Funen (Danish: Fyn, pronounced [ˈfyːˀn]), with an area of 3,099.7 square kilometres (1,196.8 sq mi), is the third-largest island of Denmark, after Zealand and Vendsyssel-Thy. It is the 165th-largest island in the world. It is located in the central part of the country and has a population of 466,284 (2013). Funen's main city is Odense, which is connected to the sea by a seldom-used canal. The city's shipyard, Odense Steel Shipyard, has been relocated outside Odense proper.
|Native name: |
|Area||3,100.7 km2 (1,197.2 sq mi)|
|Region||South Denmark Region|
|Largest settlement||Odense (pop. 178,210)|
|Pop. density||150 /km2 (390 /sq mi)|
Funen belongs administratively to the Region of Southern Denmark. From 1970 to 2006 the island formed the biggest part of Funen County, which also included the islands of Langeland, Ærø, Tåsinge, and a number of smaller islands.
Funen is linked to Zealand, Denmark's largest island, by the Great Belt Bridge, which carries both trains and cars. The bridge is in reality three bridges; low road and rail bridges connect Funen to the small island of Sprogø in the middle of the Great Belt, and a long road suspension bridge (the second longest in the world at the time of opening) connects Funen the rest of the way to Zealand, paralleled by a rail tunnel.
Two bridges connect Funen to the Danish mainland, Jutland. The Old Little Belt Bridge was constructed in the 1930s shortly before World War II for both cars and trains. The New Little Belt Bridge, a suspension bridge, was constructed in the 1970s and is used for cars only.
Apart from the main city, Odense, all major towns are located in coastal areas. Beginning in the north-east of the island and moving clockwise, they are Kerteminde (NE), Nyborg (E), Svendborg (S), Fåborg (SW), Assens (W), Middelfart (NW) and Bogense (N).
The populations of the major cities and towns are, as of 1 January 2018:
- Odense: 178,210
- Svendborg: 27,324
- Nyborg: 17,164
- Middelfart: 15,246
- Fåborg: 7,065
- Assens: 6,209
- Kerteminde: 5,914
- Ringe: 5,912
- Bogense: 3,891
Funen was the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen, the composer Carl Nielsen, American Revolutionary War hero Colonel Christian Febiger, pop singer MØ and international footballer Christian Eriksen.
The highest natural point on Funen is Frøbjerg Bavnehøj.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Funen.|