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Kushtia (Bengali: কুষ্টিয়া জেলা, pronunciation: kuʃʈia) is a district in the Khulna administrative division of western Bangladesh. Kushtia has existed as a separate district since the partition of India.[1] Prior to that, Kushtia was a part of Nadia District under Bengal Province of British India. Kushtia was the ancestral land of many famous people including Rabindranath Tagore, Lalon Fakir, S.I. Tutul etc.

Kushtia

কুষ্টিয়া
Hardinge Bridge, Padma River, Bangladesh4.jpg
Tagore Kuthibari.jpg
Entrance view of kuthibari, Shilaidah, Kushtia.jpg
Tomb of Lalon 11.jpg
Kushtia Municipality .jpg
Kushtia Jhadia IMG 6642.jpg
At the bank of gorai river kushtia - 1.jpg
Palki o beyara - 7.jpg
From top: Hardinge Bridge, Shilaidaha Kuthi Bari - residence of Rabindranath Tagore , Tomb of Lalon Fakir, Kushtia Municipality, Jhaudia Shahi Mosque, Gorai River and Palki monument
Location of Kushtia in Bangladesh
Location of Kushtia in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°55′11″N 89°13′12″E / 23.91985556°N 89.220030556°E / 23.91985556; 89.220030556Coordinates: 23°55′11″N 89°13′12″E / 23.91985556°N 89.220030556°E / 23.91985556; 89.220030556
Country Bangladesh
DivisionKhulna Division
Area
 • Total1,608.80 km2 (621.16 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,946,838
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
7000

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Shahi Mosque in Kushtia bears the sign of rich cultural heritage of the region from the Mughal period. Kushtia is the birthplace of many historical figures including Mir Mosharraf Hossain (1847–1912), Bagha Jatin (1879–1915) and Lalon Fakir (1774–1890). Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore lived his early life at Shelaidaha.

However, during the British rule Kushtia was not a separate district – it was a part of the Nadia district (now in West Bengal). A municipality was established in Kushtia in 1869.

Kushtia is a medieval township. A river port was developed in the district during the reign of Emperor Shahjahan. Although the British East India Company made extensive use of the port, it was not until indigo planters and traders settled there that the township began to grow. A railway connection was made in 1860 with Calcutta (now Kolkata), capital of British India, which made the town an alluring location for mills and factories, including the Jagneshwar Engineering Works (1896), Renwick and Company (1904), and the Mohini Mills (1919).[citation needed]

In 1860, the Indigo revolt spread throughout the Bengal province. Shalghar Madhua in Kushtia district was one of the forerunners in this movement.[1] It inspired all indigo farmers in Kushtia to refrain from paying government taxes.[1] Subsequently, with the publication of the Indigo Commission Report, an act was passed prohibiting coercion of cultivators for indigo cultivation and the measure led to the end of the movement.[2]

 
The tomb and shrine of Lalon Fakir is located in Kushtia.

During the Partition of India in 1947, three sub-divisions of Nadia district i.e.Kushtia, Chuadanga and Meherpur were detached and amalgated into new District of Kushtia in the then East Pakistan. The Bangladesh government later in 1984 divided Kushtia and Chuadanga and Meherpur became separate districts. The town once again became attractive for development in 1954 with the establishment of the Ganges-Kobadak Irrigation Project (also known as G-K Project) headquarters and a number of government offices. The G-K Project is a large surface-irrigation system, with the first crop under this project grown in 1962–63.[3]

The district of Kushtia had significant contribution to the Bangladesh Liberation War. A 147-member company of the 27th Baluch Regiment of the Pakistan army reached Kushtia on 25 March 1971 from its base at Jessore cantonment. They initially captured the local police station and settled an outpost there, but soon faced considerable resistance from a group of police, ansars, students and local people. By 1 April, the Pakistany army was completely overpowered and the Mukti Bahini took control of Kushtia.[4] Later on 17 April 1971 the Bangladesh Government in-exile formally announced Proclamation of Independence at Baidyanathtala.[5] Subsequently, battles between the Pakistan army and the rebels occurred at many places of the district including Bangshitala of Kumarkhali Upazila,[6] and Daulatpur Upazila.,[7]

After the independence of Bangladesh several different development projects were undertaken in the district of Kushtia. On 22 November 1979 the foundation stone of The Islamic University was laid at Shantidanga – Dulalpur under the districts of Kustia and Jhenidah. However, In 1982 the University was shifted to Gazipur and admission of students began in the session of 1985–86. Later, on 10 January 1990, the University shifted back to its original site at Shantidanga Dulalpur. In 1984, two subdivisions of Kushtia: Chuadanga[8] and Meherpur[9] were named separate districts.

GeographyEdit

Kushtia District has an area of 1608.80 square kilometres and is bounded by Rajshahi, Natore, Pabna districts to the North, by Chuadanga, Jhenaidah districts to the South, by Rajbari District to the East, and by West Bengal and Meherpur District to the West.

Ganges, Gôŗai-Modhumoti, Mathabhanga, Kaligônga, and Kumar are the main rivers flowing through the district. The average high temperature is 37.8 °C and the average low is 9.2 °C. Annual rainfall averages 1,467 millimetres.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Kushtia City Municipality House.

Kushtia was created as a district in 1947 with the partitioning of India. Initially, Kushtia consisted of the Kushtia, Chuadanga and Meherpur subdivisions. Each of these subdivisions was later converted to a separate district for ease of management. The Upazilas are:[1]

Kushtia has 5 municipalities. Among them 1 is city and 4 is town.

Kushtia municipality Area - 42.79 km2 Population - 410,149 Wards - 21

Kumarkhali municipality Area - 11 km2 Population 60,000 Wards - 9

Bheramara municipality Area - 10 km2 Population 50,000 Wards- 9

Mirpur municipality Area - 9.22 km2 Population 40,000 Wards - 9

Khoksa municipality Area - 12.38 km2 Population 45,000 Wards - 9

DemographicsEdit

According to 2011 Bangladesh census, Kushtia District had a population of 1,943,868. Males constituted 50.01% of the population and females 49.99. Muslims formed 97.02% of the population, Hindus 2.92%, Christians 0.01% and others 0.04%. Kushtia had a literacy rate of 46.33% for the population 7 years and above.[10]

In 2001, Kushtia District has a population of 1,740,155, of which 50.86% are male and 49.14% female. In terms of religion, 95.72% dwellers of Kushtia are Muslims, 4.22% follow Hinduism and other religions make up 0.06%. Religious institutions are mosques 3587, temples 185, churches 32.[1]

 
Tiler Khaja

EducationEdit

Kushtia/Jhenaidah is home to the Islamic University. Renowned throughout the entire country as a great educational institution.

Top 3 schools of Kushtia are :

  1. Kushtia Zilla School
  2. Kushtia Govt. Girls High School
  3. Police Line's School and College, Kushtia
 
Auditorium of Islamic University, Kushtia

TourismEdit

The Shilaidah Kuthibari is an ancestral mansion of the erstwhile Tagore Zamindari.The Kuthibari, located at Shilaidaha in Kumarkhali Upazila of the Kushtia district, is only 20 km from Kushtia town. Rabindaranath Tagore lived here for part of his life, and wrote many memorable poems there. The Kuthibari is now a museum, and is cared for by the Archaeological Department of Bangladesh.

The shrine of Lalon Fakir, the founder of the Baoul faith is located at Cheouria, about 2 km from the Kushtia railway station. You will have Famous Tiler Khaja [11] Factory at just beside the Milpara Rail Gate in Kushtia Town.

EconomyEdit

 
Railway station Kushtia Court

Historically, the region had fertile soil but during the British rule, Indigo used to be cultivated in the region, that's why now the region has poor soil. There is a large industry surrounding Jute. Which is where the name Kushtia comes from since the local name for Jute is Kushti (Bengali: কুষ্টি Pronunciation: Kuṣṭi). There are also numerous rice mills in the area. The economy of Kushtia is mainly dependent on both agriculture and industries.

Industries of KushtiaEdit

Kushtia is rich in various kinds of industries based on jute, metal, tobacco, textiles, wood, rice, agro etc. Many large scale industries are established at BSCIC industrial area in Kushtia sadar upazila. Kumarkhali upazila is a textile hub in kushtia district. Many textile and fabrics industries established in Kumarkhali BSCIC. There are 400(highest in the country) Auto rice mill in khazanagar area. About 70% processed rice are supplied from that area. An economic zone of 500 acres of land is ready to be set on Bheramara upazila.

No. of industries in Kushtia

Large scale industry - 39

Medium scale industry- 81

Small scale industry - 6,212

Handicrafts - 21,837
Notable industries in kushtia
  1. British American tobacco (they have 5 industries in Kushtia at different places)
  2. Nasir Tobacco
  3. The united Dhaka tobacco
  4. Global leaf tobacco
  5. Perfect tobacco
  6. BRB cables industries ltd.
  7. Kiam metal industries ltd.
  8. MRS industries ltd.
  9. BRB polymer industries ltd.
  10. BRB energy ltd.
  11. TPT cables industries ltd.
  12. Woodland plywood & particle board industries ltd.
  13. Joggeshwar engineering works ltd.
  14. Wrenwick and Joggeshwar Co.
  15. Kushtia sugar mills.
  16. Northern jute mills.
  17. Laxman jute mills
  18. Kushtia textile industries
  19. Eastern fabrics
  20. Bulbul textile industries
  21. Rana textile industries
  22. KNB agro industries
  23. M&B plywood industries
  24. Kushtia metal industries
  25. RHP metal industries
  26. Pias metal industries
  27. Rashid agro industries
  28. Healthcare pharmaceuticals
  29. Quality pharmaceuticals
  30. Modern plywood industries
  31. North Bengal plastic ltd.
  32. Bangladesh steel tubes industries ltd.
  33. Mohini mohon mills
  34. KNB energy ltd.
  35. Sumon PVC pipe industries ltd.
  36. East west chemicals industries ltd.
  37. Modern textile industries
  38. Shilaidah dairy
  39. Handloom processing industries
  40. Rashid mineral industries
  41. Fuji ice cream
  42. Minko flour industries ltd.
  43. Nasir printing and packaging industries ltd.
  44. Nasir leaf tobacco industries ltd.
  45. NBI ltd.
  46. Lalon shah flour industries
  47. Liton steel industries ltd.
  48. Monsur Tobacco
  49. Rocket match industries
  50. Two star match industries
  51. Heera textile industries
  52. Nurul textile industries ltd.
  53. Elora textile industries
Notable industrial group of Kushtia
  1. BRB group
  2. Nasir group
  3. KNB group
  4. Rashid group

MediaEdit

Numerous Bengali daily and weekly newspapers are published from Kushtia. There's also a Bengali TV channel broadcast in the region.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Nehal, SM Rakib (2012). "Kushtia District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Choudhury, Nurul Hossain (2012). "Indigo Resistance Movement". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ Chowdhury, Masud Hasan; Murshed, Sanzida (2012). "Ganges-Kobadak Irrigation Project". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Coggins, Dan (19 April 1971). "The Battle of Kushtia". Time Inc. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  5. ^ Miah, Sajahan (2012). "Proclamation of Independence". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ Tipu, Shiek Md Badrul Alam (2012). "Kumarkhali Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ Reza, Md. Salim (2012). "Daulatpur Upazila (Kushtia District)". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  8. ^ Ahmed, Rajib (2012). "Chuadanga District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  9. ^ Farooque, Md. Abu Hasan (2012). "Meherpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: Zila Report – Kushtia" (PDF). Table P01 : Household and Population by Sex and Residence, Table P05 : Population by Religion, Age group and Residence, Table P09 : Literacy of Population 7 Years & Above by Religion, Sex and Residence. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.thedailystar.net/country/khaja-kushtias-mouth-watering-sweet-1523083

External linksEdit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX