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1820–1821 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

This was the first election in Massachusetts after the separation of the former District of Maine as the new State of Maine, taking the old 14th20th districts with it.

Massachusetts elected its members November 6, 1820. Massachusetts had a majority requirement for election, which was not met in the 2nd district necessitating two additional elections on January 8, 1821 and April 16, 1821, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District[a] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Jonathan Mason Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent resigned May 15, 1820 to pursue his law practice.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.[b]
Successor also elected the same day to finish the term.
Benjamin Gorham (Democratic-Republican)[b] 57.9%
Samuel Wells 40.2%
Jesse Putname 1.4%
Others 0.5%
Massachusetts 2 Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected late on the third ballot after the term began but before the Congress convened.
Democratic-Republican hold.
First ballot (November 6, 1820):
Willard Peele (I) 38.5%
Gideon Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 34.0%
Leverett Saltonstall I (Federalist) 27.4%

Second ballot (January 8, 1821):
Gideon Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 48.4%
John Hooper (Federalist) 28.1%
Willard Peele (I) 10.1%
Charles Saunders 9.1%
Others 4.4%

Third ballot (April 16, 1821):
Gideon Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
Timothy Pickering (Federalist) 44.7%
Others 1.4%
Massachusetts 3 Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 85.7%
Amos Spaulding 12.6%
Others 1.7%
Massachusetts 4 Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 58.2%
John Hart (Democratic-Republican) 20.9%
Samuel P. Fay (Federalist) 17.8%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 5 Samuel Lathrop Federalist 1819 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 73.7%
Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%
Massachusetts 6 Samuel C. Allen Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 92.4%
Others 7.6%
Massachusetts 7 Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 51.4%
William P. Walker (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
Others 4.7%
Massachusetts 8 Zabdiel Sampson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned July 26, 1820.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later elected to finish the term.
Aaron Hobart (Democratic-Republican) 54.4%
William Baylies (Federalist) 45.6%
Massachusetts 9 Walter Folger Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 65.9%
Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 22.9%
Others 11.2%
Massachusetts 10 Marcus Morton Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain
Francis Baylies (Federalist) 52.5%
Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 47.5%
Massachusetts 11 Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Jonathan Russell (Democratic-Republican) 52.9%
Benjamin Adams (Federalist) 42.9%
Others 4.2%
Massachusetts 12 Jonas Kendall Federalist 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Lewis Bigelow (Federalist) 51.7%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 26.1%
Jonas Kendall (Federalist) 22.1%
Massachusetts 13 William Eustis Democratic-Republican 1800
1804 (Lost)
1820 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 65.0%
James Richardson (Federalist) 30.7%
Richard Sullivan (Federalist) 4.3%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here.
  2. ^ a b Some sources cite Benjamin Gorham as a Federalist.