List of islands by area
This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.
Most continental landmasses are not usually defined as islands despite being surrounded by water. However, because the definition of continent varies between geographers Australia is sometimes defined as an island rather than a continent. Nevertheless, for the purposes of this list Australia along with the other continents have been listed as continental landmasses for comparison. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental mainlands only.[Note 1] The man-made Suez and Panama Canals are disregarded.
|Rank||Continental mainland[Note 2]||Area
|Countries / Dependencies|
|1||Afro-Eurasia||84,980,532||32,811,167||123 countries, 8 partially recognized states, 2 special administrative regions of China,[Note 3] 1 Spanish overseas tied island, and 1 British overseas territory[Note 4]|
|2||Americas||42,549,000||16,428,000||22 countries and French Guiana[Note 5]|
|3||Antarctica[Note 6]||14,200,000||5,500,000||None (7 countries have made 8 territorial claims)|
Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greaterEdit
Islands 25,000–99,999 km2 (9,700–38,600 sq mi)Edit
Islands 10,000–24,999 km2 (3,861–9,652 sq mi)Edit
Islands 5,000–9,999 km2 (1,931–3,861 sq mi)Edit
Islands 2,500–4,999 km2 (965–1,930 sq mi)Edit
Islands 1,000–2,499 km2 (386–965 sq mi)Edit
This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.
- Lake island
- List of Antarctic and Subantarctic islands
- List of countries and dependencies by area
- List of countries by largest island
- List of islands by highest point
- List of islands by name
- List of islands by population
- List of islands by population density
- Lists of islands (by continent and country)
- Recursive islands and lakes
- River island
- Geographically, there are only four continents that are not separated by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the land surface), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.
- Including landmasses which are above water and over 2,500,000 km2. The submerged continent of Zealandia (4,900,000 km2) is excluded.
- Hong Kong and Macau.
- An overseas department and region of France.
- Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed, although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.
- Mainland Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth’s largest island, but its smallest continent".
- The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
- A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.
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- Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
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