Open main menu

Svoboda (in Ukrainian: «Свобода» — "Liberty")[1] is the oldest existing Ukrainian newspaper and the most widely read in the Western world.[2]

Svoboda
Svoboda.jpg
TypeWeekly newspaper from July 3, 1998 (Daily prior to this)
Owner(s)Ukrainian National Association, Inc.
Publisher"Svoboda" Printing Office
EditorZenon Snylyk
Founded15 September 1893
LanguageUkrainian, with some English
HeadquartersJersey City, New Jersey, United States
Circulation7,524+; available online
Sister newspapersThe Ukrainian Weekly
ISSN0274-6964
OCLC number1766932
Websitesvoboda-news.com

HistoryEdit

Svoboda was founded in Jersey City, New Jersey[3] on 11 September 1893 by Father Hryhoriii Hrushka. In February 22, 1894, the Ukrainian National Association (UNA) adopted the newspaper as its organ.[4] It became a bi-weekly newspaper on 1 March 1894, a tri-weekly on 8 August 1914, and a daily on 3 January 1921. Svoboda served as a 'mouthpiece" for Ukrainians in North America, and played an important role in the discussing and solving of immigrant difficulties. Prior to the establishment of Ukrainian-Canadian periodicals (such as the Kanadiiskyi Farmer), it was the only Ukrainian-language newspaper of any note in Canada[5] but was banned by the country during World War II for its pro-German sympathies.[6]

Outside of North America, Ukrainians in Brazil, Galicia, and Bukovyna also subscribed to it. It provided a channel of communication for those of the intelligentsia concerned with emigration of Ukrainian peasants and life in the New World;[5] they used the paper to guide them into improved lifestyles and conformance to the ideals of European[clarification needed] civilization. Through a program of enlightenment, Svoboda promoted the establishment of Ukrainian schools as well as the learning of Ukrainian language and history.[5]

Its peak circulation was approximately 18,000.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ «Svoboda» — "Liberty", newspaper №210, 10.09.1937
  2. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Volume 5 , Volodymyr Kubiĭovych, Danylo Husar Struk (eds.), University of Toronto Press, 1993, p.128 ISBN 978-0-8020-3010-8
  3. ^ About this Newspaper: Svoboda - Chronicling America - The Library of Congress
  4. ^ Satzewich, Vic (2003). The Ukrainian Diaspora. Routledge. pp. 42–43. ISBN 9781134434954.
  5. ^ a b c Jaroslav Petryshyn, Luba Dzubak, Peasants in the Promised Land: Canada and the Ukrainians, 1891-1914 James Lorimer & Company, 1985 pp.46, 87-88 ISBN 978-0-88862-925-8
  6. ^ Coplon, Jeff (January 12, 1988). "In Search of a Soviet Holocaust". Village Voice. New York: villagevoice.com. Retrieved 18 September 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Svoboda (newspaper) at Wikimedia Commons