Fulgazi Upazila

Fulgazi (Bengali: ফুলগাজী), also spelt Phulgazi,[1] is an upazila of the Feni District, located in Bangladesh's Chittagong Division. It is best known as the home upazila of Khaleda Zia, a former Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

Fulgazi
ফুলগাজী
Fulgazi is located in Bangladesh
Fulgazi
Fulgazi
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°08′N 91°26′E / 23.133°N 91.433°E / 23.133; 91.433Coordinates: 23°08′N 91°26′E / 23.133°N 91.433°E / 23.133; 91.433
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
DistrictFeni District
Thana1975
Upazila5 November 2002
Named forPhulgazi Muhammad Khan Majumdar
Government
 • MP (Feni-1)Shirin Akhter
 • Upazila ChairmanMuhammad Abdul Alim Gosaipuri
Area
 • Total99.03 km2 (38.24 sq mi)
Population
 (1991)
 • Total103,426
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Websitefulgazi.feni.gov.bd

HistoryEdit

 
The village of South Sripur in Fulgazi.

In circa 1553, a merchant from the Middle East known as Murad Khan settled in Chittagong, but due to devastating floods, later migrated to modern-day Sripur in Fulgazi. He left behind four sons; Nahar Muhammad Khan, Tahir Muhammad Khan, Phul Muhammad Khan and Arif Muhammad Khan. Phul Muhammad Khan fought under Shamsher Ghazi against the Twipra Kingdom, and himself gained the title of Ghazi. The area came to be known as Phulgazi, or Fulgazi, after Phul Muhammad Khan. In 1701/1701 (1111 in the Tripuri calendar), Nahar Muhammad Khan built a large reservoir in his palace. To the west of the reservoir, the family built a three-domed mosque which is now known as the Sripur Jami Mosque and continues to be used today. The Maharaja of Tripura signed a peace treaty with Shamsher Gazi and his forces which included Nahar and Phulgazi. The treaty mentioned that Nahar received 80 droṇ of revenue-free land, 14 zamindari mouzas and the title of Majumdar. These 14 mouzas make up the modern-day Fulgazi Union.[2]

Out of his five sons, Nahar Muhammad Khan Majumdar was succeeded by his eldest son - Azgar Ali Majumdar. He also had five sons; Aqamat Ali Majumdar, Hashmat Ali Majumdar, Bashrat Ali Majumdar (father of two), Salamat Ali Majumdar and Mafizul Islam Majumdar. Hashmat had five sons; Tufazzal Husayn Majumdar, Tabarak Husayn Majumdar, Muhammad Sadiq Majumdar, Vilayat Husayn Majumdar and Mazharul Husayn Majumdar. The latter was also known as Muzzammil Ali and became a Sufi pir by the sobriquet of Pir Pagla Dervish (died November 1975). Aqamat had no sons and Mafizul died before getting married and so Salamat was Azgar's heir. Salamat had 7 sons; most notably Muqaddas Ali Majumdar and Iskandar Ali Majumdar.[2] Iskandar was a wealthy tea-businessman who was married to Taiyaba Majumder and eventually migrated to Dinajpur. They had four children, most notably Khaleda Zia; who would become the Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1991.[3]

During the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, Fulgazi was under Sector 2 commanded by Khaled Mosharraf and later ATM Haider. On 10 June, the Mukti Bahini shot 50 Pakistani forces dead while they were crossing the Bandhua Bridge in Fulgazi. The area was liberated on 6 December.[1] A thana (police station) was established in Fulgazi in 1975.

A deadly tornado in Fulgazi and surrounding areas led to around 200 deaths on 12 April 1981.[4] On 2 June 2002, Fulgazi thana was upgraded to a sub-district by gaining 6 union councils from Parshuram Upazila. The transfer was inaugurated by Prime Minister Khaleda Zia on 5 November. The 1998 floods caused heavy damages to Fulgazi's settlements, crops, livestock and other properties.

On 20 May 2014, Ekramul Haque, inaugural chairman of Fulgazi Upazila was shot and burnt alive at 45 years of age.[5] Some have accused Joynal Hazari, an Awami League MP to have had some sort of involvement in the murder; though it remains one of Bangladesh's unresolved murder cases.[6][5][7] Haque was succeeded as chairman by Muhammad Abdul Alim of Gosaipur.

GeographyEdit

Fulgazi has an area of 99.03 square kilometers. It is situated in the northern part of Feni. The rivers Muhuri, Selonia, and Kahuya flow through the area. It is bordered by Tripura to its east, Parshuram to its north and Feni Sadar to its south. Fulgazi is approximately 130 kilometres from the capital, Dhaka. Munshirhat is one of the big market place of Fulgazi. Prarashuram lies on the north on the other hand Chagalnaiya is on its south. Fulgazi lies on a flood plain and a fertile land. Since Fulgazi lies on a floodplain, it has water readily available for the irrigation of rice plantations and fish farming. Selonia channel and Muhuri river runs through Fulgazi from India on the north. The climate of Fulgazi is tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October). During the summers and monsoon season of Bangladesh, rivers at Fulgazi overflow causing damages to the flood embankment and rice crops by flooding and making access to Fulgazi difficult by road, resulting in famine. A non functional rail track runs through this sub-district.

Economy and tourismEdit

The Sripur Jami Mosque built in the 1700s is regarded as part of Fulgazi's architectural heritage and is one of the 286 mosques in the sub-district.[1]

AdministrationEdit

 
A map of the Fulgazi sub-district.

Fulgazi Upazila was split off from Parshuram Upazila in 2002.

Fulgazi Upazila is divided into six union parishads: Amzadhat, Anandopur, Dorbarpur, Fulgazi, G.M. Hat, and Munshirhat. The union parishads are subdivided into 85 villages.[8]

ChairmenEdit

 
Dakkhin Sripur village.
List of chairmen
Number Name Term
01 Ekramul Haque 2002-2014
02 Muhammad Abdul Alim Gosaipuri 2014–present

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Hussain, Dildar (2012). "Phulgazi Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b Z. A. Tofayell (1991). Bāṅmaẏa Bāṅgāli (in Bengali). Pān̐cagām̐o Prakāśanī. pp. 5–6.
  3. ^ একনজরে খালেদা জিয়া. Jugantor (in Bengali). 2018-02-08. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  4. ^ *Finch, Jonathan D. "List of 86 tornados in Bengal for 1838-2001". Accessed June 15, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Feni upazila chairman shot, burnt alive". The Daily Star. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
  6. ^ "Same Old Feni". The Daily Star. 2015-06-29. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  7. ^ "Joynal Hazari involved in Ekram murder: Nijam | Business News 24 BD". businessnews24bd.com. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  8. ^ "District Statistics 2011: Feni" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.