Khulna District

The Khulna District (Bengali: খুলনা জেলা, Khulna Jela also Khulna Zila) is a district of Bangladesh. It is located in the Khulna Division, bordered on the north by the Jessore District and the Narail District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the east by the Bagerhat District, and on the west by the Satkhira District.[2] It was the very first sub-division of United Bengal Province established in 1842 under Jessore district. On 1 June 1882, by notification of the official gazette published from Kolkata, Khulna and Bagerhat sub-division of Jessore district and Satkhira sub-division of 24 Pargana district formed the new Zila 'Khulna'.

Khulna district
খুলনা জেলা
রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুরের শ্বশুরবাড়ি (সামনে থেকে).jpg
Bamboo caring via boat at poshur river - 1.jpg
Road side view at chalna, Khulna - 10.jpg
দশ গম্বুজ মসজিদ 4.jpg
রুপসা সেতু.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: House of Rabindranath Tagore's father-in-law, Bamboo transported on the Poshur, Ten Dome Mosque, Rupsa Bridge, View of fields near Chalna
Location of Khulna District in Bangladesh
Location of Khulna District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Khulna District
Coordinates: 22°21′N 89°18′E / 22.35°N 89.30°E / 22.35; 89.30
Country Bangladesh
DivisionKhulna Division
SeatDistrict council, Khulna
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Helal Hossain, PAA
 • Total4,389.11 km2 (1,694.64 sq mi)
 (2022 census)
 • Total2,613,385
 • Density600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total72.81%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
HDI (2019)0.690[1]
medium · 3rd of 20

Geography and climateEdit

Khulna District has a total area of 4,389.11 square kilometres (1,694.64 sq mi).[3] It borders Jessore District to the north, Narail District to the northeast, Bagerhat District to the east, the Bay of Bengal to the south, and Satkhira District to the west.[2]

Major rivers of Khulna District are the Rupsa (a continuation of the Bhairab and Atrai), Arpangachhia, Shibsa, Pasur, and the Koyra.[2]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 1,386,347—    
1981 1,771,101+3.56%
1991 2,010,643+1.28%
2001 2,378,971+1.70%
2011 2,318,527−0.26%

At the time of the 2011 census, Khulna district had a population of 2,318,527 of which 1,175,686 were males and 1,142,841 were females. Rural population was 1,540,939 (66.46%) while urban population was 777,588 (33.54%). Khulna had a literacy rate 60.14% for the population 7 years and above: 64.32% for males and 55.85% for females.[4]

Religion in Khulna district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent

76.63% of the population was Muslim and 22.68% Hindu at the time of the 2011 census. There was a small minority of Christians as well which was 0.66% of the population.[4]

Religion in present-day Khulna district[a]
Religion Population (1941)[5]: 86–87  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[4] Percentage (2011)
Hinduism   366,867 58.29% 525,727 22.68%
Islam   260,869 41.45% 1,776,749 76.63%
Christianity 786 0.12% 15,239 0.66%
Others [b] 896 0.14% 812 0.03%
Total Population 629,418 100% 2,318,527 100%

Khulna was a Hindu-majority part of Bangladesh before Partition, but during the massive riots in the 1950s and 60s most of the Hindus there fled to India. The population of Hindus and Christians has remained constant since 1981, but their absolute numbers have fallen massively.


The district contains educational institutions including:




See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Sadar subdivision of Khulna district, excluding territory in Sundarbans Forest thana (which is less than 7000 people for the entire district)
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database". Global Data Lab. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Sandipak Mallik (2012). "Khulna District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ "District Statistics 2011: Khulna" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Khulna" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  5. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI BENGAL PROVINCE" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.