List of the oldest newspapers
This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication. The earliest newspapers date to 17th century Europe when printed periodicals began rapidly to replace the practice of hand-writing newssheets. The emergence of the new media branch has to be seen in close connection with the simultaneous spread of the printing press from which the publishing press derives its name. The oldest living newspaper in the world, and with the same title, is the Gazzetta di Mantova, regularly published in Mantua (Italy) since 1664.
- Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public.
- Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals.
- Currentness: Its information is up to date.
- Universality: It covers a range of topics.
|1605||Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien||German||Strasbourg||Holy Roman Empire||World's first weekly newspaper by Johann Carolus|
|1609||Avisa Relation oder Zeitung||German||Wolfenbüttel||Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire|
|1610||Name not given in source||German||Basel||Old Swiss Confederacy[note 1]|
|1615||Name not given in source||German||Frankfurt||Holy Roman Empire|
|1617||Name not given in source||German||Berlin||Brandenburg, Holy Roman Empire|
|1618||Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.||Dutch||Amsterdam||Holland, Dutch Republic[note 2]||Considered the world's first broadsheet because it was published in folio instead of quarto size. Defunct 1664|
|1618||Wöchentliche Zeitung aus mancherley Orten||German||Danzig/Gdańsk||Poland||Weekly news from many places. Oldest newspaper in Poland. The oldest preserved copies come from 1619. Defunct 1652|
|1620||Nieuwe Tijdinghen||Dutch||Antwerp||Spanish Netherlands||May have been published as early as 1605. Defunct 1629|
|1631||La Gazette||French||Paris||France||First French-language newspaper and first weekly magazine published in France. Existed between 30 May 1631 and 30 September 1915.|
|1639||Genova||Italian||Genoa||Republic of Genoa||Published from 1639 to 1646. Oldest newspaper of Italy in accordance with the oldest issue still preserved.|
|1640||Milano||Italian||Milan||Duchy of Milan||Published from 1640 to 1768|
|1641||Gazeta em Que Se Relatam as Novas Que Houve Nesta e Que vieram de Várias Partes||Portuguese||Lisbon||Kingdom of Portugal||First Portuguese newspaper, ended its publication in 1647|
|1642||Genova||Italian||Genoa||Republic of Genoa||Published from 1642 to 1684|
|1642||Bologna||Italian||Bologna||Papal States||Published from 1642 to 1787|
|1645||Ordinari Post Tijdender||Swedish||Stockholm||Sweden||Oldest still published newspaper in the world. Online-only since 2007.|
|1650||Einkommende Zeitungen||German||Leipzig||Saxony, Holy Roman Empire||First worldwide daily newspaper, published by Timotheus Ritzsch|
|1656||Weeckelycke Courante van Europa||Dutch||Haarlem||Holland, Dutch Republic||The name was changed to Oprechte Haerlemsche Courant in 1664. The newspaper merged with the Haarlems Dagblad in 1942, which is still published.|
|1661||La Gazeta||Spanish||Madrid||Kingdom of Spain||Until 2008 December, oldest print edition still published in the world, under the name Boletín Oficial del Estado. From 2009 online edition only.|
|1661||Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny||Polish||Kraków||Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth||Moved to Warsaw in May 1661, last issues published 22 July 1661.|
|1664||Gazzetta di Mantova||Italian||Mantua||Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire||Oldest private[vague] newspaper still published in the world, and oldest continuously published in print.|
|1665||Oxford Gazette||English||Oxford||England||From issue 24 in 1666, the paper was printed in London and renamed London Gazette; this is still published.|
|1666||Den Danske Mercurius||Danish||Copenhagen||Denmark-Norway|
|1674||Ordinari Wochen-Zeitung||German||Zürich||Old Swiss Confederacy||Freytägliche Wochenzeitung (1710), Wochentliche Freytags-Zeitung (1774), Zürcher Zeitung (1784–98), Züricher Freitags-Zeitung (−1853), Zürcherische Freitagszeitung (−1914)|
|1675||Ordinari Freytags Post-Zeitung||German||Reval||Estonia, Swedish Empire||First newspaper in the modern Baltic states. Renamed to Ordinari Donnerstags Post-Zeitung in 1677. Last issue in 1678.|
|1677||Modona||Italian||Modena||Duchy of Modena||Published by Demetrio Degni from 1677 to 1701.|
|1686||Die Kuranten||Yiddish||Amsterdam||Netherlands||Biweekly that published international news in Yiddish and the first newspaper in Yiddish. Changed owner/publisher once. Folded in 1687. Years estimated from a few surviving copies.|
|1690||Berrow's Worcester Journal||English||Worcester||England||Still published – claims to be the oldest newspaper continually published up to the present day|
|1702||Daily Courant||English||London||England||World first daily newspaper. Last issue in 1735, when it merged with the Daily Gazetteer.|
|1702||Vedomosti||Russian||Moscow||Russia||Moved to St. Petersburg in 1711, in 1728 renamed Sankt-Petersburgskie Vedomosti, in 1914 renamed Petrogradskie Vedomosti. Last issue in 1917. Re-created in 1991, and is still published.|
|1703||Wiener Zeitung||German||Vienna||Austria, Habsburg Monarchy||Still published|
|1705||Hildesheimer Relations-Courier||German||Hildesheim||Holy Roman Empire||Oldest surviving newspaper in Germany, nowadays published as Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung|
|1705||Mercurius Hungaricus||Latin||Levoča, Bardejov||Kingdom of Hungary||Oldest Hungarian newspaper, issued by the insurgency command of Rákoczi's Uprising, it had 7 issues and last printed in 1710|
|1709||The Tatler||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Founded by Richard Steele. Last issue in 1711.|
|1709||The Worcester Post-Man||English||Worcester||Kingdom of Great Britain||Published since 1753 as Berrow's Worcester Journal. No evidence for claimed publication since 1690.|
|1710||The Examiner||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Best known for the contributions by Jonathan Swift. Last issue in 1714.|
|1711||The Spectator||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Founded by Joseph Addison in 1711. Last issue in 1712.|
|1712||Stamford Mercury||English||Stamford||Kingdom of Great Britain||Claims to be "Britain's oldest continuously published newspaper title"|
|1715||Gazeta de Lisboa||Portuguese||Lisbon||Kingdom of Portugal||End it's publication in 1820|
|1719||The Daily Post||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Founded by Daniel Defoe in 1719. The post consisted of articles that spoke of current events, important dates, inventions, advances in modern sciences, and other things of that nature.|
|1719||Pražské poštovské noviny||Czech||Prague||Bohemia, Habsburg Monarchy||Weekly newspaper, published until 1819 (with a break in 1772–82).|
|1722||Gloucester Journal||English||Gloucester||Kingdom of Great Britain||First printed by Robert Raikes and William Dicey on Monday April 9, 1722, published weekly. Now called The Gloucester Gazette|
|1729||Salisbury Journal||English||Salisbury||Kingdom of Great Britain||First printed by William and Benjamin Collins, 1729, published weekly. Interrupted publishing in early days. Continuous since 1736.|
|1731||Gentleman's Magazine||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Published until 1922. First to use the term magazine. Samuel Johnson's first regular employment as a writer was with The Gentleman's Magazine.|
|1734||Lloyd's List||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Now online-only. Now covering shipping news, marine insurance and global trade. Oldest English-language daily newspaper still in existence|
|1735||Gazzetta di Parma||Italian||Parma||Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire||Still published. First publishing date uncertain; oldest printed issue perhaps dated from 19 April 1735.|
|1737||The Belfast News Letter||English||Belfast||Kingdom of Ireland||Still published. Oldest newspaper in Ireland still in circulation and the oldest daily English language newspaper still in circulation.|
|1738||Feuille d'Avis de Neuchâtel||French||Neuchâtel||Old Swiss Confederacy||Still published – oldest French-language daily newspaper still in existence|
|1741||Il Nuovo Postiglione||Italian||Venice||Republic of Venice||Founded by Giambattista Albrizzi, it covered foreign affairs; published until 1816.|
|1747||The Press and Journal||English||Aberdeen||Kingdom of Great Britain||Still published|
|1749||Berlingske||Danish||Copenhagen||Denmark-Norway||Still published. Originally titled Kjøbenhavnske Danske Post-Tidender|
|1749||Il Messaggiere||Italian||Modena||Duchy of Modena||Published up to 1859.|
|1752||Leeuwarder Courant||Dutch||Leeuwarden||Netherlands||Still published. Originally titled Leeuwarder Saturdagse Courant. The newspaper also publish articles in West Frisian.|
|1754||Yorkshire Post||English||Leeds||Kingdom of Great Britain||Still published|
|1756||Moskovskiye Vedomosti||Russian||Moscow||Russia||Published until 1917.|
|1758||Norrköpings Tidningar||Swedish||Norrköping||Sweden||Still published. Originally published weekly as Norrköpings Weko-Tidningar|
|1762||24 heures||Swiss French||Lausanne||Old Swiss Confederacy||Still published. Originally published weekly as Annonces et avis divers|
|1765||Monitor||Polish||Warsaw||Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth||Founded by Ignacy Krasicki and Franciszek Bohomolec and supported by King Stanisław August Poniatowski|
|1767||Adresseavisen||Norwegian||Trondheim||Denmark-Norway||Still published. Originally titled Kongelig allene privilegerede Trondheims Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger|
|1767||Finns Leinster Journal||English||Kilkenny||Kingdom of Ireland|
|1771||Tidningar Utgifne Af et Sällskap i Åbo||Swedish||Turku||Finland||Published 1771–1778 and 1782–1785.|
|1771||Ephemerides Zagrabienses||Latin||Zagreb||Kingdom of Croatia, Habsburg Monarchy||Published in 1771 by Antun Jandera|
|1772||Derry Journal||English||Derry and Donegal||Kingdom of Ireland||Still published bi-weekly. Originally titled London-Derry Journal and General Advertiser, changed to its current name in 1880|
|1772||Fyens Stiftstidende||Danish||Odense||Denmark-Norway||Still published. Originally titled Kongelig Privilegerede Odense Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger|
|1776||Gazeta Grodzieńska||Polish||Hrodna||Grand Duchy of Lithuania||Considered to be the first newspaper in Belarus and the first local newspaper in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Last issue in 1783.|
|1776||Suomenkieliset Tieto-Sanomat||Finnish||Turku||Finland||Twice-monthly, 26 numbers were published.|
|1777||Avvisi||Italian||Genoa||Republic of Genoa||Published from 1777 to 1797. It included classified advertising.|
|1778||Notizie del mondo||Italian||Venice||Republic of Venice||Founded by Antonio Graziosi, it covered foreign affairs; published until 1815.|
|1780||Neue Zürcher Zeitung||German||Zürich||Switzerland||Still published. Originally titled Zürcher Zeitung. Renamed in 1821.|
|1780||Magyar Hírmondó||Hungarian||Bratislava (Pressburg)||Kingdom of Hungary||Published until 1803. The first Hungarian newspaper published in Hungarian language. Its founder and first editor was the Lutheran pastor Mátyás Ráth.|
|1783||The Herald||English||Glasgow||Kingdom of Great Britain||Still published|
|1785||The Times||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||Still published|
|1785||Il Corriere di Gabinetto
Gazzetta di Milano
|Italian||Milano||Duchy of Milan||Published from 1 July 1785 to 28 December 1797|
|1791||Serbskija novini||Slavonic-Serbian||Vienna||Habsburg monarchy||First Serbian newspaper. Published from 1791 to 1792.|
|1791||The Observer||English||London||Kingdom of Great Britain||The world's first Sunday newspaper. Still published.|
|1794||Århus Stiftstidende||Danish||Århus||Denmark-Norway||Still published. Originally titled Aarhus Stifts-Tidende.|
|1798||Journal de Malte||French, Italian||Valletta||Malta under French occupation||First newspaper published in Malta. Defunct.|
|1806||Tarto maa rahva Näddali-Leht||Estonian||Dorpat||Livonia, Russian Empire||Banned in the same year. First Estonian language newspaper.|
|1806||Hazai s Külföldi Tudósítások||Hungarian||Pest (Budapest)||Kingdom of Hungary||Published until 1848.|
|1812||Giornale di Malta||Italian||Valletta||Malta||Defunct.|
|1813||Malta Government Gazette||Italian, English, Maltese||Valletta||Malta||Still published (digital only since 2015).|
|1817||The Scotsman||English||Edinburgh||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1817||Journal de la Corse||French||Ajaccio||France||Still published|
|1818||The Westmorland Gazette||English||Kendal||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1819||Saqartvelos Gazeti"(Newspaper of Georgia, საქართველოს გაზეთი)]]||Georgian||Tbilisi||Georgia||First Georgian newspaper. Published from 1819.|
|1821||The Guardian||English||Manchester||United Kingdom||Originally known as 'The Manchester Guardian'. Still published.|
|1824||Letopis Matice srpske||Serbian||Novi Sad, Budim||Serbia||Still published|
|1824||Åbo Underrättelser||Swedish||Åbo||Finland, Russian Empire||Still published.|
|1826||Le Figaro||French||Paris||France||Still published|
|1829||Curierul Românesc||Romanian||Bucharest||Wallachia, Ottoman Empire||Founded by Ion Heliade Rădulescu in April 1829. Last issue in 1859.|
|1829||Londonderry Sentinel||English||County Londonderry||United Kingdom||Founded in response to the Derry Journal's moderate stance on issues such as Catholic Emancipation. Originally called the Londonderry Sentinel and North West Advertiser. Still published.|
|1829||Albina Românească||Romanian||Iași||Moldavia, Ottoman Empire||Founded by Gheorghe Asachi in 1829. Last issue in 1850.|
|1830||Aftonbladet||Swedish||Stockholm||Sweden||Founded by Lars Johan Hierta in 1830. Still published.|
|1831||Takvim-i Vekayi||Turkish||Istanbul||Ottoman Empire||Also, Takvim-i Vekayi produced Armenian, Greek and Arabic language editions. Closed in 1891.|
|Serbia||First Serbian newspaper published in the country and the official journal of the Principality of Serbia. Founded by Dimitrije Davidović in 1830. Last issue in 1919.|
|1835||O Açoriano Oriental||Portuguese||Ponta Delgada, Azores||Portugal||Still published|
|1841||Pesti Hírlap||Hungarian||Pest (Budapest)||Kingdom of Hungary||Published until 1944.|
|1843||The Economist||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1844||Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant||Dutch||Rotterdam||Netherlands||Still published. The Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC) merged in 1970 with Algemeen Handelsblad (founded in 1828) into the NRC Handelsblad.|
|1847||Suometar||Finnish||Helsinki||Finland||Published 1847–1866, followed by Uusi Suometar 1869–1918 and Uusi Suomi 1919–1991. The web publication Uusi Suomi is not connected.|
|1848||Die Presse||German||Vienna||Austria||Still published|
|1848||Münchner Neueste Nachrichten||German||Munich||Kingdom of Bavaria||Succeeded by Süddeutsche Zeitung in 1945|
|1848||Зоря Галицька||Ukrainian||Lviv||Austrian Empire||Last issue in 1857|
|1853||Faro de Vigo||Spanish||Vigo||Spain||Still published. Oldest newspaper still published in Spain|
|1854||Surrey Comet||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1854||Comércio do Porto||Portuguese||Porto||Portugal||Established as the O Commercio, changed its name few months later. Last issue in July, 2005, after 151 years.|
|1854||Vasárnapi Ujság||Hungarian||Pest (Budapest)||Kingdom of Hungary||Sunday weekly newspaper. Published until 1921.|
|1855||The Daily Telegraph||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1855||A Aurora do Lima||Portuguese||Viana do Castelo||Portugal||Still published|
|1856||Hamagid||Hebrew||Ełk||East Prussia||First newspaper in Modern Hebrew language. Defunct 1903.|
|1857||Pärnu Postimees||Estonian||Pernau||Livonia, Russian Empire||Still published as Postimees|
|1859||Le Progrès||French||Lyon||France||Still published.|
|1859||La Nazione||Italian||Florence||Grand Duchy of Tuscany||Still published|
|1860||Straubinger Tagblatt||German||Straubing||Kingdom of Bavaria||Still published|
|1861||L'Osservatore Romano||Italian||Vatican City||Papal States||L'Osservatore Romano is the "semi-official" newspaper of the Holy See.|
|1863||Church Times||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published. The Church Times is an independent Anglican weekly newspaper.|
|1864||Dagens Nyheter||Swedish||Stockholm||Sweden||Founded by Rudolf Wall in 1864. Still published.|
|1864||Diário de Notícias||Portuguese||Lisbon||Portugal||Still published.|
|1865||Il Sole 24 Ore||Italian||Milan||Italy||Still published.|
|1866||La Stampa||Italian||Turin||Italy||Still published.|
|1868||Manchester Evening News||English||Manchester||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1870||Birmingham Mail||English||Birmingham||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1870||La Dépêche du Midi||French||Toulouse||France||Still published.|
|1871||Keskisuomalainen||Finnish||Jyväskylä||Finland||Still published. Originally Keski-Suomi.|
|1873||Richmond and Twickenham Times||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published. The Richmond and Twickenham Times is a weekly London newspaper.|
|1873||Satakunnan Kansa||Finnish||Pori||Finland||Still published.|
|1873||Edinburgh Evening News||English||Edinburgh||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1876||Il Corriere della sera||Italian||Milan||Italy||Still published.|
|1877||Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace||French||Strasbourg||France||Still published.|
|1879||The Liverpool Echo||English||Liverpool||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1880||L'Eco di Bergamo||Italian||Bergamo||Italy||Still published.|
|1881||The Evening News||English||London||United Kingdom||Considered the first popular newspaper in London. Published until 1980, and briefly again in 1987.|
|1881||La Vanguardia||Spanish||Barcelona||Spain||Still published.|
|1882||El Pirineo Aragonés||Spanish||Jaca||Spain||Still published. First number April 23, 1882. Oldest Aragonese newspaper still published in the Autonomous Community of Aragon.|
|1884||Svenska Dagbladet||Swedish||Stockholm||Sweden||Still published.|
|1886||Lancashire Evening Post||English||Preston||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1888||Financial Times||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published.|
|1888||Jornal de Notícias||Portuguese||Porto||Portugal||Still published.|
|1889||Helsingin Sanomat||Finnish||Helsinki||Finland||Still published. Started as Päivälehti, Helsingin Sanomat since 1905.|
|1889||L'Est Républicain||French||Nancy||France||Still published.|
|1891||Gazet van Antwerpen||Dutch||Antwerp||Flanders, Belgium||Still published|
|1891||La Nuova Sardegna||Italian||Sassari||Kingdom of Italy||Still published|
|1893||Lidové noviny||Czech||Brno||Moravia, Austria-Hungary||Still published today in Prague, the Czech Republic, familiarly known as "Lidovky".|
|1893||Congleton Chronicle||English||Congleton||England, United Kingdom||Still published today in Congleton Town, the United Kingdom"".|
|1893||De Telegraaf||Dutch||Amsterdam||Netherlands||Still published. It is the largest newspaper in the Netherlands.|
|1894||Estia||Greek||Athens||Greece||Still published. Founded in 1874 as a magazine. It is the only newspaper in Greece which continues to use the polytonic orthography abolished in 1982.|
|1895||Heraldo de Aragón||Spanish||Zaragoza||Spain||Founded on September 20, 1895. Still published, familiarly known as Heraldo.|
|1895||Työmies||Finnish||Helsinki||Finland||Finland's largest labour newspaper and one of the four major papers in its time. Ceased to publish in the aftermath of the Finnish Civil War in 1918. Followed later in the same year by Suomen sosialidemokraatti, since 2001 Demokraatti, which is still published.|
|1896||Daily Mail||English||London||United Kingdom||Second popular newspaper by Lord Northcliffe. Considered to have brought on a major change in the English newspaper market and started the trend for popular mass journalism. Still published.|
|1904||Politika||Serbian||Belgrade||Serbia||The oldest daily newspaper still in circulation in the Balkans.|
|1704||The Boston News-Letter||English||Boston, Massachusetts||Thirteen Colonies||Defunct|
|1721||The New-England Courant||English||Boston, Massachusetts||Thirteen Colonies||Defunct|
|1722||La Gaceta de México||Spanish||Mexico City||New Spain||Defunct; first paper published in Latin America|
|1727||Maryland Gazette||English||Annapolis, Maryland||United States||Still published but as The Capital|
|1752||Halifax Gazette||English||City of Halifax, Nova Scotia||British North America||Defunct; first paper in North America but is published as a government gazette, and not a newspaper, since 1867.|
|1756||The New Hampshire Gazette||English||New Hampshire||Thirteen Colonies||Still published; oldest extant North American paper, but was published as a weekly supplement of a different newspaper from the 1890s. The current owner bought the name rights in 1989, but not the actual paper.|
|1758||Newport Mercury||English||Newport, Rhode Island||Thirteen Colonies||Still published, but ceased publication during the American Revolutionary War.|
|June 1764||Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph||English
Formerly bilingual French-English
|Quebec City, Quebec||British North America||Still published; oldest surviving North American paper with continuous corporate existence|
|October 1764||The Hartford Courant||English||Hartford, Connecticut||Thirteen Colonies||Still published.|
|1768||The Boston Chronicle||English||Boston, Massachusetts||United States||Defunct|
|1778||The Montreal Gazette||English since 1822
(Formerly French, it became bilingual French-English in the late 1700s)
|Montreal||Province of Quebec||Still published|
|1785||Gazeta de Santafé de Bogotá||Spanish||Bogotá, New Kingdom of Granada||Colombia||Defunct. Oldest newspaper in Colombia|
|1785||The Augusta Chronicle||English||Augusta, Georgia||United States||Still published|
|1785||The Poughkeepsie Journal||English||Poughkeepsie, New York||United States||Still published. In 1788, the editor of the Journal was the official reporter of the ratification of the United States Constitution by New York in that year. The paper also served as a launching point of stories during the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration when the then-President was at his estate in nearby Hyde Park.|
|1786||Daily Hampshire Gazette||English||Northampton, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1786||Pittsburgh Post-Gazette||English||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||United States||Still published|
|1789||The Berkshire Eagle||English||Pittsfield, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1790||El Diario de Lima||Spanish||Lima||Peru||Defunct. First daily newspaper of the country.|
|1792||The Recorder||English||Greenfield, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1794||Rutland Herald||English||Rutland, Vermont||United States||Still published. The Herald is the oldest family-owned newspaper in continuous operation, published under the same name in the same city, in the United States.|
|1796||Norwich Bulletin||English||Norwich, Connecticut||United States||Still published|
|1799||The Keene Sentinel||English||Keene, New Hampshire||United States||Still published|
|1801||New York Post||English||New York City||United States||Still published|
|1801||Williamsport Sun-Gazette||English-language||Williamsport, Pennsylvania||United States||Still published|
|1803||The Post and Courier||English||Charleston, South Carolina||United States||Still published|
|1807||The Southern Star||English/Spanish||Montevideo||Uruguay||Defunct; first paper in Uruguay|
|1808||Observer-Reporter||English||Washington, Pennsylvania||United States||Still published|
|1808||Gazeta de Caracas||Spanish||Caracas||Venezuela||First newspaper of Venezuela. Later changed for Correo del Orinoco|
|1810||Gazeta de Buenos Ayres||Spanish||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Defunct. First newspaper of the country.|
|1812||Aurora de Chile||Spanish||Santiago de Chile||Chile||Defunct. First newspaper of the country.|
|1815||The Ithaca Journal||English||Ithaca, New York||United States||Still published. Originally named the Seneca Republican.|
|1822||Sandusky Register||English||Sandusky, Ohio||United States||Still Published. Originally named the Sandusky Clarion.|
|1825||El Peruano||Spanish||Lima||Peru||Still published|
|1825||Diario de Pernambuco||Portuguese||Recife||Brazil||Still published. Oldest continuously circulating daily newspaper in Latin America and oldest continuously circulating periodical edited in Portuguese.|
|1825||The Monroe News||English||Monroe, Michigan||United States||Still published. The same paper has been through several name changes in its history but remains the same print product. Today, the Monroe Publishing Company is among the 10 largest employers in Monroe, Michigan.|
|1827||El Mercurio de Valparaíso||Spanish||Valparaíso, Valparaíso||Chile||Still published. Oldest continuously circulating periodical, published under the same name, in Spanish.|
|1827||Jornal do Commercio||Portuguese||Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||Defunct since 2016.|
|1829||The Providence Journal||English||Providence, Rhode Island||United States||Still published. Oldest continuously-published daily newspaper in U.S.|
|1829||The Philadelphia Inquirer||English||Philadelphia||United States||Still published|
|1829||The Post-Standard||English||Syracuse, New York||United States||Still published|
|1829||The Pilot||English||Boston, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1831||Detroit Free Press||English||Detroit, Michigan||United States||Still published|
|1833||The Balance||English||Rochester, New York||United States||Still published. Founded in 1833 as The Balance, the paper eventually became known as the Daily Democrat. The Daily Democrat merged with another local paper, the Chronicle, in 1870, to become known as the Democrat and Chronicle. The paper was purchased by Gannett in 1928.|
|1834||The Gleaner||English||Kingston, Jamaica||Jamaica||Still published|
|1836||The Telegraph||English||Alton, Illinois||United States||Still published. Founded as Alton Telegraph, subsequently known as Alton Daily Telegraph and Alton Evening Telegraph.|
|1837||The Picayune||English||New Orleans||United States||Still published today on a tri-weekly schedule as The Times Picayune. Has gone through several name changes over the years as The Picayune merged with other local papers.|
|1839||El Comercio||Spanish||Lima||Peru||Still published|
|1840||The Cincinnati Enquirer||English||Cincinnati||United States||Still published|
|1841||The Cecil Whig||English||Elkton, Maryland||United States||Still published|
|1842||The Plain Dealer||English||Cleveland, Ohio||United States||Still published|
|1844||The Globe and Mail||English||Toronto||Canada||Still published|
|1845||The Stanstead Journal||English||Stanstead, Quebec||Canada||Still published|
|1845||Ottawa Citizen||English||Ottawa||Canada||Still published|
|1846||Boston Herald||English||Boston, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1846||The Hamilton Spectator||English||Hamilton, Ontario||Canada||Still published|
|1846||The Victoria Advocate||English||Victoria, Texas||United States||Still published|
|1846||Vineyard Gazette||English||Edgartown, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1847||Chicago Tribune||English||Chicago||United States||Still published|
|1849||The London Free Press||English||London, Ontario||Canada||Still published.|
|1849||The Santa Fe New Mexican||English||Santa Fe, New Mexico||United States||Still published.|
|1850||Deseret News||English||Salt Lake City, Utah||United States||Still published. The newspaper's $61 second-hand Ramage press was procured in 1847 in Boston and arrived in the Salt Lake Valley by ox-drawn wagons in August 1849.|
|1851||The New York Times||English||New York City||United States||Still published|
|1851||Placerville Mountain Democrat||English||Placerville, California||United States||Still published|
|1852||The Wheeling Intelligencer||English||Wheeling, West Virginia||United States||Still published|
|Antigonish, Nova Scotia||Canada||Still published|
|1853||Guelph Mercury||English||Guelph, Ontario||Canada||Still published|
|1853||La Estrella de Panamá||Spanish||Panamá||Panamá||Still published|
|1854||The Union Democrat||English||Sonora, California||United States||Still published|
|1854||The Daily Citizen||English||Searcy||Arkansas||Still published|
|1857||The Sacramento Bee||English||Sacramento, California||United States||Still published|
|1859||Rocky Mountain News||English||Denver, Colorado||United States||Published from 23 April 1859 to 27 February 2009.|
|1861||Buenos Aires Standard||English||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Defunct|
|1862||Telegraph-Journal||English||Saint John, New Brunswick||Canada||Still published|
|1864||The Marietta Times||English||Marietta, Ohio||United States||Still published|
|1865||San Antonio Express-News||English||San Antonio, Texas||United States||Still Published|
|1865||San Francisco Chronicle||English||San Francisco||United States||Still Published|
|1867||La Capital||Spanish||Rosario||Argentina||Still published. Oldest Argentine newspaper still in circulation.|
|1867||The Spencer Magnet||English||Taylorsville, Kentucky||United States||Still published|
|1868||The Atlanta Journal-Constitution||English||Atlanta||United States||Still published|
|1868||The Dalhousie Gazette||English||Halifax, Nova Scotia||Canada||Still published|
|1868||Times & Transcript||English||Moncton, New Brunswick||Canada||Still published|
|1869||La Prensa||Spanish||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Still published|
|1870||La Nación||Spanish||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Still published|
|1870||La Discusión||Spanish||Chillán, Bío Bío||Chile||Still published|
|1870||The Guardian||English||Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island||Canada||Still published|
|1870||Tucson Citizen||English||Tucson, Arizona||United States||Newsprint publication ceased May 16, 2009.|
|1871||The Salt Lake Tribune||English||Salt Lake City, Utah||United States||Still published|
|1872||The Boston Globe||English||Boston, Massachusetts||United States||Still published|
|1873||The Belleville Telescope||English||Belleville, Kansas||United States||Still published|
|1874||Nanaimo Daily News||English||Nanaimo, British Columbia||Canada||Still published|
|1874||The Chronicle Herald||English||Halifax, Nova Scotia||Canada||Still published|
|1875||Estado de São Paulo||Portuguese||São Paulo||Brazil||Still published.|
|1875||The Southern Cross||Spanish, English||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Still published. Monthly|
|1876||Orlando Sentinel||English||Orlando||United States||Still Published|
|1876||Buenos Aires Herald||English||Buenos Aires||Argentina||Defunct|
|1876||Diario Oficial de la República de Chile||Spanish||Santiago de Chile||Chile||Still published|
|1877||The Washington Post||English||Washington, D.C.||United States||Still published|
|1879||The Telegram||English||Saint John's, Newfoundland and Labrador||Canada||Still published|
|1879||Times Leader||English||Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania||United States||Still published|
|1878||St. Louis Post-Dispatch||English||St. Louis, Missouri||United States||Still published|
|1878||Waterloo Region Record||English||Kitchener, Ontario||Canada||Still published|
|1880||Albuquerque Journal||English||Albuquerque, New Mexico||United States||Still published|
|1880||The Kansas City Star||English||Kansas City, Missouri||United States||Still published|
|1881||El Paso Times||English||El Paso, Texas||United States||Still published|
|1881||El Paso Herald-Post||English||El Paso, Texas||United States||1881–1997|
|1881||Las Cruces Sun-News||English||Las Cruces, New Mexico||United States||Still published|
|1882||El Sur||Spanish||Concepción, Bío Bío||Chile||Still published|
|1882||The Brandon Sun||English||Brandon, Manitoba||Canada||Still published|
|1883||Calgary Herald||English||Calgary, Alberta||Canada||Still published|
|1883||Los Andes||Spanish||Mendoza||Argentina||Still published|
|1883||Regina Leader-Post||English||Regina, Saskatchewan||Canada||Still published|
|1883||Amigoe||Dutch||Dutch Caribbean||Kingdom of the Netherlands||Still published|
|1884||El Día||Spanish||La Plata||Argentina||Still published|
|1884||La Presse||French||Montreal, Quebec||Canada||Still published|
|1884||Times Colonist||English||Victoria, British Columbia||Canada||Still published|
|1884||The Altamont Enterprise||English||Altamont, New York||United States||Still published|
|1885||El Llanquihue||Spanish||Puerto Montt, Los Lagos||Chile||Still published|
|1885||Omaha World-Herald||English||Omaha, Nebraska||United States||Still published|
|1886||Lögberg-Heimskringla||English||Winnipeg, Manitoba||Canada||Still published. English and formerly Icelandic|
|1886||La Prensa||Spanish||Curicó, Maule||Chile||Temporarily ceased publication 1886–98. Still in publication since then.|
|1887||El Espectador||Spanish||Bogotá||Colombia||Founded on Medellín on 22 March 1887, moved to Bogotá on 1915. Still published.|
|1888||The Windsor Star||English||Windsor, Ontario||Canada||Still published|
|1889||Moose Jaw Times-Herald||English||Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan||Canada||Still published|
|1889||Bangor Daily News||English||Bangor, Maine||United States||Still published.|
|1889||Listín Diario||Spanish||Santo Domingo||Dominican Republic||Still published.|
|1889||The Wall Street Journal||English||New York||United States||Still published.|
|1891||Jornal do Brasil||Portuguese||Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||Still published.|
|1891||Truro Daily News||English||Truro, Nova Scotia||Canada||Still published|
|1891||Los Angeles Times||English||Los Angeles||United States||Still published|
|1891||The Chilliwack Progress||English||Chilliwack, British Columbia||Canada||Still published|
|1892||The Denver Post||English||Denver, Colorado||United States||Still published|
|1893||Svoboda||Ukrainian||New Jersey||United States||Still published|
|1893||The Wave||English||Rockaway Beach, New York||United States||Still published|
|1895||Correio do Povo||Portuguese||Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul||Brazil||Still published. Stopped publishing in 1984 and resumed in 1986.|
|1896||Bluefield Daily Telegraph||English||Bluefield, West Virginia||United States||Still published|
|1896||Le Soleil||French||Quebec City, Quebec||Canada||Still published|
|1898||La Nueva Provincia||Spanish||Bahía Blanca||Argentina||Still published|
|1898||El Liberal||Spanish||Santiago del Estero||Argentina||Still published|
|1898||The Province||English||Vancouver, British Columbia||Canada||Still published|
|1898||Le Nouvelliste||French||Port-au-Prince||Haiti||Still Published|
|1892||Toronto Star||English||Toronto||Canada||Still Published. Originally known as the Evening Star, and then the Toronto Daily Star.|
The French established the first newspaper in Africa in Mauritius in 1773.
|1773||Annonces, Affiches et Avis Divers pour les Colonies des Isles de France et de Bourbon||French||Isle de France||Mauritius||First newspaper in Mauritius. Published weekly from 1773-01-13 to at least 1790 by Nicolas Lambert in Mauritius.|
|1800||Cape Town Gazette and African Advertiser||English, Afrikaans||Cape Town||British South Africa||First newspaper in South Africa. Published weekly from 1800-08-16 to at least 1829 by the British Government in South Africa.|
|1824||South African Commercial Advertiser||English, Afrikaans||Cape Town||British South Africa||First privately run newspaper in South Africa. Numbers 1 to 18 were published weekly from 7 January 1824 to 10 May 1824. numbers 19 to 135 were printed from 31 August 1825 to 10 March 1827 and numbers 136 and onward were printed from 1828 to 1853. Originally edited by the printer George Greig who soon relinquished editing control to Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Pringle left the paper after number 19.|
|1824||South African Journal||English||Cape Town||British South Africa||A bimonthly journal edited by Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Published from 1824-03-05 to 1824-05-07.|
|1824||Nederduitsche Zuid-Afrikaanse Tydschrift||Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||A bimonthly journal edited by Reverend Abraham Faure. It was the Dutch partner to the South African Journal. Published from 1824-04-04.|
|1824||The South African Chronicle and Mercantile Advertiser||English, Afrikaans||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1824-08-18 to 1826-12-26. Printed by William Bridekirk and edited by A. J. Jardine.|
|1826||The New Organ||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Only one edition printed on 1826-01-06. Printed by George Greig and edited by John Fairbairn.|
|1827||De Versamelaar||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1827-01-07 until between 1829-01-27 to 1835. Edited by J. Duasso de Lima and printed by William Bridekirk.|
|1827||The Colonist||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1827-11-22 to 1828-09-30 by William Bridekirk and then George Greig and edited by William Beddy.|
|1828||Al-Waqa'i' al-Masriyya||Turkish, Arabic||Cairo||Egypt||First Turkish newspaper. Still published|
|1830||De Zuid-Afrikaan||Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Initially a weekly paper, then at more frequent intervals. First issue 9 April 1830. Last issue 8 April 1930|
|1859||Iwe Irohin||Yoruba, English||Abeokuta||Nigeria||Founded on December 3, 1859. It was published bi-weekly, in Yoruba and English language and ran for about eight years, specifically from 1859 to 1867.|
|1891||Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times||English||Salisbury||Southern Rhodesia||Now published as The Herald|
The first recorded attempt to found a newspaper in South Asia was by William Bolts, a Dutchman in the employ of the British East India Company in September 1768 in Calcutta. The Company deported Bolts back to Europe before he could begin his newspaper.
|1780||Hicky's Bengal Gazette or, The Original Calcutta General Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||First newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-01-29 to 1782-03-23 when James Augustus Hicky's types were seized.|
|1780||India Gazette or Calcutta Public Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Second newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-11-18. Survived until 1834. Published by Peter Reed (until 1781), Bernard Messink (until 1793), G. Gordon (1793 to before 1799) In 1799, its proprietors were William Morris, William Fairlie and J. D. Williams.|
|1784||Calcutta Gazette||English||Calcutta||British India||Third newspaper in South Asia. Government sanctioned. Published weekly from 1784-03-04 to 1818-09-29. Its proprietors were Francis Gladwin, an East India Company Officer until January 1787 and Arthur Muir, Herbert Harrington and Edmond Morris afterwards.|
|1785||Bengal Journal||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly from 1785–02 to 1791. Its proprietors were William Duane and Thomas Jones.|
|1785||The Oriental Magazine or Calcutta Amusement||English||Calcutta||British India||Published monthly from 1785-04-06. Its proprietors were Gordon and John Hay. It ceased publication sometime prior to 1799–05, when Governor-General Wellesley enacted press regulations.|
|1785||The Asiatick Miscellany||English||Calcutta||British India||Published quarterly from 1785-07-14 to 1789–01. Its proprietor was Francis Gladwin.|
|1785||Madras Courier||English||Madras||British India||Published weekly at first from 1785-10-12 to around 1818, with government sanction. Its proprietor was Richard Johnson.|
|1786||Calcutta Chronicle and General Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly from 1786–01 to either 1790 or 1797. Its proprietor was William Baillie.|
|1788||The Asiatic Mirror and Commercial Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly at first from 1788–02 to 1820–05. Its proprietors were C.K. Bruce and Dr. Shoolbred.|
|1789||Bombay Herald||English||Bombay||British India||Published weekly from 1789 to 1792. Its proprietors are unknown.|
|1794||Azdarar||Armenian||Madras||British India||Published from 1794 to 1796. It was the first Armenian newspaper, its proprietor was Harutyun Shmavonyan.|
|1818||Samachar Darpan||Bengali||Serampore||British India||It was a Bengali weekly newspaper published by the Baptist Missionary Society from the Baptist Mission Press at Serampore in the first half of the 19th century. It is considered to be the first Indian-language newspaper.|
|1822||Bombay Samachar||Gujarati||Bombay||British India||Still published. Originally called Moombaina Samachar It is oldest newspaper in India still in circulation.|
|1822||Jam-i-Jahan-Numa||Urdu||Calcutta||British India||First newspaper in Urdu.|
|1826||Udant Martand||Hindi||Calcutta||British India||It was published from Calcutta by Pandit Jugal Kishore Shukla.|
|1832||Darpan||Marathi||Bombay||British India||First newspaper in Marathi. Editor was Balshastri Jambhekar. The newspaper was printed both in English and Marathi languages in two separate columns.|
|1838||Times of India||English||Bombay||British India||Still published. Originally called The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. It is Oldest English Language newspaper in India still in circulation.|
|1846||Orunodoi||Assamese||Sivasagar||British India||"Orunodoi" (meaning sunrise), started in January, 1846 by an American missionary Dr. Nathan Brown and printed and published at the Sibsagar Mission Press by O.T Cutter, was the first newspaper in Assam as well as the first newspaper in Assamese.|
|1865||The Pioneer||English||Allahabad||British India||Still published.Founded by George Allen as a weekly then became a daily.|
|1867||Madras Mail||English||Madras||British India||Started by Charles Lawson and Henry Cornish.It was closed in 1981 and was the first evening newspaper in India.|
|1875||The Statesman||English||Bombay, Calcutta||British India||It is a direct descendant of two newspapers, the Bombay (now Mumbai) based Indian Statesman and The Friend of India published in Calcutta (now Kolkata). Indian Statesman was started by Robert Knight, who was previously the principal founder and editor of The Times of India.|
|1878||The Hindu||English||Madras||British India||It was founded in Madras on 20 September 1878 as a weekly newspaper, by what was known then as the Triplicane Six consisting of 4 law students and 2 teachers.|
|1881||The Tribune||English||Lahore||British India||It was founded on 2 February 1881, in Lahore (now in Pakistan), by Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia, a philanthropist, and is run by a trust comprising five persons as trustees.|
|1803||Sydney Gazette||English||Sydney||Australia||Was the first newspaper in Australia Published weekly from 1803 to 1842|
|1831||The Sydney Morning Herald||English||Sydney||Australia||Is the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia, originally called the Sydney Herald|
|1833||The West Australian||English||Perth||Australia||Second oldest continuously operated newspaper in Australia|
|1840||Herald Sun||English||Melbourne||Australia||Originally called The Port Phillip Herald|
|1846||The Courier Mail||English||Brisbane||Australia||Originally called The Moreton Bay Courier|
|1852||Taranaki Herald||English||New Plymouth||New Zealand||New Zealand's oldest newspaper. Ceased publication in 1989.|
|1854||The Age||English||Melbourne||Australia||Owned by Fairfax Media who also own Sydney Morning Herald|
|1861||The Press||English||Christchurch||New Zealand||New Zealand's joint 2nd oldest surviving newspaper|
|1856||Wanganui Chronicle||English||Wanganui||New Zealand||New Zealand's oldest surviving daily newspaper|
|1859||The Advertiser||English||Adelaide||Australia||Originally the South Australian Advertiser|
|1861||Otago Daily Times||English||Dunedin||New Zealand||New Zealand's 2nd oldest surviving daily newspaper|
|1891||Lloyd's List Australia||English||Sydney||Australia||The oldest continuously published national newspaper in Australia|
|1744||Bataviase Nouvelles en Politique Raisonnementes||Dutch||Batavia||Dutch East India Company||First newspaper in present-day Indonesia, ceased publication in 1746.|
|1806||The Prince of Wales Island Gazette||English||Penang||British Malaya||First newspaper in Southeast Asia; last issue rolled off the press on 7 July 1827; weekly edition survived until January 1830.|
|1811||Del Superior Govierno||Spanish||Manila||Spanish East Indies||Oldest newspaper in the Philippines, oldest Spanish language newspaper in Asia; first published on August 8, 1811, ceased publication on February 7, 1812.|
|1812||Java Government Gazette||English||Batavia||Dutch East Indies||Published during British administration in Dutch East Indies, ceased publication in 1816.|
|1844||The Bangkok Recorder||English/Thai||Bangkok||Thailand||Country's first newspaper|
|1845||De Locomotief||Dutch||Semarang||Dutch East Indies||Originally Semarangsch Nieuws en Advertentieblad. Ceased publication in 1956.|
|1845||The China Mail||English||Victoria City||Hong Kong||The first newspaper published in the crown colony and the longest-lived of any Hong Kong newspaper. Published until 1974.|
|1845||The Straits Times||English||Singapore||Straits Settlements||Split into The Straits Times (based in Singapore) and The New Straits Times (based in Kuala Lumpur) after Singapore's separation from Malaysia in 1965.|
|1850||North China Herald
(North China Daily News)
|English||Shanghai||China||A weekly newspaper at first, it began daily publication in 1864 under the new name North China Daily News. Ceased publication in 1951.|
|1853||Chinese serial||Chinese||Victoria City||Hong Kong||First Chinese-language newspaper in the crown colony. Ceased publication in 1856.|
|1853||Soerabaijasch Handelsblad||Dutch||Soerabaja||Dutch East Indies||Ceased publication in 1957.|
|1858||Royal Thai Government Gazette||Thai||Dusit, Bangkok||Siam||Country's first newspaper|
|1861||Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser||English||Nagasaki||Japan||Country's first newspaper|
|1862||Kwanpan Batavia Shinbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||First Japanese-language newspaper. A month-by-month government translation of the Dutch Javasche Courant.|
|1868||Chugai Shinbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||First Japanese-language newspaper with original reporting. Ceased with publisher's death in 1869.|
|1870||Yokohama Mainichi Shinbun||Japanese||Yokohama||Japan||First daily Japanese-language newspaper. Closed in 1940.|
|1872||Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||Merged with Mainichi Shimbun which is still published|
|1881||Chosen shinpo||Japanese||Pusan||Korea||Korea's first newspaper, but published in Japanese.|
|Chinese, Korean||Seoul||Korea||First Korean-language newspaper.|
|1885||Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad||Dutch||Batavia||Dutch East Indies||Ceased publication in 1957.|
|1885||Taiwan Church News(Tâi-oân Kàu-hōe Kong-pò)||Taiwanese||Tâi-lâm-chiu||Tâi-oân||First newspaper in Taiwan.|
|1888||The Singapore Weekly Herald||English||Singapore||Straits Settlements|
|1895||Taiwan Nichinichi Shimpō||Japanese||Taihoku||Japanese Taiwan||Called Taiwan Nichinichi Shimpo in most of the Japanese ruling period. Still published as Taiwan Shin Sheng Daily News.|
|1896||De Preangerbode||Dutch||Bandung||Dutch East Indies||Renamed Algemeen Indisch Dagblad de Preangerbode in 1923, ceased publication in 1957.|
|1898||The Manila Times||English||Manila||Captaincy General of the Philippines||Oldest extant English-language broadsheet in the Philippines still operating under its name.|
- Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto independent since 1499
- Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto separated since 1556
- "Newspapers: 400 Years Young!". World Association of Newspapers. Archived from the original on 10 March 2010.
- Weber 2006, p. 387:
At the same time, then, as the printing press in the physical, technological sense was invented, 'the press' in the extended sense of the word also entered the historical stage. The phenomenon of publishing was born.
- Weber 2006, p. 387; "Margarete Rehm: Information und Kommunikation in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Das 17. Jh" (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Weber 2006, p. 396f.
- FRBNF32780021, catalogue Bn-Opale Plus, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
- "Wan-Press.org, A Newspaper Timeline, World Association of Newspapers". Wan=press.org. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Farinelli, Giuseppe (2004). Storia del giornalismo italiano : dalle origini a oggi (in Italian). Torino: UTET libreria. p. 15. ISBN 88-7750-891-4. OCLC 58604958.
- Bellettini, Pierangelo (1998). "Le Più Antiche Gazzette a Stampa Di Milano (1640) e Di Bologna (1642)". La Bibliofilía (in Italian). 100 (2/3): 465–494.
- "Foi o primeiro jornal português. E ajudou D. João IV a consolidar o poder em 1640". Expresso.pt. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
- Anvers, Lourenço de; Rosa, Domingos Lopes; Álvares, António (17 July 2018). "Gazeta". na Officina de Lourenço de Anueres. Retrieved 17 July 2018 – via catalogo.bnportugal.pt Library Catalog.
- Beccaria, Roberto (1994). I periodici genovesi dal 1473 al 1899 (in Italian). Genova. Items 423, 615. OCLC 260186158.
- Staats- und Universitätsbiliothek Bremen: Einkommende Zeitungen
- "Weeckelycke Courante van Europa". Museum Enschedé. Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé. 8 January 1656.
- "Boletín Oficial del Estado, La Gazeta, Colección Histórica". Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "WAN – Oldest newspapers still in circulation". 7 January 2004. Archived from the original on 7 January 2004. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2014-02-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "7 November 1665". London Gazette (1): 1.
- "5 February 1666". London Gazette (24): 1.
- "Freitags-Zeitung". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz.; e-newspaperarchives.ch
- Bellocchi, Ugo (1974). Storia del giornalismo italiano (in Italian). 3. Bologna: Edizioni Edison. pp. 57–58.
- Judge, Ben (3 November 2015). "11 March 1702 – the world's first daily newspaper published – MoneyWeek". MoneyWeek. MoneyWeek. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- "300 éves az első magyar újság". Mult-kor.hu. 3 June 2005. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Berrow's Worcester Journal – History of the newspaper". Worcester News. Newsquest. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Wiles, R. M. (1965). Freshest Advices: Early Provincial Newspapers in England. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011.
- "Začaly vycházet první české periodické noviny". Česká televize (Czech TV) (in Czech). Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- Greenslade, Roy (25 September 2013). "Lloyd's List, the world's oldest newspaper, to give up on print". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Gazzetta di Parma". Parma Italy. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "Oldest newspapers still in circulation". World Association of Newspapers. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Saccardo, Rosanna (1942). La stampa periodica veneziana fino alla caduta della Repubblica (in Italian). Padova: Tip. del seminario. pp. 39–47.
- Ernesto, Milano (1992). "Giornali e periodici modenesi e reggiani dal Seicento all'inizio del sec. XX". In Roversi, Giancarlo (ed.). Storia del giornalismo in Emilia Romagna e a Pesaro : dagli albori al primo Novecento (in Italian). Casalecchio di Reno: Grafis. pp. 263–302.
- Bongiovanni, Carmela (1993), "Musica e musicisti attraverso gli "Avvisi" di Genova (1777–1797)", La Berio : Rivista semestrale di storia locale e di informazioni bibliografiche (in Italian), Comune di Genova, 33 (1): 20–28, OCLC 643754565
- Gorian, Rudj (2001). "Le «Notizie del mondo» di Antonio Graziosi. Nascita, diffusione e confezionamento di una gazzetta veneziana settecentesca". In Rozzo, Ugo (ed.). La lettera e il torchio : studi sulla produzione libraria tra XVI e XVIII secolo (in Italian). Udine: Forum. pp. 409–466. ISBN 88-8420-020-2. OCLC 50022997.
- Visconti, Alessandro (1981). Bézzola, Guido (ed.). Pirola: due secoli : 1781–1981 (in Italian). Milano: Pirola. pp. 15–20.
- Grima, Joseph F. (14 July 2019). "It happened this month: The publication of Malta's first newspaper". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on 27 June 2020.
- "Website of the Hungarian National Archives - Hazai s Külföldi Tudósítások compilation 1806-1848- Hungarian language".
- "Collections". Malta Libraries. Ministry for Education. Archived from the original on 10 March 2015.
- "The Department of Information – keeping the public updated throughout the years". publicservice.gov.mt. 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 27 June 2020.
- "Acerca do Jornal". Açoriano Oriental. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Website of the Hungarian National Archives - Pesti Hirlap compilation 1841-1944 - Hungarian language".
- "Uusi Suomi". Uusi Suomi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Vigo, Faro de. "Faro de Vigo". Farodevigo.es. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Introduction news from the Surrey Comet". Surreycomet.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Website of the Hungarian National Archives - Vasárnapi Ujság compilation 1854-1921 - Hungarian language".
- "Jornal A Aurora do Lima, Semanário Independente de Viana do Castelo". A Aurora do Lima. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Nyheter – Vasabladet". Vasabladet.fi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Postimees: Värsked uudised Eestist ja välismaalt". Postimees. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "L'Osservatore Romano". Osservatoreromano.va. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "L'Osservatore Romano". Catholic World News. Trinity Publications. Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "The Church Times – News, comment, features, book reviews and more". Churchtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-23. Retrieved 2015-01-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Hufvudstadsbladet". Hbl.fi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Il Sole 24 Ore: notizie di economia, finanza, borsa, fisco, cronaca italiana ed esteri". Ilsole24ore.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "La Stampa". Lastampa.it. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "KSML.fi – Keskisuomalainen". KSML.fi – Keskisuomalainen. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Richmond and Twickenham Times: Local news, sport, leisure, jobs, homes & cars in Richmond". Richmondandtwickenhamtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Etusivu – Satakunnan Kansa". Satakunnan Kansa. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Corriere della Sera – Ultime Notizie". Corriere.it. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "L'Eco di Bergamo – Notizie di Bergamo e provincia". Ecodibergamo.it. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Aamulehti". Aamulehti.fi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "El Pirineo Aragonés". Elpirineoaragones.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Group, Global Media. "Jornal de Notícias". JN. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Uutiset – HS.fi". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-23. Retrieved 2014-02-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Demokraatti.fi". Demokraatti.fi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Engel, Matthew (1996). Tickle the Public : One hundred years of the popular press. London: Gollancz. ISBN 978-0575061439.
- Conboy, Martin (2004). Journalism : A critical history. London: Sage. ISBN 978-0-7619-4100-2.
- "Kaleva.fi - Oulun ja lähiseudun kiinnostavimmat uutiset". Kaleva.fi. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Print". Media Ownership Monitor. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- Kolstø, Pål (2016-04-29). Media Discourse and the Yugoslav Conflicts: Representations of Self and Other. Routledge. ISBN 9781317098928.
- Balkans, Reporting. "Privatization: A part of Serbia's media puzzle | Reporting Balkans". reportingbalkans.com. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
- "The New Hampshire Gazette » About the Gazette". www.nhgazette.com. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
- JONES, T. COLE (2012). ""Displaying the Ensigns of Harmony": The French Army in Newport, Rhode Island, 1780–1781". The New England Quarterly. 85 (3): 438. doi:10.1162/TNEQ_a_00208. JSTOR 23251387. S2CID 57561491.
- "La guerra retórica de la Independencia": el caso del periódico Archived 2009-02-23 at the Wayback Machine The Southern Star, (in Spanish)
- "Diario de Pernambuco (Jornal)". basilio.fundaj.gov.br. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "News Celebrates Sesquicentennial". Utah Division of State History.
In the spring of 1847, [Brigham] Young ordered [William W.] Phelps to buy a press for the settlement the Mormons planned to establish in the West. That summer Phelps borrowed $61 from Alexander Badlam, Sam Brannan's brother-in-law, to purchase a Ramage press in Boston. Buying a press, type and newsprint was one thing, but hauling it 1,100 miles from the Missouri River was another. To do the job, the Mormons turned to Howard Egan, a veteran frontiersman and future Pony Express agent. By May 1849, Egan was on his way west with 57 emigrants, the mail, six dogs, a cat and the printing press. By the first week in August, Egan's 22 wagons rumbled into Salt Lake Valley.
- "The Boston Globe 'Encyclo'". Nieman Lab. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
- "History: Orlando Sentinel Media Group". Orlandosentinelmediagroup.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Panorama de la prensa uruguaya a principios del siglo XX". El País (in Spanish). 2004. Retrieved 9 December 2011.
- Busteed, H. E. Echoes from Old Madras: Being Chiefly Reminiscences of the Days of Warren Hastings, Francis and Impey. 2nd ed. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink And Co., 1888, 182.
- S. B. Bhattacherje (2009-05-01). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. A117. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Hena Naqvi (2007). Journalism And Mass Communication. Upkar Prakashan. pp. 42–. ISBN 978-81-7482-108-9.
- S. B. Bhattacherjee (2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. A119. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7.
- S. B. Bhattacherje (1 May 2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. A126. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "Latest Releases". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
- The Orunodoi: A Monthly Paper Devoted to Religion, Science, and General Intelligence (in Assamese). Amer. Bapt. Miss. in Asam. 1847.
- Robert Jackson Baumgardner (1996). South Asian English: Structure, Use, and Users. University of Illinois Press. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-0-252-06493-7. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "BATAVIASCHE NOUVELLES". Government of Jakarta Special Capital Region. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- Wade, Geoff. "New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette – Penang's First Newspaper". Presented at The Penang Story International Conference 2002. Archived from the original on 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
It is to Penang that the "honour" of being the site of the first newspaper published in Southeast Asia – the Prince of Wales Island Gazette – belongs.
- "The Print Media: A Tradition of Freedom". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
- Taylor, Carson (2005). History of Philippine press / Carson Taylor.
- "JAVA GOVERNMENT GAZETTE". Government of Jakarta Special Capital Region. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- "1928 View down Wellington Street – Gwulo: Old Hong Kong". Gwulo.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- The Straits Times. "About Us". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- New Straits Times. "Corporate History 1845–1896". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Xiaoqun Xu. Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shangahai, 1912–1937. Cambridge University Press, 2001. p. 45.
- 《遐邇貫珍‧香港早期報刊簡介系列》, Hong Kong Central Library
- Altman 1984, p. 685: "The parallel to the Chosen shinpo in Japan had been Japan's first newspaper in any language, the English-language Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser, published by an Englishman, Albert W. Hansard, from June 1861."
- Altman 1984, p. 685: "Japanese published the first newspaper in Korea, the Chosen shinpo. Filling the role that had been assumed elsewhere by Westerners, the Japanese began publishing the Chosen shinpo on December 10, 1881, in Pusan, the treaty port on the southeast Korean coast that had been established by the Kanghwa Treaty of February 1876."
- McGovern 1967, pp. 21
- The Manila Times: 106 Years in a Nation's Rich History Archived 2007-06-30 at the Wayback Machine, (based on the History of the Manila Times by Luis Serrano), ManilaTimes.net, 2001
- Altman, Albert A. (1984), "Korea's First Newspaper: The Japanese Chosen shinpo", The Journal of Asian Studies, 43 (4): 685–696, doi:10.2307/2057150, JSTOR 2057150
- McGovern, Melvin (1967), "Early Western Presses in Korea", Korea Journal: 21–23
- Weber, Johannes (2006), "Strassburg, 1605: The Origins of the Newspaper in Europe", German History, 24 (3): 387–412, doi:10.1191/0266355406gh380oa