Lalu Prasad Yadav
Lalu Prasad (born 11 June 1948) is an Indian politician from the state of Bihar. He is the president of the Rashtriya Janata Dal, former Chief Minister of Bihar, former Union Minister of Railways, and former Member of Parliament of the 15th Lok Sabha. He entered politics at Patna University as a student leader and was elected as then youngest member of the Lok Sabha in 1977 as a Janata Party candidate at the age of 29. He became the chief minister of Bihar in 1990. From 1997 to 2005 his wife Rabri Devi ruled as the Chief Minister of the state. His party came to power in 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election in partnership with Nitish Kumar of JD(U), but Nitish Kumar dumped Lalu Prasad's Yadav party from power in July 2017.
|Minister of Railways|
24 May 2004 – 23 May 2009
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Preceded by||Nitish Kumar|
|Succeeded by||Mamata Banerjee|
|20th Chief Minister of Bihar|
4 April 1995 – 25 July 1997
|Preceded by||President's rule|
|Succeeded by||Rabri Devi|
10 March 1990 – 28 March 1995
|Preceded by||Jagannath Mishra|
|Succeeded by||President's rule|
|Member of the Indian Parliament|
24 May 2004 – 22 May 2009
|Preceded by||Rajiv Pratap Rudy|
|Succeeded by||Constituency delimitated|
2 December 1989 – 13 March 1991
|Preceded by||Rambahadur Singh|
|Succeeded by||Lal Babu Rai|
23 March 1977 – 22 August 1979
|Preceded by||Ramshekhar Prasad Singh|
|Succeeded by||Staya Deo Singh|
|Born||11 June 1948|
Phulwariya , Gopalganj, Bihar, India
|Political party||Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|Relations||Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (Son in law)|
|Children||9, including Tejashwi Yadav, Tej Pratap Yadav, Misa Bharti|
|Parents||Kundan Ray (father)|
Marachhiya Devi (mother)
Early and personal lifeEdit
Lalu, second of his parents' six sons, was born in Phulwaria in Bihar to Kundan Ray and Marachhiya Devi, and attended a local middle school before moving to Patna with his elder brother. After completing Bachelor of Laws and a Ph.D. in Political Science from B. N. College of Patna University, he worked as clerk in Bihar Veterinary College at Patna where his elder brother was also a peon. He turned down Patna University's Honorary Doctorate in 2004.
|Tej Pratap Yadav||Elder son||Married Aishwarya Ray, granddaughter of Bihar's ex-CM Daroga Prasad Rai||ex Health Minister of Bihar|
|Tejashwi Yadav||Younger son||ex-cricketer, ex Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar|
|Dr. Misa Bharti||1st daughter (eldest)||Married a software engineer Shailesh Kumar in 1999||Misa was nominated as Rajya Sabha MP by RJD in 2016|
|Rohini Acharya||2nd daughter||Married to Rao Samaresh Singh in May 2002||Samaresh is a US-based commerce graduate from SRCC Delhi, son of Rao Ranvijay Singh of Arwal|
|Chanda Singh||3rd daughter||Married an Indian Airlines pilot Vikram Singh in 2006|
|Ragini Yadav||4th daughter||Married to Rahul Yadav, son of Jitendra Yadav in 2012||Jitendra is SP's MLC, now an INC member and resident of Sarfabad village in Noida|
|Hema Yadav||5th daughter||Married to Vineet Yadav, who is from a political family|
|Anushka Rao||6th daughter||Married to Chiranjeev Rao son of Capt. Ajay Singh Yadav of the INC||Ajay is ex Power Minister of Haryana who had legal issues related to a land scam in Solan|
|Rajlaxmi Singh||7th daughter (youngest)||Married to Tej Pratap Singh Yadav in 2015||SP's ex-Lok Sabha MP Tej Pratap Singh Yadav is the grand-nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav|
1970–1990: Student politicsEdit
In 1970, Lalu entered in student politics as the general secretary of the Patna University Students' Union (PUSU), became its president in 1973, joined Jai Prakash Narayan' Bihar Movement in 1974 where he became sufficiently close to Janata Party (JP) leaders to become the Janta alliance's winning candidate in the 1977 Lok Sabha election from Chapra at the age of 29. In 1979, the Janata Party government fell due to in-fighting.The parliament was dissolved with new polls held in 1980. Lalu quit Janta party to join the splinter group, Janta Party-S led by Raj Narain, only to lose the re-election in 1980.He managed to win Bihar Legislative Assembly election later in 1980, and again in 1985 to become leader of opposition in Bihar assembly in 1989.Later in 1989, he was also elected for Lok Sabha under V. P. Singh government.By 1990, he positioned himself as the leader of Yadav (11.7% of the Bihar's) and lower castes. Muslims, who had traditionally served as Congress (I) vote bank, shifted their support to Prasad after the 1989 Bhagalpur violence. He became popular among the young voters of Bihar.
1990–1997: Lalu and wife as chief ministers of BiharEdit
In 1990, Janata Dal came to power in Bihar. PM V. P. Singh wanted former chief minister Ram Sundar Das to lead the government. and Chandra Shekhar backed Raghunath Jha. To break deadlock deputy PM Devi Lal nominated Prasad as CM candidate. He was victorious in an internal poll of Janta Dal MLA's and became the chief minister. On 23 September 1990, Prasad arrested L. K. Advani at Samastipur during the latter's Ram Rath Yatra to Ayodhya, which establish himself as a secular leader among the people of Bihar. The World Bank lauded his party for its work in the 1990s on the economic front. In 1993, Prasad adopted a pro-English policy and pushed for the re-introduction of English as a language in school curriculum, contrary to the angrezi hatao (banish English) policy of then Uttar Pradesh CM Mulayam Singh Yadav. Policy of opposition to English was considered an anti-elite policy since both the Yadav leaders represented the same social constituents - the backward castes, dalits and minority communities. With the mass support of people of Bihar, Lalu continued to be Bihar CM.
1998–2002: Formation of RJD and out of powerEdit
In 1997, due to allegation related to Fodder Scam, a leadership revolt surfaced in Janta Dal, consequently Lalu broke away from Janta Dal and formed a new political party Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). In 1998 general for 12th Lok Sabha Lalu won from Madhepura, but lost in 1999 general election to Sharad Yadav. In 2000 Bihar Legislative Assembly election he won and remained in opposition.
2002–2005: RJD and Rabri rule in BiharEdit
In 2002, Lalu was elected in Rajya Sabha where he stayed till 2004. In 2002, RJD formed the government with Rabri Devi as the CM. Except for brief President rule and 8 days term of Nitish Kumar, RJD remained in power in Bihar till 2005.
2004–2009: Railway MinisterEdit
In 2004, Yadav contested general election from Chhapra and Madhepura against Rajiv Pratap Rudy and Sharad Yadav respectively and won from both the seats with a huge margin with the great support and faith of people of Bihar. In total, RJD won 21 seats and it allied with Indian National Congress becoming second-largest member of UPA I after Congress. Yadav became the railway minister in the 2004 UPA Government. Later, he gave up the Madhepura seat.
As railway minister, Yadav left passenger fares untouched and focused on other sources of revenue for the railways. He banned plastic cups from being used to serve tea at railway stations and replaced those with kulhars (earthen cups), in order to generate more employment in rural areas. Later, he also said that he had plans to introduce buttermilk and khādī. In June 2004, he announced that he would get on the railway himself to inspect its problems and went on to board the Patna railway station at midnight.
When he took over, the Indian Railways was a loss-making organisation. In the four years under his leadership, it showed a cumulative total profit of Rs.250 billion (US$5.2 billion). According to CAG, it was the new practice of issuing a "statement of cash and investible surplus" that helped Lalu project a rosy picture. In 2008, the profits shown were ₹25,000 crore (US$3.5 billion). Schools of management became interested in Yadav's leadership in managing the turnaround The alleged turnaround was introduced as a case study by the prestigious Indian Institute of Management. Yadav also received invitations from eight Ivy League schools for lectures, and addressed over a hundred students from Harvard, Wharton and others in Hindi.
Harvard Business School and HEC Management School, France, have shown interest in turning Lalu's experiment with the Railway into case studies for aspiring big graduates.
2005–2010: RJD out of power in BiharEdit
In November 2005 state elections RJD won 54 seats, less than both Janata Dal United (JDU) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nitish Kumar led coalition, consisting of JD(U) and BJP, came to power. In the 2010 elections, the RJD tally was reduced to just 22 seats whereas the ruling alliance claimed a record 206 out of the 243 Assembly seats.
2009–2014: Out of power in center and BiharEdit
In 2009 general election RJD won 4 seats and provided outside support to Manmohan Singh government. In May 2012, Lalu Prasad Yadav envisaged Hamid Ansari, previous vice-president, as a presidential candidate. In May 2013, Lalu Yadav tried to rejuvenate the party and fuel the party workers in his Parivartan Rally. After the conviction in Fodder Scam on 3 October 2013, Yadav was disqualified from the membership of Lok Sabha.
In 2014 general election, Lalu Yadav's RJD again won 4 seats. Lalu Yadav has been working on a merger of six parties to form a Janata Parivar.
2015–current: Conviction in 2 fodder scam casesEdit
In the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, Lalu Yadav's RJD became the largest party with a total of 81 seats. He along with his partner Nitish Kumar of JD(U) had the absolute majority to form a government in Bihar. This was cited as a major comeback for the RJD and for Lalu Yadav on the political stage of Bihar after a gap of 10 years. But that suffocating alliance did not last long as Nitish Kumar dumped and ousted Lalu's party from the power and alliance in July 2017 after the Enforcement Directorate and Central Bureau of Investigation lodged several criminal cases against Lalu's son and Deputy Chief Minister, Tejashwi Yadav.
Chronology of political careerEdit
- 1977: Elected to the 6th Lok Sabha at the age of 29.
- 1980–1989: Member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly (two terms).
- 1989: A Leader of Opposition of Bihar Legislative Assembly, Chairman of Pustakalaya Committee, Convenor of Committee on Public Undertakings. Re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha (2nd term).
- 1990–1995: Member of the Bihar Legislative Council.
- 1990–1997: Chief Minister of Bihar
- 1995–1998: Member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly.
- 1996: Lalu implicated in Fodder Scam
- 1997: Splits from Janata Dal to form Rashtriya Janata Dal.
- 1998: Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (3rd term).
- 1998–1999: Member of General Purposes Committee, Committee on Home Affairs and its Sub Committee on Swatantrata Sainik Samman Pension Scheme, Consultative Committee of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
- 2004: Re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha (4th term). Appointed Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Railways in UPA govt. Lalu, wife Rabri Devi, son Tejashwi Yadav and daughter Misa Bharti booked for railway tender bribery scam, disproportionate illegal property and income tax evasion cases in 2017.
- 2009: Re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha (5th term) and disqualified in 2013 subsequent to his conviction in the first fodder scam case.
- 2020: RJD declares Lalu as mahagathbandhan coordinator for Assembly polls.
Populist policies and consolidation of lower castesEdit
According to Seyed Hossein Zarhani, though Laloo Prasad became a hate figure among Forward Castes, he drew huge support from backward castes and Dalits. He was criticised for neglecting development but a study conducted during his reign among downtrodden Musahars revealed that though the construction of houses for them hasn't been concluded at required pace, still they will choose Laloo as he returned them their "ijjat"(honour) and for the first time they are allowed to vote. A number of populist policies which directly impacted his backward caste supporters were launched during his tenure. Some of these being; establishment of "Charvaha schools", where children of poor could get skilled; abolishment of cess on toddy and more importantly the negligence of rules related to reservation for backward castes were made cognizable offence. Laloo mobilised backwards through his identity politics. According to his conception, Forward Castes were elite in the outlook and thus he portrayed himself as, "Messiah of backwards" by ensuring that his way of living remain identical to his supporters who were mostly poor. He even continued to reside in his quarter of one room after getting elected as Chief Minister, though later he moved to official residence of the CM for administrative convenience.
Another significant event during his regime was the recruitment of backward castes and communities to government services in large numbers.The Government's white paper claimed to have significant number of vacancies in health sector and similar manpower crunch existed across various sectors. The rules of recruitment were changed drastically in order to benefit backward castes who supported Laloo. The frequent transfer of existing officers, who were at the higher echelon of bureaucracy was also an important feature of Laloo and Rabri Devi regime.These developments led to collapse of administration and entire system. Yadav however continued to rule Bihar due to massive support from backward castes as well as his emphasis on "honour" which he considered more important than the development. Thus according to Zarhani, for the lower caste he was a charismatic leader who was capable to become the voice of those who were silent for long.
Another form of mobilisation of his Dalit supporters by Laloo Yadav was popularising all those folk heroes of lower castes, who were said to have vanquished the upper caste adversaries.One such example is of a popular Dalit saint who was revered as he not only ran away with an upper caste girl but also suppressed all her kins. Praising him could enrage Bhumihar caste in some parts of Bihar. There is a grand celebration every year at a particular place near Patna and Yadav participates in this fair with pomp and show. His energetic participation in this show makes it a rallying point for Dalits, who saw it as their victory and the harassment of upper castes. 
According to Kalyani Shankar, Lalu created a feeling amongst the oppressed that they are real rulers of state under him. He continuously lambasted the oppressors on the behalf of the oppressed and led to their emergence as the pivot of political power. The upper caste who composed just 13.2% of the population were controlling most of the land while the backwards who were 51% own very little land. With the advent of Lalu thd economic profile of the state changed too with the backward caste diversifying their occupational pattern as well as controlling more swathes of land.
As already stated, Lalu installed a sense of confidence among Muslims by stopping Lal Krishna Advani's controversial "Rath yatra". Muslims of Bihar were feeling a sense of insecurity after the ghastly 1989 Bhagalpur riots.The Satyendra Narayan Singh government failed to control law and order situation thus death toll reached over 1000. The people affected were mostly poor weavers and others belonging to low strata of society and hence they were looking for a leader who could control the deteriorating situation of state under Congress. According to Kalyani, during this period upper castes were totally marginalised and backwards came to control the power firmly. 
Corruption, conviction and criticismEdit
Yadav has been convicted and jailed in two scams. As of January 2018, he, his wife, his sons Tejashwi Yadav and Tej Pratap Yadav, and his daughter Misa Bharti were all facing charges in several other corruption cases.
1996 Fodder Scam – 1st caseEdit
Yadav was an accused party and later convicted in the first Fodder Scam case of 1996. The case involved the siphoning off of about ₹ 4.50 billion ($ 111.85 million) from the animal husbandry department.
Several allegations of embezzlement from the animal husbandry department were tabled between 1990–95. In January 1996, a raid conducted on Chaibasa treasury indicated the siphoning off of funds by non-existent companies. Yadav ordered an inquiry to probe the irregularities. However, after a public interest litigation, the Bihar High Court in March 1996 ordered the case to be handed over to the CBI. In June 1997, the CBI filed the charge sheet in the case and made Yadav an accused. The charge forced Yadav to resign from the office of Chief Minister, at which time he appointed his wife, Rabri Devi, to the office.
In 2001, the Supreme Court of India transferred the scam cases to newly-formed court in Ranchi, Jharkhand. The trial began in 2002. In August 2013, Yadav tried to get the trial court judge transferred, but his plea was rejected by Supreme Court of India. Yadav has been an accused in many of the 53-odd cases filed. He has been remanded to custody on multiple occasions because of the number of cases. Over 64 people were convicted in the case. Yadav was first sent to "Judicial remand" (Bihar Military Police guest house, Patna) on 30 July 1997, for 134 days. On 28 October 1998, he was again sent to the same guest house for 73 days. When the Supreme Court took exception to his guest house stay, he had also moved to the Beur jail in Patna. On 26 November 2001, Yadav was again remanded, in a case related to the fodder scam. Yadav accused the NDA of creating a conspiracy against him. On 1 October 2004, the Supreme Court served a notice to Yadav and his wife in response to a petition which alleged that they have been interfering with the investigation.
Yadav, along with 44 other accused, was convicted on 30 September 2013 after being found guilty in fraudulent withdrawal of ₹ 37 crores (₹ 370 million) from Chaibasa treasury. Several other politicians, IAS officers were also convicted in the case. Immediately after the verdict was pronounced, Yadav was arrested and taken to Birsa Munda Central Jail, located at Ranchi. Yadav was disqualified as MP for six years. He was given a jail sentence of five years and a fine of 25 lakh rupees.
He was released on bail from Birsa Munda Central Jail, after he completed the bail formalities in a Special CBI court, two-and-a-half months after his conviction.
1998 disproportionate assets caseEdit
In 1998, a disproportionate assets case arising out of the fodder scam was registered against Yadav and Rabri Devi. In April 2000, both were made co-accused in the charge-sheet and surrendered. While Rabri Devi got bail due to being Chief Minister of Bihar, Yadav was remanded in Beur jail for 11 days. They were acquitted in 2006. The Bihar government wanted to appeal against the acquittal but the Supreme Court in 2010 ruled that the state government can not challenge such rulings.
1996 Fodder Scam – 2nd caseEdit
Yadav was convicted and jailed in the second Fodder Scam case of INR8.927 million on the same day 23 December 2017 when his daughter Misa Bharti was also charged by the Enforcement Directorate of having disproportionate assets. Yadav was convicted 23 December 2017 and sentenced on 6 January 2018 to 3½ years' imprisonment and INR1,000,000 fine) for the fraudulent withdrawal of INR8,900,000 from the Deoghar district treasury between 1990 and 1994.
1996 Fodder Scam – 3rd caseEdit
1996 Fodder Scam – 4th caseEdit
Yadav was convicted by the special CBI court in the fourth fodder scam case relating to alleged withdrawal of Rs 3.13 crore from the Dumka district treasury over two decades ago. CBI Judge awarded him two separate sentences of seven years each under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Prevention of Corruption Acts.
1996 Fodder Scam – 5th caseEdit
2005 Indian Railway tender scamEdit
2005 Indian Railway tender scam, investigated by the CBI, is the bribery and corruption case where Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family are charged for illegally receiving prime property from the bidder as a bribe for corruptly awarding the Railway tender during Yadav's tenure as Railway Minister. Transfer of these properties as bribe to Yadav and his children were disguised using the shell companies; for example, wife Rabri Devi and three children, Misa Bharti, Tejashwi Yadav and Tej Pratap Yadav, received Saguna Mor Mall property worth INR 45 crore through a shell company named Delight Marketing (renamed as Lara properties), and another shell company AB Exports was used to transfer properties worth INR 40 crore for a price of INR 4 lakh to Lalu's other three children Tejashwi Yadav, Ragini and Chanda. This case spawned several other related but independent cases, such as disproportionate assets case as well as tax avoidance case by ED. Under the Benami Transactions Prohibition Act recipient of such benami properties can be imprisoned for up to 7 years and fined up to 25% fair market value, and convicted politicians are barred from contesting elections or holding elected position for six years.
2017 Delight Properties caseEdit
Investigated by the Enforcement Directorate (ED), against Yadav, his wife, son Tejashwi, daughter Misa and others, arose from the alleged illegal proceeds of the 2005 Indian Railway tender scam. The I-T department issued summons for 12 June 2017 to Misa Bharti, over Benami land deals worth Rs. 10 billion. Misa was officially charged by ED in disproportionate assets case on the same day her father was convicted again in the second fodder scam. After the CBI lodged an FIR on 5 July 2017, ED filed the Case Information Report (ECIR) on 27 July 2017 against Lalu, his wife Rabri, their younger son Tejashwi Prasad Yadav and others in the railways tender corruption and ill-gotten property scam that happened during Lalu's tenure as the Railway Minister. Taking action against this scam, ED of Income Tax Department on 12 September 2017 attached more than 12 properties in Patna and Delhi including the plot for the mall in Patna, a farm house in Delhi and up-market land in Palam Vihar in Delhi. This includes the transfer of INR450 million (45 crore) Seguna mor benami property transferred to Lalu's wife Rabri Devi and children Tejashwi Yadav and Tej Pratap Yadav by using a shell company named Delight Properties, which was later renamed as Lara Properties. (Updated: 7 Jan 2018)
2017 AB Exports casesEdit
AB Exports was a shell company used to transfer, as a bribe for the railway tender scam, INR400 million (40 crore) benami property for a mere price of INR400,000 to Lalu's 3 children Tejashwi Yadav, Ragini Yadav and Chanda Singh. ED has attached this property and booked the 3 accused children of Lalu. (Updated: 7 Jan 2018)
2017 Patna zoo soil scamEdit
2017 Patna zoo soil scam is an allegation/case against Lalu Prasad Yadav and his sons Tej Pratap Yadav and Tejaswi Yadav for the "gross irregularities" of selling soil from the construction of Tej Pratap's Saguna Mor mall basement. The bogus beautification scheme was for Rs 90 lakh to Patna zoo without inviting any tenders when Tej Pratap was the minister of environment and forest in Bihar, a department that controls the zoo. The scam came to the light in April 2017, a public interest litigation (PIL) was filed in Patna High Court in October 2017, court ordered the Bihar government to furnish the details of investigation, following which the case was handed over to Bihar Vigilance Investigation Bureau (VIB) department for the investigation under the Pollution Control Board Act, the Environment Protection Act and Wildlife Protection Act (1972) (update: 6 Jan 2018).
The Bihar government said that official procedure was duly followed in the case and prima facie no evidence of irregularity has come into light in zoo soil deal. (Updated: 31 May 2020)
Corruption, nepotism and dynasticismEdit
Yadav is one of the first noted politicians to lose parliamentary seat on being arrested in fodder scam as per Supreme Court decision banning convicted legislators to hold their posts. During his tenure as Chief Minister, Bihar's law and order was at lowest, kidnapping was on rise and private armies mushroomed. He was criticised in 2002 as his supporters lifted cars, furniture from showrooms in Patna to be used in wedding of his daughter.
Lalu Prasad has written his autobiography named Gopalganj to Raisina Road.
- A writer named Neena Jha has written a book on Lalu Prasad named Lalu Prasad, India's miracle.
- Book named Laloo Prasad Yadav: A Charismatic Leader was published in 1996.
- "The Making of Laloo Yadav, The Unmaking of Bihar", updated and reprinted under the title "Subaltern Sahib: Bihar and the Making of Laloo Yadav", is a book based on Lalu's life by Sankarshan Thakur.
- "Scanned Copy of 2009 Lok Sabha election affidavit". Association of Democratic Reforms. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Lalu Prasad Yadav: The shrewd politician's highs and lows". Rediff. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- While the Indian media was unsure as to the spelling of his name, in June 2004, he issued a clarification to the media to endure that his name was spelt as Lalu and not Laloo."It's Lalu not Laloo and it's official (24 June 2004)". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 13 September 2005. Retrieved 8 May 2006.
- "The Promise And Betrayal Of Lalu Prasad Yadav". Tehlka.com. 3 October 2013. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Lalu, the milkman's son who rose from clerk to CM". Times of India. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "Laloo says 'no' to PU doctorate". The Times Of India. 11 January 2004.
- "Rabri vividly recalls how she had boarded a steamer at Pahleja Ghat in Sonepur (Chapra) to reach the Patna residence soon after her marriage on March 18, 1974 when curfew had been imposed all over the district". Archived from the original on 24 December 2017.
- Thakurta, Paranjoy Guha (8 May 2004). "The durability of Laloo Prasad Yadav". Business Line. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Sons and daughters crowd Bihar poll space". Archived from the original on 19 August 2015.
- "Another double for grandfather Lalu".
- "Lalu's Swiss-educated son-in-law hops on Samajwadi cycle, chants growth mantra".
- Dhar, P. N. (2000). Excerpted from 'Indira Gandhi, the "emergency", and Indian democracy' published in Business Standard. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-564899-7. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Singh, Kuldip (11 April 1995). "OBITUARY: Morarji Desai". The Independent. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- "Lalu Prasad Yadav: The man whose luck finally ran out". FirstPost. 4 October 2013. Archived from the original on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 1995. p. 156. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Girish Kuber (26 January 2005). "Vox Populi: Laloo 'castes' his spell on Bihar". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Why And How I Arrested LK Advani By Lalu Yadav". Archived from the original on 7 December 2017.
- "1990-L.K. Advani's rath yatra: Chariot of fire". India Today. 24 December 2009. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "World Bank Report: Bihar – Towards a Development Strategy". World Bank. Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 23 May 2006.
- Selma K., Sonntag (2003). The Local Politics of Global English: Case Studies in Linguistic Globalization. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-0-7391-0598-6.
- "Profile: Lalu Prasad Yadav". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2006.
- "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1998 TO THE 12th LOK SABHA" (PDF). Indian Election Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Statistical Report, Bihar state election 2000" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Bihar Polls 2010: Nitish clean sweeps opposition". oneindia news. 24 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "STATISTICAL REPORT. ON. GENERAL ELECTIONS, 2004" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "Laloo gives up Madhepura seat". The Hindu. 10 June 2004. Archived from the original on 5 April 2005. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Lalu's 'kulhad', a flop in Bihar". The Times of India. 1 May 2005. Archived from the original on 30 April 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2006.
- "Lalu spares passengers; freight untouched". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 7 July 2004. Archived from the original on 11 April 2005. Retrieved 18 May 2006.
- "Lalu refuses to be CEO, Railways India". The Times of India. 5 May 2006. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2006.
- "Laloo's night out at Patna station". Deccan Herald. 15 June 2004. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Vaish, Nandini (12 March 2007). "The Money Train – Lalu Prasad Yadav brings profits for Indian Railways". India Today. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Mahendra Kumar Singh (6 August 2011). "'Lalu's railways turnaround tale was a cosmetic exercise'". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018.
- "Profile: Laloo Prasad Yadav". 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Main News". Tribuneindia.com. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "Lalu: I will work for party's revival". The Hindu. 25 May 2009. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Tewary Amarnath.Lalu pitches for Hamid Ansari as next Prez Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- ANI (15 May 2013). "At Parivartan Rally, Lalu slams Nitish, calls him dictator – Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Why Nitish Kumar junked Lalu Prasad Yadav to join hands with BJP. Archived 3 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine, India Today, 27 Jul 2017.
- Survivor Nitish Kumar chooses the winner, dumps Lalu for Modi. Archived 24 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Economic Times, 26 Jul 2017.
- Zarhani, Seyed Hossein (2018). "Elite agency and development in Bihar: confrontation and populism in era of Garibon Ka Masiha". Governance and Development in India: A Comparative Study on Andhra Pradesh and Bihar after Liberalization. Routledge. ISBN 978-1351255189.
- Nambisan, Vijay (2001). Bihar: is in the Eye of the Beholder. Penguin UK. ISBN 9352141334. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- Shankar, Kalyani (2005). Gods of Power: Personality Cult & Indian Democracy. Macmillan. pp. 216–220. ISBN 1403925100. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- Railways tender case: ED attaches land owned by Lalu's family in Patna Archived 16 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Times of India, 8 Dec 2017.
- Laloo Prasad taken into custody Archived 8 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine, BBC News, 5 April 2000
- "More charges framed against Lalu Yadav". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 7 May 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2006.
- "NDA Ministers Want Rabri Out", India Today Magazine, 21 May 2001, archived from the original on 24 September 2015, retrieved 7 October 2013
- "Lalu accused in six fodder scam cases". Outlook. 25 April 2005. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2006.
- "The ride to Ranchi". Frontline. December 2001. Archived from the original on 29 December 2001. Retrieved 29 May 2006.
- "The ride to Ranchi". Frontline. December 2001. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2006.
- "Jharkhand govt converts guest house into jail for Laloo" Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine Rediff.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Ahmed Soroor Laloo Prasad Yadav surrenders before CBI special court Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 26 November 2001
- "Lalu, 44 others convicted in fodder scam case". The Hindu. 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Lalu Prasad convicted in fodder scam case, faces disqualification as MP". 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Fodder scam: Lalu Prasad gets 5 years in jail, stands disqualified". Hindustan Times. 3 October 2013. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "Lalu Prasad Yadav released from jail – Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 16 December 2013. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014.
- "Timeline of Lalu Prasad's conviction". Times of India. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Lalu wins Disproportionate Assets case in Supreme Court". NDTV. 1 April 2010. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Judgement in third fodder scam case against Lalu Yadav on January 24" Archived 30 March 2018 at the Wayback Machine, The Economic Times, 11 January 2018.
- Lalu Prasad Yadav convicted in second fodder scam case Archived 7 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Economic Times, 23 Dec 2017.
- Lalu Convicted Again on Corruption Charges Archived 24 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Patna Daily, 23 Dec 2017.
- "Benami assets case: IT dept summons Lalu Yadav's daughter Misa Bharti, her husband". Indian Express (24 May 2017). EXPRESS WEB DESK. 2017. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Fourth fodder scam case: Lalu Prasad convicted, Jagannath Mishra acquitted". The Economic Times. 19 March 2018. Archived from the original on 19 March 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- RJD chief Lalu Prasad Yadav convicted in fodder scam Archived 23 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Deccan Chronicle, 24 Dec 2017.
- After Lalu's conviction, kids to face heat for ‘benami assets’, Economic Times, 7 January 2018. Archived 8 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine
- ED attaches Lalu Prasad Yadav's Rs 45-cr Patna plot, DNA India, 9 December 2017. Archived 11 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine
- Govt report dismisses Patna zoo soil purchase scam 22 April 2017, Business Standard, 2017.
- Bihar govt hands over probe of Soil scam involving Lalu and Tej Pratap to vigilance bureau Archived 8 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Hindustan Times, 2017.
- India, Press Trust of (22 April 2017). "Govt report dismisses Patna zoo soil purchase scam". Business Standard India. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- bbc (3 October 2013). "India corruption: Laloo Prasad Yadav jailed for five years". BBC News India. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Phadnis, Aditi (30 September 2013). "Lalu Prasad Yadav: From symbol of hope to ridicule". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "The Hindu : Cars 'borrowed' for VIP wedding". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
- Farz; June 10, Ahmed; June 10, 2002 ISSUE DATE; May 16, 2002UPDATED; Ist, 2012 08:47. "Laloo Prasad Yadav's army of raiders ensures his daughter's wedding is not forgotten easily". India Today. Retrieved 3 January 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "How I arrested Advani: Lalu Prasad Yadav". The Telegraph.
- "Did you know Lalu Yadav and these 6 other politicians have acted in films?". INUTH.
- Jha, Neena (2008). Lalu Prasad, India's miracle. Bismillah: the beginning foundation. ISBN 978-8190435017.
- Neelkamal, Neelam (1996). Laloo Prasad Yadav: A Charismatic Leader. Har-Anand Publications.
- "Book review: Sankarshan Thakurs The Making of Laloo Yadav". Archived from the original on 1 March 2014.
- "The godmothers of Bihar". 23 October 2010. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014.
- Chaudhry, Deeptakriti (2014). Bollybook: The Big Book of Hindi Movie Trivia. Penguin UK. ISBN 978-9351187998.
- Skoda, Uwe (2017). India and Its Visual Cultures: Community, Class and Gender in a Symbolic Landscape. SAGE Publishing India. ISBN 978-9386446695.
- "Lalu Prasad Yadav biopic titled 'Lalten'". The Hindu.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lalu Prasad Yadav.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Lalu Prasad Yadav|
Ramshekhar Prasad Singh
| Member of Parliament
Satya Deo Singh
Rajiv Pratap Rudy
| Member of Parliament
Lal Babu Rai
Ram Bahadur Singh
| Member of Parliament
Constituency does not exist
Constituency does not exist
| Member of Parliament
Rajiv Pratap Rudy
| Minister of Railways
25 May 2004 – 18 May 2009
| Chief Minister of Bihar