Mir Mosharraf Hossain

Syed Mir Mosharraf Hossain (Bengali: সৈয়দ মীর মশাররফ হোসেন; 1847–1911) was a Bengali writer, novelist, playwright and essayist. He is considered to be the first major writer to emerge from the Muslim society of Bengal, and one of the finest prose writers in the Bengali language.[1][2][3] His magnum opus Bishad Sindhu (Ocean of Sorrow) is a popular classic among the Bengali readership.[4]

Syed Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Mir mosharraf hossain.jpg
Native name
সৈয়দ মীর মশাররফ হোসেন
BornSyed Mir Mosharraf Hossain
13 November 1847
Pangsha, Rajbari District.
Died19 December 1911
Bil Padamdi, Rajbari District
Notable worksBishadsindhu, Jamidar Darpan
SpousesAziz-un-Nesa, Bibi Kulsum

Early lifeEdit

Syed Mir Mosharraf Hossain was born in the village of Lahinipara in Kumarkhali under Kushtia District.[5] But most of the time of his life spent in Padamdi in Baliakandi PS under district Rajbari. His widely accepted date of birth is 13 November 1847.[6] But some researchers also claim his date of birth is 26 October 1847.[7] He was born to Nawab Syed Mir Moazzem Hossain, a Muslim aristocrat and Zaminder of Padamdi Nawab Estate, and Daulatunnesa.

Mosharraf Hossain learned Arabic and Persian with a teacher at home and then Bengali at a pathshala. He began his formal education at Kushtia School and then studied up to Class V at Krishnanagar Collegiate School. He was admitted to Kalighat School in Kolkata but could not complete his studies. Mosharraf Hossain began his career looking after his father's landed property. Later he served the Faridpur Padamdi Nawab Estate and, in 1885, the Delduar Zamindari Estate. He lived in Kolkata from 1903 to 1909.[2]


While still a student, Mosharraf Hossain worked as a mofussil reporter for the Sangbad Prabhakar (1831) and Gram Barta Prokashika (1863). His literary career started here.[2]

Literary careerEdit

Syed Mir Mosharraf Hossain's magnum opus is Bishad Shindhu, depicting the tale of martyrdom of Hasan and Husayn in Karbala. He was one of the first Muslim writers to emerge from colonial British India. His other works include Jamidar Darpan (Reflections on Zamindars), a play on the plight of common people under the Zamindars (landlords installed by the British colonial rulers) and their struggle against them.

His literary works were included in the curriculum of school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation level Bengali Literature in Bangladesh.[citation needed] Mir Mosharraf Hossain wrote his 'Jamidar Darpan' about the background of the peasant uprising against the landlords in Sirajganj 1872-73. He had always showed an active interest in the everyday life of his fellow countrymen.

Personal lifeEdit

In 1865 he married Aziz-un-Nesa. His second wife was Bibi Kulsum married in 1874. He died on 19 December 1911.[8][9]



  • Ratnawati (1869)
  • Bishad Shindhu (1885–1890) Also translated into English and published in 2018[10]


  • Basantakumari (1873)
  • Jamidar Darpan (1873)
  • Behula Gitavinoya (1889)
  • Niyoti Ki Abonoti (1898)


  • Gorai Bridge or Gouri Setu (1873)


  • Gojibon


  • Amar Jiboni (autobiography)
  • Bibi Kulsum


  • Gazi Miar Bostani
  • Bajimat
  • Bibi Khodejar Bibaho
  • Hazrart Umarer Dharmo Jibon Labh
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-1
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-2


  1. ^ Murshid, Golam (2016). Hajar Bacharer Bangali Sangskriti হাজার বছরের বাঙালি সংস্কৃতি [Bengali Culture across the Millennia] (in Bengali). Dhaka: Abasar. p. 308. ISBN 978-984-415-190-1.
  2. ^ a b c Guha, Bimal (2012). "Hossain, Mir Mosharraf". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (2nd ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ Syed, Abdul Mannan (2009). Bangla Sahitye Musalman বাংলা সাহিত্যে মুসলমান [Muslims in Bengali Literature] (in Bengali). Dhaka: Islamic Foundation. p. 20. ISBN 978-984-06-0478-4.
  4. ^ "Bisad-Sindhu - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain: A pioneering Bengali writer". The Independent. 1 June 2013. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  6. ^ ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ বন্দোপাধ্যায়: 'স্বর্ণকুমারী দেবী, মীর মশাররফ হোসেন'। সাহিত্য সাধক-চরিতমালা' : ২৮-২৯ সংখ্যক পুস্তিকা। পঞ্চম-সং: কলিকাতা, জৈষ্ঠ্য ১৩৬১. পৃষ্ঠা ৩১।
  7. ^ আবুল আহসান চৌধুরী. মীর মশাররফ হোসেন. জীবনী গ্রন্থমালা সিরিজ. বাংলা একাডেমী. ঢাকা. ১৯৯৩. পৃষ্ঠা-১১।
  8. ^ "Homage to Mir Mosharraf Hossain". The Daily Star.
  9. ^ Ahmed, Khandakar Shamim (2018) [2014]. Mir Mosharraf Hussain মীর মশাররফ হোসেন (in Bengali). Dhaka: Kathaprokash. p. 73. ISBN 984-70120-00321-3 Check |isbn= value: length (help).
  10. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain's epic Bengali novel on battle of Karbala now in English". The New Indian Express. PTI. 23 September 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.