Guadalcanal Province is one of the nine provinces of Solomon Islands, consisting of the island of Guadalcanal. It is a 2,510 square mile (5,336 km2) island and is largely a jungle. Its name was given by Pedro de Ortega Valencia, born in the village of Guadalcanal, Seville, Spain. The national capital and largest city of the Solomon Islands, Honiara, is on the island; in July 1983 it was designated a 22 km2 (8.5 sq mi) separately-administered Capital Territory and is no longer considered part of the province. The population of the province is 93,613 (2009), not including the capital territory. The population of the island (including Honiara) is 161,197 (as of 2021). Honiara serves as the provincial capital. The climate is rainforest tropical. The estimated terrain elevation above sea level is 447 meters (1,467 ft).
|• Premier||Anthony Veke|
|• Total||5,336 km2 (2,060 sq mi)|
|• Density||11.3/km2 (29/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+11 (+11)|
World War IIEdit
The island became the scene of the important Guadalcanal Campaign during World War II. The Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement in the Department of State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs established an explosive ordnance disposal training program. It safely disposed of hundreds of items of UXO, and it trained police personnel to respond to EOD call-outs in the island's highly populated areas. 
Guadalcanal Province is sub-divided into the following wards (population numbers come from the 2009 census):
- Guadalcanal Province (93,613)
- Saghalu (6,429)
- Tandai (14,995)
- Malango (10,532)
- Paripao (3,068)
- Aola (4,065)
- Savulei (3,003)
- Tangarare (3,118)
- Wanderer Bay (3,448)
- Duidui (3,190)
- Vatukulau (1,833)
- Talise (1,716)
- Avuavu (2,262)
- Moli (3,696)
- Tetekanji (1,111)
- Birao (3,159)
- Valasi (1,459)
- Kolokarako (1,418)
- Longgu (3,767)
- East Tasimboko (7,438)
- Vulolo (4,429)
- West Ghaobata (4,962)
- East Ghaobata (4,515)
- "About Guadalcanal Solomon Islands | Solomon Airlines". www.flysolomons.com. Solomon Airlines. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "Office of the Auditor General - Guadalcanal Province". www.oag.gov.sb. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "Climate Guadalcanal Province: Temperature, climate graph, Climate table for Guadalcanal Province - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "Guadalcanal Province first-order administrative division, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands". sb.geoview.info. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- U.S. State Department (17 December 2014). "The Pacific Islands: U.S. Conventional Weapons Destruction Programs Reduce Threats from World War II-era Munitions". U.S. State Department. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "Provinces". Tourism Solomons. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "2009 Census Bulletin". statistics.gov.sb. Retrieved 12 April 2021.