Hinnøya is the fourth largest island in Norway (the largest island in Norway when you ignore the Svalbard archipelago). The 2,204.7-square-kilometre (851.2 sq mi) lies just off the western coast of Northern Norway. The island sits on the border of Nordland and Troms og Finnmark counties. The western part of the island is in the district of Vesterålen, the southwestern part is in the Lofoten district, the southeastern part is in the Ofoten district, and the northeastern part is in Troms.
|Area||2,204.7 km2 (851.2 sq mi)|
|Area rank||4th in Norway|
(1st outside of Svalbard)
|Length||80 km (50 mi)|
|Width||55 km (34.2 mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,262 m (4140 ft)|
|County||Troms og Finnmark, Nordland|
|Largest settlement||Harstad (pop. 23,242)|
|Area covered||1,275 km2 (492 sq mi; 57.8%)|
Troms og Finnmark county
|Area covered||930 km2 (360 sq mi; 42.2%)|
|Pop. density||14.8/km2 (38.3/sq mi)|
As of 2017[update], Hinnøya had a population of 32,688. The only town on the island is the town of Harstad. Some of the larger villages include Borkenes, Lødingen, Sigerfjord, and Sørvik. The island is split between the municipalities of Harstad, Tjeldsund and Kvæfjord in Troms og Finnmark county, as well as Andøy, Hadsel, Lødingen, Sortland, and Vågan in Nordland county.
The Old Norse form of the name was just Hinn (the suffix -øya meaning "the island" was added later). The large island is almost divided in two parts by the Gullesfjorden and Kanstadfjorden, and the old name is probably derived from an old verb with the meaning "cleave", "split", or "cut".
Hinnøya is connected to the mainland by the Tjeldsund Bridge across the Tjeldsundet strait. To the west, it is connected to the island of Langøya by the Sortland Bridge, and to the northwest to the island of Andøya by the Andøy Bridge. It is connected to the Lofoten islands by the Lofoten mainland connection which opened on 1 December 2007. That connection is part of the European Route E10 highway. The highway runs near Møysalen National Park. There is also a ferry connection in the southeast between the village of Lødingen and the village of Bognes on the mainland, crossing the Vestfjorden.
Hinnøya is dissected by several fjords, and two very long ones, Gullesfjorden in the northeast and Øksfjorden in the southwest, almost sever the island in half. There is a 5-kilometre (3 mi) wide isthmus between innermost parts of the two fjords. The island contains a mostly rugged and mountainous terrain, especially the southern part.
The best agricultural area is in the northeast, in Harstad and Kvæfjord Municipalities. The southern part is the location of Møysalen National Park, which includes the highest mountain on the island, the 1,262-metre (4,140 ft) tall Møysalen. In the northwestern part of the island, near the village of Forfjord, there is a nature reserve containing a valley with forests and bogs, including the oldest pine trees in Norway, more than 700 years old.
|Nordland||1,275 square kilometres (492 sq mi)||5,938|
|Troms||930 square kilometres (360 sq mi)||26,750|
|Total||2,205 square kilometres (851 sq mi)||32,688|
The climate of the southern coast of the island is warmer and wetter in winter than the northern coast. The all-time high in Harstad is 31.7 °C (89 °F) from July 2014.
|Climate data for Harstad 1991-2020|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||106
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
- "Norgeskart". Statkart.no. Statkart. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2016-04-24). "Hinnøya". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-09-01.
- "Møysalen National Park" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2018-09-01. Cite journal requires
- "Andøy" (in Norwegian). VisitVesterålen. Retrieved 2018-09-01.
- http://sharki.oslo.dnmi.no/portal/page?_pageid=73,39035,73_39080&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL. Missing or empty