Jamalpur District

Jamalpur (Bengali: জামালপুর জেলা, Jamalpur Jela also Jamalpur Zila) is a district in Bangladesh,[2] part of the Mymensingh Division. It was established in 1978.

Jamalpur
জামালপুর
Jamalpur District
Location of Jamalpur District in Bangladesh
Location of Jamalpur District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Jamalpur District
Coordinates: 24°55′N 89°58′E / 24.92°N 89.96°E / 24.92; 89.96Coordinates: 24°55′N 89°58′E / 24.92°N 89.96°E / 24.92; 89.96
Country Bangladesh
DivisionMymensingh Division
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Enamul Haque
Area
 • Total2,031.98 km2 (784.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,292,674
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jamalpuri
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
2000
HDI (2018)0.574[1]
medium · 18th of 21

GeographyEdit

Jamalpur occupies 2031.98 km2.[2] It is located between 24°34' and 25°26' North and between 89°40' and 90°12' East. It shares an international border with the Indian state of Meghalaya in the North East. It is surrounded by Kurigram and Sherpur districts in the North, Tangail district in the South, Mymensingh and Sherpur districts in the East, Jamuna River, Bogra, Sirajganj and Gaibandha districts in the West. The main town is situated on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, 140 kilometres (87 mi) north of Dhaka, the national capital.

Main rivers include Bangali, Old Brahmaputra, Banal, Hinayana, Hark Eel, Kaiser Reel, Chiropractic Eel, Mariachi Eel, Karaganda Lake, Handbill Lake, Uranium Digi and Merchandiser Digi.

HistoryEdit

The most notable historical events include the Fakir-Sannyasi Resistance (1772-1790), the Indigo Resistance Movement (1829), Famine (1874), the advent of rail (1899), and the War of Liberation in 1971.

War of LiberationEdit

On June 21, 1971, the Pakistani army, in collaboration with the local Razakars, killed 9 people at the Shashan Ghat (cremation center) at Jamalpur Sadar Upazila on the bank of the Brahmaputra. Bengali fighters and the Pakistani army on July 31 fought at Kamalpur Pakistani Army Base of Bakshiganj Upazila, with heavy losses to the occupation army. In this battle, 35 freedom fighters including Capt. Salahuddin Momtaz, Ahaduzzaman, Abul Kalam Azad were killed. A battle was fought between Bengali troops under Sector Commander Colonel Abu Taher and the Pakistani army on November 13 at Kamalpur of Bakshiganj Upazila. Taher was seriously wounded.

The small Pakistani military base at Kamalpur fell on December 4, following a heavy attack by rebels lasting 21 days. In this battle, 220 Pakistani soldiers under the command of Captain Ahsan Malik surrendered.

The Jamalpur garrison was commanded by Sultan Ahmed and lasted about a week. Sultan earned renown among the Pakistanis when he refused to surrender to the Indian commander, Hardev Kler, telling him to use a sten not a pen.[3] This front, together with the Rangpur-Bogra front further west, was the only front where Pakistani troops held out during the war. However, on December 10, 1971, they were ordered to withdraw to Dhaka. During this retreat their commander Abdul-Qadir Niazi fell into enemy custody, giving the Bangladeshis and Indians a morale boost.

EconomyEdit

Jamalpur is a market center for local rice, sugarcane, jute, tobacco and mustard. The town's main exports are jute, tobacco, mustard seed, peanut, leather, egg, pulse, betel leaf, and handicrafts. Making nakshi kantha (embroidered quilts) is a traditional occupation. An economic zone is establishing in Jamalpur by BEZA. The objective of this project is to attract foreign and local investment to industrialize the country for export promotion and to meet the requirements of local areas that lead to employment generation and economic development of the country.

TransportEdit

The district is connected by road, rail, and river with Dhaka and the rest of the country.[4] It has a railway station and three Dak bungalows.

DemographyEdit

The district has a population of 2,292,674 of which 50.8% are female and 49.2% are male, at a density of 2,191 per km2.

SubdistrictsEdit

The district is divided into seven upazilas & one police I.C

CultureEdit

Folk music is popular in the district. Popular songs include "Gunaibibir Gan", "Jari Gan of Khairun", "Palagan of Rupvan", "Panchali", "Ghetu Gan" and "Meyeli geet" (songs sung by women on the occasion of marriage and Gaye Holud festivals). In the rural areas, various games and sports practice. These competitions include bullfights, horse racing, Moi (ladder) race, and Lathi Khela (stick game). During the rainy season, boat races are arranged in the Jamuna river. The Garo community perform dances at the 'Bigan Gala' festival.

Notable People

- Nazrul Islam Babu, famous national award-winning lyricist.

- Khaled Mosharraf, legendary freedom fighter and sector commander of Bangladesh Liberation War.

- Amjad Hossain, famous national award-winning filmmaker, actor, and writer.

- Abdullah al Mamun, one of the pioneering television personalities of Bangladesh, actor and producer.

- Anwar Hossain (actor), legendary film actor. Best known for the lead role played in the iconic film Nawab Siraj Ud Daula

- Barrister Abdus Salam Talukder, founder general secretary of Bangladesh Nationalist Party and former LGRD Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

- Rashed Mosharraf, former central president of Bangladesh Krishak League and state minister for Land of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

- Abul Kalam Azad, former Information Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

- Mirza Azam, MP and former central general secretary of Bangladesh Awami Jubo-league and state minister for Jute and Textile of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

-Shiblul Bari Raju, Gabergram, Madarganj, Presidium Member of Bangladesh Workers Party.

- Major General Anwarul Kabir Talukdar, former MP and state minister for LGRD of the People's republic of Bangladesh.

- Sirajul Islam, former MP and deputy health minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

- Professor Dr. ABM Abdullah, renowned physician and academic. Winner of highest civilian award of Bangladesh "Ekushay Padak" in the field of medicine in 2016. Writer of internationally recognized books for medical students and professionals.

- Poet Hasan Hafizur Rahman, one of the leading Bangladeshi poets of the 50s. A contemporary of poet Shamshur Rahman and others.

- Dr. Atiur Rahman, economist and former Governor of Bangladesh Bank.

- Monjurul Ahsan Khan, famous politician and President of the Bangladesh Communist Party.

- Faridul Huq Khan, MP and current state minister for Religious Affair of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

- SM Halim, former Cabinet Secretary of the People's Republic of Bangladesh.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  2. ^ a b Samar Pal (2012). "Jamalpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ Cloughley, "A History of the Pakistan Army"
  4. ^ "About Jamalpur". www.jamalpuronline.in. Retrieved 2018-02-14.