Jatiya Party (Ershad)

The Jatiya Party (Bengali: জাতীয় পার্টি, romanizedJatiyo Party, lit.'National Party') is a conservative,[4] nationalist political party in Bangladesh[5] and is currently the main opposition in the Jatiya Sangsad, against the Awami League. The current chairman of the party is Ghulam Muhammad Quader. On 3 January 2019, the party announced its decision to join the Bangladesh Awami League-led Grand Alliance after having been in opposition for the previous parliamentary term.[6] However, the party backtracked the next day and announced that it intended to remain part of the opposition.[7] Currently, it holds Rangpur out of Bangladesh's 12 city corporations.[8]

Jatiya Party
জাতীয় পার্টি
National Party
LeaderRowshan Ershad
(Leader of the Opposition)
ChairmanGM Quader[1]
General SecretaryMujibul Haque
FounderHussain Muhd. Ershad
Founded1 January 1986
(36 years ago)
Headquarters66, Pioneer Road, Kakrail, Dhaka-1000[1]
Student wingJatiya Chatra Samaj
Youth wingJatiya Jubo Sanghoti
IdeologyBangladeshi nationalism
Social Conservatism
Political positionCentre-right to Right-wing[3]
Seats in Jatiya Sangsad
26 / 350
Mayors in the City Corporations
1 / 12


The party was established by a retired army officer, Hussain Mohammad Ershad on 1 January 1986. He was the Chief of Army Staff of Bangladesh Army. He had seized power through a coup d'état on 24 March 1982. He ruled the country as chief martial law administrator till December 1983. Politics was banned during the state of emergency imposed by Ershad, when Justice A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury was appointed President of Bangladesh. The Janadal Party was formed under the leadership of A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury, through Ershads declaration of the 19-point programme on 17 March 1983.[9]

Chowdhury announced the formation of Janadal on 27 November 1983. Chowdhury was the convenor and MA Matin as general secretary. When Ershad became president, Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury was named chairman and Riazuddin Ahmed (also known as Bhola Mia, in his area) the general secretary. Ershad formed a second political party, Jatiya Front, under the Bangladesh Nationalist Party politician Shah Azizur Rahman, with members of Janadal and Muslim League, the Ganatantri Dal, United Peoples Party. Moudud Ahmed, and Anwar Hossain Manju joined Jatiya Front. The front was dissolved in six months and a new political party called Jatiya Party was formed on 1 January 1986 with Ershad as its chairman.[9]

On 7 May 1986 elections, the Jatiya Party won 153 seats in the national elections. The election was viewed as neither neutral nor fair. On 15 October 1986, Ershad was elected President of Bangladesh. Protests for democracy gained momentum in 1987. Consequently, Ershad dissolved the Jatiya Sangsad on 6 December 1987. In the elections for the fourth Jatiya Sangsad held on 3 March 1988, the Jatiya Party secured 251 seats, while other major political parties, including the BNP and the Awami League, boycotted the election. Ershad resigned in December 1990 in the face of rising protest and international pressure.[9]

Ershad handed power over to Justice Shahabuddin Ahmed, on 6 December 1991. Ershad was arrested, and his deputy, Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury became the acting chairman. On 27 February 1991 national election, the Jatiya Party won the third largest number of seats, 35 seats in the parliament. Jatiya Party won 32 seats in the parliamentary elections held on 12 June 1996 under the caretaker government (CTG). Jatiya Party joined the Bangladesh Awami League led cabinet. Anwar Hossain Manju, the secretary general of Jatiya, was included in the cabinet of Sheikh Hasina as Minister of Communication. Jatiya party splintered in three groups by 2000, this fraction was led by General Ershad, another led by Anwar Hossain Manju and Bangladesh Jatiya Party led by Naziur Rahman Manzur. In the 2001 parliamentary election the fraction led by Ershad won 14 seats, while the fraction led by Anwar Hossain won one seat.[9] 2014 Election was a controversial election for Jatiya Party where Ershad's spokesperson Bobby Hajjaj publicly declared that Jatiya Party would not participate in the election. After the 2014 election, Ershad became the special envoy of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in the Bangladesh Awami League led government. Jatiya Party became the opposition party and Rowshan Ershad, Ershad's wife, became the leader of the opposition.[10] Despite being in the opposition party some leaders of Jatiya Party are also in the government cabinet.[11] In January 2016, Ershad's brother, GM Quader, was made vice chairman of the party.[12] In April 2016 Ershad appointed Rowshan as the vice-chairman of the party.[13] In March 2017, Ershad indicated he might form a new political alliance with 14 other parties.[14][15] For the next general election however, the Jatiya Party under HM Ershad formed a 58 party grand alliance of its own. Of the 58 parties, only Jatiya Party and Bangladesh Islamic Front have registration with the election commission as of 2017.[16]

Student frontEdit

Jatiya Chatra Samaj is the student front of the party. It had celebrated Ershad's birthday in Madhu's Canteen at Dhaka University in March 2017, the same location in which pro-democracy protests against Ershad were organised during his rule.[17]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1985 (referendum) Hussain Muhammad Ershad 32,661,233 94.5% Elected  Y
1986 21,795,337 84.1% Elected  Y

Jatiya Sangsad electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1986 Hussain Muhammad Ershad 12,079,259 42.3%
153 / 300
  153   1st Government
1988 17,680,133 68.4%
251 / 300
  98   1st Government
1991 4,063,537 11.9%
35 / 300
  216   3rd Opposition
1996 (Feb) Boycotted
0 / 300
  35 Extra-parliamentary
1996 6,954,981 16.4%
32 / 300
  32   3rd Coalition Government
2001 4,023,962 7.22%
14 / 300
  18   3rd Opposition
2008 4,867,377 7.0%
27 / 300
  13   3rd Coalition Government
2014 Rowshan Ershad 5,167,698 11.31%
34 / 300
  7   2nd Opposition
2018 Hussain Muhammad Ershad

Rowshan Ershad

3,472,530 5.07%
22 / 300
  12   2nd Opposition

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "politacal party new". Bangladesh Election Commission (in Bengali).
  2. ^ "politacal party new" (PDF). gov.uk (in Bengali).
  3. ^ "politacal party new" (PDF). Bangladesh Election Commission (in Bengali).
  4. ^ "About Jatiyo Party". Jatiyo Party. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  5. ^ "Young minds becoming laboratories?". Free Press Journal. 11 February 2017.
  6. ^ Hasan, Kamrul (3 January 2019). "Jatiya Party again decides to join Awami League-led Grand Alliance government". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  7. ^ Hasan, Kamrul (4 January 2019). "Ershad: JaPa to serve as main opposition in parliament". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  8. ^ "New Rangpur city mayor takes oath". Dhaka Tribune. UNB. 18 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d "Jatiya Party". Banglapedia.
  10. ^ "New High Court bench assigned to hear Ershad's appeal in 1991 graft case". bdnews24.com. 27 March 2017.
  11. ^ "Dangers of inter and intra party violence". Prothom Alo. 13 March 2017. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Ershad makes brother GM Quader Jatiya Party co-chairman". bdnews24.com. 17 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Ershad makes Raushon senior co-chairman of Jatiya Party". bdnews24.com. 28 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Jatiya Party to float new alliance soon". The Daily Star. 8 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Will form another grand alliance: Ershad". Prothom Alo. 30 March 2017. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  16. ^ Rahman, Mizan (7 May 2017). "Ershad announces 58-party alliance". Gulf Times.
  17. ^ "Ershad's birthday celebrated in DU Madhu's Canteen". bdnews24.com. 21 March 2017.

External linksEdit