Districts of Bangladesh

The divisions of Bangladesh are divided into 64[1] districts or zila.[2] The headquarters of a district is called a district seat (জেলা সদর/jela shodor). The districts are further subdivided into 495 subdistricts or upazilas.[3]

Districts of Bangladesh

History edit

Before independence, Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) had 19 districts.

English spelling change edit

In April 2018, the government changed the English spelling of five districts to avoid inconsistencies in the Bengali and English spellings and to make them consistent with the Bengali pronunciation. The spellings have been changed from Bogra to Bogura, Barisal to Barishal, Jessore to Jashore, Chittagong to Chattogram and Comilla to Cumilla.[4]

Administration edit

Deputy commissioner edit

A Deputy Commissioner (DC), popularly abbreviated to 'DC,' serves as the executive head of the district. Individuals appointed to the role are selected by the government from the Deputy Secretary BCS Administration Cadre.

District councils edit

A district council (or zila parishad) is a local government body at the district level.[5] The Bengali word parishad means council and zila parishad translates to district council.

The functions of a district council include the construction and maintenance of roads and bridges. They are also responsible for building hospitals, dispensaries, schools, and other educational institutions. In addition, district councils oversee health facilities and sanitation projects, as well as the installation of tube wells for drinking water. They also manage rest houses and coordinate activities among the Union Parishads within the district.

Timeline of creation edit

1666
1772
1781
1786
1787
1790
1797
1815
1821
1832
1860
1882
1947
1969
1971
  • Dhaka Division: Dhaka district, Faridpur district, Mymensingh district, Tangail district
  • Chittagong Division: Hill Tracts district, Chittagong district, Comilla district, Noakhali district, Sylhet district.
  • Rajshahi Division: Bogra district, Dinajpur district, Rajshahi district, Rangpur district, Pabna district.
  • Khulna Division: Barisal district, Jessore district, Khulna district, Kushtia district, Patuakhali district
1984
22 February
1 March

List of districts edit

District Division Established Area (km2)[27] Population (2022)[28] Density (/km2)[28]
Barguna Barisal 1984 1,831 1,010,530 552
Barishal 1797 2,785 2,570,450 923
Bhola 1984 3,403 1,932,514 568
Jhalokati 1984 707 661,161 935
Patuakhali 1969 3,221 1,727,254 536
Pirojpur 1984 1,278 1,198,193 938
Bandarban Chittagong 1981 4,479 481,109 107
Brahmanbaria 1984 1,881 3,306,559 1,758
Chandpur 1984 1,645 2,635,748 1,602
Chittagong 1666 5,283 9,169,464 1,736
Comilla 1790 3,146 6,212,216 1,974
Cox's Bazar 1984 2,492 2,823,265 1,133
Feni 1984 990 1,648,896 1,665
Khagrachhari 1983 2,749 714,119 260
Lakshmipur 1984 1,440 1,938,111 1,346
Noakhali 1821 3,686 3,625,252 984
Rangamati 1983 6,116 647,587 106
Dhaka Dhaka 1772 1,464 14,734,025 10,067
Faridpur 1815 2,053 2,162,876 1,054
Gazipur 1984 1,806 5,263,474 2,914
Gopalganj 1984 1,469 1,295,053 882
Kishoreganj 1984 2,689 3,267,630 1,215
Madaripur 1984 1,125 1,293,027 1,149
Manikganj 1984 1,384 1,558,024 1,126
Munshiganj 1984 1,004 1,625,418 1,618
Narayanganj 1984 684 3,909,138 5,712
Narsingdi 1984 1,150 2,584,452 2,247
Rajbari 1984 1,092 1,189,821 1,089
Shariatpur 1984 1,174 1,294,561 1,103
Tangail 1969 3,414 4,037,608 1,183
Bagerhat Khulna 1984 3,959 1,613,079 407
Chuadanga 1984 1,174 1,234,066 1,051
Jashore 1781 2,607 3,076,849 1,181
Jhenaidah 1984 1,965 1,771,304 902
Khulna 1882 4,394 2,613,385 595
Kushtia 1947 1,609 2,149,692 1,336
Magura 1984 1,039 1,033,115 994
Meherpur 1984 742 705,356 951
Narail 1984 968 788,673 815
Satkhira 1984 3,817 2,196,581 574
Jamalpur Mymensingh 1978 2,115 2,499,737 1,182
Mymensingh 1787 4,395 5,899,052 1,342
Netrokona 1984 2,794 2,324,856 832
Sherpur 1984 1,365 1,501,853 1,101
Bogura Rajshahi 1821 2,899 3,734,300 1,288
Joypurhat 1983 1,012 956,430 945
Naogaon 1984 3,436 2,784,598 811
Natore 1984 1,900 1,859,921 979
Chapai Nawabganj 1984 1,703 1,835,527 1,078
Pabna 1832 2,376 2,909,622 1,225
Rajshahi 1772 2,425 2,915,013 1,202
Sirajganj 1984 2,402 3,357,708 1,398
Dinajpur Rangpur 1786 3,444 3,315,238 963
Gaibandha 1984 2,115 2,562,232 1,212
Kurigram 1984 2,245 2,329,161 1,037
Lalmonirhat 1984 1,247 1,428,406 1,145
Nilphamari 1984 1,547 2,092,567 1,353
Panchagarh 1984 1,405 1,179,843 840
Rangpur 1772 2,401 3,169,615 1,320
Thakurgaon 1984 1,781 1,533,894 861
Habiganj Sylhet 1984 2,637 2,358,886 895
Moulvibazar 1984 2,799 2,123,445 759
Sunamganj 1984 3,747 2,695,495 719
Sylhet 1782 3,452 3,857,037 1,117
Total 147,556 164,924,071 82,892

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "People's Republic of Bangladesh". Bangladesh National Portal. Archived from the original on 7 September 2021. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Bangladesh - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 27 November 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Upazilla List". Bangladesh National Portal. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  4. ^ "English spelling of five districts changed". The Independent. Dhaka. 3 April 2018. Archived from the original on 20 November 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  5. ^ Kamal Siddiqui. "Local Government". In Sirajul Islam (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 6 November 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b Harun, Jasim (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Sylhet District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 25 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  8. ^ খান, শামসুজ্জামান (2014). আব্দুল জলিল, মুহম্মদ (ed.). বাংলাদেশ লোকজ সংস্কৃতি গ্রন্থমালা : রংপুর. বাংলা একাডেমি.
  9. ^ Mahbubar Rahman, Md. (2012). "Rajshahi District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 21 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  10. ^ Siddiqi, Mahibbullah (2012). "Jessore District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 18 May 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.
  11. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Dinajpur District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 4 September 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  12. ^ a b c এক নজরে জেলা [District at a Glance]. Mymensingh District (in Bengali). Archived from the original on 19 July 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  13. ^ Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 8 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  14. ^ Saiful Islam, KAM (2012). "Barisal District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 30 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  15. ^ Reza, Masud (2012). "Faridpur District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  16. ^ Lipi, Jahanara (2012). "Noakhali District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  17. ^ Nazmul Haq, Md (2012). "Bogra District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 29 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  18. ^ Shariful Alam, Md (2012). "Pabna District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 29 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  19. ^ Mallik, Sandipak (2012). "Khulna District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 11 April 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Kushtia District". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  21. ^ Jerin, Iffat (2012). "Patuakhali District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 5 June 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Brahmanbaria District". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Sirajganj District". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Lakshmipur District". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Feni District". Banglapedia. Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  26. ^ Siddiqi, Mahibbullah (2012). "Cox's_Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  27. ^ "Table 3.2.3: Area, Number of Household, Enumerated Population and Density with Rank by Division and Zila, 2011" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Population and Housing Census 2011 National Report - Volume 1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 2011. pp. 27–28. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 April 2022. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  28. ^ a b Population and Housing Census 2022: Preliminary Report. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. August 2022. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-984-35-2977-0. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2023.