Geoscience Australia

Geoscience Australia is an agency of the Australian Government. It carries out geoscientific research. The agency is the government's technical adviser on all aspects of geoscience, and custodian of the geographic and geological data and knowledge of the nation.

Geoscience Australia
Geoscience Australia Logo.jpg
Geoscience Australia.jpg
Geoscience Australia headquarters located in the Canberra suburb of Symonston
Agency overview
Formed2001
Preceding agencies
  • Australian Surveying and Land Information Group
  • Australian Geological Survey Organisation
JurisdictionAustralia
HeadquartersSymonston, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
35°20′36″S 149°09′30″E / 35.34333°S 149.15833°E / -35.34333; 149.15833Coordinates: 35°20′36″S 149°09′30″E / 35.34333°S 149.15833°E / -35.34333; 149.15833
Employees611 (as at 30 June 2019)
Annual budgetA$207.30 million (2020)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Dr James Johnson, Chief Executive Officer
Parent departmentDepartment of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources
Websitega.gov.au

On a user pays basis it produces geospatial products such as topographic maps and satellite imagery. It is also a major contributor to the Australian Government's free, open data collections such as data.gov.au.[2]

Strategic prioritiesEdit

The agency has six strategic priority areas:[3]

  1. building Australia's resource wealth in order to maximise benefits from Australia's minerals and energy resources, now and into the future;
  2. ensuring Australia's community safety so that Australian communities are more resilient to natural hazards;
  3. securing Australia's water resources in order to optimise and sustain the use of Australia's water resources;
  4. managing Australia's marine jurisdictions in order to maximise benefits from the sustainable use of Australia's marine jurisdiction;
  5. providing fundamental geographic information in order to understand the location and timing of processes, activities and changes across Australia to inform decision-making for both natural and built environments; and
  6. maintaining geoscience knowledge and capability in order to maintain an enduring and accessible knowledge base and capability to enable evidence-based policy and decision-making by government, industry and the community.

HistoryEdit

Geoscience Australia came into being in 2001 when the Australian Surveying and Land Information Group (AUSLIG) merged with the Australian Geological Survey Organisation (AGSO). Its history dates back almost to Federation in 1901 when it was decided to set aside land for the national capital. This decision led to the establishment of the Australian Survey Office in 1910, when surveying began for the Australian Capital Territory.

AUSLIG's main function was to provide national geographic information. It was formed in 1987, when the Australian Survey Office joined with the Division of National Mapping, which was formed in 1947. Another important component of AUSLIG was the provision of satellite imagery to industry and government, started by the Australian Landsat Station in 1979, renamed the Australian Centre for Remote Sensing (ACRES) in 1986.

AGSO's predecessor organisation the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics[4] (BMR) was established in 1946; with the name changing to AGSO in 1992.

The BMR was a geological survey with the main objective was the systematic geological and geophysical mapping of the continent as the basis for informed mineral exploration.[5]

Geoscience Australia's activities have expanded and today it has responsibility for meeting the Australian Government's geoscience requirements. This role takes the Agency well beyond its historic focus on resource development and topographic mapping to topics as diverse as natural hazards such as tsunami and earthquakes, environmental issues, including the impacts of climate change, groundwater research, marine and coastal research, carbon capture and storage and vegetation monitoring as well as Earth observations from space. Geoscience Australia's remit also extends beyond the Australian landmass to Australia's vast marine jurisdiction.[6][7]

Summary of predecessor agenciesEdit

Predecessor agencies[8][9]
Name of agency Start End Responsible department
Lands and Survey Branch 1911 1932 Department of Home Affairs (1911-1916)
Department of Home and Territories (1916-1925)
Department of Works and Railways (1925-1932)
Property and Survey Branch 1932 1951 Department of the Interior (1932-1938)
Department of Works (1938-1939)
Department of the Interior (1939-1951)
1951: surveying and mapping functions separated
Surveying agencies
ACT Development and Planning Branch 1951 1958 Department of the Interior (1939-1972)
Lands and Survey Branch 1958 1963
Survey Branch 1963 1974
Department of Services and Property (1972-1975)
Survey Division 1974 1975
Australian Survey Office 1975 1987 Department of Urban and Regional Development (1975)
Department of Administrative Services (1975-1984)
Department of Local Government and Administrative Services (1984-1987)
Mapping agencies
National Mapping Section 1951 1956 Department of the Interior
Division of National Mapping 1956 1987 Department of National Development (1956-1972)
Department of Minerals and Energy (1972-1975)
Department of National Resources (1975-1977)
Department of National Development (1977-1979)
Department of National Development and Energy (1979-1983)
Department of Resources and Energy (1983-1987)
1987: surveying and mapping functions reunited
Australian Surveying and Land Information Group 1987 2001 Department of Administrative Services (1987-1993)
Department of the Arts and Administrative Services (1993-1994)
Department of Administrative Services (1994-1997)
Department of Industry, Science and Tourism (1997-1998)
Department of Industry, Science and Resources (1998-2001)
Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources (2001-2007)
Geoscience Australia 2001
Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (2007-2013)
Department of Industry (2013-2014)
Department of Industry and Science (2014-2015)
Department of Industry, Innovation and Science (2015-2020)
Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (2020–present)

FacilitiesEdit

It has a free place name search[10] and its earthquake monitoring services can be freely accessed.[11] The Library is the premier geoscience library in Australia providing services to geoscience organisations, universities, research centres, the mining and petroleum industries and the public.[12]

Economic Demonstrated ResourcesEdit

Geoscience Australia defines Economic Demonstrated Resources (EDR) as

resources for which profitable extraction or production under defined investment assumptions is possible

— [13]

For EDR, tonnages and grades are computed from samples of the resource taken from points spaced to provide assured resource continuity.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Department of Industry, Innovation and Science Annual Report 2020-21". Annual Report, Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. Australian Government. 2020. p. 186. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  2. ^ A search on the http://data.gov.au catalogue revealing many thousands of Geoscience Australia datasets: [1]
  3. ^ "Strategic Priorities". Geoscience Australia Strategic Priorities. Geoscience Australia. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  4. ^ Townley, K. (1976) History of the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics pp.101 - 111 - in Johns, R. K. (Robert Keith); Johns, R. K. (Robert Keith), (ed.); Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics (1976), History and role of government geological surveys in Australia, A. B. James, Govt. printer, ISBN 978-0-7243-2497-2 {{citation}}: |author2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Geoscience Australia National Library of Australia, Trove, People and Organisation record for Geoscience Australia
  6. ^ "Our history". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  7. ^ Geoscience Australia National Library of Australia, Trove, People and Organisation record for Geoscience Australia
  8. ^ Whyte, Brendan (2020). "Lists of British, Australian and New Zealand Surveyors-General, Government Geologists, Printers, Ministers, etc useful to cataloguers and researchers for the dating of Australian and New Zealand maps" (PDF). Australian and New Zealand Map Society.
  9. ^ "Agency details for: CA 7605". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  10. ^ "Gazetteer of Australia place name search". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Earthquakes". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  12. ^ "N H (Doc) Fisher Geoscience Library". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  13. ^ https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=isr/resexp/chapter2.pdf[bare URL PDF]

External linksEdit