University of Dhaka
The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় [ɖʰaka biʃʃobiddalɔe̯], also known as Dhaka University or simply DU) is the oldest university in Bangladesh. Established in 1921 during the British Raj, it has made significant contributions to the modern history of Bangladesh. After the Partition of India, it became the focal point of progressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise of Bengali nationalism and the independence of Bangladesh.
Logo of the University of Dhaka
Motto in English
|Education is light|
|Campus||Urban, 240 hectares (600 acres) (without the Institute of leather engineering and tech.)|
The university's distinguished alumni include Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of structural engineering), Muhammad Yunus (winner 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, pioneer of Microcredit), Muhammad Shahidullah (educator, philologist & linguist), Natyaguru Nurul Momen (the pioneer trailblazer of progressive culture, theatre, literature, performing arts, philosophy and arts; who was both an early student & a teacher as well, of Dhaka University), Serajul Islam Choudhury (the country's leading public intellectual and writer), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Mohammad Ataul Karim (physicist), Abul Fateh (one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy), Buddhadeb Bose (20th-century Bengali poet), and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Satyendra Nath Bose, Vijayaraghavan, and Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Today, it is the largest public research university in Bangladesh, with a student body of 37,018 and a faculty of 1,992. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia. However, since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan, and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Organization
- 4 Student life
- 5 Ranking
- 6 List of vice chancellors
- 7 Notable alumni and faculty members
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Before Dhaka University was established, near its grounds were the former buildings of Dhaka College. In 1873 the college was relocated to Bahadur Shah Park. Later it shifted to Curzon Hall, which would become the first institute of the university.
The establishment of the university was a compensation of the annulment of the 1905 Partition of Bengal. The partition had established Muslim majority Eastern Bengal and Assam as a separate province, with Dhaka as its capital. All India Muslim League, newly formed in Dhaka, wholeheartedly supported the move. However, the partition was abolished in 1911 due to severe opposition from Indian National Congress and Bengali Hindus. Deeply hurt by the decision of annulment of Bengal partition, a Muslim delegation led by Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah Bahadur, the then Nawab of Dhaka demanded a University be setup in Dhaka. To appease the majority Muslim masses of East Bengal, Lord Curzon agreed and declared that a university as a center of excellence would be established in Dhaka. Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah, the Nawab of Dhaka, who played a pioneering role in establishing the university in Dhaka donated 600 acres of land from his estate for this purpose.
In 1913, public opinion was invited before the university scheme was given its final shape. The secretary of state approved it in December 1913. The first vice-chancellor of the university, Dr. Philip Joseph Hartog, formerly academic registrar of the University of London for 17 years was appointed.
Established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modelled after British universities. Lord Ronaldshay, Governor of Bengal between 1917 and 1922, was its first chancellor. He designated Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda a life member of the university. On Huda's recommendation, Lord Ronaldshay appointed Ahmad Fazlur Rahman as a provost. Academic activities started on 1 July in 1921 with 847 students along with 3 faculties: Arts, Science and Law; 12 departments: Sanskrit and Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Persian and Urdu, Philosophy, Economics and Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law; and 3 dormitories for students: Salimullah Muslim Hall, Dacca Hall and Jagannath Hall.
The university played a significant role in the Bengali Language Movement, when Bengalis joined together to fight against Urdu being the official language in East Pakistan. Dhaka University was the main place where the movement started with the students joining together and protesting against the Pakistan government. Later countless students were massacred in where the Shaheed Minar stands today. After the incident, Bengali was restored as official language.
The Dhaka University Order, 1973Edit
President's Order No. 11 of 1973 re-constitute and re-organize the University of Dhaka to improve the teaching and research provided thereby and the administration after 1971 Independence war. Throughout this order the word Dhaka was substituted for the word Dacca by section 2 of the University Laws (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act No. XXXVI of 1987).
There are 23 residence halls for the students and dormitories for the teachers as well as for the officials of the university.
The University Library, housed in three separate buildings, is the biggest in Bangladesh. The library holds a collection of more than 617,000 volumes, including bound volumes of periodicals. In addition, it has a collection of over 30,000 manuscripts in other languages and a large number of microfilms, microfiche and CDs. It subscribes to over 300 foreign journals.
The Dhaka University Library comprises three buildings: The administrative building, the main library building, and the science library building. The administrative building has the administrative offices, a book acquisition section, a book processing section, a reprographic section, a book binding section, a manuscript section, and a seminar section.
Besides the Faculty of Business Studies of the university has an E-Library which is the largest in the Asia of its kind. This advanced level E-Library is connected with 35 internationally renowned libraries and publication houses in the world. Teachers, students and researchers are able to read all journals, books research papers and articles of these leading libraries, including the Dhaka University, Oxford University and Cambridge University libraries, by using the E-Library facilities.
The Medical Center of the University of Dhaka, near the Science Annex Building, offers free medical service and free pathological examinations to students, teachers and staff and also family members of the teachers and staffs. The centre provides service round the clock, seven days a week, with 30 doctors working in shifts. The centre has a dental unit, eye unit, X-ray department and two ambulances.
The Teacher-Student Centre, University of Dhaka of the university has its own cafeteria while another cafeteria stands on the Dhaka University Snacks (DUS) chattar. The Faculty of Business Studies has a modern food court for its students.
- Bureau of Economic Research
- Bureau of Business Research
- Bose Center for Advanced Study and Research in Natural Sciences
The University consists of 13 Faculties and 83 Departments.
- Faculty of Arts
1. Department of Bangla
2. Department of English
3.Department of Persian Language and Literature
4. Department of Philosophy
5. Department of History
6. Department of Arabic
7. Department of Islamic Study
8. Department of Islamic History and Culture
9. Department of Sanskrit
10. Department of Information Science and Library Management
11. Department of Language Science
12. Department of Theater and Music
13. Department of World Religions and Culture
14. Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies
15. Department of Urdu.
16. Department of Linguistics
- Faculty of Business Studies
The Faculty of Business Studies (FBS) was established in 1970 as a Faculty of Commerce. It started the journey with two departments- Department of Accounting and Department of Management. Two more departments were created in 1974 and the authority introduced semester system from the 1977-1978 session. The names of B.Com and M.Com degrees were changed to BBA and MBA respectively during the 1994-95 sessions. Following its re-branding as Faculty of Business Studies, four other departments were added to this Faculty over the course of next thirteen years. In 1995, the faculty of commerce took its current name and became Faculty of Business Studies.
Currently there are nearly 153 teachers, 10 officers, 58 employees and nearly 6100 students under the faculty and the departments are as following.
1. Department of Management Studies
2. Department of Accounting & Information Systems
3. Department of Marketing
4. Department of Finance
5. Department of Banking and Insurance
6. Department of Management Information Systems
7. Department of International Business
8. Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management
9. Department of Organization Strategy and Leadership
- Faculty of Biological Science
1. Department of Soil, Water and Environment
2. Department of Botany
3. Department of Zoology
4. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
5. Department of Psychology
6. Department of Microbiology
7. Department of Fisheries
8. Department of Medical Psychology
9. Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
10. Department of Educational Psychology
- Faculty of Engineering and Technology
1. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
2. Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
3. Department of Computer Science & Engineering
4. Department of Nuclear Engineering
5. Department of Robotics and Mechatronics
- Faculty of Fine Arts
- Department of Drawing and Painting
- Department of Graphic Design
- Department of Printmaking
- Department of Oriental Art
- Department of Ceramics
- Department of Sculpture
- Department of Craft
- Department of History of Art
- Faculty of Law
- Department of Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Bachelor of Physiotherapy(BPT)
- Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
- Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
- Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology
- Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
- Department of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Science
1. Department of Physics
2. Department of Mathematics
3. Department of Chemistry
4. Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology
5. Department of Theoretical Physics
6. Department of Applied Mathematics
7. Department of Statistics
8. Department of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
- Faculty of Social Sciences
1. Department of Economics
2. Institute of Health Economics
3. Department of Political Science
4. Department of International Relations
5. Department of Anthropology
6. Department of Public Administration
7. Department of Mass Communication and Journalism
8. Department of Communication Disorders
9. Department of Printing and Publication Studies
10. Department of Television, Film and Photography
11. Department of Sociology
12. Department of Development Studies
13. Department of Criminology
14. Department of Japanese Studies 15. Department of Women and Gender Studies 16.Department Of Peace and Conflict Studies
- Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences
- Department of Geography and Environment
- Department of Geology
- Department of Oceanography
- Department of Disaster Science and Management
- Department of Meteorology
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Postgraduate Medical Sciences and Research
- Institute of Education and Research
- Institute of Statistical Research and Training
- Institute of Business Administration
- Institute of Social Welfare and Research
- Institute of Modern Languages
- Institute of Information Technology
- Institute of Renewable Energy
- Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies
- Institute of Health Economics
- Institute of Leather Engineering & Technology
- National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation
- National Institute of Textile Engineering and Research
The university of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:
- Compulsory Physical Education,
- Certificate course in coaching major games and sports, and
- Intramural and extramural programs.
University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.
Intramural and extramural programEdit
Directorate organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports. Students participate in national championships in games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered.
Dhaka University Central Students' UnionEdit
Dhaka University Central Students' Union is the official students' union of the University of Dhaka. It is better known in Bangladesh as DUCSU. It exists to represent Dhaka University students in the University's decision-making, to act as the voice for students in the national higher education policy debate, and to provide direct services to the student body. It was established in the academic year of 1922-23 as Dhaka University Student Union. Its first constitution was drafted in its general assembly on 30 October 1925. In 1953, its constitution was amended and the union was renamed Dhaka University Central Students' Union.
In 2011-12, the University of Dhaka made it into the list of 'Top World Universities' by QS World University Rankings. Out of over 30,000 universities around the world, DU was placed at 551. In 2014-15, the University of Dhaka was ranked 701 by QS World University Rankings (formerly Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings). In 2015-16, Times Higher Education partnering with Elsevier ranked the university at 654th position among top 800 globally reputed universities. In September 2015, QS World University Rankings published their 2015 edition of World University Rankings of 2015/16 and ranked DU at 126th position in Asia and 701-750 position in the world. In 2018 QS World University Rankings, University of Dhaka is ranked in #1300 globally, and based on Graduate Employability, University of Dhaka is placed in #1000+ in the world. In Times Higher Education 2018 Global University Ranking, University of Dhaka is placed in 1001+ position among the world universities.
Asian level rankingEdit
In 2016–17, the University of Dhaka was ranked 109 by QS Asian University Rankings in Asia. Times Higher Education ranked the University of Dhaka at 191-200 position in 2016 Asia University ranking.
In the best Asian (and Australian) universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in 1999 and 64th (overall and multi-disciplinary category) out of 77 ranked universities in 2000.
In 2000, the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity (23rd) while got lower ranking in academic reputation (74th), faculty resources (59th), research (65th) and financial resources (74) categories.
According to the subject wise ranking by the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 - English Language & Literature Literature, only two South Asian universities, including University of Dhaka (ranking 250-300), were found in the rankings.
List of vice chancellorsEdit
- Sir. Philip Hartog 1 December 1920 – 31 December 1925
- George Harry Langley 1 January 1926 – 30 June 1934
- Sir. A. F. Rahman 1 July 1934 – 31 December 1936
- Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar 1 January 1937 – 30 June 1942
- Dr. Mahmud Hasan 1 July 1942 – 21 October 1948
- Dr. Sayed Moazzem Hossain 22 October 1948 – 8 November 1953
- Dr. Walter Allen Jenkins 9 November 1953 – 8 November 1956
- Justice Muhammad Ibrahim 9 November 1956 – 27 October 1958
- Justice Hamoodur Rahman 5 November 1958 – 14 December 1960
- Dr. Mahmud Hussain 15 December 1960 – 19 February 1963
- Dr. M Osman Ghani 20 February 1963 – 1 December 1969
- Justice Abu Sayeed Chowdhury 2 December 1969 – 20 January 1972
- Dr. Muzaffar Ahmed Chowdhury 21 January 1972 – 12 April 1973
- Dr. Abdul Matin Chowdhury 13 April 1973 – 22 September 1975
- Prof. Muhammad Shamsul Huq 23 September 1975 – 1 February 1976
- Dr. Fazlul Halim Chowdhury 2 February 1976 – 20 March 1983
- Dr. A. K. M. Siddiq 21 March 1983 – 16 August 1983
- Dr. Md. Shamsul Huq 17 August 1983 – 12 January 1986
- Prof. Abdul Mannan 12 January 1986 – 22 March 1990
- Prof. Mohammad Moniruzzaman Miah 24 March 1990 – 31 October 1992
- Prof. Dr. Emajuddin Ahamed 1 November 1992 – 31 August 1996
- Prof. Shahid Uddin Ahmad 31 August 1996 – 29 September 1996
- Prof. Dr. Abul Kalam Azad Chowdhury 30 September 1996 – 12 November 2001
- Prof. Dr. Anwarullah Chowdhury 12 November 2001 – 31 July 2002
- Prof. Dr. A F M Yusuf Haider 1 August 2002 – 23 September 2002
- Prof. Dr. Syed Mohammad Abul Faiz 23 September 2002 – 16 January 2009
- Prof. Dr. AAMS Arefin Siddique 17 January 2009 – 5 September 2017
- Prof. Dr. Mohammad Akhtaruzzaman, 6 September 2017 – Present
Notable alumni and faculty membersEdit
- Salimullah Muslim Hall
- Dhaka University Library
- Dhaka University Film Society
- Jagannath Hall
- List of Constituent Colleges/Institutes under the University of Dhaka
- Khulna University of Engineering & Technology
- Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
- Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology
- Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology
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