Marlborough (formerly spelled Marlboro) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 38,499 at the 2010 census. Marlborough became a prosperous industrial town in the 19th century and made the transition to high technology industry in the late 20th century after the construction of the Massachusetts Turnpike.
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
|Incorporated||September 20, 1660|
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Mayor||Arthur G. Vigeant|
|• Total||22.2 sq mi (57.4 km2)|
|• Land||21.1 sq mi (54.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)|
|Elevation||450 ft (137 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,700/sq mi (670/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||508 / 774|
|GNIS feature ID||0611360|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Media
- 8 Arts
- 9 Points of interest
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Sister cities and towns
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 Further reading
- 15 External links
John Howe in 1656 was a fur trader and built a house at the intersection of two Indian trails, Nashua Trail and Connecticut path. He could speak the language of the Algonquian Indians though the local tribe referred to themselves as the Pennacooks. The settlers were welcomed by the Indians because they protected them from other tribes they were at war with. In the 1650s, several families left the nearby town of Sudbury, 18 miles west of Boston, to start a new town. The village was named after Marlborough, the market town in Wiltshire, England. It was first settled in 1657 by 14 men led by Edmund Rice, John Ruddock and John Howe; in 1656 Rice and his colleagues petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to create the town of Marlborough and it was officially incorporated in 1660. Rice was elected a selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes."
Marlborough was one of the seven "Praying Indian Towns" because they were converted to Christianity by the Rev. John Eliot of Roxbury. In 1674 a deed was drawn up dividing the land between the settlers and the natives. This is the only record of names of the natives.
In 1711 Marlborough's territory included Northborough, Southborough, Westborough and Hudson. As population, business, and travel grew in the colonies, Marlborough became a favored rest stop on the Boston Post Road. Many travelers stopped at its inns and taverns, including George Washington, who visited the Williams Tavern soon after his inauguration in 1789.
In 1836, Samuel Boyd, known as the "father of the city," and his brother Joseph, opened the first shoe manufacturing business - an act that would change the community forever. By 1890, with a population of 14,000, Marlborough had become a major shoe manufacturing center, producing boots for Union soldiers, as well as footwear for the civilian population. Marlborough became so well known for its shoes that its official seal was decorated with a factory, a shoe box, and a pair of boots when it was incorporated as a city in 1890.
The Civil War resulted in the creation of one of the region's most unusual monuments. Legend has it that a company from Marlborough, assigned to Harpers Ferry, appropriated the bell from the firehouse where John Brown last battled for the emancipation of the slaves. The company left the bell in the hands of one Mrs. Elizabeth Snyder for 30 years, returning in 1892 to bring it back to Marlborough. The bell now hangs in a tower at the corner of Route 85 and Main Street.
Around that time, Marlborough is believed to have been the first community in the country to receive a charter for a streetcar system, edging out Baltimore by a few months. The system, designed primarily for passenger use, provided access to Milford to the south, and Concord to the north. As a growing industrialized community, Marlborough began attracting skilled craftsmen from Quebec, Ireland, Italy, and Greece.
Shoe manufacturing continued in Marlborough long after the industry had fled many other New England communities. Rice & Hutchins, Inc. operated several factories in Marlborough from 1875 to 1929. Famous Frye boots were manufactured here through the 1970s, and The Rockport Company, founded in Marlborough in 1971, maintained an outlet store in the city until 2017. In 1990, when Marlborough celebrated its centennial as a city, the festivities included the construction of a park in acknowledgment of the shoe industry, featuring statues by the sculptor David Kapenteopolous.
The construction of Interstates 495 and 290 and the Massachusetts Turnpike has enabled the growth of the high technology and specialized electronics industries. With its easy access to major highways and the pro-business, pro-development policies of the city government, the population of Marlborough has increased to over 38,000 at the time of the 2010 census. In November 2016, the administration of Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker announced a $3 million grant to the city to fund infrastructure improvements along U.S. Route 20 to aid commercial development.
Marlborough is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.2 square miles (57 km2), of which, 21.1 square miles (55 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it (4.87%) is water. The Assabet River cuts across the northwest corner of the city. Within city limits are three large lakes, known as Lake Williams, Millham Reservoir and Fort Meadow Reservoir. (A portion of Fort Meadow Reservoir extends into nearby Hudson.)(42.350909, -71.547530).
Marlborough is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six municipalities: Berlin, Hudson, Sudbury, Framingham, Southborough, and Northborough.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 36,255 people, 14,501 households, and 9,280 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,719.4 people per square mile (663.7/km²). There were 14,903 housing units at an average density of 706.8 per square mile (272.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.70% White, 2.17% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.06% of the population.
There were 14,501 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $56,879, and the median income for a family was $70,385. Males had a median income of $49,133 versus $32,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,723. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Marlborough is home to numerous businesses, stores and restaurants.
Companies from a wide variety of industries with a significant presence in Marlborough include TJX, Raytheon, Hewlett-Packard, AMD, Navilyst Medical, Netezza, Boston Scientific, Sunovion (formerly Sepracor), AT&T, Apple Inc., Egenera, Evergreen Solar, Fidelity Investments, Quest Diagnostics, Lucent Technologies, VCE, Cavium, NAPA Auto Parts and the many other businesses large and small that provide the strong business community in the city.
Marlborough Regional Chamber of CommerceEdit
The Marlborough Regional Chamber of Commerce is the local chamber of commerce for Marlborough and five other surrounding towns in MetroWest Massachusetts. The chamber represents the business needs of over 650 businesses and thousands of employees in the area and is headquartered in the city.
The Chamber of Commerce's role has included working with the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority to improve transportation options and to obtain recognition for Marlborough's Downtown Village as a cultural district.
- Advanced Math and Science Academy Charter School
- Assabet Valley Regional Technical High School
- Marlborough High School
- 1LT Charles W. Whitcomb School Formerly 4-7 School, Marlborough Middle School, and Marlborough Intermediate Elementary School
- Raymond C. Richer Elementary School
- Francis J. Kane Elementary School
- Sgt. Charles J. Jaworek Elementary School
- Early Childhood Center
See also Marlborough Public Schools
Advanced Math & Science Academy grades ( 6-12 )
After school programsEdit
|Route number||Type||Local name||Direction|
|Interstate 495 (Massachusetts)||Interstate||Interstate 495 (Massachusetts)||north–south|
|Interstate 290 (Massachusetts)||Interstate||Interstate 290 (Massachusetts)||east–west|
|U.S. Route 20||United States highway||Boston Post Rd., East/West Main St.
Lakeside Ave and Granger Blvd.
|Route 85||State route||Washington St., Bolton St. and
- The MetroWest Regional Transit Authority (MWRTA) operates a regional bus service which provides fixed route public bus lines servicing multiple communities in the MetroWest region, including the towns of Ashland, Framingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Milford, Marlborough, Sudbury, Sherborn, Natick and Weston.
- MWRTA Routes 7 connect Marlborough with Framingham which is well connected to Boston and other parts of the state via rail and bus.
- MWRTA Route 7C (Inner City Marlborough) line runs roughly east–west through Marlborough. This route runs through the downtown Marlborough and connects multiple Shopping Complexes/Malls, residential localities and Marlborough Hospital. Transfers can be made between routes 7 and 7C at the Marlborough City Hall stop.
- A number of private Taxi/Limousine services have been listed as being operated in Marlborough e.g. Marlborough City Taxi, American Way, Etc.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)
The MetroWest Daily News, a daily newspaper covering Marlborough and surrounding communities in the MetroWest region
The Marlborough Enterprise, the city's weekly newspaper
Marlborough Patch (online daily)
The Main Street Journal, a weekly newspaper.
Channel 96 (Comcast), Channel 33 (Verizon): Marlborough Access, Public Access Television (Marlborough Cable Trust). 
Channel 98: Marlborough Public Schools' student run station
Ghost Light Players of MetroWestEdit
Ghost Light Players is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization based in Marlborough. The group has been performing in and around the Marlborough area since 2012, with productions including Hamlet, Dog Sees God, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Godspell, and Love Comics.
Points of interestEdit
- Assabet River Rail Trail
- Brigham Cemetery
- Callahan State Park
- Capt. Peter Rice House
- John Brown Bell
- John J. Carroll Water Treatment Plant
- Maplewood Cemetery
- Marlboro Airport (closed)
- Marlborough Center Historic District
- New England Sports Center
- Robin Hill Cemetery
- Rocklawn Cemetery
- Solomon Pond Mall
- Weeks Cemetery
- Wilson Cemetery
- Horatio Alger, Jr., author, graduated from high school in Marlborough in 1847 (The city's annual Horatio Alger Street Fair was renamed the Harvest Fair in 2007.)
- Zach Auguste National Basketball Association player
- Asa Brigham, politician and businessman
- Carl C. Brigham, psychologist and creator of the SAT Tests
- Caroline Brown Buell (1843-1927), activist
- John Buckley, baseball pitcher
- Mike Burns, Olympian and World Cup soccer player
- Rich Busa, marathon runner
- Bobby Butler, NHL hockey player
- George T. Conway III, political commentator, husband of Kellyanne Conway
- Marcia Cross, actress best known for her role in Desperate Housewives; graduated from Marlborough High School in 1980
- Aaron Dalbec, guitarist in bands including Converge and Bane
- Crystal Eastman, lawyer, journalist and activist
- Charles "Duke" Farrell, catcher of the World Series–winning Boston Americans team of 1903
- Philo C. Fuller, former US Congressman
- Joey Graceffa, actor, author, singer, and YouTube personality
- Gilman Bigelow Howe, genealogist and author
- James Simon Kunen, author of The Strawberry Statement: Notes of a College Revolutionary
- Gregory Maguire, author of Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West
- Amory Maynard, industrialist, founder and namesake of Maynard, Massachusetts
- John J. Mitchell, former U.S. Congressman
- Robert J. Murray, Under Secretary of the Navy
- Roy Nutt, businessman and computer pioneer
- George Pyne II, American football player
- Ken Reynolds, Major League Baseball player
- Edmund Rice, co-founder and early resident
- Franklin Pierce Rice, printer, publisher and antiquarian
- Henry Rice, Massachusetts state legislator and subject of Gilbert Stuart portrait
- John Rock, gynecologist and obstetrician, co-credited with developing the first effective oral contraceptive, the Pill
- Canaan Severin, American football wide receiver
- Bill Simmons, sports personality
- Lucy Goodale Thurston, missionary
- John Patrick Treacy, Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse
- Bobb Trimble, musician
- Hayden Voss, star of Big Brother season 16
- Paul Warnke, diplomat
- Katya Zamolodchikova, drag queen, RuPaul's Drag Race season 7 contestant and All-Stars 2 runner-up.
Sister cities and townsEdit
- "Office of the Mayor". City of Marlborough, MA. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Laidler, John (4 October 2012). "Mayors, other area notables take sides in Senate race". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
Marlborough Mayor Arthur G. Vigeant, on the other hand, said he is backing the incumbent senator, Scott Brown, because the fellow Republican from Wrentham 'has been available for us in Marlborough ... I think he’s done a good job.'
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- "Marlborough Massachusetts Genealogy". USGenWeb. Archived from the original on 2006-10-16. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- "Who was Edmund Rice?". The Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Inc. Retrieved 2007-05-14.
- "Marlborough Massachusetts History - Williams Tavern". History RootsWeb. Archived from the original on 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "RootsWeb.com Home Page". freepages.history.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Hanson, Melissa (November 1, 2016). "Worcester to receive $2.3 million boost to create more walkable downtown". MassLive.com. Advance Publications. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. Cite journal requires
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Marlborough's downtown recognized as a cultural district". Marlborough Economic Development Corporation. 2012-10-12. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- "City of Marlborough Official Website, Transportation". City of Marlborough. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "MWRTA Official Website". MWRTA. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "MWRTA Route 7 Details". MWRTA. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "MWRTA Route 7C Details". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "Rates and Transfers Details". Archived from the original on 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "Yahoo Local listing of taxi services in Marlborough". Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- title=Exempt Organizations Select Check|https://apps.irs.gov/app/eos/pub78Search.do?ein1=&names=Ghost+Light+Players&city=Marlborough&state=MA&country=US&deductibility=all&dispatchMethod=searchCharities&submitName=Search
- "Ghost Light Players Stage 'Hamlet' In Marlborough". patch.com. 16 July 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Shakespeare's Hamlet". list.co.uk. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Hopedale native to perform in 'Dog Sees God'". milforddailynews.com. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Ghost Light Players use Romeo and Juliet to explore modern-day issues". The Enterprise. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Ghost Light Players preparing 'Macbeth'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Ghost Light Players Presents GODSPELL". patch.com. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "A first for Ghost Light players". Main Street Journal. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "John Rock: Pioneer in the Development of Oral Contraceptives", Marc A. Shampo, PhD and Robert A. Kyle, MD
- 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. by Wall & Gray.Map of Massachusetts. Map of Middlesex County.
- History of the Town of Marlborough, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. by Charles Hudson, and Joseph Allen. Published 1862, 544 pages.
- History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Volume 1 (A-H), Volume 2 (L-W) compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879 and 1880. 572 and 505 pages. Marlborough Section in Volume 2 page 137 by R. A. Griffin and E. L. Bigelow.