Sunamganj District

Sunamganj (Bengali: সুনামগঞ্জ) is a district located in north-eastern Bangladesh within the Sylhet Division.[3]

Sunamganj

সুনামগঞ্জ
Sunamganj District
Location of Sunamganj District in Bangladesh
Location of Sunamganj District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Sunamganj District
Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761Coordinates: 25°01′51″N 91°24′14″E / 25.030869°N 91.403761°E / 25.030869; 91.403761
Country Bangladesh
DivisionSylhet Division
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Abdul Ahad [1]
Area
 • Total3,669.58 km2 (1,416.83 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,467,968
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sunamganji, Shunamgonji, Shunamgoinji
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
3000
HDI (2018)0.535[2]
low · 21st of 21
Websitewww.sunamganj.gov.bd

HistoryEdit

Classic periodEdit

In the ancient period, Sunamganj was part of the Laur Kingdom. After the conquest of Sylhet (Kingdom of Gauiurh ) in 1303 by Muslims under the spiritual guidance of Shah Jalal, Shah Kamal Quhafa established a capital in Shaharpara with the aid of his twelve disciples and his second son, Shah Muazzam Uddin Qureshi, who also maintained a second sub-administration office at Nizgaon on the bank of the river Surma, present day Shologhar (there is now Shologhar Masjid and madrasa) in Sunamganj town, which was administered by one of his descendants. Between the latter part of 1300 CE and 1765 CE, the present-day Sunamganj district was a part of Iqlim-e-Muazzamabad, i.e. the state of Muazzamabad, which was an independent state until 1620 when it was conquered by the mighty Mughal of Delhi. The last sultan of Muazzamabad was Hamid Qureshi Khan, who was a descendant of Shah Kamal Quhafah and he was widely known by his appellation of Shamsher Khan. After the fall of Jalalabad (present-day Sylhet), Shamsher Khan, accepted the post of Nawab-cum-Fauzadar and remained so until his death at the Battle of Giria on 29 April 1740 along with Sarfaraz Khan, Nawab of Bengal.[4]

AdministrationEdit

DistrictEdit

District Administrator is appointed from amongst non-civil servants, usually from amongst the member of political party that is in power at the time of appointment and endorsed by the central government. Deputy Commissioner is appointed from amongst career civil servants, who administers all subordinate branches of the administration such as upazillah parishad[5] Mr.Black was the first district commissioner of Sunamganj.[6]

SubdistrictsEdit

Sunamganj District comprises 11 sub-districts or Upazilas:

During the late British colonial period, Sunamganj was a subdivision and contained six thanas; Sunamganj Sadar, Tahirpur, Chhatak (inc. Duarabazar), Derai, Jagannathpur and Dharmapasa.[7]

 
Beautiful Sunamganj
 
Beautiful Sunamganj
 
Beautiful Tanguar Haor

HealthcareEdit

The district has 12 government hospitals and 22 health centers. The infant mortality rate is 62 per 1000 child births.The average lifespan of the district's residents is 62 years.[6]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

[10]

  1. ^ pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/dclist.php
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  3. ^ Ashfaq Hossain (2012). "Sunamganj District". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  4. ^ Ali, Syed Murtaja, Hazrat Shah Jalal and Sylheter Itihas, 66: 1988
  5. ^ "Cabinet Division – Bangladesh – List of the Deputy Commissioners". Cabinet.gov.bd. Archived from the original on December 22, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  6. ^ a b http://www.sunamganj.gov.bd/site/page/35710fc2-0757-11e7-a6c5-286ed488c766/%E0%A6%8F%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%87-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A7%81%E0%A6%A8%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%AE%E0%A6%97%E0%A6%9E%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%9C/
  7. ^ Assam District Gazetteers - Supplement. 2. Shillong. 1915. p. 26.
  8. ^ Zahangir Alom (September 7, 2014). "Sunset Of A Music Maestro". The Daily Star.
  9. ^ একুশে পদক পাচ্ছেন সুনামগঞ্জের সুষমা দাস. sunamkantha.com (in Bengali). February 14, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  10. ^ বিপ্লবী বামপন্থী মানিকদা (in Bengali).