Open main menu

Chittagonian or Chatgaya, also Satgaya (চাঁটগাঁইয়া) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of Chittagong in Bangladesh, and in much of the southeast of the country. It is closely related to Bengali and is often considered to be a nonstandard dialect of Bengali, but the two are not mutually intelligible.[4] It is estimated (2009) that Chittagonian has 13–16 million speakers, principally in Bangladesh.[5]

চাঁটগাঁইয়া sãṭgãiya
Native toBangladesh
Native speakers
13 million (2006)[1]
to 16 million (2007)[2]
Bengali-Assamese script, Latin script, Arabic Script
Language codes
ISO 639-3ctg
  Chittagonian Language speaking area


Chittagonian is a member of the Bengali-Assamese sub-branch of the Eastern group of Indo-Aryan languages, a branch of the wider Indo-European language family. Its sister languages include Sylheti, Rohingya, Chakma, Assamese, and Bengali. It is derived through an Eastern Middle Indo-Aryan from Old Indo-Aryan, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European.[6]

Writing systemEdit

Historically Arabic script was used for writting system. The Bengali script is the most common script used nowadays.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Chittagonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Chittagonian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ "Chittagonian A language of Bangladesh". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Summary by language size". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  6. ^ Ethnologue (2005). "Chittagonian, a language of Bangladesh". Archived from the original on 24 February 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2007. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Chittagonian language at Wikimedia Commons