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Misool, formerly spelled Mysol (Dutch: Misoöl), is one of the four major islands in the Raja Ampat Islands in West Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Indonesia. Its area is 2,034 km². The highest point is 561 m[1] and the main towns are Waigama, located on the island's northern coast, and Lilinta.

Misool
ID Misool.PNG
Location of Misool
Maluku Islands en.png
Geography
Location South East Asia
Archipelago Raja Ampat Islands
Area rank 205
Highest elevation 561 m (1,841 ft)
Administration
Aerial traps of the pitcher plant Nepenthes sp. Misool.

The inhabitants speak the Biga language and Matbat language, as well as Indonesian.[2][3]

Other main islands of this group off the western end of West Papua are Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo, and there are numerous smaller islands such as Kofiau.[4]

Contents

FaunaEdit

HistoryEdit

Part of the Dutch colonial empire, the Netherlands East Indies.

Occupied on 1942 by the Japanese. Imperial Japanese Navy base until 1945.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ISLAND DIRECTORY. UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site.
  2. ^ Ethnologue - Biga
  3. ^ Ethnologue - Matbat
  4. ^ Traditional kingdoms of Maluku, early 15th century, and the spheres of influence of Ternate and Tidore, early 16th century
  5. ^ Allen, G.R., Hadiaty, R.K. & Unmack, P.J. (2014): Melanotaenia flavipinnis, a new species of Rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae) from Misool Island, West Papua Province, Indonesia, aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 20 (1): 35-52.
  6. ^ Allen, G. 1996. Melanotaenia misoolensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 4 August 2007.
  7. ^ No. 92 of the Japanese Monographs — "Southwest Area Naval Operations, Apr. 1942 – Apr. 1944", 10 September 1947.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 1°53′41″S 130°5′1″E / 1.89472°S 130.08361°E / -1.89472; 130.08361