Chittagong District

Chittagong District, officially known as Chattogram District,[2] is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The port city of Chittagong, second largest city in Bangladesh, is located in this district.

Chittagong District

চট্টগ্রাম জেলা
Chattogram District
Expandable map of Chittagong District
Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
Area
 • Total5,282.92 km2 (2,039.75 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total7,616,352
 • Rank2
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total43.2%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
HDI (2018)0.648[1]
medium · 4th of 21
Websitechittagong.gov.bd

HistoryEdit

Because of the natural harbour, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal Army under Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666.Chittagong is the 2nd largest district in Bangladesh. The very ancient and 1st district of chittagong in Bangladesh. On behalf of population density Chittagong district is 2nd largest after Dhaka district. So, it is say that Chattogram district always hold the ranking position in Bangladesh. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860.In 1947, Chittagong came under Pakistan and became part a district of East Pakistan. Port of Chittagong was a big spot for exports and imports of Pakistan. After the liberation of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar District was separated in 1984.[3]

AdministrationEdit

  • Administrator of Zila Porishod: M A Salam[4]
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Elius Hossain [5]

SubdivisionsEdit

There are 15 upazilas[6] and 15 thanas[7] (the latter under Chittagong Municipal area) within Chittagong District.

The upazilas are:

The thanas are:

ReligionEdit

Chittagong District has 13,148 mosques, 1025 Hindu temples, 535 Buddhist temples and 192 churches. Fakira Mosque in Hathazari, Musa Khan Mosque, Kura Katni Mosque, Hashimpur Kadam Rasool Mosque in Chandanaish, the 16th century Kala Mosques, Chhuti Khan Mosque, Kadam Mobara Mosque, Andar Killah Mosque, Bakshi Hamid Mosque of Bashkhali, and East Gomdandi Chowdhury Para Old Mosque of Boalkhali are famous mosques in Chittagong. Also Badar Awlia Dargah is a tomb in Chittagong.[9]

EducationEdit

Colleges

Universities

Medical colleges

Notable persons (Chittagonians)Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  3. ^ Mohammad Mahibbullah Siddiqi (2012). "Cox's Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". The Daily Star.
  5. ^ "মো. ইলিয়াস হোসেন চট্টগ্রাম বিভাগের শ্রেষ্ঠ জেলা প্রশাসক". Chattogram Pratidin (in Bengali). 27 January 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  6. ^ Jasim Uddin Harun (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ "Home Minister to launch 4 new thanas in Ctg tomorrow". The Financial Express. 29 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Karnaphuli becomes Bangladesh's 490th Upazila". bdnews24.com. 9 May 2016.
  9. ^ "চট্টগ্রামের সবচেয়ে প্রাচীন ইমারত". প্রথম আলো (in Bengali). Retrieved 5 July 2020.

External linksEdit