Hinnøya

Hinnøya is the fourth largest island in Norway (the largest island in Norway when you ignore the Svalbard archipelago). The 2,204.7-square-kilometre (851.2 sq mi) lies just off the western coast of Northern Norway.[1] The island sits on the border of Nordland and Troms og Finnmark counties. The western part of the island is in the district of Vesterålen, the southwestern part is in the Lofoten district, the southeastern part is in the Ofoten district, and the northeastern part is in Troms.[2]

Hinnøya
Autumn landscape near Gullesfjordbotn, Hinnøya, 2010 September.jpg
View of Gullesfjordbotn, at the head of Gullesfjorden, partly a nature reserve
Norway - Hinnoya.PNG
Hinnøya is located in Nordland
Hinnøya
Hinnøya
Location of the island
Hinnøya is located in Troms og Finnmark
Hinnøya
Hinnøya
Hinnøya (Troms og Finnmark)
Hinnøya is located in Norway
Hinnøya
Hinnøya
Hinnøya (Norway)
Geography
LocationNorthern Norway
Coordinates68°19′23″N 15°24′14″E / 68.3231°N 15.4039°E / 68.3231; 15.4039Coordinates: 68°19′23″N 15°24′14″E / 68.3231°N 15.4039°E / 68.3231; 15.4039
Area2,204.7 km2 (851.2 sq mi)
Area rank4th in Norway
(1st outside of Svalbard)
Length80 km (50 mi)
Width55 km (34.2 mi)
Highest elevation1,262 m (4140 ft)
Highest pointMøysalen
Administration
Norway
CountyTroms og Finnmark, Nordland
MunicipalitiesHarstad, Kvæfjord,
Lødingen, Sortland,
Andøy, Hadsel,
Vågan, Tjeldsund
Largest settlementHarstad (pop. 23,242)
Nordland county
Area covered1,275 km2 (492 sq mi; 57.8%)
Troms og Finnmark county
Area covered930 km2 (360 sq mi; 42.2%)
Demographics
Population32,688 (2017)
Pop. density14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi)
View towards Tjeldsundet from southeastern Hinnøya (north of Lødingen).

As of 2017, Hinnøya had a population of 32,688.[2] The only town on the island is the town of Harstad. Some of the larger villages include Borkenes, Lødingen, Sigerfjord, and Sørvik. The island is split between the municipalities of Harstad, Tjeldsund and Kvæfjord in Troms og Finnmark county, as well as Andøy, Hadsel, Lødingen, Sortland, and Vågan in Nordland county.[2]

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was just Hinn (the suffix -øya meaning "the island" was added later). The large island is almost divided in two parts by the Gullesfjorden and Kanstadfjorden, and the old name is probably derived from an old verb with the meaning "cleave", "split", or "cut".[2]

TransportationEdit

Hinnøya is connected to the mainland by the Tjeldsund Bridge across the Tjeldsundet strait. To the west, it is connected to the island of Langøya by the Sortland Bridge, and to the northwest to the island of Andøya by the Andøy Bridge. It is connected to the Lofoten islands by the Lofoten mainland connection which opened on 1 December 2007. That connection is part of the European Route E10 highway. The highway runs near Møysalen National Park. There is also a ferry connection in the southeast between the village of Lødingen and the village of Bognes on the mainland, crossing the Vestfjorden.

GeographyEdit

Hinnøya is dissected by several fjords, and two very long ones, Gullesfjorden in the northeast and Øksfjorden in the southwest, almost sever the island in half. There is a 5-kilometre (3 mi) wide isthmus between innermost parts of the two fjords. The island contains a mostly rugged and mountainous terrain, especially the southern part.

The best agricultural area is in the northeast, in Harstad and Kvæfjord Municipalities. The southern part is the location of Møysalen National Park, which includes the highest mountain on the island, the 1,262-metre (4,140 ft) tall Møysalen.[3] In the northwestern part of the island, near the village of Forfjord, there is a nature reserve containing a valley with forests and bogs, including the oldest pine trees in Norway, more than 700 years old.[4]

County Area[2] Population
(2016)[2]
Nordland 1,275 square kilometres (492 sq mi) 5,938
Troms 930 square kilometres (360 sq mi) 26,750
Total 2,205 square kilometres (851 sq mi) 32,688

ClimateEdit

The climate of the southern coast of the island is warmer and wetter in winter than the northern coast. The all-time high in Harstad is 31.7 °C (89 °F) from July 2014.

Climate data for Harstad 1991-2020
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2.2
(28.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.4
(36.3)
6.6
(43.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
12.5
(54.5)
8.8
(47.8)
4.3
(39.7)
1.1
(34.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.4
(40.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106
(4.2)
79
(3.1)
101
(4.0)
57
(2.2)
38
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
54
(2.1)
54
(2.1)
75
(3.0)
90
(3.5)
73
(2.9)
86
(3.4)
854
(33.6)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Norgeskart". Statkart.no. Statkart. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2016-04-24). "Hinnøya". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-09-01.
  3. ^ "Møysalen National Park" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2018-09-01. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Andøy" (in Norwegian). VisitVesterålen. Retrieved 2018-09-01.
  5. ^ http://sharki.oslo.dnmi.no/portal/page?_pageid=73,39035,73_39080&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit