Rangpur District

Rangpur (Bengali: রংপুর জেলা, Rongpur Jela also Rongpur Zilla) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division.[4]


Rangpur District
Location of Rangpur District in Bangladesh
Location of Rangpur District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Rangpur District
Rangpur is located in Rangpur division
Location in Rangpur Division
Rangpur is located in Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°44′N 89°15′E / 25.733°N 89.250°E / 25.733; 89.250Coordinates: 25°44′N 89°15′E / 25.733°N 89.250°E / 25.733; 89.250
Country Bangladesh
DivisionRangpur Division
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Asif Ahsan [1]
 • District Council ChairmanSafiya Khanom [2]
 • Chief Executive OfficerJoyonto Kumar Sikder
 • Total2,400.56 km2 (926.86 sq mi)
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,996,336
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Rangpuri, Rongpuri
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
HDI (2018)0.591[3]
medium · 15th of 21


Under the Rangpur division (one of eight divisions) composed of eight districts of northern Bangladesh, the District of Rangpur is bordered on the north by Nilphamari District, on the south by Gaibandha District, on the east by Kurigram, and on the west by Dinajpur district. Rangpur town is the divisional headquarter. The soil composition is mainly alluvial soil (80%) of the Teesta River basin, and the remaining is barind soil. The temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius to 11 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2931  mm.[5]


The main transportation methods here are by air, rail, or roadway. The main method to travel by air is to travel to Dhaka Domestic Airport and then to Saidpur Airport (DAC-SPD route). Seven flights travel this route daily. US-Bangla Airlines, Novoair, and Biman offer the flights. The distance by airways from Dhaka to Saidpur (Rangpur or Nilphamari) is 158 miles or 254.28 km or 137.3 nautical miles. If anyone wants to travel by Rail s/he has to travel Kamalapur Rail Station to Rangpur Rail Station by the train named "Rangpur Express". Once you decide to travel by rail you have to travel 281 miles or 452.70  km. Sunday is the day off for "Rangpur Express". By road, travelers have to travel 190.76 miles or 307 km using Savar-Kaliakair route or 203.19 miles or 327 km using Tongi-Mawna route, Shamu.


Rangpur was conquered by the army of Raja Man Singh, a commander of the Mughal emperor, and Akbar, in 1575, but it was only until 1686 that it was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire.[citation needed] Place names such as Mughalbasa ('Mughal locality') and Mughalhat ('Mughal market') bear testimony to the Mughal association and past of Rangpur and its hinterland. Later on, Rangpur passed under the control of "Sarker" of Ghoraghat. During the period of the East India Company, the Fakir-Sannyasi rebellion took place.


Religion in Rangpur District

The total population of Rangpur is 2534365. 50.91% of the population is male, and 49.09% is female. Islam is the predominant religion in Rangpur. Hinduism is the second-largest religion in Rangpur. 89.60% of the population are Muslim 89.60%, 9.59% are Hindu, 0.50% are Christian, and others take up 0.31%; ethnic nationals: Santal and Orao.[citation needed]

In an anthropological view, most people of Rangpur are having Rajbangshi blood in their veins. This is true mainly for the villages which are the majority in Rangpur.

The district of Rangpur has 4924 mosques, 480 Temples, 43 churches, and 6 tombs.

Administrative sub-divisionsEdit

Zilla Porishod Building.

The district has 3 municipalities, namely, Rangpur Sadar, Badarganj, and Haragach, and eight Upazilas, namely:

Rangpur town, covering an area of around 43 square kilometers, lies on the bank of the Ghaghat river and was turned into a municipality back in 1869. The population of the Rangpur municipality as of 2006 is 251,699, with 52% male and 48% female, and the literacy rate is 54.6%. The establishment of Rangpur City Corporation, as Divisional City is now underway after the establishment of the Rangpur Division in January 2010. The area of Rangpur City Corporation is estimated to be around 100 square kilometers accommodating about 6 million population by the next Census of 2011. Rangpur city would be the fifth-largest city of Bangladesh after Dhaka (125 million), Chittagong (30 million), Khulna (10 million) and Rajshahi (8 million) estimated population by the next 2011 census. 67u67


Campus of Begum Rokeya University

Begum Rokeya University is the only university in the Rangpur district. The Rangpur Medical College, situated in Rangpur is one of the major government medical colleges in Bangladesh. Carmichael College, established in 1916 by some leading zamindars, is a postgraduate college offering courses in 14 subjects in the faculties of arts, social science, science, and commerce.[6] The most renowned educational institution in this region is Rangpur Cadet College. Other renowned institutions include Cantonment Public School & College,Rangpur(CPSCR), Rangpur Government College, Police Lines School and College and Rangpur Zilla School. Zilla School is established in 1832, this higher secondary school is known for the quality of education it offers.[7] Other prominent educational institutions include Rangpur Government College, Begum Rokeya College, and Govt. Commercial Institute. Besides there is one polytechnic institute, one vocational institute, around 282 high schools, 722 government primary schools, 38 junior high schools, 193 NGO (Non-Government Organization) operated schools and almost 370 Madrasahs in Rangpur. Rangpur Model College is now an honors college.574567546

Places of interestEdit

Tajhat Palace in Rangpur

Just south of the city of Rangpur lies the Tajhat Zamindar's palace. After the end of the British Raj, the building was abandoned and decayed rapidly, although it was used for a few years as a courthouse during the 1980s. In the year 2004, it was largely restored and turned into a museum with ancient inscriptions, art, and coins from the area on display. RDRS (Rangpur and Dinajpur Rural Service) Bangladesh,[8] an NGO in northwest Bangladesh, has a large office and guesthouse/convention center in the town of Rangpur.

A museum and women's training center was established in Pairabondh, the birthplace of Begum Rokeya. It is half an hour's drive away from Rangpur city. There is another museum at the heart of the town.

Rangpur town hall

There is a Zoo in the city. There is an ancient auditorium named 'Town Hall' at the center of the city, where different cultural programs are held. In the great Rangpur region, no economic development took place until the 90's, mainly because of the yearly flooding the region used to see before the making of "Teesta Barrage." There is a military cantonment in the town. "Bhinno Jogot" is a theme park and a picnic spot which is situated 15 kilometers from Rangpur Town.

Near the stadium, there is a place called 'Chicli vata' surrounding bij many lakes and rice fields.

Jadu Nibash in Radhaballav is an ancient house of former minister of Bangladesh, Mashiur Rahman (1924–1979).


Bangladesh Betar Rangpur (BBR) has a Broadcasting station in Rangpur.Bangladesh Television (BTV) has a satellite station in Rangpur. Rangpur Press Club is situated in the Rangpur town. Rangpur has almost 19 cinema halls. There are several locally published newspapers in the district.


Bangladesh Betar Rangpur News paper: Dainik Dabanol (1981) www.dainikdabanol.com

Development organisationsEdit

RDRS Bangladesh – previously Rangpur-Dinajpur Rural Service – has its main operational headquarters in Rangpur town at the RDRS Complex.[8] RDRS was established in 1972 following the War of Liberation, after assisting refugees in camps across the border in India. RDRS returned to help rehabilitate the disadvantaged northwest region of Rangpur-Dinajpur, providing relief, running health services, providing education, developing agriculture and roads, and also starting conscientization applying the Frierian approach. It is the field program of the Geneva-based Lutheran World Federation. RDRS became a fully Bangladeshi NGO in 1997 with a national Board of Trustees and Executive Director. RDRS is still a major development actor across the northwest working with around 2 million landless and marginal farmers, indigenous minorities, vulnerable communities such as the river islands and 360 Federations, i.e. community-based organizations. The RDRS Rangpur Guesthouse based on the RDRS Complex is the leading hotel in town.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

Members of tenth Jatiyo Sangsad (2014 – )Edit

The members of the national parliament are:[9]

  • Rangpur-1: Md. Moshiur Rahman Ranga [from Jatiya Party]
  • Rangpur-2: Abul Kalam Md. Ahasanul Hoque Chowdhury [from Awami League]
  • Rangpur-3: Alhaj Hussain Muhammad Ershad [from Jatiya Party]
  • Rangpur-4: Tipu Munshi [from Awami League]
  • Rangpur-5: H.N. Ashequr Rahman [from Awami League]
  • Rangpur-6: Dr. Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury [from Awami League]


  1. ^ pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/dclist.php
  2. ^ http://www.rangpur.gov.bd/site/page/7763880c-18fd-11e7-9461-286ed488c766/%E0%A6%9A%E0%A7%87%E0%A7%9F%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%AE%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AF%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%A8,%20%E0%A6%9C%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%B2%E0%A6%BE%20%E0%A6%AA%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BF%E0%A6%B7%E0%A6%A6,%20%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%82%E0%A6%AA%E0%A7%81%E0%A6%B0
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  4. ^ Abdus Sattar (2012). "Rangpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ Banglapedia Map
  6. ^ "Carmichael College, Rangpur". Banglapedia. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  7. ^ "Rangpur Zilla School". Banglapedia. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
  8. ^ a b RDRS Bangladesh
  9. ^ "List of 10th Parliament Members". Retrieved 23 July 2015.

External linksEdit