Feni District

Feni is a district located in southeastern Bangladesh. It was a part of the Greater Noakhali, Comilla, Chittagong and Tripura. As of 2011, the district's estimated population stood at 1,437,371, making it the ninth-most populous district in Chittagong Division. The administrative hub of the district is in Feni City, which also serves as the headquarters of Feni Sadar Upazila in the central section of the district. The original name of the district was Shamshernagar, which served as a mahakuma under the district of Noakhali (greater part), Comilla (few part) and Chittagong District (at rest) until 6 December 1984.[2] It is the 64th Number Districts of Bangladesh. The district consists of six sub-districts: Sonagazi, Fulgazi, Parshuram, Daganbhuiyan, Chhagalnaiya and Feni Sadar.

Asgar Ali Chowdhury Mosque.JPG
Beautiful Sharshadi Shahi Mosque.jpg
Chandgaji Bhuiyan Mosque 12.jpg
Beautiful Mohammad Ali chowdhury mosque 2.jpg
Wind electricity-Muhuri Project.jpg
সোনাগাজী মুহুরী সেচ প্রকল্প, ফেনী.JPG
Feni ShathMoth MG 3800.jpg
From top: Asgar Ali Chowdhury Mosque, Sharshadi Shahi Mosque, Chandgaji Bhuiyan Mosque, Mohammad Ali chowdhury mosque, Wind electricity-Muhuri Project and Feni ShathMoth
Location of Feni District within Bangladesh
Location of Feni District within Bangladesh
Expandable map of Feni District
Coordinates: 23°00′N 91°24′E / 23.000°N 91.400°E / 23.000; 91.400Coordinates: 23°00′N 91°24′E / 23.000°N 91.400°E / 23.000; 91.400
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
Formed15 February 1980 (proposed)
6 December 1984 (finally established as 64th District)
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Wahiduzzaman
 • Total928.34 km2 (358.43 sq mi)
 • Metro
197.33 km2 (76.19 sq mi)
 • Total1,437,371
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total59.60%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
HDI (2018)0.596[1]
medium · 11th of 21
Calling code0331
Notable sport teamsFeni SC
WebsiteOfficial Website


In the opinion of most historians,[who?] the area of this district is more ancient than the other areas of the greater Noakhali region. Many archaeological antiquities were found in this district which proves the claim. In ancient times, maximum area of the Noakhali region was under water except this area.

Before 1984, it was a mahakuma of Noakhali district. In 1872–74, Amirgaon thana which was established by the Mughals was facing river erosion. Then it was moved to Khaiarat which was situated by the river Feni. Then this area was known as Feni because of the river. It was established as a mahakuma with three thanas named Mirsarai, Chhagalnaiya and Amirgaon in 1875. Later, Mirsarai was included in Chittagong District. In 1976, a new mahakuma was established and the Khaiarat thana was moved to this new mahakuma and the mahakuma was named Feni. The first headquarter of the mahakuma was in Amirgaon thana. It was moved to Feni in 1881. During the administrative reconstruction in 1984, all the mahakumas were upgraded to districts and Feni became one of them.[3]


The name "Feni" was derived from Feni river. The name "Feni" ( ফেনী in Bengali language) can be found in the literary works of poets during the 16th century as river stream and as a ghat for ferry crossing. Kbindra Parameshwar used the word describing the description of Paragalpur. In 17th century, in the Persian book "Baharistan-i-Ghaibi" , written by Mirza Nathan the word "Feni" became "Feni". In the literary works of poets, the word was used as a river.[3]


Feni has a total area of 928.34 km2. It has boundaries with Comilla District and Tripura state of India in the north, Chittagong District and Bay of Bengal in the south, Chittagong District and Tripura state in the east and Noakhali District in the west. Feni District has 6 upazilas and 43 unions. Feni, Mahuri, Kuhuri, Silonia and Kalidas Pahalia river are some of the major rivers of the district. Total forest area in the district is 2179.22 hectares.[4][5]


Feni District has 6 upazilas, 6 thanas, 5 municipalities, 43 unions, 564 villages and 540 mouzas.[6][7]

Name of Upazila Area (Square k.m) Headquarter Union Population
Feni Sadar Upazila 197.33 Feni 12 404,498
Daganbhuiyan Upazila 165.84 Daganbhuiyan 8 225,464
Chhagalnaiya Upazila 133.49 Chhagalnaiya 6 170,524
Sonagazi Upazila 205.07 Sonagazi 9 235,229
Parshuram Upazila 97.57 Parshuram 3 94,378
Fulgazi Upazila 99.03 Fulgazi 6 110,291


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 760,015—    
1981 898,851+2.43%
1991 1,096,745+2.01%
2001 1,240,384+1.24%
2011 1,437,371+1.48%

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Feni District had a population of 1,437,371, of which 694,128 were males and 743,243 females. Rural population was 1,143,629 (79.56%) while the urban population was 293,742 (20.44%). Feni district had a literacy rate of 59.63% for the population 7 years and above: 61.11% for males and 58.28% for females.[8]

Religions in Feni district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Majority of the people of this area are Muslim. 94.12% are Muslims, 5.83% Hindus.[5][6] The population density is about 1451 people per square kilometer.[9]


The main occupation of the people of the district are agriculture & Foreign Remittance. The main source of incomes are: agriculture 21%, non-agricultural labourer 2.57%, industry 35%, commerce 15.98%, transport and communication 4.66%, construction 1.86%, religious service 0.43%, rent and remittance 11.53% and others 12.19%. There are two industrial areas in this district. Total number of heavy industries are 4, medium industries are 17, small industries are 826 and cottage industries are 3419. There is a gas field in Dhalia union of Feni sadar area. Total area of agriculture land is 75,922 hectares and arable land is 74,720 hectare.[5][6]


The literacy rate of the district is 59.60%. There are many of degree college, 10 higher secondary colleges, one girls' cadet college, one polytechnic institute, one computer institute, 155 high schools, 19 junior secondary schools, 97 madrasas, one teachers training college, one primary teacher's training institute and 528 government primary schools. Major educational institutions are:

Diploma Institute
High School
  • Aftab bibi Fazil Madrasah


There are one modern government general hospital, 5 upazila health complexes, one heart foundation hospital, one diabetic hospital, one chest disease clinic (Tuberculosis), one trauma center, one mother and child care center, one nursing training institute, 19 union health centers, 33 union family care centers and 114 community clinics.[5]

There was a private medical college named Feni Medical College from 1997 to 2004.


There is direct connection to the district from Dhaka. Total length of national highway is 31 km (Dhaka-Chittagong) and 20 km (Feni-Noakhali). Total length of concrete road is 1044.85 km, half-concrete road is 87.96 km and dirt road is 2,132.96 km. Star line travels, S. Alam travels, Keya travels, Saudia travels, Shyamoli travels, Sohag travels, Unique travels, Green Line travels etc. are major inter-division bus travel agencies.

Mahanagar Pravati, Paharika, Meghna, Udayan, Mahanagar Godhuli. Turnanishitha, Chattagram Mail, Karnaphuli, Jalalabad, Sagarika and Mymensingh Express are the trains servicing the district to travel various district.[10]

Member of the 11th parliamentEdit


Seat Name of MP Political Party
Feni-1 Shirin Akhter Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal
Feni-2 Nizam Uddin Hazari Bangladesh Awami League
Feni-3 Masud Uddin Chowdhury Jatiya Party

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  2. ^ Sultan, Tipu (2012). "Feni District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ a b "History of district". Bangladesh national portal. Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
  4. ^ "Rivers of district". Bangladesh national portal.
  5. ^ a b c d "District at a glance". Bangladesh national portal.
  6. ^ a b c "Feni District". Banglapedia.
  7. ^ প্রশাসনিক কাঠামো. feni.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 14 April 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Feni" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  9. ^ "এক নজরে ফেনী জেলা - ফেনী জেলা-". www.feni.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 2018-06-02.
  10. ^ "Transportation of district". Bangladesh national portal.
  11. ^ "List of 11th parliament member of Bangladesh". Bangladesh national parliament.
  12. ^ a b c d e f প্রখ্যাত ব্যক্তিত্ব [Eminent personalities]. Bangladesh National Portal.

External linksEdit