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Rangpur (Bengali: রংপুর, romanized: Rongpur, lit. 'City of Colour') is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division. Rangpur was declared a district headquarters on 16 December 1769, and established as a municipality in 1869, making it one of the oldest municipalities in Bangladesh. The municipal office building was erected in 1892 under the precedence Raja Janaki Ballav Sen. Chairman of the municipality. During 1890, the Shyamasundari canal was excavated for the improvement of the town. Sharfuddin Ahmed Jhantu was 1st Mayor of Rangpur City Corporation.
Expandable map of Rangpur
|Municipality||1 May 1869|
|City Corporation||28 June 2012|
|Metropolitan City||16 September 2018|
|• Body||Rangpur City Corporation|
|• City Mayor||Mostafizar Rahman Mostafa (Jatiya Party)|
|• Urban||207 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|• Metro||239.72 km2 (92.56 sq mi)|
|Area rank||3rd largest in Bangladesh|
|Elevation||34 m (111.549 ft)|
|• Rank||5th in Bangladesh|
|• Density rank||5th in Bangladesh|
|• Urban density||3,871/km2 (10,030/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||4,167/km2 (10,790/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
|Police||Rangpur Metropolitan Police|
The Municipality is located in the northwestern part of Bangladesh.Begum Rokeya University is situated in the southern part of the city. Previously, Rangpur was the headquarters of Greater Rangpur district. Later the Greater Rangpur district was broken down into the Gaibandha, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari and Rangpur districts. In the great Rangpur region, little economic development took place until the 1990s, mainly because of the yearly flooding the region used to see before the building of the Teesta Barrage. Coal is found near this district. There is a large military cantonment in the town, along with a Ghagot park (under military surveillance), in addition to the famous Carmichael College and Rangpur Zoo in the city.
Rangpur was conquered by the army of Raja Man Singh, a commander of the Mughal emperor, Akbar, in 1575, but it was not until 1686 that it was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire. Names of places like Mughalbasa (literal meaning being a locality of the Mughals), and Mughalhat (literal meaning a "local market" organized by the Mughals) bear testimony to the Mughal Association and past of Rangpur and its hinterland. Later on, Rangpur passed under the control of Sarker of Ghoraghat. During the period of the British East India Company, the Sannyasi Rebellion took place. Rangapur Ghoraghat has been mentioned in the Riyaz-us-Salatin. During the early period of the company rule, fakir-sannyasi resistance and peasant rebellion were held in Rangpur.
Rangpur City is the divisional headquarters of Rangpur Division. The soil composition is mainly alluvial soil (80%) of the Teesta River basin, and the remaining is barind soil. The temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius to 11 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2931 mm. Rangpur town, covering an area of around 28 square kilometers, lies on the bank of the Ghaghat river and was turned into a municipality back in 1869. The population of the Rangpur City Corporation as of 2017 was 7,96,556 with 49% male and 51% female, and the literacy rate is 61%. The establishment of Rangpur City Corporation, as Divisional City is now underway after the establishment of Rangpur Division in January 2010.
Rangpur has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), close to a tropical monsoon climate (Am). The climate of Rangpur has generally characterized monsoons, high temperature, considerable humidity and heavy rainfall, although the more pleasant and mild “winter” season from November to February is dry with very warm rather than hot afternoons and cool mornings. The average annual temperature in Rangpur is 24.9 °C (76.8 °F). In Winters, it can be very foggy and nighttime temperature can fall below 5 °C (41.0 °F) whereas, day time temperature remains around 20 °C (68.0 °F). Summers can be very Rainy and muggy. About 2,192 mm (86.30 in) of precipitation falls annually, almost all of them falls in the monsoon season (late May to September), although there is very little rain from November to March. Snows and frosts have never been recorded in Rangpur.
|Climate data for Rangpur (1990-2019)|
|Record high °C (°F)||25.5
|Average high °C (°F)||20.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.1
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Record low °C (°F)||1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||9
The city is the commercial hub for the surrounding districts. The city centre has a number of government and private banks, insurance companies, residential hotels, Chinese, Thai, Indian, Mexican, Continental restaurants, fast food, sweet shops, gift shop and many more. It is one of the most important economic zones in Bangladesh, because of its global positioning.
Places of interestEdit
Tajhat Palace is located at Tajhat, the southern end of Rangpur city, and is a former zamindar's palace. After the end of the British Raj, the building was abandoned and decayed rapidly, although it was used for a few years as a courthouse during the 1980s. In 2004, it was largely restored and turned into a museum that hosts a collection of Blackstone Hindu carvings, calligraphic art from the Mughal period and other objets d'art and coins from the area on display. Due to lack of funding, the museum is sometimes closed.
It is situated on the south–east outskirts of the town of Rangpur. Built by Kumar Gopal Lal Rai, an immigrant merchant from the Punjab at the beginning of the 20th century. From 1984 to 1991 the palace was used as the Rangpur High Court branch of the Bangladesh Supreme Court and in 1995 the palace was declared as a protected monument by the Bangladesh Department of Archaeology. Recognizing its outstanding archaeological value the government of Bangladesh decided to shift the Rangpur Museum here in 2002. Accordingly, the palace has been partly used as Rangpur Museum since 2005.
Carmichael College is one of the oldest colleges in Bangladesh established in 1916. The main attraction of this college is its administrative building (which houses the Bangla department). The building was designed with an Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture.
Begum Rokeya UniversityEdit
There is an old auditorium named 'Town Hall' at the center of the city, where different cultural programs are held.
Located in Radhaballav next to the Rangpur Government College. It was the home of the late Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia. It is an old house, about a hundred years old. The house was built and owned by Gopal Lal Rai at the same time that the Rangpur District Council, Rangpur Town Hall, and the famous Tajhat Palace buildings were built.
Rangpur Central Zoo is one of the main amusement and recreation spots of Rangpur city. With an area of 20.27 acres of lush green trees and grasses, it is the largest zoo in North Bengal. The Rangpur zoo is located east side of Hanuman-tola road beside the police line, not far from the Rangpur District Administration office. The Zoo has 193 individual animals of 28 species. Many wild animals are available to attract the visitors. A few of them are the Bengal tiger, African lion, leopard, Asiatic black bear, hippopotamus, peacocks, crocodiles, turtles, Spotted deer, different kinds of birds, snakes, and so on.
The Rangpur zoo was built in the 1880s. Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) completed a digital survey and feasibility study of "Dhaka And Rangpur Zoo Modernization Project" to upgrade the facilities to an international standard. It is decorated with a huge and beautiful lake and an amusement park.
"Vinno Jogot" (meaning Different World) is an amusement park, which is located about 12 kilometers away from Rangpur city. Thousands of people visit every day for refreshment with a green environment. The park also contains a vast lake called Vinnya Jagat Lake. Its attractions also include a planetarium, Shisu park, various rides, and a replica of the world's seven wonders.
Kellaband Mosque (Masjid)Edit
Kellband Mosque is situated at C.O. Bazar on the north of Rangpur-Dinajpur Highway 02 km north-west of Rangpur town. This three-dome mosque is about 200 years old. A concrete well and an ancient cemetery are lying beside the mosque.
Pirgachha Landlord HouseEdit
The Manthana Kingdom Estate was established sometime around 1100 AD. Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur was the most influential and famous ruler of the kingdom. After the death of Rajah Rajendra Narayan Roy Choudhury, the Monthana Kingdom Estate was divided into two parts among his two sons Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury and Rajah Bhairab Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur. As a result, the landlord's house also divided into two parts. After the death of Rajah Harendra Narayan Roy Choudhury his son Rajah Mahendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded the kingdom. After his death, Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury succeeded to the throne of the kingdom and was the last crowned king of this kingdom estate. His son Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury was born in 1947 and is the crown prince of the estate. Soon after the birth of Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury, India and East Bengal got independence from colonialist British rule and the partition of historic Bengal took place. Prince Jyotirindra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur now resides in Calcutta, India, with his family. His son Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the kingdom-estate. The Pirgaccha Landlord House popularly known as the Manthana Palace or Manthana Rajbari is a massive structure spread over hundreds of acres of land and houses ponds, lakes, buildings, temples, and various other assets. Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury is the present legal owner of the entire kingdom estate. The Kachari House of the Manthana Palace is now used as Pirgasha Registrar Office.
Devi Chaudhuranir Jamindar BariEdit
The Landlord-King of Pirgacha sub district Rajah Narendro Narayan Roy Choudhury, son of Rajah Raghabendra Narayan Roy Choudhury died in 1765 without any chlidren. Then the wife of the late King, Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani of Rangpur managed the kingdom for three decades. Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani is popularly known as Devi Chaudhurani in history and was one of the most successful and popularly known rulers of the kingdom. During the time of Sanyasi Bidroho (ascetic revolution) for the independence of India, she along with Bhabani Pathak raged war against the British. In this insurgency Collector Richard Gudland and army commander Lieutenant Brenan, scared of the war situation, seized the kingdom from Devi Chaudhurani. However the imperial British could not keep the kingdom from the Maharani for long, and soon after she again came to manage the kingdom and she ruled until 1791. Later in history, the famous Bengali novelist, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, who also happened to be the Collector of Rangpur and under the employment of the British rule, wrote the famous novel Devi Chaudhurani to portray her as a dacoit-queen. The novel has been adapted into very famous movies with the 1974 movie starring Suchitra Sen in the lead. And National Award winning director Rituporno Ghosh is adapting the novel into another movie in recent times, in which Aishwarya Rai Bachchan will play the lead role of Devi Chaudhurani. However, the novel has tarnished the character and image of Maharani Joy Durga Devi Chaudhurani to a great extent. Rajah Bhupendra Narayan Roy Choudhury of Rangpur was the last king of the kingdom-estate. An earthquake damaged much of the palace built by Devi Chaudhurani. However, the palace was rebuilt several times and is a sprawling structure spread over several hundreds of acres. The property, land and the assets of the estate kingdom is presently legally owned by Princess Kabita Rani Roy Choudhury of Rangpur, who lives in Kolkata, India. Her son Prince Rupendra Narayan Anirban Roy Choudhury of Rangpur who commonly uses the name Anirban Roy Choudhury is the present Titular Crown Prince of the estate-kingdom. Prince Anirban Roy Choudhury is currently studying the law at Symbiosis Law School and shifts residency between Pune, Mumbai, New Delhi and Kolkata.
Itakumari Jamindar BariEdit
Itakumari Itakumari Zamindar Bari is a historical zamindar house located in Pirgachha upazila of Rangpur district in Bangladesh. This Itakumari area was the most educated and cultural area in the whole of India. Hence it is termed as the second new island of undivided Bengal. Landlord house was established in the 19th century. Shibchondro elder son of landlord Rajarai was the founder of Itakhula Landlord house. It was primarily used for the accommodation of the zamindar Shiva Chandra. The building is made of bricks, surki and rods. Now most of the buildings are ruined. Now a well two large pond and elderly building witness of time. Again Shibchanda and Devi Choudhurani lead the public rebellion and freed the people of Rangpur from Devi Singha's torture.
In 1783, the historical tenant revolt of Rangpur took place from the house of Itakumari king Shiva Chandra. In 1783, anti-British Shiva Chandra and Devi Choudhurani led a tenant revolt and protected the peasantry of Rangpur from the tyranny of Devi Singh. Itakumari Zamindarbari was the second new island of undivided Bengal at that time. Shiva Chandra is said to have delivered many lectures from this place for the common people. The locals reported that people from all around the world came to visit this place. They have requested many times for maintenance for this place but their efforts did not bear fruit. Itakumari is a beacon of education and culture. The place is important in demonstrating the evolution of Bangladesh’s history in late 18th century. The place now belongs to some influential locals.
Deowan Bari Jamindaar BariEdit
The Deowan Bari Jamindaar Bari was built by Fonivuson Mojumdar. Fonivuson Mijumdar was the son of landlord Radharomon and mother Kusum Kumari Devi who was the second wife of Radharomon. He was born in 1892. This landlord house is a small 2 storied building. The main gate of the house is in the style of grandiose Mughal gates. After ban of the real estate tenancy practices in 1952 the house was auctioned. The property was purchased by one Nosor Ghatial who hailed from Kurigram. Now it hosts a school and some business centres. It is located at Deowan Bari road in Rangpur near the town.
Pirgachha is one of the Upazilas in Rangpur that carries some interesting aspects. The name is derived from some unknown "pir"(religious guru), buried under a tree("gach"). In other words, there was this tomb of a "pir" under a big tree in Pirgachha. Pirgachha has a Rajbari, home of the Jomider (landlords, appointed by the king of that time). This one historic residence is now almost ruined. Also, there is a miniature prayer place such as a mosque (for Muslim) and a Temple (for Hindu) built together to showcase friendly relations between the local Hindu-Muslim communities.
Southwest of the city, there is a place called 'Chicli vata' surrounding by many lakes and rice fields.
There is a large military cantonment in the town. Apart from the Tajhat museum, there is another museum at the heart of the town. The town is known as Green Town for its gardens and green parks throughout the town.
The total population of Rangpur city corporation is 796,556. Among them, 398,282 are male and 398,274 are female. The literacy rate in Rangpur is 65%.
|for the population of city proper of Rangpur :|
Major educational institutes in the city including:
- Begum Rokeya University
- Rangpur City MATS and IHT, Rangpur
Medical & Dental Colleges:
- Rangpur Medical College
- Prime Medical College
- Rangpur Community Medical College
- Northern Private Medical College.
- Rangpur Army Medical College
- Kasir Uddin Memorial Medical College
- Rangpur Dental College
- Rangpur City MATS and IHT, Rangpur
- Begum Rokeya College
- Carmichael College
- Dr M A Wazed Miah Textile Engineering College
- Pirganj Marine Academy
- Rangpur City MATS and IHT, Rangpur
- Collectorate School and College
- Carmichael Collegiate School and College
- Rangpur Model College
- Police Lines School and College
- Rangpur Cadet College
- Cantonment Public School And College, Rangpur
- Rangpur Technical School and College
- Rangpur Government College
- RCCI Public School & College
- Lions School & College
- The Millennium Stars School & College
- Somaj Kolyan Women School & College
- Residential Model School and College
- Mahigong College
- Rangpur Public School & College
- Uttom College
- Rangpur City College
- Robertsonganj High School & College
- Robertsonganj Girls' High School & College
- Siddique Memorial School & College
- Dhap Lalkuthi High School & College
- International Institute of Applied Science and Technology, Rangpur
- Cantonment Public School And College, Rangpur
- Rangpur Zilla School
- Rangpur Govt. Girls' High School
- Govt. Commercial Institute
- Bir Uttam Shaheed Samad High School
- Rangpur High School
- Salma Girls High School
- Afanullah High School, Alamnagar
- Adasha High School, Babukha
- Shalbon Pauro Girls High School
- Tajhat High School
English Medium School:
- The Millennium Stars School & College
- Shahan International School
- Nalanda International School
- International Grammar School
- BIAM Laboratory School
Rangpur is well known for its healthcare facilities throughout the north-Bengal districts. There are hundreds of hospitals, private clinics, diagnostic centers situated all over the city. The Rangpur Medical College Hospital (RMCH), a tertiary level thousand-bed facility public hospital with a teaching facility in graduate and post-graduate medical education. The campus of Rangpur Medical College is located in the northwest area of Rangpur. It is 210 kilometres from the Rajshahi District and 330 kilometers from Dhaka and is located next to the inter-country highway that connects India to Nepal. Prime Medical College hospital (750 beds), Doctor's Community Hospital (500 beds), Northern Private Medical College Hospital, Christian missionary hospital are well-known private institutes. Other government institutes include a children's hospital, a chest hospital, and an infectious disease hospital.
A 1000 bed-hospital known as Health City is under construction aiming to provide medical treatments and surgeries.
There are a number of locally published newspapers in the district. Locally published newspapers and periodicals include Online News Portal BNN (Bangladesh National News) (2016), Rangpur Onlinelivenews24 (2012), Desh71 (2012), Rangpur Crime News (2005), Daily Rangpur Chitra (2009), Daily Akhira (1990) Dabanal (1980), Rangaprovat (1987), Juger Alo (1992), Dainik Paribesh (1994),Daily Gonoalo (2012) Dainik Rangpur (1997), Weekly Atal (1991), Rangpur Barta (1996) and Weekly Bajrakantha (Pirganj). Former newspapers which are no longer published include Rangapur Bartabaha (1847), Rangapur Dik Prakash (1861), Rangapur Darpan (1907), Uttar Bangla (1960) and Pravati (1955).
Rangpur is well connected by highways to Chittagong and Dhaka, as well as other parts of Rangpur. It takes about 6 to 7 hours by road to reach the capital Dhaka by National Highway 5. Bus services to other major districts are also available from Rangpur. Highway links to India have been established through the Asian Highway 2.
The Rangpur Railway Station is the main railway station providing trains on national routes operated by the state-run Bangladesh Railway. The Rangpur Express is a Bangladeshi Intercity train which runs between Rangpur and Dhaka.
The city of Rangpur is served by Saidpur Airport, located at the north of the city. Saidpur airport is a domestic airport. Saidpur Airport is connected through several private airlines such as Novoair, US-Bangla Airlines, Regent Airways & Biman Bangladesh Airlines a government airline with Capital city of Bangladesh Dhaka.
Many Rangpur natives speak in the Rajbongshi language. Rajbongshi is an Indic language spoken by half a million Rajbongshi people in Bangladesh and five million in India, where they are known as Rajbanshi. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese. The main dialects are Western Rajbongshi, Central Rajbongshi, Eastern Rajbongshi and Hill Rajbongshi (also known as Koch language). The vast majority of Rangpur's inhabitants, however, speak Bengali and are Bengali, Rajbangshi is limited to the Rajbongshi people, which itself is in a dialect continuum with Bengali and is largely intelligible.
The most popular sport in Rangpur is cricket, although football is also popular. There is a 10,000+ capacity stadium in the city. It is known as Rangpur Stadium. It is used for football and other sports. Besides different organisation share to stage a show there occasionally. There are another ground known as Cricket Garden and is mainly used for cricket. There are also a few sports training academies in the city. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Rangpur has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Rangpur Riders. In December 2012, I Sports bought the Rangpur franchise for $1.01 m. Notable players from Rangpur who have played for the national team include Nasir Hossain, Suhrawadi Shuvo.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Rangpur .|