Netrokona District

Netrokona (Bengali: নেত্রকোনা) is a district of the Mymensingh Division in northern Bangladesh.

Netrokona

নেত্রকোনা
Netrokona District
Location of Netrokona District in Bangladesh
Location of Netrokona District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Netrokona District
Coordinates: 24°53′N 90°44′E / 24.88°N 90.73°E / 24.88; 90.73Coordinates: 24°53′N 90°44′E / 24.88°N 90.73°E / 24.88; 90.73
Country Bangladesh
DivisionMymensingh Division
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerKazi Md. Abdur Rahman
Area
 • Total2,794.28 km2 (1,078.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,229,642
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Netrokoni, Netrokonese
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Websitehttp://www.netrokona.gov.bd/

EtymologyEdit

 
Shah Sultan Jame Mosque in Madanpur.

The headquarters of Netrokona District was located at the bend of the Mogra River and was called Natorkona. Many people believe that over a period of time Natorkona became Netrakona.[1]

HistoryEdit

Shah Sultan Rumi migrated to Netrokona in 1053 CE where he preached the religion of Islam to the local people. He is believed to have been the earliest Sufi saint to have visited Bengal. During the Mughal period, a three domed mosque was constructed in modern-day Atpara. In 1880, the British Raj approved the area as a mahakuma administrative region.[2] It was effective on 3 January 1882 when the region was officially named as Netrakona Mahakuma before that it was named by Kaliganj. During British period, Shyam Biswas, a Bengali Hindu zamindar, was noted to be very cruel and abusive towards the inhabitants living in his land. He had certain regulations such as no one being allowed to pass his front yard wearing shoes or slippers. Social reformers from the village of Amati, Sonafor Uddin, Muktul Husayn Khan, Shariat Khan, Anfar Uddin, Manfar Uddin and Jafar Uddin organised people against this humiliation, rising against Biswas. Their revolution was soon followed in other parts of the district.

During the Bangladesh Liberation War, freedom fighters attacked the Atpara Thana on 19 August 1971. They murdered the Officer-in-Charge of the Thana as well as a number of Razakars; and they also looted arms and ammunition from the Thana. On 7 October, a battle was fought in Atpara leading to the death of three more Razakars.

The Government of Bangladesh converted Netrakona Mahakuma to Netrokona District on 17 January 1984.[1]

GeographyEdit

Netrokona is situated in the northern part of Bangladesh, near the Meghalayan border. There are five main rivers in Netrokona: Kangsha, Someshawri, Dhala, Magra, and Teorkhali. It is a part of the Surma-Meghna River System.[3]

The total area of Netrokona District is 2,794.28 km2 (1,078.88 sq mi) of which 9.17 km2 (3.54 sq mi) is under forest. It lies between 24°34’ and 25°12’ north latitudes and between 90°00’ and 91°07’ east longitudes.[1]

Netrokona District is bounded by the Garo Hills in Meghalaya, India on the north, Sunamganj District on the east, Kishoreganj District on the south and Mymensingh District on the west.[1]

Netrokona Pouroshabha is a municipal town, established in 1887 and with an area of 13.63 km2.

UpazilasEdit

Netrokona district is divided into ten upazilas.[4]

DemographicsEdit

According to 2011 Bangladesh census, Netrokona District had a population of 2,229,642. Males constituted 49.84% of the population and females 50.16%. Muslims formed 89.78% of the population, Hindus 9.30%, Christians 0.82% and others 0.10%. Netrakona District had a literacy rate of 39.44% for the population 7 years and above.[5]

The major indigenous communities in this district are: Garo, Hajong, Hodi and Bana.[6]

EconomyEdit

The economy of Netrakona is largely agrarian. Susang Durgapur, an Upazila of Netrakona, is one of the major sources of country's China-Clay used for ceramic products. Its vast water bodies (Hawor) provides wide varieties of fishes. Bara Bazar and Choto Bazar is commerce centre of Netrakona.

Tourist attractionsEdit

  • Durgapur : The Garo hills of Durgapur is the most popular tourist attraction of Netrakona.
  • Birishiri : There is a Tribal Cultural Academy. And also have a historical big pond called Sagor Dighi.
  • Haor : Haor is a large area of water spaces. Biggest hawor[check spelling] is located in Mohongonj and Khaliajuri . Dingaputa is one of the biggest hawor[check spelling] among them.
  • Madanpur Mazar (Shah Sultan Rumi): It is situated 8 km south to the Netrokona Town.
  • Ranikong Mission [1]
 
Birishiri Tourist Spot: Natural Lake

ReligionEdit

The district of Netrakona consists 3146 mosques, 958 temples, 83 churches and eight Buddhist temples.1guruduara

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: Zila Report – Netravkona" (PDF). Page xix: Physical features of Netrokona Zila. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  2. ^ নেত্রকোনা জেলা. http. Retrieved 2019-07-19.
  3. ^ Masud Hasan Chowdhury and Md Mahbub Murshed (2012). "Surma-Meghna River System". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  4. ^ Sarkar, Sanjay (2012). "Netrokona District". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011: Zila Report – Netrakona" (PDF). Table P01 : Household and Population by Sex and Residence, Table P05 : Population by Religion, Age group and Residence, Table P09 : Literacy of Population 7 Years & Above by Religion, Sex and Residence. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Netrokona District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 14 December 2018.

External linksEdit