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Massachusetts's 4th congressional district is located mostly in southern Massachusetts. It is represented by Democrat Joseph P. Kennedy III.

Massachusetts's 4th congressional district
Massachusetts US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Massachusetts's 4th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Joseph P. Kennedy III
DNewton
Median income$100,742[1]
Cook PVID+9[2]

The district covers much of the area included in the 10th district before the 1982 redistricting. In prior years, the district stretched from Brookline to Fitchburg. The shape of the district underwent some changes effective from the elections of 2012, after Massachusetts congressional redistricting to reflect the 2010 census.[3] Most of Plymouth County and the South Coast are included in the new 9th district. The new 4th district has expanded westward to include towns along the Rhode Island border that had been in the old 3rd district.

For a very brief time (1793–95) it represented part of the District of Maine.

Contents

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Gore 65 - 29%
2004 President Kerry 65 - 33%
2008 President Obama 60.4 - 38%
2012 President Obama 57.2 - 41.3%
2016 President Clinton 59.2 - 35%

Cities and towns in the districtEdit

In Bristol County:

Attleboro, Berkley, Dighton, Easton, Fall River: Ward 4, Precinct C; Ward 5, Precinct B1 and C; Ward 6, Precinct C1; and Wards 7, 8, and 9, Freetown, Mansfield, North Attleborough, Norton, Raynham: Precincts 1A, 2A, 3, and 4, Rehoboth, Seekonk, Somerset, Swansea, and Taunton.

In Middlesex County:

Hopkinton, and Newton.

In Norfolk County:

Bellingham: Precincts 1, 2, 3, and 4, Brookline, Dover, Foxborough, Franklin, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Needham, Norfolk, Plainville, Sharon, Wellesley, and Wrentham.

In Plymouth County:

Lakeville.

In Worcester County:

Hopedale, and Milford.

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013Edit

1840sEdit

"The towns of Acton, Ashby, Bedford, Boxborough, Burlington, Cambridge, Charlestown, Concord, Framingham, Hopkinton, Lexington, Lincoln, Marlborough, Pepperell, Shirley, Somerville, Stow, Sudbury, Townsend, Waltham, Watertown, Wayland, West Cambridge, Weston and Woburn, in the County of Middlesex, and the towns of Berlin, Bolton, Boylston, Fitchburg, Harvard, Lancaster, Leominster, Lunenburg, Northboro', Shrewsbury, Southborough, Sterling, and Westborough, in the County of Worcester."[4]

1850sEdit

"The city of Roxbury, and the town of Brookline, in the county of Norfolk; and the wards numbered seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, and twelve, in the city of Boston, in the county of Suffolk."[5]

1860sEdit

Boston (Wards 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9), Cambridge, Chelsea.[6]

1870sEdit

Boston (Wards 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12), Chelsea, Revere, and Winthrop.[7]

1880s–1900sEdit

1910sEdit

"Worcester County: City of Worcester; towns of Auburn, Blackstone Douglas, Grafton, Hopedale, Mendon, Milford, Millbury, Northbridge, Shrewsbury, Sutton, Upton, Uxbridge, and Westboro. Middlesex County: Town of Hopkinton."[8]

1920s–1930sEdit

1940sEdit

In Middlesex County: Ashland, Framingham, Hopkinton, Sudbury, Waltham, Wayland, Weston. In Worcester County: Auburn, Berlin, Boylston, Grafton, Holden, Northborough, Shrewsbury, Southborough, Sterling, Westborough, West Boylston, Worcester.[9]

1950s–1960sEdit

1970sEdit

"Middlesex County: Cities of Newton and Waltham. Towns of Ayer, Framingham, Lincoln, Maynard, Shirley, Stow, Sudbury, Wayland, and Weston. Norfolk County: Town of Brookline. Worcester County: Cities of Fitchburg, Gardner, and Leominster. Towns of Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, Lunenburg, and Westminster."[10]

2003 to 2013Edit

 
The district from 2003 to 2013

In Bristol County:

Acushnet, Berkley, Dartmouth, Dighton, Fairhaven, Fall River: Ward 4, Precinct C; Ward 5, Precinct C; Ward 6, Precinct A; Ward 7; Ward 8, Precincts A-C; Ward 9, Freetown, Mansfield, New Bedford, Norton, Raynham, Taunton, Westport.

In Middlesex County:

Newton, Sherborn.

In Norfolk County:

Brookline, Dover, Foxborough, Millis, Norfolk, Sharon, Wellesley.

In Plymouth County:

Halifax, Lakeville, Marion, Mattapoisett, Middleborough, Rochester, Wareham.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years District home Electoral history District location
 
Theodore Sedgwick
Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Stockbridge Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Berkshire County
 
Henry Dearborn
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
(General ticket)
Gardiner, Maine Elected in 1793. on the second ballot]] as part of a three-seat general ticket, representing the district from Lincoln, Hancock, and Washington Counties.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
District of Maine
 
Peleg Wadsworth
Pro-Administration Portland, Maine Elected in 1793. on the third ballot]] as part of a three-seat general ticket, representing the district from Cumberland County.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
George Thatcher
Pro-Administration Biddeford, Maine Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1792 as part of a three-seat general ticket, representing the district from York County.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
 
Dwight Foster
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
June 6, 1800
Brookfield Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
"4th Western district"
Vacant June 6, 1800 –
December 15, 1800
 
Levi Lincoln Sr.
Democratic-Republican December 15, 1800 –
March 5, 1801
Worcester Elected in 1800.
Later elected to finish Foster's term.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney General.
Vacant March 5, 1801 –
August 24, 1801
 
Seth Hastings
Federalist August 24, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Mendon Elected to finish Lincoln's term
Seated January 11, 1802.[11]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Joseph Bradley Varnum
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
June 29, 1811
Dracut Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Resigned on election to U.S. Senate.
"Middlesex district"
Vacant June 29, 1811 –
November 4, 1811
 
William M. Richardson
Democratic-Republican November 4, 1811 –
April 18, 1814
Groton Elected to finish Varnum's term.
Re-elected in 1812.
Resigned to become U.S. Attorney.
Vacant April 18, 1814 –
September 22, 1814
Samuel Dana Democratic-Republican September 22, 1814 –
March 3, 1815
Groton Elected May 23, 1814 to finish Richardson's term.
(Seated September 22, 1814.[12])
Lost re-election.
 
Asahel Stearns
Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Charlestown Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
 
Timothy Fuller
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Cambridgeport Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
1823–1833
"Middlesex district"
 
Edward Everett
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1824.
Retired.
 
Samuel Hoar
Anti-Jackson March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Concord Elected in 1834.
Lost re-election.
 
William Parmenter
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1845
Cambridge Elected in 1836.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin Thompson Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Charlestown Elected in 1844.
Retired.
 
John G. Palfrey
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Cambridge Elected in 1846.
Lost re-election.
Vacant March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
No candidate received the needed majority of votes in twelve runnings of the 1848 election.
Benjamin Thompson Whig March 4, 1851 –
September 24, 1852
Charlestown Elected in 1850.
Died.
Vacant September 25, 1852 –
December 12, 1852
Lorenzo Sabine Whig December 13, 1852 –
March 3, 1853
Framingham Elected to finish Thompson's term.
Retired.
Samuel H. Walley Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1852.
Lost re-election.
 
Linus B. Comins
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Roxbury Elected in 1854.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
Alexander H. Rice[13]
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Boston Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
 
Samuel Hooper[6]
Republican March 4, 1863 –
February 14, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.] Redistricted from the 5th district.
Retired, but died before retirement.
Vacant February 15, 1875 –
March 3, 1875
 
Rufus S. Frost
Republican March 4, 1875 –
July 28, 1876
Chelsea Elected in 1874.
Election challenged by successor.
 
Josiah G. Abbott
Democratic July 28, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.] Successfully challenged predecessor.
Lost re-election.
 
Leopold Morse[14][15]
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Boston Elected in 1876.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
Patrick A. Collins
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
Boston Elected in 1882.
Retired.
 
Joseph H. O'Neil
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Boston Elected in 1888.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
 
Lewis D. Apsley
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
Hudson Elected in 1892.
Retired.
 
George W. Weymouth[16]
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Fitchburg Elected in 1896.
Retired.
 
Charles Q. Tirrell[17]
Republican March 4, 1901 –
July 31, 1910
Natick Elected in 1900.
Died.
Vacant August 1, 1910 –
November 7, 1910
 
John Joseph Mitchell
Democratic November 8, 1910 –
March 3, 1911
Marlborough Elected to finish Tirrell's term.
Lost re-election.
 
William H. Wilder
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Gardner Elected in 1910.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
 
Samuel Winslow
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1925
Worcester Elected in 1912.
Retired.
 
George R. Stobbs
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Worcester Elected in 1924.
Retired.
 
Pehr G. Holmes[18]
Republican March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1947
Worcester Elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
 
Harold Donohue[19]
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1973
Worcester Elected in 1946.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
 
Robert Drinan
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
Newton Redistricted from the 3rd district.
Retired after Pope John Paul II ordered all priests to withdraw from electoral politics.
 
Barney Frank[20]
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 2013
Newton Elected in 1980.
Retired in 2012.
 
Joseph P. Kennedy III
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Brookline Elected in 2012.
Incumbent

Recent election resultsEdit

2002Edit

U.S. House election, 2002: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Barney Frank 166,125 98.99 +24.09
Write-in 1,691 1.01 +0.96
Turnout 167,816 100 -

2004Edit

U.S. House election, 2004: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Barney Frank 219,260 77.74 −21.25
Independent Chuck Morse 62,293 22.09 +22.09
Write-in 486 0.17 −0.84
Turnout 282,039 100 -

2006Edit

U.S. House election, 2006: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Barney Frank 176,513 98.48 +20.74
Write-in 2,730 1.52 +1.35
Turnout 179,243 100 -

2008Edit

U.S. House election, 2008: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Barney Frank 203,032 64.3 −34.18
Republican Earl Henry Sholley 75,571 23.9 +23.9
Independent Susan Allen 19,848 6.29 +6.29
Write-in 337 0.11 −1.41
Blank/Scattering 16,946 5.37 +5.37
Turnout 315,734 100 -

2010Edit

U.S. House election, 2010: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Barney Frank 126,194 53.9 −10.4
Republican Sean Bielat 101,517 43.4 +19.5
Independent Susan Allen 3,445 1.5 −4.79
Independent Donald Jordan 2,873 1.2 +1.2
Turnout 234,029 100 -

2012Edit

U.S. House election, 2012: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph P. Kennedy III 219,499 61.1 +7.2
Republican Sean Bielat 129,243 36.0 −7.4
Independent David Rosa 10,674 2.9 +0.2
Turnout 356,416 100 -

2014Edit

Massachusetts's 4th Congressional District, 2014[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph P. Kennedy III 184,158 97.91
No party All Others 3,940 2.09%
Total votes 188,098 100
Democratic hold

2016Edit

U.S. House election, 2016: Massachusetts, District 4
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Joseph P. Kennedy III 265,823 70.1 +9
Republican David Rosa 113,055 29.8 −6.2
Write-in 335 0.1
Turnout 379,213 100 -

2018Edit

The 2018 election took place on November 6, 2018.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=25&cd=04
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access date: March 28, 2012.
  4. ^ "State Apportionment; districts of the Commonwealth for the choice of one representative to Congress in each district". Massachusetts Register .. for 1843. Boston: Loring.
  5. ^ "Congressional Districts". Massachusetts Register 1862. Boston: Adams, Sampson, & Co.
  6. ^ a b Ben. Perley Poore (1869). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the First Session of the Forty-First Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  7. ^ "Congressional Districts of Massachusetts". Massachusetts Register and Business Directory, 1878. Boston: Sampson, Davenport, and Co.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916.
  9. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts (1941), "Population of Congressional Districts", Population of Massachusetts as determined by the sixteenth census of the United States, 1940, Boston: Wright & Potter, OCLC 10056477, House No. 2849
  10. ^ "Massachusetts", 1977 Official Congressional Directory: 95th Congress, Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977
  11. ^ House official membership roster for the 7th Congress Archived December 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (footnote 18)
  12. ^ 13th Congress membership roster Archived December 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861.
  14. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  15. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  16. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  17. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  18. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938.
  19. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968.
  20. ^ "Massachusetts". 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory: 102nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1991.
  21. ^ "Massachusetts Secretary of State Election Results 2014" (PDF). Massachusetts Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.

External linksEdit