Jhenaidah District

Jhenaidah District (Bengali: ঝিনাইদহ) is a district in southwestern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna Division. It has an area of 1,964.77 km2 (758.60 sq mi).[2] It is bordered by Kushtia District to the north, Jessore District and West Bengal, India to the south, Rajbari District and Magura District to the east, and Chuadanga District and West Bengal, India to the west. The largest city and headquarter of this district is Jhenaidah.[3] At the beginning of the British rule Jhenaidah was a police outpost and was turned into a thana in 1793. The Jhenaidah Sub division was established in 1862 and was turned into a district in 1984.[4]

Jhenaidah District
ঝিনাইদহ
Payra chattar, jhenaidah.jpg
Jhenaidah NunGolaMoshjid 20Mar14 IMG 7057.jpg
Jhenaidah GolakataMosque 20Mar14 IMG 7001.jpg
Jhenaidah PirPukurMosque 20Mar14 IMG 7018.jpg
Jhenaidah PathagarMoshjid 20Mar14 IMG 7085.jpg
From top: Payra chattar, Jhenaidah NunGola Masjid, Jhenaidah Golakata Mosque, Pir Pukur Masjid, Pathaghar Dhibi
Nickname(s): 
Jhinaidoho, Jhineda
Location of Jhenaidah District in Bangladesh
Location of Jhenaidah District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Jhenaidah District
Coordinates: 23°32′N 89°00′E / 23.54°N 89.00°E / 23.54; 89.00Coordinates: 23°32′N 89°00′E / 23.54°N 89.00°E / 23.54; 89.00
Country Bangladesh
DivisionKhulna Division
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerSaroj Kumar Nath
Area
 • Total1,964.77 km2 (758.60 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,771,304
 • Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
HDI (2019)0.644[1]
medium · 5th of 20

GeographyEdit

Annual average temperature: maximum 37.1 °C (98.8 °F), minimum 11.2 °C (52.2 °F) Annual rainfall: 1,467 mm (57.8 in)[5]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 976,192—    
1981 1,109,875+1.85%
1991 1,361,280+2.06%
2001 1,579,490+1.50%
2011 1,771,304+1.15%
Sources:[6]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Jhenaidah District had a population of 1,771,304, of which 886,402 were males and 884,902 females. Rural population was 1,491,112 (84.18%) and urban population was 280,192 (15.82%). Jhenaidah had a literacy rate of 48.40% for the population 7 years and above: 50.45% for males and 46.35% for females.[6]

Religions in Jhenaidah district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Muslims
90.39%
Hindus
9.48%
Other or not stated
0.13%
Religion in present-day Jhenaidah district[a]
Religion Population (1941)[7]: 86–87  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[6] Percentage (2011)
Islam   293,886 65.40% 1,601,186 90.39%
Hinduism   154,115 34.29% 167,880 9.48%
Others [b] 1,386 0.31% 2,238 0.13%
Total Population 449,387 100% 1,771,304 100%

AdministrationEdit

Deputy Commissioner: Soroj Kumar Nath[8]

Chairman of Zila Porishod: Kanak Kanti Das [9]

SubdivisionsEdit

There are six upazilas under this district:

  1. Jhenaidah Sadar Upazila
  2. Maheshpur Upazila
  3. Kaliganj Upazila
  4. Kotchandpur Upazila
  5. Shailkupa Upazila
  6. Harinakunda Upazila

City & townsEdit

Jhenaidah district includes 1 municipal city Jhenaidah & 5 towns. All are governed by municipalities.

City/town Area (km2) Population (2011)[6]
Jhenaidah 32.42 107,834
Kaliganj 15.83 45,341
Shailkupa 20.92 35,271
Kotchandpur 20.16 33,094
Maheshpur 21.16 27,670
Harinakunda 22.26 22,011

EducationEdit

Notable residentsEdit

Archeological heritageEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Jhenaidah (District (Zila))". Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  3. ^ BM Rezaul Karim (2012). "Jhenaidah District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "Jhenaidah District Town".
  5. ^ "Jhenaidah District Town".
  6. ^ a b c d e "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Jhenaidah" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI BENGAL PROVINCE" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  8. ^ মোঃ জাকির হোসেন [Md. Zakir Hossain]. Jhenaidah District. Bangladesh National Portal.
  9. ^ জনপ্রতিনিধিদের তালিকা [List of representatives]. Jhenaidah District. Bangladesh National Portal.
  1. ^ Jhenaida subdivision and Maheshpur thana of Bongaon subdivision of Jessore district
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated

External linksEdit