Milford is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 27,999 according to the 2010 census. First settled in 1662 and incorporated in 1780, Milford became a booming industrial and mining community in the 19th century due to its unique location which includes the nearby source of the Charles River, the Mill River, the Blackstone River watershed, and large quantities of Milford pink granite.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
|• Total||14.9 sq mi (38.5 km2)|
|• Land||14.6 sq mi (37.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||307 ft (94 m)|
|• Density||1,900/sq mi (730/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||508 / 774|
|GNIS feature ID||0618372|
Milford was first settled in 1662 as a part of Mendon. The King Philip's War destroyed the town in 1676, but settlers returned in 1680. The Mill River flows through Milford and had several conspicuous fords that were familiar to the Native Americans, and used by the early white settlers. These "mill (river) fords" gave Milford its name. Milford was incorporated April 11, 1780 and the first Town Hall built in 1819; a brick structure later named the Town House School. The Milford Town Hall was built in 1854 by architect Thomas Silloway.
Milford is renowned for its pink Milford granite, discovered in 1870. Milford quarries fueled the local economy until about 1940. The granite has been used for local buildings such as Memorial Hall, the Bancroft Memorial Library in Hopedale, Worcester City Hall, and the Boston Public Library. Other notable buildings include the original Pennsylvania Station in New York City, the main post office in New York City, the Washington Monument in Washington D.C., and most recently the Singapore Changi Airport in 2002. The Battle Monument at West Point is also made of Milford granite, and is reputed to be the largest column of polished granite in the Western Hemisphere.
The Milford Hospital was donated in 1903 by Governor Eben Sumner Draper. Today, the health care facility exists as the Milford Regional Medical Center. In January 2008, the Center opened a cancer treatment facility with the Dana–Farber Cancer Institute. The Center is affiliated with UMass Medical Center as a teaching hospital. In 2015 the hospital completed a $54 million expansion project that created a new emergency department and updated the intensive care unit, as well as patient rooms.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 square miles (39 km2), of which 14.6 square miles (38 km2) is land, and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.82%, is water. Milford is drained by the Charles River.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,799 people, 10,420 households, and 7,200 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,835.6 people per square mile (708.7/km²). There were 10,713 housing units at an average density of 733.8 per square mile (283.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.95% White, 1.35% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.99% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.36% of the population.
There were 10,420 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,856, and the median income for a family was $61,029. Males had a median income of $42,173 versus $30,989 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,742. About 5.8% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
Milford has been growing at a fast rate since the introduction of Interstate 495, which opened in the area with dual exits at Route 85 and Route 109 in 1969. Since then many major retailers have opened in town.
|County-level state agency heads|
|Clerk of Courts:||Dennis P. McManus (D)|
|District Attorney:||Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)|
|Register of Deeds:||Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)|
|Register of Probate:||Stephanie K. Fattman (R)|
|County Sheriff:||Lew Evangelidis (R)|
|State Representative(s):||Brian W Murray (D)|
|State Senator(s):||Ryan Fattman (R)|
|Governor's Councilor(s):||Jen Caissie (R)|
|U.S. Representative(s):||Joseph P. Kennedy III (D-4th District),|
|U.S. Senators:||Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)|
The core of Milford's governing system is the representative town meeting, where elected citizens can voice their opinions, but more importantly, directly effect changes in the community. Along with a Board of Selectmen, Town Administrator, Planning Board, Finance Committee, etc., the citizens of Milford have input into how the town is run.
Milford Public Schools operates six public schools and is an eligible town for a vocational school, Blackstone Valley Regional Vocational Technical High School.
- Independence Day fireworks, held on Plains Park within a day of July 4
- Portuguese Picnic, a two-night festival held at the Portuguese Club
Sites of interestEdit
- Memorial Hall, home and museum of the Milford Historical Commission
- Ted's Diner, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000, was the oldest diner built by the Tierney Diner Company. Ted's was left abandoned by the town and vandalized, eventually moved to make way for a new fire station.
- St. Mary's Cemetery holds the only Irish round tower in the United States, built from local granite.
- The Milford Daily News is a daily newspaper covering Milford and several nearby towns in Norfolk and Worcester counties.
- WMRC 1490AM is a radio station licensed to serve Milford.
- Two non-profit public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV stations serve Milford-area subscribers on Channels 8 and 11. Channel 8 is the Milford town public-access television station that produces and runs a variety of local shows. Channel 11 is the Milford educational-access television station, and runs school committee meetings as well as projects made by students in the high school's video production classes.
In popular cultureEdit
- Norm Abram, carpenter and co-host of This Old House; host of the New Yankee Workshop
- Adin Ballou, author, religious leader and prominent 19th century proponent of pacifism, socialism and abolitionism; wrote The History of Milford, Massachusetts, 1882
- Nathan Barnatt, actor and comedian
- Michael Bavaro, producer of Rex Trailer's Boomtown
- Albert Fitch Bellows, artist
- Al Cass, musician and inventor
- Horace Brigham Claflin, merchant
- William Claflin, industrialist, philanthropist and governor
- Chris Colabello, Major League Baseball player
- Vincent Connare, designer of the Comic Sans and Trebuchet fonts
- Ezekiel Cornell, member of Continental Congress, 1780-1782
- Paul Coyne, award-winning producer of numerous television series
- John Davoren, politician
- Greg Dickerson, sports broadcaster
- William F. Draper, U.S. Representative, U.S. Ambassador to Italy
- Brian Fair, lead singer of the metal band Shadows Fall
- Rich Gotham, president of the Boston Celtics
- George F. Johnson, businessman
- Art Kenney, pitcher for the Boston Bees (later renamed the Boston Braves) in 1938
- Charles Laquidara, radio disc jockey
- Howie Long, NFL Hall of Famer, TV broadcaster and actor
- Ralph Lumenti, Major League baseball player
- Virginia Martinez, Republican National Committeewoman from Louisiana from 1977 to 1992; landed the Republican convention in 1988 in her adopted city of New Orleans
- Leonard Chapin Mead, college president
- Richard T. Moore, politician
- Joseph E. Murray, pioneer in the area of organ transplants; 1990 recipient of the Nobel Prize for medicine
- Henry "Boots" Mussulli, jazz saxophonist
- John Ritto Penniman, decorative painter, portraitist and decorator; his works are currently displayed in several notable museums, such as the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Art Institute of Chicago
- Gerard Phelan, football player who caught the famous 63-yard, game-winning touchdown pass (thrown by Doug Flutie) for the Boston College Eagles in an NCAA game against the Miami Hurricanes
- Ruth Pointer, singer and member of The Pointer Sisters
- George Pyne III, football player
- George Pyne, businessman
- Jim Pyne, former NFL player
- Jorge Rivera, mixed martial artist, UFC middleweight contender
- Brian Skerry, underwater photo-journalist
- Erik Per Sullivan, actor from Malcolm in the Middle, The Cider House Rules, and Christmas with the Kranks
- Michael Videira, midfielder for the Chicago fire (Major League Soccer)
- Jarvis White, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
B. & A. Station c. 1913
- "Milford History". Town of Milford. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Adin Ballou (1882). "History of the town of Milford, Worcester county, Massachusetts, from its first settlement to 1881". Boston-Franklin Press: Rand, Avery, & Co. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Danielle Ameden (June 1, 2008). "A story carved from Milford's pink granite". The Milford Daily News. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- Mary MacDonald (June 12, 2014). "Milford Historical Society celebrating the pink granite quarries". The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "Tour of West Point: Battle Monument". United States Military Academy. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- Emily Micucci (October 1, 2015). "Milford Regional cuts the ribbon on new ER, ICU". WBJournal. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "Umass Memorial at Milford". UMass Medical Center. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
- "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Massachusetts Department of Correction." Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
- Milford Town Library. Retrieved 2010-11-10
- July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2010-08-04
- Plot Synopsis for FOX's Fringe (Season 1, Episode 6: "The Cure", Original Air Date: 21 October 2008).