Districts of Bangladesh

The divisions of Bangladesh are divided into 64[1] districts or zila.[2] The downtown of a district is called a district city (Jela Shodor), which translates to "District Downtown". The districts are further subdivided into 492 sub-districts or upazila.[3]

Districts of Bangladesh

HistoryEdit

Before independence, Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) had 20 districts.

English spelling changeEdit

In April 2018, the government changed the English spelling of five districts to avoid inconsistencies in the Bengali and English spellings. The spellings have been changed from Bogra to Bogura, Barisal to Barishal, Jessore to Jashore, Chittagong to Chattogram and Comilla to Cumilla.[4]

AdministrationEdit

Deputy commissionerEdit

A deputy commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") is the executive head of the district. Deputy commissioners are appointed by the government from the deputy secretary BCS Administration Cadre.

District councilsEdit

A district council (or zila parishad) is a local government body at the district level.[5] The Bengali word parishad means council and zila parishad translates to district council.

The functions of a district council include construction and maintenance of roads, and bridges, building hospitals and dispensaries, schools and educational institutions, health facilities and sanitation, tube wells for drinking water, rest houses, and coordination of activities of the Union parishads within the district.

Timeline of creationEdit

1666
  • Chittagong district.[6]
1769
  • Rangpur District.[7]
1772
  • Rajshahi district.[8]
1772
  • Dhaka district.
  • Jashore district.[9]
3 January 1782
  • Sylhet district.[10]
1786
  • Dinajpur district.[11]
1787
  • Mymensingh district.[12]
1790
  • Comilla district.[13]
1797
  • Barisal district.[14]
1815
  • Faridpur district.[15]
1821
  • Noakhali district.[16]
  • Bogra district.[17]
1832
1860
  • Hill Tracts district is split from Chittagong district.[6]
1882
  • Khulna district.[19]
1947
  • Kushtia district.[20]
1969
  • Tangail district is split from Mymensingh district.[12]
  • Patuakhali district.[21]
1971
  • Dhaka Division: Dhaka district, Faridpur district, Mymensingh district, Tangail district
  • Chittagong Division: Hill Tracts district, Chittagong district, Comilla district, Noakhali district, Sylhet district, Cox's Bazar district
  • Rajshahi Division: Bogura district, Dinajpur district, Rajshahi district, Rangpur district, Pabna district
  • Khulna Division: Bakerganj district, Jashore district, Khulna district, Kushtia district, Patuakhali district
1978
  • Jamalpur district is split from Mymensingh district.[22][12]
1983
  • Joypurhat district was split from Bogra district.[17]
22 February 1984
  • Brahmanbaria district was split from Comilla district.[23]
  • Sirajganj district was split from Pabna district.[24]
  • Sherpur, Netrokona and Kishoreganj districts were split from Mymensingh district.[12]
  • Lakshmipur and Feni districts were split from Noakhali district.[25][26]
  • Sunamganj, Habiganj and Maulvibazar districts were split from Sylhet district.[10]
  • Thakurgaon and Panchagarh districts were split from Dinajpur district.[11]
1 March 1984
  • Cox's Bazar district.[27]

District listEdit

Bangladesh district list
District Bengali Division Established Population (2011)
in thousands[28]
Area (km2)[28]
Barguna District বরগুনা Barisal 1984 882 1831
Barisal District বরিশাল Barisal 1797 2291 2785
Bhola District ভোলা Barisal 1984 1758 3403
Jhalokati District ঝালকাঠি Barisal 1984 596 749
Patuakhali District পটুয়াখালী Barisal 1969 1517 3221
Pirojpur District পিরোজপুর Barisal 1984 1103 1308
Bandarban District বান্দরবান Chittagong 1981 383 4479
Brahmanbaria District ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া Chittagong 1984 2808 1927
Chandpur District চাঁদপুর Chittagong 1984 2393 1704
Chittagong District চট্টগ্রাম Chittagong 1666 7509 5283
Comilla District কুমিল্লা Chittagong 1790 5304 3085
Cox's Bazar District কক্সবাজার Chittagong 1984 2275 2492
Feni District ফেনী Chittagong 1984 1420 928
Khagrachhari District খাগড়াছড়ি Chittagong 1983 608 2700
Lakshmipur District লক্ষ্মীপুর Chittagong 1984 1711 1456
Noakhali District নোয়াখালী Chittagong 1821 3072 3601
Rangamati District রাঙ্গামাটি Chittagong 1983 596 6116
Dhaka District ঢাকা Dhaka 1772 11875 1464
Faridpur District ফরিদপুর Dhaka 1815 1867 2073
Gazipur District গাজীপুর Dhaka 1984 3333 1800
Gopalganj District গোপালগঞ্জ Dhaka 1984 1149 1490
Kishoreganj District কিশোরগঞ্জ Dhaka 1984 2853 2689
Madaripur District মাদারীপুর Dhaka 1984 1149 1145
Manikganj District মানিকগঞ্জ Dhaka 1984 1379 1379
Munshiganj District মুন্সিগঞ্জ Dhaka 1984 1420 955
Narayanganj District নারায়ণগঞ্জ Dhaka 1984 2897 700
Narsingdi District নরসিংদী Dhaka 1984 2202 1141
Rajbari District রাজবাড়ী Dhaka 1984 1040 1119
Shariatpur District শরীয়তপুর Dhaka 1984 1146 1182
Tangail District টাঙ্গাইল Dhaka 1969 3571 3414
Bagerhat District বাগেরহাট Khulna 1984 1461 3959
Chuadanga District চুয়াডাঙ্গা Khulna 1984 1123 1177
Jessore District যশোর Khulna 1781 2742 2567
Jhenaidah District ঝিনাইদহ Khulna 1984 1756 1961
Khulna District খুলনা Khulna 1882 2294 4394
Kushtia District কুষ্টিয়া Khulna 1947 1933 1601
Magura District মাগুরা Khulna 1984 913 1049
Meherpur District মেহেরপুর Khulna 1984 652 716
Narail District নড়াইল Khulna 1984 715 990
Satkhira District সাতক্ষীরা Khulna 1984 1973 3858
Jamalpur District জামালপুর Mymensingh 1978 2265 2032
Mymensingh District ময়মনসিংহ Mymensingh 1787 5042 4363
Netrokona District নেত্রকোণা Mymensingh 1984 2207 2810
Sherpur District শেরপুর Mymensingh 1984 1334 1364
Bogra District বগুড়া Rajshahi 1821 3371 2920
Joypurhat District জয়পুরহাট Rajshahi 1983 909 965
Naogaon District নওগাঁ Rajshahi 1984 2576 3436
Natore District নাটোর Rajshahi 1984 1696 1896
Chapainawabganj District চাঁপাইনবাবগঞ্জ Rajshahi 1984 1635 1703
Pabna District পাবনা Rajshahi 1832 2497 2372
Rajshahi District রাজশাহী Rajshahi 1772 2573 2407
Sirajganj District সিরাজগঞ্জ Rajshahi 1984 3072 2498
Dinajpur District দিনাজপুর Rangpur 1786 2970 3438
Gaibandha District গাইবান্ধা Rangpur 1984 2349 2179
Kurigram District কুড়িগ্রাম Rangpur 1984 2050 2296
Lalmonirhat District লালমনিরহাট Rangpur 1984 1249 1241
Nilphamari District নীলফামারী Rangpur 1984 1820 1580
Panchagarh District পঞ্চগড় Rangpur 1984 981 1405
Rangpur District রংপুর Rangpur 1772 2866 2368
Thakurgaon District ঠাকুরগাঁও Rangpur 1984 1380 1810
Habiganj District হবিগঞ্জ Sylhet 1984 2059 2637
Moulvibazar District মৌলভীবাজার Sylhet 1984 1902 2799
Sunamganj District সুনামগঞ্জ Sylhet 1984 2443 3670
Sylhet District সিলেট Sylhet 1782 3404 3490

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "People's Republic of Bangladesh". Bangladesh National Portal.
  2. ^ "Bangladesh - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Upazilla List". Bangladesh National Portal. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  4. ^ "English spelling of five districts changed". The Independent. Dhaka. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  5. ^ Kamal Siddiqui. "Local Government". In Sirajul Islam (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ a b Harun, Jasim (2012). "Chittagong District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ খান, শামসুজ্জামান (2014). আব্দুল জলিল, মুহম্মদ (ed.). বাংলাদেশ লোকজ সংস্কৃতি গ্রন্থমালা : রংপুর. বাংলা একাডেমি.
  8. ^ Rahman, Md. (2012). "Rajshahi District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  9. ^ Siddiqui, Mahibullah (2012). "Jashore District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  10. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Sylhet District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  11. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Dinajpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  12. ^ a b c d এক নজরে জেলা [District at a Glance]. Mymensingh District (in Bengali). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  13. ^ Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  14. ^ Islam, KAM (2012). "Barisal District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  15. ^ Reza, Masud (2012). "Faridpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  16. ^ Lipi, Jahanara (2012). "Noakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  17. ^ a b Haq, Md (2012). "Bogra District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  18. ^ Alam, Md (2012). "Pabna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  19. ^ Mallik, Sandipak (2012). "Khulna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  20. ^ "Kushtia District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  21. ^ Jerin, Iffat (2012). "Patuakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  22. ^ "Jamalpur District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Brahmanbaria District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Sirajganj District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Lakshmipur District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Feni District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  27. ^ Siddiqi, Mohammad (2012). "Cox's_Bazar District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  28. ^ a b "2011 Population & Housing Census: Preliminary Results" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2012.