Genova (newspaper 1639–1646)

Genova (or Di Genova) was a newspaper published in Genoa from 1639 to 1646. The issue dated 29 July 1639 is the oldest issue still in existence of a newspaper printed in Italy.[a][1]

issue 16 Dec 1639
PublisherPier Giovanni Calenzano
EditorMichele Castelli
FoundedJuly 15, 1639 (1639-07-15)
Ceased publicationDecember 15, 1646 (1646-12-15)

This newspaper was founded and edited by Michele Castelli,[b] and it supported the pro-Spanish faction in the politic of the Republic of Genoa. This newspaper edited by Michele Castelli shall not be confused with another newspaper printed in Genoa from 1642 to 1684, always titled Genova, but founded by Alessandro Botticelli and tied to the pro-French faction, and sometimes known as Il Sincero.[3]

Scholars suppose that the first newspaper printed in Italy was edited in Florence in 1636 by Amador Massi and Lorenzo Landi, but no issue was discovered to confirm that conjecture, therefore the Genova newspaper, printed from 1639, shall be considered the oldest printed newspaper in Italy.[4][5]

History Edit

The government of the Republic of Genoa on 18 July 1639[c] authorized the printer Pier Giovanni Calenzano (1595—1668) and the editor-in-chief Michele Castelli to continue the publishing of a newspaper, which had at least a number issued on previous 15 July. The first two issues were titled Di Genova (in English: of Genoa), all later issues had simply Genova as title.[7]

The newspaper Genova was issued weekly on Fridays up to 1642 when it started to be issued on Saturdays. It was of four pages in a double format compared to a book (about 21.5x32 cm). It contained political and military news from Italy and abroad. The news about Genoa were limited to a few lines about the main public events, and no advertisement was present. The newspaper derived directly from hand-writing newssheets.[3] The main sources of information were hand-writing newssheets received by ship from France, Spain, Lyon or by courier from Milan, as well as information obtained often illegally from the palaces of the government.

The authorization to print was granted every three year: in 1639 and 1642 for free, while in 1645 against a high fee. That authorization, differently than in other states of Italy, was granted to the editor not to the printer.[3] The printer, not always indicated, was Pier Giovanni Calenzano except for the issue of 17 February 1640 printed by Gio. Maria Farroni e Compagni.[7]

Michele Castelli, who edited the newspaper helped by his son Alessandro, was initially supported by the patricians Alessandro and Agostino Pallavicino (Doge of Genoa 1637-39) and he sided with the pro-Spanish faction in the politic of the Republic of Genoa.[3] In 1642 another newspaper started to be printed in Genoa with the same name: it was edited by Alessandro Botticelli and tied to the pro-French faction. However, in the 1640s the pro-French faction became more and more strong and the Castellis were intimidated by their political opponents:[3] on 17 February 1646 they left Genoa for one year and they left also the newspaper, which passed to Michele Oliva and his son Giovanni Battista.

At the end of the same 1646 Giovanni Battista Oliva was murdered, and this determined the end of the publications.[6] The last issue published was dated 15 December 1646.[7]

Starting from 1640 the newspaper Genova was illegally copied and printed in Florence by Amador Massi and Lorenzo Landi.[d] Notwithstanding the remonstrances of Pier Giovanni Calenzano the plagiarism continued also in 1643.[6]

Notes Edit

  1. ^ The issue of 29 July 1639 is conserved in the Biblioteca universitaria di Genova.[1]
  2. ^ Michele Castelli was born on about 1600 not in Genoa. He is known as editor of the Genova from 1639 to 1646, when he left Genoa to go possibly to Lucca. The last information about him is dated 1647 when the Senate of Genoa decided to investigate a writing of him considered defamatory for the Republic.[2]
  3. ^ with a decree of the Inquisitors of the Republic now kept in the Archivio di Stato di Genova.[6]
  4. ^ An online collection of plagiarized newssheets printed in Florence by Massi and Landi, including issues named Genova, is available at shelfmark of Vatican Library.

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Mansuino, Carlo (1980). "Repertorio bio-bibliografico". In Bellocchi, Ugo (ed.). Storia del giornalismo italiano (in Italian). Vol. 8. Bologna: Edizioni Edison. p. 486.
  2. ^ Gangemi, Giuseppe (1978). "Castelli, Michele". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 21: Caruso–Castelnuovo (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. ISBN 978-8-81200032-6.
  3. ^ a b c d e Beccaria, Roberto (2005). "Giornali e periodici nella Repubblica Aristocratica". In Puncuh, Dino (ed.). Storia della cultura ligure (in Italian). Vol. 3. Genova: Società ligure di storia patria. pp. 449–475. OCLC 185353221.
  4. ^ Castronovo, Valerio; Tranfaglia, Nicola (1976). Storia della stampa italiana (in Italian). Laterza. p. 20. ISBN 88-420-0963-6. OCLC 3215894.
  5. ^ Farinelli, Giuseppe (2004). Storia del giornalismo italiano : dalle origini a oggi (in Italian). Torino: UTET libreria. p. 15. ISBN 88-7750-891-4. OCLC 58604958.
  6. ^ a b c Bellocchi, Ugo (1974). Storia del giornalismo italiano (in Italian). Vol. 3. Bologna: Edizioni Edison. pp. 31–38.
  7. ^ a b c Beccaria, Roberto (1994). I periodici genovesi dal 1473 al 1899 (in Italian). Genova. Items 422, 614. OCLC 260186158.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)

External links Edit