Gotland County (Swedish: Gotlands län) is a county or län of Sweden. Gotland is located in the Baltic Sea to the east of Öland, and is the largest of Sweden's islands. Counties are usually sub-divided into municipalities, but Gotland County consists of only one county council, which also serves as a municipality, Region Gotland. Gotland County is the only county in Sweden that is not governed by a municipal council. The municipality handles the tasks that are otherwise handled by the county council: mainly health care and public transport. Like other counties, Gotland has a County Administrative Board, which oversees implementation of the Swedish state government. Both the County Administrative Board and the municipality have their seat in the largest city, Visby, with over 22,000 inhabitants. Princess Leonore, the daughter of Princess Madeleine, is Duchess of Gotland.

Gotland County
Gotlands län (Swedish)
Flag of Gotland County
Coat of arms of Gotland County
Gotland County in Sweden
Gotland County in Sweden
Location map of Gotland County in Sweden
Location map of Gotland County in Sweden
Coordinates: 57°29′57″N 18°30′34″E / 57.49917°N 18.50944°E / 57.49917; 18.50944
CountrySweden
Founded1658
CapitalVisby
Government
 • GovernorAnders Flanking
 • MunicipalityRegion Gotland
Area
 • Total3,151.4 km2 (1,216.8 sq mi)
Population
 (September 30, 2017)[1]
 • Total58,464
 • Density19/km2 (48/sq mi)
GDP
 • TotalSEK 19 billion
€2.011 billion (2015)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeSE-I
NUTS RegionSE214
Websitewww.i.lst.se

Province edit

The provinces of Sweden are no longer officially administrative units but are used in reporting population size, politics, etc. In that case, the province, the county and the municipality all have identical borders and cover an area of 3151 km²[3]

Administration edit

Gotland is the only Swedish county that is not administered by a county council. Instead, the municipality is tasked with the responsibilities of a county, including public health care and public transport.

The main aims of the County Administrative Board are to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government agency headed by a Governor.

Mats Löfving is the regional police chief for both Stockholm and Gotland Counties.[4]

Politics edit

During a trial period the County Council provisions for Gotland has been evolved to provisions for a Regional Council, meaning that it has assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. Similar provisions are applicable to the counties of Västra Götaland and Skåne during the trial period.

Governors edit

Localities in order of size edit

The five most populous localities of Gotland County in 2010:[5]

# Locality Population
1 Visby 22,593
2 Hemse 1,715
3 Slite 1,483
4 Klintehamn 1,363
5 Vibble 1,286

Foreign background edit

SCB have collected statistics on backgrounds of residents since 2002. These tables consist of all who have two foreign-born parents or are born abroad themselves.[6] The chart lists election years and the last year on record alone.

Location 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2019
Gotland 4.8 5.2 5.8 6.4 8.8 9.2
Source: SCB [6]

Heraldry edit

Gotland County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Gotland. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.

References edit

  1. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  2. ^ Regions and Cities > Regional Statistics > Regional Economy > Regional GDP per Capita, OECD.Stats. Accessed on 16 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Statistisk årsbok för Sverige 2009" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden.
  4. ^ Mats Löfving ny Regionpolischef at aftonbladet.se, 1 October 2020, accessed 6 October 2020 (in Swedish)
  5. ^ "Tätorter 2010 (Localities 2010)". Statistics Sweden (in Swedish). 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  6. ^ a b "PxWeb - välj variabler och värden" (in Swedish). SCB. Retrieved 11 August 2020.

External links edit

57°29′57″N 18°30′34″E / 57.499167°N 18.509444°E / 57.499167; 18.509444