Aurangabad is a city in Aurangabad District, Bihar, India. It is the district's centre of governance and has a population of 102,244 as of 2011. The people of this region speak Magahi, Hindi and Bhojpuri . It is also known as "Chittorgarh of Bihar".
|• Total||1,419.7 km2 (548.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||108 m (354 ft)|
|• Density||72/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|• common||Magahi, Hindi and Bhojpuri|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-BR|
|Sex ratio||1000:910 ♂/♀|
Aurangabad is sometimes called the "Chittorgarh of Bihar" because of its large Rajput population of the Suryavanshi lineage. Since the first Indian general elections in 1952, Aurangabad has only ever elected Rajput representatives. Other family clans represented in Aurangabad include the Mauryans, Guptas and the Gahadavalas (locally spelt "Gadhwal, Gaharwal in Bihar").
In ancient times, Aurangabad was located in the Mahajanapada kingdom of Magadh (1200 - 322 BCE). The ancient rulers of the town included Bimbisara (late 5th century BCE), Ajatashatru (early 4th century BCE), Chandragupta Maurya (321 - 298 BCE) and Ashoka (268 - 232 BCE).
During the rule of Sher Shah Suri (1486 - 1545 CE), Aurangabad became strategically important as part of the Rohtas Sirkar (district). After the death of Sher Shah Suri Aurangabad fell under the rule of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todar Mal. Some elements of Afghan architecture remain.
After the downfall of the Mughal Empire, Aurangabad was ruled by the zamindars. the wealthy landowners, including those of Deo Raj, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh, and Siris. The zamindars resisted British rule. For example, Fateh Narayan Singh of Deo Raj, a Mewari Sisodia rajput, supported Kunwar Singh against the British.
In 1865, Bihar District was separated from Patna District. Aurangabad was made a subdivision of Bihar district. Stement was the first subdivisional officer of Aurangabad subdivision. The first Member of Parliament from the district was the former Chief Minister of Unified Bihar, Satyendra Narayan Singh (Chhote Saheb).
On 26 January 1973, Aurangabad district, Bihar, was created (government notification number 07/11-2071-72 dated 19 January 1973). K. A. H. Subramanyam was the first district magistrate and Surjit Kumar Saha was the sub-divisional officer.
Aurangabad town is located in north east India on the NH 2 now NH19 (Grand Trunk Road) at its crossing with NH98 now NH139. Its nearest large town is Gaya 70 kilometres (43 mi) to the east. The capital of Bihar, Patna is 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the north east.Two Major riverbed crossing through the district:- 1.Sone River 2.Punpun River
The area of the town is 89 square kilometres (34 sq mi).
Aurangabad rests on alluvial plain on the bank of Adri river. The larger son river is 26 kilometres (16 mi) to the west. Other rivers such as the Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar, and Madaar flow through Aurangabad district.
Aurangabad has an agrarian economy. It lies in a drought-prone area. The main crops are rice, wheat, gram lentil and rapeseed. Other industries include electricity production (NTPC, Nabinagar) and Cement Production (Shree Cement). Manufactured products include carpets, blankets and brassware.
Aurangabad is well connected by road and train. Anugraha Narayan Road railway station (AUBR) is the nearest railway station, about 11 km away from Aurangabad city. The major highways are NH-2 and NH-139. NH-2 directly connects Delhi and Kolkata city and NH-139, which mainly connects Patna via Daudnagar. There is direct train for Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Lucknow, Bhubaneswar, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Nagpur, Aurangabad (Maharashtra), Jammu, Haridwar, Lucknow, Pune, Prayagraj(Allahabad), Varanasi and Patna.
The nearest airport is Gaya International Airport, which is 80 km away from the city center. The main superfast train stops at Anugrah Narayan Road station.Railway station is 8Km from District headquarter.
- Purshottam Express 12801/02
- Poorva Express 12381/82
- Mumbai Mail 12321/22
- Mahabodhi Express 12397/98
- Jodhpur Express 12307/08
- Gaya Garibrath Express 22409/10
- Dikshabhoomi Express 11045/46
- Jaisalmer Express 12371/72
- Shipra Express 22911/12
- Jharkhand Express 12817/18
- Anugrah Narayan Singh, Member Constituent Assembly of India and first Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar
- Satyendra Narayan Sinha, first Member of parliament and former Chief Minister of Bihar
- Sushil Kumar Singh, Member of the Parliament of India
- Nikhil Kumar, former MP and former Governor of Kerala
- "2011 census data". Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Chittorgarh of Bihar Archived 19 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine Rajputanasoch Kshatriyaitihas blog September 2015.
- "Aurangabad (Bihar) Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 with Sitting MP and Party Name". Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Chakrabarti D. Archeological geography of the Ganga Plain Archived 28 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine Orient Blackswan, 2001 p2. ISBN 8178240165
- Bansil P. Bihar agriculture Archived 2 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine Concept Publishing Company, 2011 p62 ISBN 8180697436
- Husain M. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations Archived 1 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2011 0070702888
- "Anugrah Memorial College History". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Welcome To Anugrah Memorial College Gaya". Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2016.