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1800–1801 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Of the 14 Massachusetts incumbents, only half were re-elected.

Massachusetts law required a majority for election, which was not met in the 1st and 6th districts, necessitating a second trial that carried over until 1801.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"1st Western district"
Theodore Sedgwick Federalist 1798 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1800):
John Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 49.3%
Ephraim Williams (Federalist) 49.1%
Scattering 1.6%

Second ballot (March 9, 1801):
John Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 59.0%
Ephraim Williams (Federalist) 41.0%
Massachusetts 2
"2nd Western district"
William Shepard Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. William Shepard (Federalist) 73.4%
William Lyman 12.9%
Scattiner 13.8%
Massachusetts 3
"3rd Western district"
Samuel Lyman Federalist 1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Incumbent then resigned November 6, 1800 and the winner then elected to finish the term, see above.
Ebenezer Mattoon (Federalist) 75.9%
Thomas Dwight (Democratic-Republican) 14.6%
Daniel Bigelow 4.9%
Scattering 4.6%
Massachusetts 4
"4th Western district"
Dwight Foster Federalist 1793 Incumbent resigned June 6, 1800 when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Winner also elected to finish the term, see above.
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 52.8%
Jabez Upham 41.5%
Salem Towne (Federalist) 3.8%
Seth Hastings (Federalist) 1.9%
Massachusetts 5
"1st Southern district"
Lemuel Williams Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 61.9%
Isaiah L. Green (Democratic-Republican) 26.6%
Isaiah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 11.5%
Massachusetts 6
"2nd Southern district"
John Reed Sr. Federalist 1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 3, 1800):
Nahum Mitchell (Federalist) 36.2%
Josiah Smith (Democratic-Republican) 32.7%
Samuel Niles (Democratic-Republican) 8.9%
Benjamin Whiteman (Federalist) 6.9%
Nathaniel Goodwin (Federalist) 5.9%
Daniel Snow (Democratic-Republican) 3.6%
Scattering 5.9%

Second ballot (March 9, 1801):
Josiah Smith (Democratic-Republican) 50.7%
Nahum Mitchell (Federalist) 45.4%
Samuel Niles (Democratic-Republican) 3.9%
Massachusetts 7
"3rd Southern district"
Phanuel Bishop Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 57.6%
Elisha May (Federalist) 25.7%
Stephen Bullock (Democratic-Republican) 9.9%
Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 6.9%
Massachusetts 8
"1st Middle district"
Harrison Gray Otis Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 52.9%
Josiah Quincy (Federalist) 47.1%
Massachusetts 9
"2nd Middle district"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 71.8%
Timothy Bigelow (Federalist) 27.2%
Others 1.0%
Massachusetts 10
"3rd Middle district"
Samuel Sewall Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent resigned January 10, 1800 to become Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Winner also elected to finish the term, see above.
Nathan Read (Federalist) 55.0%
Jacob Crowninshield (Democratic-Republican) 44.0%
Massachusetts 11
"4th Middle district"
Bailey Bartlett Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Manasseh Cutler (Federalist) 75.5%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 21.4%
Others 3.1%
Massachusetts 12
"1st Eastern district" (District of Maine)
Silas Lee Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected. Silas Lee (Federalist) 50.8%
Henry Dearborn (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%
Scattering 3.6%
Massachusetts 13
"2nd Eastern district" (District of Maine)
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 76.8%
John Chandler (Democratic-Republican) 14.1%
Stephen Longfellow (Federalist)
Scattering 4.7%
Massachusetts 14
"3rd Eastern district" (District of Maine)
George Thatcher Federalist 1788 Incumbent re-elected.
Winner later declined to serve and a special election would be held to fill the vacancy.
George Thatcher (Federalist) 61.8%
Richard Cutts (Democratic-Republican) 38.2%

See alsoEdit