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Langeland (lit. Long land) is a Danish island located between the Great Belt and Bay of Kiel. The island measures 285 km2 (c. 110 square miles) and, as of 1 January 2018, has a population of 12,446.[1] The island produces grain and is known as a recreational and wellness tourism area. A bridge connects it to Tåsinge via Siø - a small island with a population of approx. 20 - and the main island of Funen (to the northwest). There are connections by car ferry to the islands of Lolland, Ærø, and Strynø.

Rudkøbing - Gåsetorvet ved Brogade.JPG
Rudkøbing, Langeland
Location map Langeland.svg
LocationGreat Belt
Coordinates54°55′N 10°45′E / 54.917°N 10.750°E / 54.917; 10.750Coordinates: 54°55′N 10°45′E / 54.917°N 10.750°E / 54.917; 10.750
Area284 km2 (110 sq mi)
RegionSouth Denmark Region
MunicipalityLangeland Municipality
Largest settlementRudkøbing (pop. 4.658)
Population12,446 (2018)
Pop. density43.8 /km2 (113.4 /sq mi)

Rudkøbing, the island's largest town, is the birthplace of famous physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted, his brother, Anders Sandøe Ørsted, a former Danish prime minister, and their nephew, botanist Anders Sandøe Ørsted.

Administratively, Langeland and several smaller islands around it forms the Municipality of Langeland.


Role in the Larne gun-runningEdit

On 30 March 1914, the vessel SS Fanny docked at Langeland and proceeded to be loaded with a "mysterious" cargo.[2] This cargo turned out to be a weapons cache including 11,000 Männlicher rifles brought from the Steyr works in Austria; 9,000 ex-German army Mausers; 4,600 Italian Vetterli-Vitali rifles; and 5 million rounds of ammunition in clips of five.[2] The cache had been purchased by Major Frederick Hugh Crawford for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force in Ireland.[2][3]

Danish customs officials suspected that the cargo might have contained weapons to arm militant Icelandic home rulers who sought independence from Denmark. However the SS Fanny cut loose, escaped in a gale and sailed out of Danish territorial waters.[2]

The weapons cache would later land in Larne on the north-east coast of Ireland in what became known as the Larne gun-running.[2][3]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jonathan Bardon, A History of Ulster, published by The Black Staff Press, ISBN 0-85640-764-X
  3. ^ a b S. J. Connolly, Oxford Companion to Irish History, published by Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-923483-7

External linksEdit