Open main menu

1794–1795 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Only eight of the 14 Massachusetts incumbents were re-elected.

Massachusetts redistricted between the 3rd and 4th Congress, dividing itself into 14 districts. The 12th-14th districts were in the District of Maine (the modern state of Maine). A majority was required for election. Additional ballots were required in five districts due to the majority requirement not being met on the first ballot.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1
("1st western")
Theodore Sedgwick
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
Theodore Sedgwick (Federalist) 53.8%
Thomson J. Skinner (Democratic-Republican) 46.2%
Massachusetts 2
("2nd western")
William Lyman Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
William Shepard (Federalist) 47.9%
Massachusetts 3
("3rd western")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Samuel Lyman (Federalist) 65.5%
Daniel Bigelow (Democratic-Republican) 34.5%
Massachusetts 4
("4th western")
Dwight Foster
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
Dwight Foster (Federalist) 50.8%
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 46.1%
Samuel Blackburn 3.1%
Massachusetts 5
("1st southern")
Peleg Coffin Jr.
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Freeman Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 70.0%
Peleg Coffin Jr. (Federalist) 30.0%
Massachusetts 6
("2nd southern")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Reed Sr. (Federalist) 74.5%
George Partridge 25.5%
Massachusetts 7
("3rd southern")
David Cobb
Redistricted from the at-large seat
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
David Cobb (Federalist) 42.3%
George Leonard (Federalist) 35.8%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 21.9%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
David Cobb (Federalist) 39.9%
George Leonard (Federalist) 39.9%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 20.2%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
George Leonard (Federalist) 48.9%
David Cobb (Federalist) 17.4%
John Smith 13.7%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 12.5%
Scattering 7.6%

Fourth ballot (June 1, 1795):
George Leonard (Federalist) 76.3%
Elisha May 16.5%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 7.2%
Massachusetts 8
("1st middle")
Fisher Ames
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
Fisher Ames (Federalist) 56.6%
Charles Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 43.4%
Massachusetts 9
("2nd middle")
Samuel Dexter
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

A petition by various citizens of Massachusetts contested the election. The Committee on Elections ruled in the winner's favor and added "that the attempt to deprive him of his seat was rather the act of malevolence than a desire to promote the public good." On January 25, 1797, these words were stricken out and expressions of compliment to the member were substituted, and the report was agreed to.[1]
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Samuel Dexter (Federalist) 40.5%
Elbridge Gerry (Democratic-Republican) 30.9%
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 28.6%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 49.4%
Samuel Dexter (Federalist) 48.8%
Scattering 1.8%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 51.4%
Samuel Dexter (Federalist) 48.6%
Massachusetts 10
("3rd middle")
Benjamin Goodhue
Redistricted from the 1st district
Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
Benjamin Goodhue (Federalist) 68.2%
Samuel Holten (Federalist[Note 1]) 31.8%
Samuel Holten
Redistricted from the 1st district
Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent lost re-election in a redistricting contest.
Federalist loss.
Massachusetts 11
("4th middle")
None (district created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Theophilus Bradbury (Federalist) 43.5%
Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 19.8%
Josiah Smith (Democratic-Republican) 10.5%
Stephen Cross 9.1%
Theophilus Parsons 7.0%
Scattering 10.1%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Theophilus Bradbury (Federalist) 38.1%
William Pearson 36.6%
Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 25.3%

Third ballot (March 23, 1795):
Theophilus Bradbury (Federalist) 100%
Massachusetts 12
("1st eastern, District of Maine")
Henry Dearborn
Redistricted from the 4th district
Anti-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Henry Dearborn (Democratic-Republican) 64.1%
John Bowman 35.9%
Massachusetts 13
("2nd eastern, District of Maine")
Peleg Wadsworth
Redistricted from the 4th district
Pro-Administration 1792 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 44.1%
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 33.4%
Stephen Longfellow 10.0%
Samuel Thompson 5.3%
Scattering 7.3%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 60.3%
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 39.7%
Massachusetts 14
("3rd eastern, District of Maine")
George Thatcher
Redistricted from the 4th district
Pro-Administration 1788 Incumbent re-elected to a new party.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1794):
George Thatcher (Federalist) 45.7%
Nathaniel Wells 31.6%
Ichabod Godwin 8.8%
Joseph Tucker 6.4%
Scattering 7.4%

Second ballot (January 17, 1795):
George Thatcher (Federalist) 68.4%
Scattering 31.6%

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Changed parties

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fourth Congress (membership roster)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2012.

See alsoEdit