The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Disney was originally founded on October 16, 1923 by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; it also operated under the names The Walt Disney Studio and Walt Disney Productions before officially changing its name to The Walt Disney Company in 1986. The company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and theme parks.
Since the 1980s, Disney has created and acquired corporate divisions in order to market more mature content than is typically associated with its flagship family-oriented brands. The company is known for its film studio division, Walt Disney Studios, which includes Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures, and Blue Sky Studios. Disney's other main divisions are Disney Media Networks, Disney Parks, Experiences and Products, and Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International. Disney also owns and operates the ABC broadcast network; cable television networks such as Disney Channel, ESPN, Freeform, FX, National Geographic TV, and A&E Networks; publishing, merchandising, music, and theater divisions; and Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, a group of 14 theme parks around the world.
The Nightmare Before Christmas
, often promoted as Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas
, is a 1993 stop motion fantasy film
directed by Henry Selick
and produced/co-written by Tim Burton
. It tells the story of Jack Skellington
, a being from "Halloween
Town" who opens a portal
Town". Danny Elfman
wrote the film score
and provided the singing voice of Jack, as well as other minor characters. The remaining principal voice cast includes Chris Sarandon
, Catherine O'Hara
, William Hickey
, Ken Page
and Glenn Shadix
. The genesis of The Nightmare Before Christmas
started with a poem by Tim Burton as a Disney animator
in the early-1980s. With the success of Vincent
in 1982, Disney started to consider The Nightmare Before Christmas
as either a short subject
or 30-minute television special
. Over the years, Burton's thoughts regularly returned to the project, and in 1990, Burton and Disney made a development deal. Production started in July 1991 in San Francisco
. Walt Disney Pictures
decided to release the film under their Touchstone Pictures
banner because they thought Nightmare
would be "too dark and scary for kids". The Nightmare Before Christmas
has been viewed with critical and financial success. Disney has reissued
the film annually under their Disney Digital 3-D
format since 2006.
Carl Barks visiting Finland in June, 1994.
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