Mir Mosharraf Hossain

Mir Mosharraf Hossain (Bengali: মীর মশাররফ হোসেন; 1847–1911) was a Bengali writer, novelist, playwright and essayist. He is considered to be the first major writer to emerge from the Muslim society of Bengal, and one of the finest prose writers in the Bengali language.[1][2][3] His magnum opus Bishad Sindhu (Ocean of Sorrow) is a popular classic among the Bengali readership.[4]


Mir Mosharraf Hossain
Mir mosharraf hossain.jpg
Native name
মীর মশাররফ হোসেন
BornMir Mosharraf Hossain
13 November 1847
Lahinipara, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died19 December 1911
Bil Padamdi, Bengal Presidency, British India
LanguageBengali
Notable worksBishadsindhu, Jamidar Darpan
SpousesAziz-un-Nesa, Bibi Kulsum

Early lifeEdit

Mir Mosharraf Hossain was born in the village of Lahinipara in Kumarkhali Thana under Kushtia District.[5] He spent most of his life at his ancestral Padamdi Nawab Estate in Baliakandi in erstwhile district of Faridpur (now part of Rajbari District). His widely accepted date of birth is 13 November 1847.[6] But some researchers also claim his date of birth is 26 October 1847.[7] His father was Nawab Syed Mir Moazzem Hossain, a Muslim aristocrat and the Zamindar of the Padamdi Nawab Estate. His mother was called Daulatunnesa Begum.[8]

Mosharraf Hossain learned Arabic and Persian with a teacher at home and then Bengali at a pathshala. He began his formal education at Kushtia School and then studied up to Class V at Krishnanagar Collegiate School. He was admitted to Kalighat School in Kolkata but could not complete his studies. Mosharraf Hossain began his career looking after his father's landed property. Later he served the Faridpur Padamdi Nawab Estate with relative Mir Nadir Hossain grandfather of Mir Tajrul Hossain whose son is Mir Muqtadir Hossain and, in 1885, the Delduar Zamindari Estate. He lived in Kolkata from 1903 to 1909.[2]

CareerEdit

While still a student, Mosharraf Hossain worked as a mofussil reporter for the Sangbad Prabhakar (1831) and Gram Barta Prokashika (1863). His literary career started here.[2]

Literary careerEdit

Syed Mir Mosharraf Hossain's magnum opus is Bishad Shindhu, depicting the tale of martyrdom of Hasan and Husayn in Karbala. He was one of the first Muslim writers to emerge from colonial British India. His other works include Jamidar Darpan (Reflections on Zamindars), a play on the plight of common people under the Zamindars (landlords installed by the British colonial government) and their struggle against them.[9]

His literary works were included in the curriculum of school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation level Bengali Literature in Bangladesh.[citation needed] Mir Mosharraf Hossain wrote his 'Jamidar Darpan' about the background of the peasant uprising against the landlords in Sirajganj 1872–73. He had always shown an active interest in the everyday life of his fellow countrymen. He assisted Rowshan Ali Chowdhury in publishing The Kohinoor monthly.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1865 he married Aziz-un-Nesa. His second wife was Bibi Kulsum married in 1874. He died on 19 December 1911.[11][12]

WorksEdit

NovelEdit

  • Ratnawati (1869)
  • Bishad Shindhu (1885–1890) Also translated into English and published in 2018[13]

DramaEdit

  • Basantakumari (1873)
  • Jamidar Darpan (1873)
  • Behula Gitavinoya (1889)
  • Niyoti Ki Abonoti (1898)

PoetryEdit

  • Gorai Bridge or Gouri Setu (1873)

EssayEdit

  • Gojibon

AutobiographicalEdit

  • Amar Jiboni (autobiography)
  • Bibi Kulsum

OthersEdit

  • Gazi Miar Bostani
  • Bajimat
  • Bibi Khodejar Bibaho
  • Hazrart Umarer Dharmo Jibon Labh
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-1
  • Musolmaner Bangla Shikhya-2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Murshid, Golam (2016). Hajar Bacharer Bangali Sangskriti হাজার বছরের বাঙালি সংস্কৃতি [Bengali Culture across the Millennia] (in Bengali). Dhaka: Abasar. p. 308. ISBN 978-984-415-190-1.
  2. ^ a b c Guha, Bimal (2012). "Hossain, Mir Mosharraf". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  3. ^ Syed, Abdul Mannan (2009). Bangla Sahitye Musalman বাংলা সাহিত্যে মুসলমান [Muslims in Bengali Literature] (in Bengali). Dhaka: Islamic Foundation. p. 20. ISBN 978-984-06-0478-4.
  4. ^ Zakaria, Saymon (2012). "Bisad-Sindhu". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain: A pioneering Bengali writer". The Independent. 1 June 2013. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  6. ^ ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ বন্দোপাধ্যায়: 'স্বর্ণকুমারী দেবী, মীর মশাররফ হোসেন'। সাহিত্য সাধক-চরিতমালা' : ২৮-২৯ সংখ্যক পুস্তিকা। পঞ্চম-সং: কলিকাতা, জৈষ্ঠ্য ১৩৬১. পৃষ্ঠা ৩১।
  7. ^ আবুল আহসান চৌধুরী. মীর মশাররফ হোসেন. জীবনী গ্রন্থমালা সিরিজ. বাংলা একাডেমী. ঢাকা. ১৯৯৩. পৃষ্ঠা-১১।
  8. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain's 172nd birth anniv being observed". Daily Sun. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  9. ^ "Jamidar Darpan By Mir Mosharraf Hossain - PDF Bangla Book". Retrieved 19 March 2021.
  10. ^ AKM Saifuzzaman (2012). "Chowdhury, Mohammad Rowshan Ali". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Homage to Mir Mosharraf Hossain". The Daily Star.
  12. ^ Ahmed, Khandakar Shamim (2018) [2014]. Mir Mosharraf Hussain মীর মশাররফ হোসেন (in Bengali). Dhaka: Kathaprokash. p. 73. ISBN 984-70120-00321-3 Check |isbn= value: length (help).
  13. ^ "Mir Mosharraf Hossain's epic Bengali novel on battle of Karbala now in English". The New Indian Express. PTI. 23 September 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.

External linksEdit