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George Thatcher (April 12, 1754 – April 6, 1824) was an American lawyer, jurist, and statesman from the Maine district of Massachusetts. His name sometimes appears as George Thacher. He was a delegate for Massachusetts to the Continental Congress in 1787 and 1788. He was an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court from 1801 to 1824.
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1791
April 4, 1791 – March 3, 1801
|Preceded by||6th district created in 1789|
Jonathan Grout (8th)
Theodore Sedgwick (4th)
14th district created in 1795
|Succeeded by||George Leonard (6th)|
8th district eliminated until 1795
Dwight Foster (4th)
Richard Cutts (14th)
|Constituency||6th district (1789–91)|
8th district (1791–93)
4th district (1793–95)
14th district (1795–1801)
|Born||April 12, 1754|
Yarmouth, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
|Died||April 6, 1824 (aged 69)|
Biddeford, Maine, U.S.
|Alma mater||Harvard College|
Thatcher was born April 12, 1754, in Yarmouth in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. After private tutoring, he attended Harvard, graduating in 1776. He read law and was admitted to the bar in 1778, and then moved to York in Massachusetts' District of Maine to open a practice. By 1782 he had settled in Biddeford.
Fugitive Slave ActEdit
In 1788 North Carolina passed a law allowing the capture and sale of any former slave who had been freed without court approval. Many freed African Americans fled the state to avoid being captured and sold back into slavery. Rev Absalom Jones drafted a petition on behalf of four freed slaves, the first group of African Americans to petition the U.S. Congress. The petition related to the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act and asked Congress to adopt “some remedy for an evil of such magnitude.”
The petition was presented on January 30, 1797 by U.S. Representative John Swanwick of Pennsylvania. Although Representative Thatcher argued that the petition should be accepted and referred to the Committee on the Fugitive Law, the House of Representatives declined to accept the petition by a vote of was 50 to 33.
He did not seek re-election in 1800. At the time he left the Congress, he was the last original Congressman still in office.
Thatcher accepted an appointment to a Massachusetts state court in 1792 and served until 1800 when he was appointed to the state's Supreme Judicial Court. During the organization of Maine's statehood in 1819, he was a member of the convention that created the new state's constitution. When statehood was achieved in 1820, he moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts. He resigned from the court in January 1824, and retired to Biddeford, Maine.
Thatcher, an ardent Unitarian, helped to sponsor the creation of Bowdoin College so that Maine would have its own institution of higher education. For the college's first dozen years, he served as a regent.
Thatcher died at his home, and is buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery at Biddeford.
- "Thatcher, George, (1754 – 1824)", Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress
- Scribble Scrabble, the Second Amendment, and Historical Guideposts: A Short Reply to Lawrence Rosenthal and Joyce Lee Malcolm
- "The 1797 Petition", The Making of African American Identity: Vol. I, 1500-1865, National Humanities Center, 2007
- White, Deborah Gray (2013). Freedom On My Mind: A History of African Americans. Boston: Bedford/ St. Martin's.
- Folsom, George. History of Saco and Biddeford, A. C. Putnam, 1830
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- Dunbar, B. (1987). Members and Officers of the American Antiquarian Society. Worcester: American Antiquarian Society.
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