Hopedale, Massachusetts

Hopedale is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. It is located 25 miles southwest of Boston, in eastern Massachusetts. With origins as a Christian utopian community, the town was later home to Draper Corporation, a large loom manufacturer throughout the 20th century until its closure in 1980. Today, Hopedale has become a bedroom community for professionals working in Greater Boston and is home to highly ranked public schools[citation needed]. The population was 6,017 as of the 2020 census.[1]

Hopedale, Massachusetts
Hopedale Community House
Hopedale Community House
Official seal of Hopedale, Massachusetts
Hopedale Pond
Hopedale Pond
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°07′50″N 71°32′30″W / 42.13056°N 71.54167°W / 42.13056; -71.54167Coordinates: 42°07′50″N 71°32′30″W / 42.13056°N 71.54167°W / 42.13056; -71.54167
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1660
Incorporated1886
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town AdministratorDiana Schindler
 • Board of Selectmen
  • Louis Arcudi, III
  • Bryan Keyes
  • Glenda Hazard
Area
 • Total5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 • Land5.2 sq mi (13.4 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation
280 ft (85 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total6,017
 • Density1,100/sq mi (440/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01747
Area code508 / 774
FIPS code25-30945
GNIS feature ID0618366
Websitewww.hopedale-ma.gov

HistoryEdit

 
The Little Red Shop, Hopedale Pond, and the Draper Factory

Hopedale was first settled by Europeans in 1660. Benjamin Albee[2] built a mill on what is now the south end of Hopedale in 1664. A 64-square-mile (170 km2) area of the Blackstone Valley was incorporated as the town of Mendon. In 1780, Milford separated from Mendon. On August 26, 1841, Adin Ballou, along with the Practical Christians, gave Hopedale its name, within the town of Milford. Ballou and the Practical Christians established the Hopedale Community based on Christian and socialist ideologies in 1842. The utopian commune went bankrupt in 1856, and its assets were purchased by Ebenezer and George Draper, manufacturers of looms.[3] Various industries developed under the direction of the Draper brothers, including the Hopedale Machine Company and Hopedale Furnace Company. The town was officially incorporated in 1886 when it separated from Milford. George Draper designed, paid for, and constructed the town hall, which is constructed of granite from Milford and sandstone, and was dedicated in 1887.[3] The Unitarian church was another gift from the Drapers, and the Bancroft Memorial Library was a gift from a superintendent at the plant.[3] The marble sculpture outside the library was paid for by the Drapers and shipped from Rome in 1904.[3] In 1905, women were granted permission to swim at the town beach.

The family loom business continued to develop with subsequent generations, and at its peak, the Draper Corporation was the largest maker of textile looms in the United States. The company was acquired by Rockwell International in 1967. The Draper factory in Hopedale closed on August 29, 1980.[3] There have been several attempts at redeveloping the facility and its surrounding property, most recently in 2007, 2018, and finally, 2020, when it was announced that it would be fully demolished.[3] The Draper factory was slated to be demolished beginning in July 2020,[4][5] and as of October 2020, demolition has begun.[6] To many of the citizens’ surprise, the latter attempt was successful, and the land where the factory once sat has been completely leveled and cleaned. To this day, only a few of the external satellite buildings remain scattered throughout downtown. It is not yet known what the land will be used for.

Hopedale is included in the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor,[7] although much of the town lies within the Charles River watershed.[8]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.3 square miles (14 km2), of which 5.2 square miles (13 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 3.20%, is water. The largest body of water is Hopedale Pond, located not far from the town center.[9] Hopedale Pond is surrounded by the Parklands, a 275-acre public nature reserve with walking trails, designed in 1899 by a firm operated by Frederick Law Olmsted.[10]

The central business district, known by Census Bureau as the Hopedale Census Designated Place (CDP) is located at 42°07′48″N 71°32′23″W / 42.129872°N 71.539594°W / 42.129872; -71.539594 (42.129872, −71.539594).[11]

According to the Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.5 km2 (1.7 mi2). 4.5 km2 (1.7 mi2) of it is land and 0.1 km2 (0.04 mi2) of it (1.15%) is water.

Hopedale is located in the Blackstone Valley.

DemographicsEdit

 
Hopedale Town Hall (c. 1887)

TownEdit

At the 2010 census there were 5,911 people, 2,263 households, and 1,572 families in the town. The population density was 1,143.1 people per square mile (442.0/km2). There were 2,289 housing units at an average density of 444.0 per square mile (171.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.51% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2%.[19]

Of the 2,240 households 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 25.9% of households were one person and 12.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13.

The age distribution was 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median household income was $107,550 and the per capita income was $42,756. Males had a median income of $47,380 versus $31,144 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,791. About 2.9% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

CDPEdit

 
Draper Factory

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 4,158 people, 1,616 households, and 1,082 families in the Hopedale CDP, comprising the main village in the town. The population density was 933.4/km2 (2,411.4/mi2). There were 1,657 housing units at an average density of 372.0/km2 (961.0/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.43% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

Of the 1,616 households 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 29.0% of households were one person and 14.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.15.

The age distribution was 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median household income was $58,750 and the median family income was $67,417. Males had a median income of $45,694 versus $29,740 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $24,088. About 3.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

The state representative is Brian W. Murray (D). The state senator is Ryan Fattman (R). The government councilor is Paul DePalo (D). The federal representative is Jake Auchincloss (D-4th District).

EducationEdit

Students in grades K–6 go to the Memorial School. Hopedale Junior Senior High School is for grades 7–12. Hopedale's public schools consistently rank among the top 5% of high schools within the United States, and its high school was ranked 54 out of 650 public high schools in Massachusetts in 2020.[20][21]

Following the Great Recession, Hopedale explored the possibility of joining Nipmuc Regional High School, however strong community dissent and concerns over a lack of educational benefit led to a rejection of the proposal in late 2010.[22]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Hopedale town, Worcester County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  2. ^ "A History of Hopedale | Town of Hopedale MA". www.hopedale-ma.gov. Retrieved 2019-04-20.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Williams, Emily (8 August 2018). "A small town's big eyesore". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  4. ^ Bosma, Alison. "Demolition not in Draper mill's immediate future". Milford Daily News. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  5. ^ Bosma, @AlisonBosma, Alison. "Worcester developer plans demolition for part of Hopedale's Draper factory". telegram.com. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  6. ^ "PHOTOS: Demolition has begun at Hopedale's Draper factory". metrowestdailynews.com. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  7. ^ "Maps - John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  8. ^ "Charles River". Charles River Watershed Association. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2015-08-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Hopedale Parklands History". www.hope1842.com. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  13. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 3, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 7, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ "U.S. News Unveils 2020 Best High Schools Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2020-04-21. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  21. ^ "Here is a list of the best high schools in Mass., according to US News & World Report". Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  22. ^ Balise, Julie (2011-01-08). "Hopedale committee says town shouldn't merge schools with Mendon-Upton". Milford Daily News. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  23. ^ Zachary Comeau (October 25, 2014). "Aerosmith's Joe Perry honors the musical influence of a Milford friend". Milford Daily News. Retrieved May 23, 2017.

Further readingEdit

  • Spann, Edward K. (31 March 1992). Hopedale: From Commune to Company Town, 1840–1920. Ohio State University Press. ISBN 9780814205754.

External linksEdit