal an artificial canal)
290 Okinawa Island 1,200 460   Japan (Ryūkyū Islands Okinawa Prefecture and Kyūshū region)
291 Oleniy Island 1,197 462   Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
292 Tiburón Island 1,190 460   Mexico (Sonora)
293 Campana Island 1,188 459   Chile (Aisén Region)
294 Bintan Island 1,173 453   Indonesia (Riau Islands)
295 Martinique 1,167 451   France (Martinique overseas department)
296 Aracena Island 1,164 449   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
297 Sherman Island 1,159 447 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
298 Byam Martin Island 1,150[15] 440   Canada (Nunavut)
299 Great Abaco 1,146 442   Bahamas (North Abaco Central Abaco and South Abaco)
300 Lifou Island 1,146 442   New Caledonia special collectivity of   France
301 Wales Island 1,137[15] 439   Canada (Nunavut)
302 Île Vanier 1,126[15] 435   Canada (Nunavut)
303 Upolu 1,125 434   Samoa (Tuamasaga A'ana Aiga-i-le-Tai Atua Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
304 King Island 1,121 433   Australia (Tasmania)
305 Clarence Island 1,111 429   Chile (Magallanes Region)
306 Padang Island 1,109 428   Indonesia (Riau)
307 Grand Bahama 1,096 423   Bahamas (East Grand Bahama West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
308 Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
309 Rowley Island 1,090[15] 420   Canada (Nunavut)
310 Tahiti 1,069 413   French Polynesia overseas collectivity of   France
311 Sääminginsalo 1,069[28] 413   Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
312 Serrano Island 1,063 410   Chile (Aisén Region)
313 Atka Island 1,061 410   United States (Alaska)
314 Cameron Island 1,059[15] 409   Canada (Nunavut)
315 Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405   Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
316 Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403   Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
317 Normanby Island 1,040 400   Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
318 Hiiumaa 1,031 398   Estonia (Hiiumaa)
319 Margarita Island 1,020 390   Venezuela (Nueva Esparta)
320 Resolution Island 1,015[15] 392   Canada (Nunavut)
321 Grande Comore 1,013 391   Comoros (Grande Comore)
322 Mornington Island 1,002[citation needed] 387   Australia (Queensland)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The United States Geological Survey is a notable exception. The United States-based scientific agency considers all landmasses surrounded by ocean water, including continental mainlands, as islands. Under their definition, Africa, Australia, Eurasia, North America, and South America are classified as continental mainland islands.[1]
  2. ^ Physiographically, there are only four continents (including offshore continental islands which sit on the nearby continental shelves) that are completely surrounded by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the global land area), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of remote oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.[2]
  3. ^ Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2. The submerged continent of Zealandia (approx. 5,000,000 km2) is excluded.[3]
  4. ^ Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland Africa (29,370,907 km2) and mainland Eurasia (50,439,819 km2).
  5. ^ Egypt has a small portion of land located on mainland Eurasia.
  6. ^ Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey each have a small portion of land located on continental Europe.
  7. ^ Russia has a big portion of land located on continental Asia.
  8. ^ 48 countries on mainland Africa[Note 5] and 78 countries on mainland Eurasia (38 countries on continental Asia[Note 6] and 40 countries on continental Europe[Note 7]).
  9. ^ Abkhazia and South Ossetia are both located south of the Greater Caucasus watershed and thus geographically part of Asia.
  10. ^ 2 states on mainland Africa and 7 states on mainland Eurasia (3 states on continental Asia[Note 9] and 4 states on continental Europe).
  11. ^   Ceuta and   Melilla, both located on mainland Africa.
  12. ^ A Spanish overseas tied island on mainland Africa, politically a part of the plazas de soberanía.
  13. ^ A special administrative region of China. Except Hong Kong Island and the Outlying Islands, the rest of the territory is located on continental Asia.
  14. ^ A British overseas territory, located on continental Europe.
  15. ^ Figure derived from the Global Islands Explorer website, by adding the areas of mainland North America (20,090,075 km2) and mainland South America (17,609,548 km2).
  16. ^ Depending on the definition, a significant portion of Panama (land east of the Panama Canal) could be considered a part of mainland South America.
  17. ^ 10 countries on mainland North America[Note 16] and 12 countries on mainland South America.
  18. ^ An overseas department and region of France, located on mainland South America.
  19. ^ Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single landmass, but several landmasses of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent.[4] If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[5] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[6]
  20. ^ Area of mainland Antarctica, without the ice shelves and nearby islands.[7]
  21. ^ All territorial claims in Antarctica are in abeyance under the Antarctic Treaty System.
  22. ^ 7 countries have made 8 territorial claims.[Note 21]
  23. ^ Mainland Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island.[8] Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth’s largest island, but its smallest continent".[9]
  24. ^ Figure derived from the Geoscience Australia website, the area of mainland Tasmania (64,519 km2) has been deducted.[10] The Global Islands Explorer website has given a slightly larger figure of 7,618,696 km2 for the area of mainland Australia.
  25. ^ The largest island in the world.
  26. ^ A part of the Danish Realm.
  27. ^ The largest island in the Eastern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
  28. ^ The largest island in Asia.
  29. ^ The largest island in Africa.
  30. ^ The largest island in Europe.
  31. ^ The largest high island in the world.
  32. ^ The largest uninhabited island in the world.
  33. ^ The largest island in Antarctica.
  34. ^ Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina (partial),   Chile, and the   United Kingdom.
  35. ^ The largest island in South America.
  36. ^ Antarctic territorial claims by   Argentina,   Chile (partial), and the   United Kingdom.
  37. ^ Located at the mouth of the Amazon River, Marajó is the world's largest fluvial island.
  38. ^ Claimed by the People's Republic of China.
  39. ^ The world's largest river island and the largest island surrounded entirely by freshwater.
  40. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  41. ^ a b A dispute exists between the governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning the sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The disputed territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ USGS – Global Islands Explorer
  2. ^ Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
  3. ^ GNS Science – Earth's 8th Continent
  4. ^ 3D visualisations of the Earth2014 SUR, BED, TBI and RET topography layers over the Southern Hemisphere, centred to Antarctica
  5. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  6. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901–903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
  7. ^ https://lima.usgs.gov/documents/antarctica_in_context.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info – Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  10. ^ "Area of Australia – States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  12. ^ Island Superlatives
  13. ^ Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
  14. ^ Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  16. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  19. ^ Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
  20. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
  21. ^ a b c d "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - Střrste řer". 2003-09-23. Retrieved 2010-08-01.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  23. ^ a b Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  24. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  25. ^ The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
  26. ^ World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  27. ^ a b c "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-30.
  28. ^ a b "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  29. ^ "崇明概况". 上海市崇明区人民政府. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  30. ^ "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  31. ^ "Statistics Sweden". {{cite web}}: Check |archive-url= value (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)

CitationsEdit

External linksEdit