The Khulna District (Bengali: খুলনা জেলা, Khulna Jela also Khulna Zila) is a district of Bangladesh. It is located in the Khulna Division, bordered on the north by the Jessore District and the Narail District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, on the east by the Bagerhat District, and on the west by the Satkhira District. It was the very first sub-division of United Bengal Province established in 1842 under Jessore district. On 1 June 1882, by notification of the official gazette published from Kolkata, Khulna and Bagerhat sub-division of Jessore district and Satkhira sub-division of 24 Pargana district formed the new Zila 'Khulna'.
|Coordinates: 22°21′N 89°18′E / 22.35°N 89.30°E|
|Seat||District council, Khulna|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Mohammad Helal Hossain, PAA|
|• Total||4,389.11 km2 (1,694.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+06:00 (BST)|
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Geography and climateEdit
Khulna District has a total area of 4,389.11 square kilometres (1,694.64 sq mi). It borders Jessore District to the north, Narail District to the northeast, Bagerhat District to the east, the Bay of Bengal to the south, and Satkhira District to the west.
Major rivers of Khulna District are the Rupsa (a continuation of the Bhairab and Atrai), Arpangachhia, Shibsa, Pasur, and the Koyra.
At the time of the 2011 census, Khulna district had a population of 2,318,527 of which 1,175,686 were males and 1,142,841 were females. Rural population was 1,540,939 (66.46%) while urban population was 777,588 (33.54%). Khulna had a literacy rate 60.14% for the population 7 years and above: 64.32% for males and 55.85% for females.
|Religion in Khulna district (2011)|
76.63% of the population was Muslim and 22.68% Hindu at the time of the 2011 census. There was a small minority of Christians as well which was 0.66% of the population.
|Religion||Population (1941): 86–87||Percentage (1941)||Population (2011)||Percentage (2011)|
Khulna was a Hindu-majority part of Bangladesh before Partition, but during the massive riots in the 1950s and 60s most of the Hindus there fled to India. The population of Hindus and Christians has remained constant since 1981, but their absolute numbers have fallen massively.
The district contains educational institutions including:
- Government Coronation Secondary Girls' School
- Government Daulatpur Muhsin High School
- Khulna Zilla School
- Govt Majid Memorial City College
- Khulna Government Model School and Collage
- Khulna Medical College
- Khulna Collectorate Public School and College
- ^ Sadar subdivision of Khulna district, excluding territory in Sundarbans Forest thana (which is less than 7000 people for the entire district)
- ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database". Global Data Lab. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
- ^ a b c Sandipak Mallik (2012). "Khulna District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- ^ "District Statistics 2011: Khulna" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- ^ a b c d e "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Khulna" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
- ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI BENGAL PROVINCE" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.