List of Greek and Latin roots in English/H–O

The following is an alphabetical list of Greek and Latin roots, stems, and prefixes commonly used in the English language from H to O. See also the lists from A to G and from P to Z.

Some of those used in medicine and medical technology are not listed here but instead in the entry for List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes.

Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

HEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
hab-, -hib-, habit-, -hibit- have Latin habere "to have", habitus "habit", habitare "to live (reside)" ability, able, debenture, debile, debilitate, debility, debit, debitor, debt, debtor, devoir, disability, disable, disenable, disinhibit, disinhibition, due, duty, enable, enablement, endeavor, exhibit, exhibition, exhibitor, habeas corpus, habendum, habenula, habile, habilitate, hability, habit, habitable, habitance, habitant, habitat, habitation, habitator, habitual, habituate, habituation, habitude, habitudinal, inability, indubitable, inhabile, inhabit, inhabitable, inhabitant, inhabitation, inhibit, inhibition, inhibitory, nonhabitual, prebend, prebendary, prohibit, prohibition, prohibitive, prohibitory, provender, rehabilitant, rehabilitate, rehabilitation, rehabilitative, rehabilitator
hadr-[1] thick Greek ἁδρός (hadrós) Hadrocodium, Hadromys, hadron, Hadropithecus, hadrosaur, hadrosaurid
haem-, hem-[2] blood Greek αἷμα, αἵματος (haîma, haímatos) anaemia, anemia, haematemesis, haematopoiesis, haematuria, haemochromatosis, haemophilia, haemophobia, haemoptysis, haemorrhage, haemorrhoid, haemosiderosis, haemostatic, hematocrit, hematogenesis, hematoma, hematophagous, hematophagy, hematopoiesis, hematopoietic, hematuria, hemocoel, hemocyte, hemoglobin, hemoglobinuria, hemophagy, hemophilia, hemophiliac, hemoptysis, hemorrhage, hemorrhagic, hemorrhea, hemorrhoid, hemorrhoidectomy, hemosiderin, hemosiderosis, hemostat, hemotherapy, hyperaemia, hyperemia, hyphaema, hyphema, methemoglobin, methemoglobinemia, microhematuria, microhemorrhage, polycythaemia
haere-[3] choose, take Greek αἱρεῖν (haireîn), αἱρεῖσθαι (haireîsthai), αἱρετός (hairetós), αἱρετικός (hairetikós), αἵρεσις (haíresis) aphaeresis, diaeresis, heresiarch, heresy, heretic, plasmapheresis, synaeresis, syneresis
hal-[4] salt Greek ἅλς, ἁλός (háls, halós),
ἅλινος (hálinos)
halide, halieutic, halite, halochromic, halochromism, halogen, halomancy, halophile, halophyte, oxohalide, thermohaline
hal-, -hel- breathe Latin halare, halatus anhelation, anhele, anhelous, exhalable, exhalant, exhalation, exhale, halitus, inhalable, inhalant, inhalation, inhale
hapl-[5] simple, single Greek ἁπλοῦς (haploûs), ἅπλωσις (háplōsis), ἅπλωμα (háplōma) haplochromine, haplodiploid, haplodiploidy, haplography, haploid, haplology, haplont, haplontic, haplophase, haplopia, haplosis, haplotype
haur-, haust- draw Latin haurire, haustus exhaust, exhaustible, exhaustion, exhaustive, hauriant, haurient, haustellate, haustellum, haustorium, haustrum, inexhaustible, nonexhaustive
heb- [6] youth Greek ἥβη (hḗbē), ἡβητικός (hēbētikós), ἔφηβος (éphēbos), ἡβᾶν (hēbân), ἡβάσκω, ἡβητής (hēbētḗs) ephebeum, ephebia, ephebiatrics, ephebic, ephebiphobia, ephebophilia, ephebos, hebephilia, hebephobia, hebephrenia, hebetic, hebiatrics, hebophile, hebophilia
hed-[7] (ΕΔ) sit Greek ἕδος, ἕδεος (hédos, hédeos), ἕδρα (hédra), ἕζεσθαι (hézesthai) cathedra, chair, dodecahedron, dodecahemidodecahedron, endohedric, ephedra, exedra, hemipolyhedron, hexahedron, octahedron, pentahedroid, pentahedron, polyhedron, pyritohedron, rhombohedron, sanhedrin, synedrion, tetrahedroid, trapezohedron, trisoctahedron
hed-[8] pleasant, sweet Greek ἥδεσθαι, ἡδόμενον, ἡδύς (hēdómenon, hēdús), ἡδύτης, σϝηδύς, ἡδονή (hēdonḗ) anhedonia, anhedonic, hedonics, hedonism, hedonist, hedonistic, hedonology, hyphedonia
heg-[9] lead Greek ἄγω, ἡγεῖσθαι (hēgeîsthai), ἡγούμενος (hēgoúmenos), ἡγεμών (hēgemṓn), ἡγεμονία, ἡγεμονικός diegesis, diegetic, eisegesis, exegesis, exegete, exegetic, hegemon, hegemonic, hegemony, hegumen, hypodiegetic, metadiegetic, protohegumen
heli-[10] sun Greek ἥλιος (hḗlios) aphelion, heliocentric, heliocentrism, heliodor, heliograph, heliolatry, heliomania, heliometer, heliopause, Heliophila, heliophobia, heliophyte, Helios, helioscope, heliosphere, heliostat, heliotherapy, heliotrope, heliotropic, heliotropism, helium, parhelion, perihelion
helic-[11] something twisted or spiral Greek ϝελίσσω, ἑλίσσειν (helíssein), ἕλιξ, ἕλικος (hélix, hélikos), ἕλιξις, ἕλιγμα (hélixis, héligma), (helikoeidḗs) anthelix, antihelix, helicine, helicograph, helicoid, helicopter, helicospore, helix
Hell-[12] Greece, Hellas Greek Ἑλλάς, ἑλλάδος (Hellás, helládos) Helladic, Hellenic, Hellenism, Hellenistic
helminth-[13] worm Greek ἕλμινς, ἕλμινθος (hélmins, hélminthos) anthelmintic, antihelminthic, helminth, helminthic, helminthoid
helot-[14] enslaved Greek Εἵλως, Εἵλωτος, Εἱλώτης Helot, helotism, helotry
hemer-[15] day Greek ἡμέρα (hēméra) Decameron, ephemeral, ephemeris, ephemeron, ephemerous, hemeralopia
hemer-[16] tame Greek ἥμερος (hḗmeros), ἡμερότης (hēmerótēs) hemeroby, hemerochora, hemerophile
hemi- half Greek ἥμισυς (hḗmisus) anhemitonic, hemiballismus, hemicryptophyte, hemicube, hemicycle, hemidesmosome, hemimelia, hemimetabolic, hemimetabolism, hemimetaboly, hemiparesis, hemiplegia, hemipolyhedron, hemisphere, hemitonic
hen- one Greek ἕν (hén), ἑνάς, ἑνάδος (henás, henádos), ἕνωσις (hénōsis) enosis, enotikon, henad, hendiadys, henotheism, hyphen
hendec-[17] eleven Greek ἕνδεκα (héndeka) hendecagon, hendecagram, hendecagrammic, hendecane, hendecasyllabic, hendecasyllable hendecahedron
hepat-[18] liver Greek ἧπαρ, ἥπατος (hêpar, hḗpatos), ἡπατικός (hēpatikós) heparin, hepatic, hepatitis, hepatocyte, hepatology, hepatomancy, hepatoscopy, hepatotoxic, hepatotoxin, hepatotropic
hept-[19] seven Greek ἑπτά (heptá) heptachord, heptagon, heptagram, heptagraph, heptahedron, heptamer, heptameric, heptameter, Heptateuch, heptathlete, heptathlon, heptatonic, heptode
her-, heir- heir Latin heres (genitive heredis) heir, heiress, hereditary, heredity, heritage, inherit
here-, hes- cling, stick Latin haerere, haesus adhere, adherence, adherend, adherent, adhesion, adhesive, cohere, coherence, coherent, cohesion, cohesive, decoherence, hesitancy, hesitant, hesitate, hesitation, hesitator, incoherent, inhere, inherency, inherent, inhesion, nonadherence, nonadherent, nonadhesive
herald- messenger, envoy Latin heraldus herald, heraldic, heraldry
herb- grass Latin herba herbal, herbicide, herbivore
heres-, heret-[3] choose, take Greek αἱρεῖν (haireîn) "to take, choose" heresy, heretic, heretical
herm-[20] Hermes Greek Ἑρμῆς (Hermês), ἑρμηνεύς (hermēneús), ἑρμηνεύω (hermēneúō), ἑρμηνευτικός (hermēneutikós), ἑρμήνευσις, ἑρμήνευμα herm, hermaphrodite, hermeneutic, hermeneutics, hermetic
hero-[21] hero Greek ἥρως, ἥρωος (hḗrōs, hḗrōos), ἡρωίνη (hērōínē), ἡρωϊκός (hērōïkós), ἡρωϊσμός (hērōïsmós) antihero, hero, heroic, heroine, heroism
herp-[22] creep Greek ἕρπειν (hérpein), ἕρπης, ἕρπητος (hérpēs, hérpētos) herpes, herpetology
heter-[23] different, other Greek ἕτερος (héteros) heterochromatin, heterodox, heterodoxy, heterogeneity, heterogeneous, heterophobia, heterosexuality, heterosexual, heterosis, heterotic
heur-[24] find Greek εὑρίσκειν (heurískein), εὕρηκα (heúrēka), εὕρημα (heúrēma) eureka, heuristic, metaheuristic
hex-[25] six Greek ἕξ (héx), ἑξάς, ἑξάδος (hexás, hexádos) hexachord, hexad, hexadic, hexagon, hexagram, hexahedron, hexamer, hexamerous, hexameter, hexapod, hexastyle, hexasyllabic, Hexateuch, hexatonic, hexode, tetrahemihexahedron
hi- gape Latin hiare dehisce, dehiscence, dehiscent, hiatal, hiatus, indehiscence, indehiscent, inhiation
hibern- wintry Latin hibernus hibernacle, hibernaculum, hibernal, hibernate, hibernation, hibernator
hidrot-[26] sweat Greek ἱδρώς, ἱδρῶτος (hidrṓs, hidrōtos), ἱδροῦν (hidroûn), ἵδρωσις (hídrōsis) anhidrosis, dyshidrosis, dyshidrotic, hematidrosis, hidrocystoma, hidropoiesis, hidroschesis, hidrosis, hidrotic, hyperhidrosis, hypohidrosis
hiem- winter Latin hiems hiemal
hier-[27] holy, sacred Greek ἱερός (hierós) hierarch, hierarchy, hieratic, hierocracy, hierodeacon, hieroglyph, hieroglyphic, hierogram, hierolatry, hieromonk, hierurgy
hipp-[28] horse Greek ἵππος (híppos) ephippium, hippeis, hippocampus, hippodrome, hippology, Hippolyte, hippomancy, hippophagy, hippophile, hippophobia, hippopotamus, parahippocampus
hirsut- hairy Latin hirtus, hirsutus hirsute, hirsutulous
hispid- bristly Latin hispidus hispidity, hispidulous
histri- actor Latin histrio, histrionis histrionic
hod-[29] way Greek ὁδός (hodós) anode, cathode, diode, electrode, episode, ergodic, exodos, exodus, heptode, herpolhode, hodograph, hodology, hodometer, hodonym, hodophobia, hodoscope, hydathode, method, methodic, Methodism, Methodist, methodology, octode, parodos, pentode, period, periodic, synod, tetrode, triode
hol-[30] whole Greek ὅλος (hólos), ὁλικός (holikós) catholic, holiatry, holism, holistic, holography, holomorphic, holonomy
hom-[31] same Greek ὁμός (homós) homiletic, homily, homogeneous, homograph, homologous, homology, homomorphism, homonym, homophobia, homophone, homosexual, homozygous
homal-[32] even, flat Greek ὁμαλός (homalós) "even", from ὁμός (homós) "same" anomalous, anomaly
homin- human Latin homo, hominis ad hominem, bonhomie, homage, hombre, homicide, hominid, homuncular, homunculus, human, humane, humanitarian, humanity, inhuman, inhumane, inhumanity, Nemo, nonhuman, omber, ombre, prehuman, subhuman, superhuman, transhuman
homoe-, home-[33] like, similar Greek ὅμοιος (hómoios), ὁμοῖος, ὁμοιότης homeomorphism, homeopathy, homeostasis, homeothermy, homoeopathy, homoiotherm, homoiothermic
honor- esteem Latin honos, honoris dishonor, dishonorable, honorable, honorand, honorarium, honorary, honoree, honorific
hor-[34] boundary Greek ὅρος (hóros), ὁρίζειν (horízein) aorist, aphorism, aphorismus, aphorize, diorite, horizon, horopter, horotelic
hor-[35] hour Greek ὥρα (hṓra) horologist, horology, horometry, horoscope
horm-[36] that which excites Greek ὁρμᾶν, ὁρμεῖν (hormân, hormeîn), ὁρμή (hormḗ), ὅρμησις (hórmēsis), ὁρμῶν (hormôn) horme, hormephobia, hormesis, hormetic, hormic, hormone
hort- garden Latin hortus, horti antecourt, cohort, cortege, court, courteous, courtesan, courtesy, courtier, curtain, curtilage, Curtis, discourteous, discourtesy, frontcourt, horticultural, horticulture
hospit- host Latin hospes, hospitis co-host, hospice, hospitable, hospital, hospitality, host, hostal, hostel, hosteler, hostler, hotel, hotelier, inhospitable, inhospitality
host- enemy Latin hostis host, hostile, hostility
hum- ground Latin humus, humare disinhume, exhumation, exhume, humate, humation, humble, humic, humicolous, humiliate, humiliation, humility, humus, inhumation, inhume
hyal-[37] glass Greek ὕαλος (húalos) hyaline, hyaloid
hybr-[38] wantonness Greek ὕβρις (húbris), ὑβρίζω, ὕβριστος, ὑβριστικός (hubrízō, húbristos, hubristikós), ὑβρισμός, ὕβρισμα, ὑβριστής hubris, hubristic, hybris, hybristic
hydn-[39] truffle Greek ὕδνον (húdnon) hydnoid, Hydnum
hydr-[40] water Greek ὕδωρ, ὕδατος (húdōr, húdatos), ὕδρα (húdra) clepsydra, dehydrate, hydathode, hydatid, hydatidosis, hydra, hydrant, hydrate, hydraulic, hydraulics, hydrochloric, hydrodynamics, hydroelectric, hydrogen, hydrologist, hydrology, hydrolysis, hydromancy, hydrophile, hydrophilic, hydrophily, hydrophobia, hydrophobic, hydroponic, hydrosphere, hydrostat, hydrostatic, hydrothermic, hydrous, hydrozoa, polyhydric
hygie-[41] healthy Greek ὑγιής (hugiḗs), ὑγίεια (hugíeia), ὑγιεινός (hugieinós), ὑγιάζειν Hygieia, hygiene, hygienic, hygienics, hygienist
hygr-[42] wet Greek ὑγρός (hugrós) hygric, hygroma, hygrometer
hymen-[43] skin or membrane Greek ὑμήν, ὑμένος (humḗn, huménos) hymen, hymenium, hymenomycete, hymenophore, hymenoplasty, Hymenoptera, hymenorrhaphy, hymenotomy
hyo- U-shaped Greek ὑοειδής (huoeidḗs) hyoid, hyostyly
hyp-, hypo-[44] under , below Greek ὑπό (hupó) hyphen, hypoallergenic, hypodermic, hypogene, hypothermia, hypotonic, hypoxemia, hypoxia
hyper-[45] above, over Greek ὑπέρ (hupér) hyper, hyperbaric, hyperbola, hyperbole, Hyperion, hyperlink, hyperoxia, hyperpyrexia, hyperthermia, hypertonic
hyph-[46] weave Greek ὑφαίνειν (huphaínein), ὕφασμα, ὑφή (huphḗ) "web" hypha, hyphomycete, hyphopodium
hypn-[47] sleep Greek ὕπνος (húpnos) hypnagogia, hypnagogic, hypnolepsy, hypnophobia, hypnopompia, hypnopompic, hypnosis, hypnotherapy, hypnotic, hypnotist, hypnotize
hyps- height Greek ὕψι, ὕψιστος, ὕψος (húpsos), ὑψοῦ, ὑψόθεν hypsography, hypsometer, hypsophobia
hys-[48] hog Greek ὗς (hûs), ὕαινα (húaina) hyena, hyenoid
hyster-[49] womb Greek ὑστέρα (hustéra) hysteralgia, hysteratresia, hysterectomy, hysteria, hysteric, hysterosalpingography
hyster-[50] later Greek ὑστερεῖν (hustereîn), ὕστερος (hústeros), ὑστέρησις (hustérēsis), ὑστέρημα (hustérēma) hysteresis, hysteretic, hysteron proteron
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

IEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
i-[51] go Greek ἰέναι (iénai), ἴμμεναι, ἰόν, ἰών (ímmenai, ión, iṓn) anion, anionic, cation, cationic, ion, ionic, ionize, polyanion, polycation
iatr-[52] heal Greek ἰᾶσθαι (iâsthai), ἰατρός (iatrós), ἰατρικός (iatrikós), ἰατρεύειν (iatreúein), ἰατρεία (iatreía), ἴασις, ἴαμα iatrogenic, physiatry, podiatrist, podiatry, psychiatrist, psychiatry
ichthy-[53] fish Greek ἰχθύς, ἰχθύος (ikhthús, ikhthúos) ichthyology, Ichthyophaga, ichthyophobia, ichthyoplankton, ichthyosis
icos-[54] twenty Greek ϝεικοσι, εἴκοσι (eíkosi), εἰκοσάς, εἰκοσάκις "twenty times" hemi-icosahedron, icosagon, icosahedron
icter-[55] jaundice Greek ἴκτερος (íkteros), ἰκτερικός (ikterikós), ἰκτεριάω icteric, icterogenic, icterohemorrhagic, icterohepatitis, icteroid, icterus
id- (ϜΙΔ) shape, form, picture Greek εἶδειν (eîdein), εἶδος (eîdos) eidetic, eidolon, eidos, idol, idolater, idolatry, idyll, idyllic, idyllist, pareidolia
ide-[56] idea, thought Greek ἰδεῖν (ideîn), ἰδέα (idéa) ideogram, ideologue, ideology
idi-[57] own, peculiarity Greek ϝίδιος, ἴδιος (ídios), "private, personal, one's own" idiolect, idiom, idiopathic, idiopathy, idiophone, idiosyncrasy, idiosyncratic, idiot, idiotic
ign- fire Latin ignis igneous, ignite, ignition
imagin- copy Latin imāgō, imāginis image, imagine
imbr- heavy rain Latin imber, imbris ignimbrite, imbrex, imbricate, imbrication, imbriferous
in-[58] sinew Greek ἴς, ἰνός (ís, inós), ἰνίον (iníon) inion, inotrope, inotropic
in- (1), il-, im- in, on Latin in illuminate, import, incur, intend, invite
in- (2), il-, im-, ir- not, un- (negation) Latin in- illicit, impossible, inimical, insane, irrational
inan- empty, vain Latin inanitio "emptiness" and inanitas "worthlessness", from inanire "to empty", from inanis "empty, void, worthless" inane, inanition, inanity
infra- below, under Latin infra infrared, infrastructure
insul- island Latin insula insular, insulation
integr- whole, complete Latin in-, teg- integrate, integration, integer, integrational, disintegrate, integral, unintegrated
inter- among, between Latin inter (preposition) intercollegiate, intermission, intersection
intra- inside , within Latin intra intramural, intravenous
iota- I, i Greek iota iotacism
irasc-, irat- be angry Latin irasci "grow angry", from ira "anger" irascible, irate, ire
irid- rainbow Latin iris iridescent
is-, iso-[59] equal, same Greek ϝίσϝος (wíswos), ἴσος (ísos) isogloss, isograph, isometric, isomorphic, isosceles, isotonic, isotropic
ischi-[60] hip joint Greek ἰσχίον (iskhíon), ἰσχιαδικός (iskhiadikós) ischiadic, ischium, sciatic, sciatica
iter- again Latin iterum, iterare iteration
itiner- journey Latin iter, itineris itinerary
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

JEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
jac- lie Latin jaceo "to be thrown" adjacency, adjacent, circumjacency, circumjacent, ease, easy, interjacent, interjoist, joist, nonadjacent, subjacent, superjacent
jac-, -ject- cast, throw Latin jacio (also spelled iacio), iectus abject, adjectival, adjective, conjectural, conjecture, deject, dejection, disject, disjection, ejaculate, ejaculation, ejaculatory, eject, ejecta, ejection, ejective, ejectment, ejector, inject, injection, injective, injector, interject, interjection, interjectional, interjector, interjectory, introject, introjection, introjective, jactation, jactitation, jaculate, jaculation, jaculator, jaculatory, jaculiferous, jet, jetsam, jettison, nonobjective, object, objectification, objection, objectionable, objective, objectivity, objector, parget, project, projectile, projection, projective, projector, reject, rejectamenta, rejection, subject, subjection, subjective, subjectivity, subjicible, surjection, surjective, traject, trajectile, trajection, trajectory, trijet
janu- door Latin janua janitor, January
joc- jest Latin jocus (also spelled iocus) jewel, jewelry, jocose, jocosity, jocular, jocularity, joke, jongleur, juggle
judic- judge Latin iudex, iūdicis adjudicate, adjudication, adjudicative, adjudicator, adjudicatory, extrajudicial, injudicious, judge, judgement, judgment, judgmental, judicable, judicative, judicator, judicatory, judicature, judicial, judiciary, judicious, nonjudgmental, nonjudicial, prejudge, prejudgment, prejudice, prejudicial, quasijudicial
jug- yoke Latin jugo, jugum conjugal, subjugate
jung-, junct- join Latin iungo, junctus adjoin, adjoint, adjunct, adjunction, adjunctive, conjoin, conjoint, conjunct, conjunction, conjunctive, disjoin, disjoint, disjunct, disjunction, disjunctive, enjoin, enjoinder, enjoinment, injunction, injunctive, join, junction, juncture, junta, junto, nondisjunction, nonjoinder, rejoin, rejoinder, sejoin, sejungible, subjoin, subjoinder, subjunctive, surrejoinder
junior- younger Latin junior junior, juniority
jus-, jur- law, justice Latin ius, iuris abjure, jurisprudence, jury, just, justice, objurgate, perjury
juv-, jut- help Latin juvo, jutus adjument, adjutant, adjutor, adjutory, adjutrix, coadjutant, coadjutor, injucundity, jocund, jocundity
juven- young, youth Latin juvenis juvenile, rejuvenate
juxta- beside, near Latin juxta juxtaposition
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

KEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
-kary- nucleus Greek καρυον (karyon) Eukaryote, Prokaryote
kastan- brown Greek καφέ (kafé) Kastanophobia
kilo- thousand Greek χίλιοι (khílioi) kilobyte, kilogram, kilometer, kiloliter
kine-, cine- movement, motion Greek κινεῖν (kineîn), κίνησις (kínēsis), κίνημα (kínēma) akinesia, akinesis, akinete, akinetic, cinema, cinematic, diakinesis, dyskinesia, dyskinetic, hyperkinesia, hyperkinesis, hyperkinetic, hypokinesia, hypokinesis, hypokinetic, kinematics, kinescope, kinesiologist, kinesiology, kinesis, kinesthetic, kinetic, kineticism, kinetics, kinetochore, kinetophobia, photokinesis, telekinesis
klept- steal Greek κλέπτειν (kléptein), κλέπτης (kléptēs) kleptocracy, kleptomania, kleptophobia, kleptoplasty
ktet- possession, ownership Greek κτητικός (ktētikós), κτήτωρ (ktḗtōr) ktetic, ktetor
kudo- glory Greek κῦδος (kûdos) kudos
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

LEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
lab-, lep-[61] grasp, seize, take Greek λαμβάνειν (lambánein), λῆψις (lêpsis), λῆμμα (lêmma) analemma, analemmatic, analeptic, catalepsy, cataleptic, dilemma, dilemmatic, epilepsy, epileptic, hypnolepsy, hysteroepilepsy, metalepsis, narcolepsy, nympholepsy, octosyllabic, procatalepsis, prolepsis, proleptic, proslepsis, syllabic, syllabism, syllable, syllabogram, syllepsis, trisyllabic, trisyllable
lab-, laps- slide, slip Latin labi, lapsus collapse, collapsible, elapse, labile, lapse, prolapse, relapse
labi- lip Latin labia, labiae bilabial, bilabiate, infralabial, labial, labiate, labium, sublabial, supralabial
labor- work Latin labor collaborate, collaboration, collaborative, collaborator, elaborate, elaboration, elaborative, elaborator, labor, laboratory, laborious
lacer- tear Latin lacer laceration
lacrim- cry, tears Latin lacrima lachrymal, lachrymose, lachrymosity, lacrimal, lacrimation, lacrimator, lacrimatory, lacrimous
lact- milk Latin lac, lactis, lactare ablactate, ablactation, lactary, lactase, lactate, lactation, lactational, lacteal, lacteous, lactescent, lactic, lactose, laitance, latte
lag- hare Greek λαγός (lagós) lagomorph, Sylvilagus
lamin- layer, slice Latin lāmina bilamellate, bilaminar, lame, lamé, lamella, lamellar, lamellate, laminate, lamination, laminose, laminous, multilaminar, omelet, omelette, trilaminar, unilaminar
lamp-[62] shine, torch Greek λάμπειν (lámpein), λαμπάς (lampás) lamp, lamprid, Lampris
lapid- stone Latin lapis, lapidis dilapidate, dilapidation, lapidarian, lapidary, lapidate, lapidation, lapidator, lapideous, lapidescence, lapidescent, lapidicolous, lapidification, lapillation, lapilli
larg- large Latin largus allargando, enlarge, enlargement, largamente, largando, large, largess, largesse, largition, largo
larv- ghost, mask Latin larva larva, larvae, larval
lat- broad, wide Latin latus laticlave, latifoliate, latifundium, latitude, latitudinal, latitudinarian, latitudinous
later- side Latin latus, lateris ambilateral, ambilaterality, bilateral, bilaterality, collateral, contralateral, equilateral, extralateral, inequilateral, ipsilateral, lateral, laterality, matrilateral, multilateral, nonlateral, patrilateral, plurilateral, quadrilateral, semilatus, septilateral, trilateral, unilateral
laud-, laus- praise Latin laudare "to praise" laud, laudable, laudanum, laudation, Lauds, summa cum laude
lav- wash Latin lavare launder, laundry, lava, lavation, lavatory, lave, lavender, lavish, lotion
lax- not tense, slack Latin laxus, laxare delay, disrelish, laches, lax, laxation, laxative, laxity, leasable, lease, relax, relaxant, relaxation, relay, release, relish, sublease
lecith-[63] egg yolk Greek λέκιθος (lékithos) lecithin
led-, les-, -lid-, -lis- hurt, strike Latin laedere, laesus, -lidere allision, collide, collision, elide, elidible, elision, illesive, lesion
leg- [64] say Greek λέγειν (légein), λέγεσθαι (légesthai), λεκτός (lektós), λεκτικός (lektikós), λέξις (léxis), λεξικός (lexikós), λεξικόν (lexikón), λόγος (lógos), (logḗ), λεγόμενον (legómenon), λογεῖον alexia, alexithymia, apologetic, apologia, apology, dialect, dialectic, dialectologist, dialectology, dialog, dialogue, dyslexia, dyslexic, dyslogia, dyslogism, ethnolect, legomenon, lexeme, lexicography, lexicology, lexicon, lexigram, lexis, logic, logion, logos, prolegomenon
leg-, lect- choose, gather, read Latin legere coil, colleague, collect, collectible, collection, collective, collector, college, collegial, collegiality, collegian, collegiate, collegium, counterintelligence, cull, deselect, diligence, diligent, elect, electability, electable, electee, election, elective, elector, electoral, electorate, eligibility, eligible, elite, illegibility, illegible, ineligibility, ineligible, intellect, intellection, intellectual, intellectuality, intelligence, intelligent, intelligentsia, intercollegiate, lectern, lectin, lection, lectionary, lector, lectorate, lecture, legend, legendary, legendry, legibility, legible, legion, legionary, legionnaire, legume, leguminous, lesson, neglect, negligee, negligence, negligent, negligible, nonelective, nonelite, nonnegligible, nonselective, postelection, predilect, predilection, preelection, prelect, prelection, prelector, preselect, recollect, recollection, reelect, reelection, religion, reselect, sacrilege, select, selectance, selectee, selection, selective, selectivity, selector, superselection, uniselector
leg- law Latin lex, legis allege, disloyal, disloyalty, extralegal, illegal, legal, legality, legific, legislate, legislation, legislative, legislator, legislature, legitim, legitimacy, legitimate, loyal, loyalty, nonlegal, privilege
leg- send Latin legare (from legis) allegation, delegable, delegacy, delegate, delegatee, delegation, delegator, delegatory, league, legacy, legatary, legate, legatee, legatine, legation, legato, nondelegate, relegate, relegation, superdelegate
lei-[65] smooth Greek λεῖος (leîos) leiomyoma
lekan-[66] dish, pot Greek λεκάνη (lekánē) lekane
leni- gentle Latin lenis, lenire leniency, lenient, leniment, lenis, lenition, lenitive, lenitude, lenity
leon- lion Latin leo, leonis dandelion, Leo, leonine, Leopold
lep-[67] flake, peel, scale Greek λέπειν (lépein), λεπίς, λεπίδος (lepís, lepídos) antilepton, lepidolite, Lepidoptera, Lepidorhombus, lepidote, lepidotrichia, leprosy
lepto-[68] small, fine, thin Greek λεπτός (leptós) leptocyte, leptogenesis, Leptomonas, lepton, leptophyllous
leuc-, leuk-[69] white Greek λευκός (leukós) aleukemia, aleukocytosis, leucism, leucocyte, leucopenia, leucoplast, leukemia, leukocytopenia, leukopenia, leucophore
lev- lift, light, raise Latin levare "lighten, raise", from levis "light" (in weight) alleviate, alleviation, bas-relief, counter-relief, deleverage, elevate, elevation, elevator, leaven, legerity, levade, Levant, levee, lever, leverage, leviable, levitate, levitation, levity, levy, relevé, relief, relieve, sublevation, superelevation
liber- free Latin liber, liberare deliver, deliverance, illiberal, illiberality, liberal, liberality, liberalize, liberate, liberation, liberator, libertarian, liberticide, libertinage, libertine, liberty, ultraliberal
libr- book Latin liber, libri interlibrary, libel, libellant, libellee, libellous, librarian, library, libretto
lig- bind Latin ligare, ligatus ligament, ligature
limac- slug Latin limax, limacis limacine, limacoid, limacon, Limax
limpa- clear, water Latin limpa "water" limpid, limpidity, lymph
line- line Latin linea align, alignment, ambilineal, ambilineality, bilinear, collinear, collinearity, collineation, curvilinear, curvilinearity, delineate, delineation, delineavit, line, linea, lineage, lineal, lineament, linear, linearity, lineate, lineation, matrilineal, multicollinearity, multilinear, nonalignment, noncollinear, nonlineal, nonlinear, nonlinearity, quasilinear, realign, realignment, rectilinear, rectilinearity, sesquilinear, sublineage, sublinear, supralinear, trilinear, unilinear
line- smear, smudge Latin linere delete, deletion, indelible, liniment
lingu- language, tongue Latin lingua bilingual, bilinguality, bilinguous, collingual, elinguation, interlanguage, language, ligula, ligular, ligule, lingua franca, lingual, linguiform, linguine, multilingual, prelingual, quadrilingual, sublingual, trilingual
linqu-, lict- leave Latin linquere, lictus relict, relinquish
lip-[70] fat Greek λίπος (lípos) lipolysis, lipophile, lipophilic, lipopolysaccharide, lipoprotein, synaloepha
liqu- flow Latin liquere deliquesce, liquefy, liqueur, liquid, liquor, prolix
lit-[71] prayer, supplication Greek λιτή (litḗ), λιτανεία (litaneía) litany
liter- letter Latin littera alliteration, alliterative, biliteral, biliterate, illiteracy, illiterate, literacy, literal, literary, literate, literati, literatim, literation, literator, literature, multiliteral, nonliteral, nonliterary, nonliterate, obliterate, obliteration, preliterate, quadriliteral, transliteracy, transliterate, transliteration, triliteral, uniliteral
lith-[72] stone Greek λίθος (líthos) aerolithology, endolith, endolithic, epilithic, lithagogue, lithic, lithography, lithology, lithophile, lithophone, lithophyte, lithosphere, lithotomy, megalith, Mesolithic, microlite, monolith, monolithic, Neolithic, Paleolithic, photolithography, phytolith
loc- place Latin locus, locare accouchement, allocate, bilocation, bilocular, cislocative, collocation, couch, couchant, dislocate, dislocation, interlocal, lieu, local, locale, locality, locate, location, locative, locator, locomotion, loculament, locular, locule, loculose, loculus, locus, milieu, multilocal, multilocation, multilocular, nonlocal, relocate, relocation, translocate, translocation, translocative, trilocular, unilocular
log-, -logy word, reason, speech, thought Greek λόγος (lógos), λογία (logía) analogy, anthology, apology, biology, dialogue doxology, ecology, epilogue, etymology, eulogy, geology, ideologue, logarithm, logic, logogram, logopaedics, logophile, logotherapy, meteorology, monologue, morphological, neologism, neurology, philology, prologue, psychology, tautology, terminology, theology, toxicology, trilogy, zoology
long- long Latin longus allonge, elongate, elongation, longa, longanimity, longe, longeron, longinquity, longitude, longitudinal, longum, lunge, lungo, oblong, prolong, prolongation, purloin
loqu-, locut- speak Latin loqui allocution, circumlocution, colloquial, colloquy, elocution, eloquent, eloquence, grandiloquent, interlocution, loquacious, loquacity, magniloquent, obloquy, soliloquy
luc- bright, light Latin lūx (genitive lūcis), lucere elucidate, elucidation, elucubrate, elucubration, lucent, lucid, lucidity, Lucifer (bearer of light), luciferase, luciferin, luciferous, lucifugal, lucubrate, lucubration, luculent, noctilucent, pellucid, pellucidity, relucent, semipellucid, translucency, translucent, translucid, translucidus
lud-, lus- play Latin ludere, lusus allude, collude, delude, elude, elusive, elusory, illude, illusion, ludicrous, lusory, prelude
lumin- light Latin lumen, luminis, luminare dislimn, enlumine, illuminable, illuminance, illuminant, illuminate, illuminati, illumination, illumine, intraluminal, limn, lumen, luminaire, luminal, luminance, luminant, luminaria, luminary, lumine, luminescence, luminescent, luminiferous, luminosity, luminous, relumine, subluminal, subluminous, superluminal, transluminal
lu-, luv-, lut- wash Latin luere (see also diluere, fluere and pluere) abluent, ablution, alluvium, colluvium, deluge, depollute, diluent, dilute, dilution, dilutive, diluvial, diluvian, diluvium, elute, elution, eluvial, elluviation, eluvium, illuviation, illuvium, lutaceous, lutite, pollution
lun- moon Latin lūna circumlunar, cislunar, demilune, luna, lunar, lunate, lunatic, lunation, lune, lunette, luniform, lunisolar, mezzaluna, mezzelune, plenilunary, semilunar, sublunar, sublunary, superlunary, translunar
lut- yellow, golden Latin lūtum, lūteus corpus luteum, luteal, lutein, luteinizing hormone, luteous
ly-, lysi-, lyt-[73] dissolving Greek λύειν (lúein), λυτός (lutós), λυτικός (lutikós), λύσις (lúsis) analyse, analysis, analytic, aparalytic, autolysis, catalyse, catalysis, catalyst, catalytic, cytolysis, dialysis, electrolysis, electrolyte, electrolytic, Hippolyte, hydrolysis, hydrolyte, hydrolytic, lysigeny, lysine, lysis, lysosome, lytic, meta-analysis, palsy, paralyse, paralysis, paralytic, plasmolysis, proteolysis
lyc- wolf Greek λύκος (lýkos) Lycaon, lycanthropy, lycopersicon
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

MEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
macer- lean Latin macer emaciate, macerate, meager
macr-[74] long Greek μακρός (makrós), μακρότης (makrótēs) "length"
magn- great, large Latin magnus magnanimity, magnanimous, magnate, magnificent, magnify, magnitude, magnum
magnet-[75] Greek μάγνης, μάγνητος (mágnēs, mágnētos) bioelectromagnetism, biomagnetism, diamagnetic, diamagnetism, electromagnet, geomagnetic, magnesium, magnet, magnetic, magnetism, magnetite, magnetize, magnetobiology, magnetologist, magnetometer, magnetosome, manganese, paramagnetic, paramagnetism
maj- greater Latin major, majus majesty, major, majority, majuscule, mayor, semimajor, supermajority
mal- bad, wretched Latin malus dismal, grand mal, malady, malaise, malediction, malefaction, malevolent, malfeasance, malfunction, malice, malicious, malignancy, malnourished, malodorous, premalignant
mamm- breast Latin mamma mammal, mammary, mammography
man-, mant-[76] (ΜΑΝ)[77] crazy Greek μαίνεσθαι (maínesthai), μανία (manía), μανικός (manikós), μάντις hypermania, hypomania, kleptomania, mania, maniac, manic, megalomania, monomania, pyromania, pyromaniac
man- flow Latin mānāre, mānātus emanant, emanate, emanation, immanant, immanation
man- (MAN-)[78] stay Latin manēre, mansus immanence, immanent, impermanence, impermanent, maisonette, manor, manorial, manse, mansion, ménage, menagerie, menial, meiny, messuage, nonpermanence, nonpermanent, permanence, permanent, quasipermanent, remain, remainder, remanence, remanent, remnant, semipermanent
man-, manu- hand Latin manus adminicle, amanuensis, Bimana, bimanous, bimanual, emancipate, mainour, maintain, manacle, manage, manageable, management, managerial, mandamus, mandate, manège, maneuver, manicure, manifer, manifest, manifestation, manifesto, maniform, maniple, manipulation, manipulative, maniraptoran, maniraptoriform, manner, mansuetude, manual, manuary, manubrial, manubrium, manuduction, manufacture, manumission, manumit, manuport, manure, manus, manuscript, mortmain, Quadrumana, quadrumanous
mand-, -mend- order, commit Latin mandāre, mandātus command, commandant, commandment, commend, commendable, commendam, commendation, commendatory, counterdemand, countermand, demand, demandant, encomienda, mandamus, mandatary, mandate, mandator, mandatory, recommend, recommendation, remand, remandment
mar- sea Latin mare, maris maar, mariculture, marina, marinade, marinara, marinate, marination, marine, mariner, maritime, submarine, ultramarine
mas- male, man Latin mās, māris, masculus, masculi emasculate, emasculation, emasculator, masculate, masculine, masculinity
mater-, matr- mother Latin mater, matris maternal, maternity, matrimony, matrix, matron
maxim- greatest Latin maximus maxim, maximal, maximum, submaximal
mechan-[79] machine or instrument Greek μῆχος, μηχανή (mēkhanḗ), μηχανικός (mēkhanikós) machine, mechane, mechanics, mechanism, mechanize, mechanobiology, mechanophilia, mechanophobia
medi-, -midi- middle Latin medius, mediare dimidiation, immediate, intermediary, mean, media, median, mediate, mediation, medieval, mediocre, Mediterranean, medium, moiety, multimedia, postmeridian, submediant
meg-, megal-[80] great, large Greek μέγας, μεγάλου (mégas, megálou) acromegaly, Megacles, megacycle, megalomania, megalopolis, megaphone
mei-[81] less Greek μεῖον (meîon), μείωσις (meíōsis) ameiosis, ameiotic, meiobenthos, meiosis, meiotic
melan-[82] black, dark Greek μέλας, μέλανος (mélas, mélanos), μελανότης amelanism, aphaeomelanism, eumelanin, hypermelanic, melancholic, melancholy, Melanesia, melanin, melanism, melanoblastoma, melanocyte, melanoma, melanophobia, melanophore, melanosis, melatonin, neuromelanin, pheomelanin
melior- better Latin meliorare "to improve", from melior "better" ameliorate, amelioration, meliorism
meliss-[83] bee Greek μέλισσα (mélissa) melissophobia
mell- honey Latin mel, mellis melliferous, mellific, mellifluence, mellifluent, mellifluous, melliloquent, mellivorous
memor- remember Latin memor commemorate, immemorial, memoir, memorabilia, memorable, memorandum, memorial, memory, remembrance
men- month Greek μήν (mḗn) menopause, menorrhea
mening-[84] membrane Greek μήνιγξ, μῆνιγγος (mēninx, mēningos) leptomeninges, meninges, meningioma, meningitis, meninx
mend- defect, fault Latin mendax "lying, a liar", from menda "defect, fault" amend, amendment, emend, mendacious, mendacity
menstru- monthly Latin menstruus menstrual, menstruation
mensur- measure Latin mensura "measurement", from metiri "to measure" commensurable, commensurate, dimension, immense, incommensurable, incommensurate, measure
ment- mind Latin mens, mentis comment, dement, dementia, memento, mental, mentality, mention, reminisce, reminiscence
mer-[85] part Greek μείρεσθαι (meíresthai), μέρος (méros) antimere, antimeria, biopolymer, decamer, decamerous, dimer, dimeric, dimerism, dimerous, enantiomer, enneamer, heptamer, heterodimer, heterotetramer, hexamer, homodimer, homotetramer, isomer, isomeric, isomerism, mereology, merisis, merism, meristem, meristematic, meristic, meromorphic, metamere, metamerism, Moirai, monomer, monomeric, octamer, oligomer, oligomeric, pentamer, pentamerous, photopolymer, phytomer, polymer, tautomerism, telomer, telomere, tetramer, tetrameric, trimer, trimerize
merc- reward, wages, hire Latin merx (genitive mercis) amercement, commerce, commercial, market, mercantile, mercenary, mercery, merchandise, merchant, mercy, noncommercial
merge-, mers- dip, plunge Latin mergere demerge, demersal, demerse, demersion, emerge, emergence, emergency, emergent, emersion, immerge, immergence, immerse, immersible, immersion, immersive, merge, reemerge, reemergence, reimmerse, submerge, submergence, submerse, submersible, submersion
mes-[86] middle Greek μέσος (mésos) Mesolithic, mesophile, mesophilic, mesoscopic, mesosphere, mesozoic
met-, meta-[87] above, among, beyond Greek μετά (metá) metabolism, metalogic, metamorphic, metamorphosis, metaphase, metaphor, metaphysics, metastatic, meteor, method
metall- [88] mine Greek μέταλλον (métallon), μεταλλικός (metallikós) dimetallic, electrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, metallic, metalloid, metallophobia, metallophone, metallurgist, metallurgy, organometallic, polymetal, polymetallic, pyrometallurgy, tetrametallic, trimetallic
meter-, metr- measure Greek μέτρον (métron) anemometer, anemometric, antisymmetric, antisymmetry, asymmetric, asymmetry, axonometric, barometer, barometric, bathometer, diameter, diametric, dysmetria, graphometer, hexameter, hygrometer, hygrometry, isodiametric, isometric, isoperimetric, meter, metre, metric, metrology, metronome, monosymmetric, parameter, parameterize, parametric, parametrize, pentameter, perimeter, polymeter, symmetric, symmetry, telemeter, telemetric, telemetry, tetrameter, thermometer, trimeter, trimetric
metr-[89] mother Greek μήτηρ, μητρός (mḗtēr, mētrós), μητρικός (mētrikós) haplometrosis, metrocyte, metropolis, pleometrosis
mic- grain Latin mica mica, micelle
micr-[90] small Greek μικρός (mikrós), μικρότης microbe, microcosm, microeconomics, micrometer, microphone, microscope, microscopic
migr- wander Latin migrare countermigration, emigrant, emigrate, emigration, émigré, immigrant, immigrate, immigration, migrant, migrate, migration, migrational, migratory, nonmigratory, remigrant, remigrate, remigration, transmigrant, transmigrate, transmigration, transmigratory
milit- soldier Latin mīles, militis militant, military, militia
mill- thousand Latin mille mile, millennium, million
millen- thousand each Latin milleni millenarian, millenary
mim-[91] repeat Greek μιμεῖσθαι (mimeîsthai), μιμητικός (mimētikós), μίμος (mímos) mime, mimeograph, mimesis, mimetic, mimic, necromimesis, pantomime, phenomime, psychomime, psychomimetic
min- jut Latin minere eminence, eminent, imminence, imminent, preeminence, preeminent, prominence, prominent, promontory, supereminence, supereminent
min- less, smaller Latin minor, minus administer, administration, administrative, administrator, administratrix, maladminister, maladministration, minestrone, minister, ministerial, ministerialis, ministerium, ministrant, ministrate, ministration, ministrative, ministry, minor, minority, minstrel, minstrelsy, minus, minuscule, quasiminuscule, semiminor
mina- lead Latin minare, variant of minari amenable, demeanor, menace, promenade
minth-[92] mint Greek μίνθα (míntha), μίνθη (mínthē), μινθάριον Acanthomintha, Mentha, menthol, mint, Minthostachys
mir- wonder, amazement Latin mirus, miror, mirari, miratus sum admirability, admirable, admiration, admirative, admire, marvel, marvelous, miracle, miraculous, mirage, Miranda, mirative, mirativity, mirror
mis-[93] hate Greek μισεῖν (miseîn), μῖσος (mîsos) misandrist, misandry, misanthrope, misanthropy, misocainea, misogamist, misogamy, misogynist, misogyny, misoneism, misopaedia, misophonia, misotheism
misc-, mixt- mix Latin miscere, mixtus admix, admixtion, admixture, commix, commixture, immiscibility, immiscible, immix, immixture, intermix, intermixture, maslin, meddle, mestizo, Métis, miscellanea, miscellaneous, miscellany, miscibility, miscible, mix, mixture, permiscible, permix, permixtion, postmix, premix, promiscuity, promiscuous, remix
miser- unhappy, wretched Latin miser commiserate, commiseration, immiserate, immiseration, miser, miserable, misericord, misery
mit-, miss- (MIT-)[94] send Latin mittere, missus admissibility, admissible, admission, admissive, admit, admittatur, admittee, commissar, commissariat, commissary, commission, commissive, commissural, commissure, commit, commitment, committal, committee, compromis, compromise, compromissary, decommission, decommit, decommitment, demise, demiss, demit, dimissory, dimit, dismiss, dismissal, dismissive, emissary, emission, emissitious, emissive, emissivity, emit, emittent, entremet, fideicommissary, fideicommissum, impermissible, inadmissibility, inadmissible, intermission, intermittent, intromissible, intromission, intromissive, intromit, intromittent, manumission, manumit, mess, message, messenger, missile, mission, missionary, missive, mittimus, noncommittal, omissible, omission, omissive, omit, permissible, permission, permissive, permissory, permit, permittee, premise, premiss, premit, pretermission, pretermit, promise, promisee, promissive, promissory, readmission, readmit, recommit, remise, remiss, remissible, remission, remissive, remissory, remit, remittal, remittance, remittee, remittence, remittent, remittitur resubmit, retransmission, retransmit, subcommittee, submission, submissive, submit, surmise, transmissibility, transmissible, transmission, transmissive, transmit, transmittal
mit-[95] thread Greek μίτος (mítos) mitochondrion, mitosis, mitospore
mn-[96] Greek μνᾶ (mnâ) mina, mna
mne-[97] memory Greek μνᾶσθαι (mnâsthai), μνήμη (mnḗmē) amnesia, amnesty, anamnesis, anamnestic, dysmnesia, Mneme, mneme, mnemonic
mod- measure, change Latin modus "measure" accommodate, accommodation, accommodative, accommodator, bimodal, bimodality, bimodular, bimodule, commode, commodification, commodious, commodity, decommodification, demodulate, demodulation, demodulator, immodest, immodesty, intermodal, intermodulation, modal, modality, mode, model, moderate, moderation, moderato, moderator, modern, modernity, modest, modesty, modicum, modification, modify, modiolus, modular, modularity, modulate, modulation, modulator, module, modulo, modulus, multimodal, multimodality, postmodern, postmodernity, Quasimodo, remodel, remodulate, supermodel, trimodal, trimodality, ultramodern, ultramodernity, unimodal, unimodality, unimodular, unimodularity
mol- grind Latin mola, molere, molitus molar
moll- soft Latin mollis emollience, emollient, moil, mollescence, mollescent, mollient, mollification, mollify, mollitude, mollusc, molluscicide, molluscivore, mollusk
mon-[98] alone, only Greek μόνος (mónos), μονάς, μονάδος (monás, monádos) monachism, monad, monadic, monarchy, monastery, monastic, monasticism, monatomic, monism, monist, monk, monoid, monolith, monometer, monopod, monopoly, monopsony, monotone
mon- warn Latin monere, monitus admonish, admonishment, admonition, admonitor, admonitory, monition, monitor, monitory, monument, monumental, premonition, premonitory, resummon, summon
monil- string of beads Latin monile monilifer, moniliform, Moniliformida
monstra- show Latin monstrāre counterdemonstration, counterdemonstrator, demonstrable, demonstrant, demonstrate, demonstration, demonstrative, demonstrator, demonstratory, indemonstrable, monster, monstrance, monstration, monstrosity, monstrous, muster, premonstrant, premonstrate, Premonstratensian, premonstration, premonstrator, remonstrance, remonstrant, remonstrate, remonstration, remonstrative
mont- mountain Latin mons, montis amount, Belmont, cismontane, dismount, insurmountable, intermontane, montage, montan, Montana, montane, montant, monticello, monticule, montiform, montigenous, mount, mountaineer, mountainous, nonremontant, paramount, piedmont, remontancy, remontant, remontoire, remount, submontane, surmount, surmountable, tantamount, tramontana, tramontane, transmontane, ultramontane, Vermont
mor-[99] foolish, dull Greek μωρός (mōrós) moron, moronic, oxymoron, oxymoronic, sophomore, sophomoric
mor- pause, delay Latin morari "to delay", from mora "a pause, delay" demur, demure, demurrable, demurrage, demurral, demurrer, mora, moratorium, remora, remorate
mor- custom, disposition Latin mos, moris immoral, immorality, moral, morale, morality, mores, morigerous, morose, morosity
mord- bite Latin mordere, morsus mordacious, mordacity, mordancy, mordant, mordent, mordente, mordicancy, mordicant, mordication, mordicative, morsel, morsitation, premorse, remorse
morph-[100] form, shape Greek μορφή (morphḗ) allomorph, amorphous, anamorph, anamorphic, anamorphism, anamorphosis, anthropomorphism, apomorphy, autapomorphy, automorphism, catamorphism, dimorphic, dimorphism, dysmorphic, dysmorphophobia, ectomorph, ectomorphic, enantiomorph, enantiomorphic, endomorph, endomorphic, epimorphism, geomorphology, hemimorphic, holomorph, holomorphic, holomorphism, homeomorphic, homeomorphism, homomorphic, homomorphism, hylomorphism, hypermorphosis, isomorphic, isomorphism, mesomorph, mesomorphic, metamorphic, metamorphism, metamorphosis, monomorphic, monomorphism, morpheme, Morpheus, morphine, morphology, morphosyntactic, morphosyntax, paramorph, peramorphism, peramorphosis, perimorph, plesiomorphy, polymorphic, polymorphism, pseudomorph, synapomorphy, teleomorph, teleomorphic, theriomorphic, trimorphic, trimorphism, zoomorph, zoomorphism
mort- death Latin mors, mortis antemortem, immortal, immortality, mortal, mortality, mortician, mortiferous, mortification, mortuary
mov-, mot-, mut- move, motion Latin movere, motus admove, amotion, amove, bimotor, cocommutator, commotion, commove, commutable, commutation, commutative, commutativity, commutator, commute, countermotion, countermove, countermovement, demote, demotion, emotion, emotional, emotive, emotivity, emove, equimomental, immobile, immutable, immutation, immute, incommutable, locomotion, locomotive, mobile, mobility, molt, moment, momental, momentaneous, momentary, momentous, momentum, motation, motif, motile, motility, motion, motional, motivate, motivation, motivational, motivator, motive, motor, moult, movant, move, movement, movent, mutability, mutable, mutate, mutation, mutineer, mutinous, mutiny, mutual, mutuality, noncommutative, noncommutativity, nonmotile, nonmotility, nonmutual, pari-mutuel, permutable, permutate, permutation, permutational, permute, promote, promotion, promotional, promotive, promotor, promove, remote, remotion, removal, remove, subpermutation, transmove, transmutable, transmutate, transmutation, transmute, transmutual, trimotor
mulg-, muls- milk Latin mulgere emulsion
multi- many, much Latin multus multilingual, multiple, multiplex, multiplication, multiplicity, multiply, multitude, multitudinous
mund- world Latin mundus anima mundi, antemundane, demimondaine, demimonde, extramundane, intramundane, map, mondain, mondaine, mondial, mondo, mundane, mundanity, ultramundane
mur- wall Latin mūrus, muri antemural, immuration, immure, immurement, intramural, murage, mural
mus- mouse Greek/Latin μῦς, μυός (mûs, muós) / mus, muris musophobia
musc- fly Latin musca, muscae Musca, muscarine, Muscicapa, Muscicapidae, Muscidae, musciform, mosquito
mut- change Latin mūtare immutable, mutation, permutation, transmute
my-[101] mouse Greek μῦς, μυός (mûs, muós), μυών amyotrophic, electromyogram, electromyograph, electromyography, endomysium, epimysium, murine, musophobia, myoelectric, myomancy, myomorphous, myomorphy, myopathy, myositis, myotome, Nectomys, Oryzomys, perimysium, Sigmodontomys
my-[102] shut (the eyes) Greek μύειν (múein), μύσις (músis), μύστης (mústēs) miosis, myopia, myopic, myosis, mystery
mycet-[103] fungus Greek μύκης, μύκητος (múkēs, múkētos) ascomycete, basidiomycete, mycology, Mycoplasma, zygomycete, zygomycosis
mydr-[104] dilate Greek μύδρος, μυδρίασις (mudríasis) mydriasis
myel-[105] marrow Greek μυελός (muelós) amyelia, myeloblast, myelocyte, myelogenous, myeloid, myelopoiesis, poliomyelitis
myl-[106] mill Greek μύλη (múlē), μύλος (múlos) amyloid, amyloidosis, amylolysis, amylopectin, amylophagia, amyloplast, amylose, amylum
myo- [107] muscle Greek μυς (mys) leiomyoma
myri-[108] countless, ten thousand Greek μυρίος (muríos) myriad, myriagon, myriagram, myriapod, myriapodology
myrmec-[109] ant Greek μύρμηξ (múrmēx) myrmecochory, myrmecoid, myrmecology, myrmecophobia, Myrmidons, myrmomancy
mys-[110] uncleanness Greek μύσος (músos) mysophilia, mysophobia
myth-[111] story Greek μῦθος (mûthos) mythic, mythology, mythomania, mythopoeia, mythos
myx- slime Greek μύσσομαι, μύξα (múxa) match, myxedema, myxoedema, Myxini, myxogastrid
myz-[112] suck Greek μυζάω (muzáō), μύζησις (múzēsis) Myzopoda
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

NEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
nap- turnip Latin nāpus napiform, neep
nar- nostril Latin naris internarial, nares, narial, naris, prenarial
narc-[113] numb Greek ναρκᾶν (narkân), νάρκη (nárkē) narcolepsy, narcosis, narcotic
narr- tell Latin narrare counternarrative, inenarrable, narration, narrative, narrator
nas- nose Latin nāsus intranasal, nasal, nasalance, nasalis, nasality, nasolabial, nonnasal
nasc-, nat- born Latin nascere, nāsci (past participle natus) adnascent, adnate, adnation, agnate, agnatic, agnation, binational, cognate, cognatic, cognation, connascence, connascent, connate, connation, connatural, denature, enascent, enate, enatic, enation, impregnate, innate, international, multinational, nada, naïf, naissant, naïve, nascency, nascent, natal, natality, nation, national, nationality, native, nativity, natural, naturality, nature, née, nonnative, postnatal, pregnancy, pregnant, prenatal, preternatural, renaissance, renaissant, renascence, renascent, renature, subnational, supernatural, supranational, transnational, transnationality
naut-[114] ship Greek ναῦς (naûs), ναύτης (naútēs) aeronautic, Argonaut, astronaut, cosmonaut, nausea, nautical, nautilus
nav- ship Latin nāvis antenave, naval, nave, navicular, navigable, navigate, navy, nonnavigable
ne-[115] spin, thread Greek νεῖν (neîn), νῆσις "spinning", νῆμα, νήματος (nêma, nḗmatos) axoneme, diplonema, leptonema, nematocyst, nematocyte, nematode, nematology, pachynema, synnema, treponema, zygonema
ne-, neo-[116] new Greek νέϝος, νέος (néos) Neolithic, neologism, neon, neonate, neophyte
neb-, nub- cloud Latin nebula, nubes nebula, nebular, nebulosity, nebulous, nuance, nubilous, obnubilate
necr-[117] dead Greek νεκρός (nekrós), νέκρωσις (nékrōsis) necromancy, Necronomicon, necrophilia, necrophobia, necropolis, necropsy, necrosis, necrospermia, necrotic, necrotize, necrotomy
nect- swimming Greek νηκτός (nēktós) nectopod, nekton
nect-, nex- join, tie Latin nectere, nexus adnexum, annectent, annex, annexation, annexion, connect, connexion, deannexation, disconnect, interconnect, nexus, reconnect
neg- say no Latin negare negative, renegade, renege
nem-, nom-[118] arrangement, law Greek νέμειν (némein), νομός (nomós), νόμος (nómos), νέμεσις (némesis), νομάς, νομάδος (nomás, nomádos), νομαδικός (nomadikós), νομαδία, νομή, νομίζειν (nomízein), νόμισμα (nómisma) anomie, anomy, antinome, antinomic, antinomy, archnemesis, autonomy, isonomy, metronomic, nemesis, nomad, nomadic, nomadism, nomadize, nomarch, nomarchy, nome, nomology, nomothetic, Numidia, numismatics
nemat- hair Greek νῆμα, νήματος (nêma, nḗmatos) nematocyst, nematocyte, nematode, nematology
nemor- grove, woods Latin nemus, nemoris nemoral, nemorous
nephr-[119] kidney Greek νεφρός (nephrós) mesonephric, mesonephros, metanephridium, metanephros, nephridiopore, nephridium, nephrite, nephritis, nephrogenesis, nephrolith, nephrolithiasis, nephrologist, nephrology, nephron, nephroptosis, nephrostome, pronephros, protonephridium
nerv- sinew, nerve Latin nervus enervate, enervation, enervative, innervate, innervation, nerval, nervate, nerve, nervose, nervosity, nervous, reinnervation, trinervate
nes-[120] island Greek νῆσος (nêsos) Chersonesus, Indonesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Peloponnese, Polynesia
neur-[121] nerve, sinew Greek νεῦρον (neûron) aponeurosis, endoneurium, epineurium, neural, neurapraxia, neurasthenia, neuritis, neuroblast, neuroblastoma, neurocranium, neurocyte, neuroendocrine, neuroendocrinology, neurologic, neurologist, neurology, neuromorphology, neuron, neurone, neuropathic, neuropathology, neuropathy, neuroplastic, neurosis, neurosurgeon, neurosurgery, neurotic, neuroticism, perineurium, polyneuropathy
nict- beckon, wink Latin nictari nictate, nictation, nictitate, nictitation
nigr- black Latin niger denigrate, denigration, denigrative, denigrator, negrita, nigrities, negrito, negritude, nigrescence, nigrescent, nigrine, nigritude
nihil- nothing Latin nihilum annihilate, annihilation, annihilator, nihil, nil
niv- snow Latin nix, nivis Nevada, névé, nival, nivation, niveus, subnival, subnivean
noc- hurt, harm Latin nocere innocence, innocent, innocuity, innocuous, innoxious, nocebo, nocent, nociception, nociceptive, nocifensor, nocument, nocuous, noxious, nuisance, obnoxious
noct- night Latin nox (noctis) equinoctial, equinox, noctambulous, noctiluca, noctilucent, noctule, nocturn, nocturnal, nocturnality, nocturne, notturno, seminocturnal, trinoctial
nod- knot Latin nodus acnode, binodal, crunode, denouement, extranodal, internodal, internode, intranodal, multinodal, nodal, node, nodose, nodosity, nodular, nodulation, nodule, nodulose, nodulus, nodus, supernode, tacnode, trinodal, uninodal
nom- arrangement, law, order Greek νόμος (nómos), νομή agronomy, antinomy, astronomy, autonomous, autonomy, bionomics, economics, economy, gastronomy, metronome, numismatic, polynomial, taxonomy
nomad- those who let pasture herds Greek νομάς, νομάδος (nomás, nomádos), νομαδικός (nomadikós) nomad, nomadic, nomadism, nomadize
nomen-, nomin- name Latin nomen, nominis agnomen, agnominal, agnomination, binomen, binominal, denomination, denominational, denominative, denominator, ignominious, ignominy, innominate, innomine, interdenominational, multidenominational, multinominal, nomenclator, nomenclature, nominal, nominate, nomination, nominative, nominator, nominee, nondenominational, noun, postnominal, praenomen, prenominal, pronominal, pronoun, redenomination, renominate, renown, surnominal, trinomen, trinominal
non- not Latin non none, nonexistent, non-fiction, noninvasive
non- ninth Latin nōnus nonary, None, nonet, noon
nonagen- ninety each Latin nonageni nonagenarian, nonagenary
nonagesim- ninetieth Latin nonagesimus nonagesimal
norm- carpenter's square Latin norma abnormal, abnormality, binormal, circumnormal, denormal, enormity, enormous, nonnormal, nonnormative, norm, normable, normal, normality, normative, quasinorm, seminorm, seminormable, seminormal, subnormal
not-[122] south Greek νότος (nótos) Notogaea, Notomys, Nototherium
not-[123] back Greek νῶτον (nôton), νῶτος, νωτιαῖος notochord
not- letter, mark, note Latin notare annotate, annotation, annotator, connotation, connotational, connotative, connote, denotation, denotational, denotative, denotatum, denote, nondenotative, nonnotable, nonnotational, notability, notable, notarial, notariat, notary, notate, notation, notational
noth-[124] spurious Greek νόθος (nóthos) nothogenus
nov-, nome-, non-, novem- nine Latin novem November, novennial, Nonillion, Nomedecillion
nov- new Latin novus innovate, innovation, innovational, innovative, innovator, innovatory, nova, novation, novel, novella, novelty, novice, novitiate, renovatable, renovate, renovation, renovative, renovator, supernova
noven- nine each Latin noveni Novena, novenary
novendec- nineteen Latin novendecim novemdecillion
nox- harm Latin noxa noxious, obnoxious
nu- nod Latin nuere circumnutate, circumnutation, counternutation, innuendo, innuent, numen, numinous, nutant, nutation
nub-, nupt- to marry, to wed Latin nubes, nubis, nubere connubial, connubiality, nubile, nuptial, postnuptial, prenuptial
nuc- nut Latin nux, nucis enucleate, enucleation, extranuclear, internuclear, intranuclear, multinucleate, nougat, nucament, nucellar, nucellus, nucifer, nuciferine, nuciferous, nuciform, Nucifraga, nucivorous, nuclear, nucleate, nucleation, nucleolar, nucleolate, nucleolus, nucleus, pronuclear, pronucleus, supranuclear
nuch- back of neck Latin nucha nuchal cord
nud- naked Latin nudus denudation, denude, nonnude, nude, nudist, nudity, seminude, seminudity
null- none Latin nullus nullify
numer- number Latin numerus denumerable, enumerable, enumerate, enumeration, enumerative, enumerator, equinumerant, equinumerous, innumerable, innumeracy, innumerate, innumerous, nonenumerative, numerable, numeracy, numéraire, numeral, numerary, numerate, numeration, numerative, numerator, numerical, numero, numerosity, numerous, renumerate, supernumerary
nunci- announce Latin nuntius announce, announcement, annunciation, denounce, denouncement, denunciation, enounce, enouncement, enunciable, enunciate, enunciation, enunciative, internuncial, internuncio, nunciature, nuncio, obnounce, pronounce, pronouncement, pronunciation, pronuntiatio, renounce, renouncement, renunciation
nutri- nourish Latin nutrire innutrition, malnourish, malnourishment, malnutrition, nonnutritional, nourish, nourishment, nurse, nurturance, nurture, nutrient, nutriment, nutrition, nutritional, nutritious
nyct-[125] night Greek νύξ, νυκτός (núx, nuktós) nyctalgia, nyctanthous, nyctinasty, nyctophilia, nyctophobia
nyst- nod Greek νυστάζειν (nustázein), (nustagmós) electronystagmography, nystagmic, nystagmus
Lists of Greek and Latin roots in English beginning with other letters:

OEdit

Root Meaning in English Origin language Etymology (root origin) English examples
ob-, o-, oc-, of-, og-, op-, os-[126] against Latin ob obduracy, obdurate, obduration, obfuscate, oblique, obliquity, obstinate, obstreperous, occur, offend, omit, oppose, ostensible, ostentatious
obel-[127] spit, nail Greek ὀβελός (obelós), ὀβελίσκος (obelískos) metobelus, obelisk, obelism, obelus
obol-[128] Greek ὀβολός, ὀβολοῦ (obolós, oboloû) obol, obolus
ocean-[129] Greek ὠκεανός (ōkeanós) Oceania, oceanic
ochl-[130] crowd, mob Greek ὄχλος, ὄχλου (ókhlos, ókhlou) enochlophobia, ochlocracy, ochlophobia
oct-[131] eight Greek ὀκτώ (oktṓ), ὀκτάς (oktás), ὀκτάκις (oktákis) "eight times" hemi-octahedron, octad, octadic, octagon, octahedron, octameter, octode
oct- eight Latin octō octangular, octennial, octovir
octav- eighth Latin octāvus octaval
octogen- eighty each Latin octogeni octogenarian, octogenary
octogesim- eightieth Latin octogesimus octogesimal
octon- eight each Latin octoni octonary
ocul- eye Latin oculus, oculare ocular, oculus, ullage
od- path, way Greek ὁδός (hodós) anode, diode, odometer, parodos, pentode, tetrode, triode
odi- hate Latin odium odious
odont-[132] tooth Greek ὀδούς, ὀδόντος (odoús, odóntos) anodontia, conodont, cynodont, dicynodont, dysodontiasis, macrodontia, mastodon, odontoid, odontology, odontophore, orthodontics, orthodontist, pedodontics, periodontal, smilodon, Thrinaxodon, Zanclodon
odor- fragrant Latin odor malodorous, odoriferous, odorous
odyn-[133] pain Greek ὀδύνη (odúnē) allodynia, anodyne, glossodynia, mastodynia, pleurodynia
oec-[134] house Greek ϝοῖκος (woîkos), οἶκος (oîkos) andromonecy, archdiocese, autoecious, autoecism, dioecious, dioecy, ecesis, ecologist, ecology, economics, economist, economize, economy, ecoregion, ecosystem, ecumenic, ecumenism, gynomonoecy, heteroecious, heteroecism, heteroecy, homoecious, monoecious, monoecy, oecology, oeconomus, oecumenic, oikology, oikophobia, palaeoecology, paleoecology, parish, paroecious, perioeci, trioecious
oed-, ed- swell, swollen Greek οἶδος (oîdos), οἰδεῖν (oideîn), οἴδημα, οἴδηματος (oídēma, oídēmatos) angioedema, edema, edematous, oedema, oedematous
oen-[135] wine Greek ϝοῖνος (woînos), οἶνος (oînos) enology, oenochoe, oenologist, oenology, oenophile, oenophilia, oinochoe
oesophag-[136] gullet Greek οἰσοφάγος (oisophágos) oesophagectomy, oesophagitis, oesophagus
oestr-[137] gadfly, sting Greek οἶστρος (oîstros), οἰστράω, οἴστρησις, οἴστρημα anestrous, anestrus, anoestrus, estrogen, estrogenic, estrus, oestrone, oestrus
ogdo-[138] eighth Greek ὄγδοος (ógdoos), ὀγδοάς, ὀγδοάδος (ogdoás, ogdoádos) ogdoad
-oid like Greek -οειδής (-oeidēs) asteroid, mucoid, organoid
ole- oil Latin oleum oleosity
olecran-[139] skull of elbow Latin from Greek ὠλέκρανον (ōlékranon) olecranon
olig-[140] few Greek ὀλίγος (olígos) oligarchy, Oligocene, oligopoly, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic
oliv- olive Latin oliva olivaceous, olivary, olivette
om-[141] raw Greek ὠμός (ōmós), ὠμότης (ōmótēs) "rawness" omophagia, Omophagus
om-[142] shoulder Greek ὦμος (ômos), ὠμία (ōmía) acromion, omohyoid, omophorion
-oma morbid growth, tumor Greek -ωμα melanoma
omas- paunch Latin omasum abomasum, omasum
ombr-[143] rain Greek ὄμβρος (ómbros) ombrogenous, ombrology, ombrometer, Ombrophila, ombrophilous, ombrophobe, ombrotrophic
oment- fat skin Latin omentum omental
omin- creepy Latin omen, ominis abominable, ominous
ommat- eye Greek ὁράω, ὦμμαι, ὄμμα, ὄμματος (ómma, ómmatos) ommatidium, ommatophore
omni- all Latin omnis omnipotence, omnipresent, omniscient, omnivore
omphal-[144] navel Greek ὀμφαλός (omphalós) omphalectomy, omphalic, omphalopagus, omphalophobia, paromphalocele
on-[145] ass Greek ὄνος (ónos), ὀνίσκος (onískos) Oniscidea, Oniscomorpha
onc-[146] barb, hook Greek ὄγκος, ὄγκινος (ónkinos) Oncinocalyx, Oncorhynchus
onc-[147] (ΕΓΚ[148]) bulk Greek ἐνεγκεῖν, ὄγκος (ónkos), ὀγκόω, ὀγκωτός, ὄγκωσις, ὄγκωμα oncocyte, oncocytoma, oncogenesis, oncologist, oncology
oneir-[149] dream Greek ὄνειρος (óneiros), ὀνειρώσσω, ὀνείρωξις (oneírōxis) oneiric, oneirism, oneirocritic, Oneirocritica, Oneirodidae, oneirogen, oneirogenic, Oneiroi, oneiroid, oneirology, oneiromancy, oneironaut, oneironautics, oneirophobia, oneirophrenia, oneiroscopy
oner- burden, load Latin onus, oneris exonerate, exoneration, onerous, onus
oni-[150] price Greek ὦνος (ônos), ὤνιος (ṓnios) oniochalasia, oniomania, oniomaniac
onomat-[151] name Greek ὄνομα, ὀνόματος (ónoma, onómatos), ὀνομάζω, ὀνομαστικός (onomastikós) antonomasia, onomasiology, onomastic, onomasticon, onomastics, onomasty, onomatology, onomatophore, onomatopoeia
ont- being, existence Greek ὄντος, ὀντότης (óntos, ontótēs), οὐσία (ousía) dysontogenesis, homoiousia, homoousia, monoousious, ontogenesis, ontogenetic, ontogeny, ontology, ousia, parousia
onych-[152] claw Greek ὄνυξ, ὄνυχος (ónux, ónukhos), ὀνύχιον (onúkhion), ὀνύχινος, ὀνυχίζω hapalonychia, Mesonychia, mesonychid, onychectomy, onycholysis, onychomancy, onychomycosis, onychophagia, onychophagy, onychorrhexis, onyx, paronychia, sardonyx
onym-[153] name Greek ὄνυμα (ónuma) acronym, allonym, anonymous, antonym, autonym, caconym, cryptonym, eponym, eponymous, eponymy, euonym, homonym, hyperonym, hyponym, hyponymy, meronym, meronymy, metonym, metonymy, metronymic, paronym, paronymous, pseudonym, pseudonymous, synonym, synonymous, synonymy, tautonym, tautonymous, tautonymy, troponym, troponymy, xenonym, xenonymy
oo-[154] egg Greek ᾠόν (ōión) bottarga, dioon, epoophoron, oidioid, oidium, ooblast, oocyst, oocyte, oocytogenesis, oogamete, oogamous, oogamy, oogenesis, oogonium, ooid, oolite, oolith, oology, oomancy, oophagy, oophorectomy, oophoron, ootheca, ootid, ootidogenesis, paroophoron
op-[155] hole Greek ὀπή (opḗ), ὀπαῖον (opaîon) metope, opaion
opac- shady Latin opacus opacity, opacus, opaque
oper- work Latin opus, operis cooperate, inoperable, opera, operate, opus
oper- cover Latin operire, operculum interoperculum, kerchief, opercular, operculiform, operculum
ophi-[156] snake Greek ὄφις, ὄφεως (óphis, ópheōs) Brachyurophis, ophicephalous, Ophicephalus, Ophiceras, Ophiclinus, ophidiophobia, ophiolite, ophiologist, ophiology, ophiophagous, Ophiophagus, ophiophagy, ophiophobia, Ophisaurus, Ophisops, ophitic
ophthalm-[157] eye Greek ὀφθαλμός (ophthalmós) exophthalmic, exophthalmos, microphthalmia, ophthalmia, ophthalmic, ophthalmologic, ophthalmologist, ophthalmology, ophthalmoparesis, ophthalmoplegia, parophthalmia, xerophthalmia
opisth-[158] behind Greek ὄπισθεν (ópisthen), ὀπίσθιος anopisthograph, opisthion, opisthobranch, opisthodomos, opisthoglyphous, opisthognathous, opisthograph, opisthokont, opisthosoma, opsimath, opsimathy
ops-, opt- (ΟΠ) eye Greek ὄψεσθαι (ópsesthai), ὀπτός (optós), ὀπτικός (optikós), ὄψις (ópsis) amblyopia, anopia, autopsy, biopsy, catadioptrics, catoptrics, catoptromancy, catoptrophobia, cyclops, diopter, dioptre, dioptrics, diplopia, eisoptrophobia, emmetropia, hemianopsia, myopia, opsoclonus, optic, optokinetic, panopticon, pleoptics, synopsis, synoptic, tritanopia
opsi-[159] late Greek ὀψέ (opsé), ὄψιος opsimath
opson-[160] cook, prepare for eating Greek ὀψωνεῖν (opsōneîn), (opsōnia) opsonin, opsonoid
opt- choose Latin optare adopt, adoptee, adoption, adoptive, co-option, coopt, cooptation, nonoptional, opt, optation, optative, option, optional, optionality
optim- best Latin optimus optimal, optimum
or-, oro-[161] mountain Greek ὄρος, ὄρεος (óros, óreos), ὀρειάς Oread, orogenesis, orogenic, orogeny, orographic, orography, oronym
or- mouth Latin os (genitive oris) "mouth" adosculation, inosculate, inosculation, interosculate, intraoral, oral, orifice, osculant, osculum, peroral
ora- pray, plead Latin orare "to pray, plead" adore, adoration, exorable, inexorable, oracle, orate, oration, orator, oratorio, oratory, orison, perorate, peroration, perorator
orb- circle Latin orbis orbit
orch-[162] testicle Greek ὄρχις (órkhis), ὀρχίδιον (orkhídion) anorchia, cryptorchidism, monorchism, orchid, orchiectomy, orchiopexy, Orchis, polyorchidism
orches-[163] dance Greek ὀρχεῖσθαι (orkheîsthai) orchestra
ordin- order Latin ōrdō, ordinis coordinal, coordinate, coordination, coordinator, disorder, extraordinaire, extraordinary, grandorder, incoordinate, incoordination, infraorder, inordinate, inordination, insubordinate, insubordination, magnorder, mirorder, ordain, ordainment, order, ordinal, ordinance, ordinand, ordinariate, ordinary, ordinate, ordination, ordinative, ordnance, ornery, parvorder, preordain, preorder, preordination, quasiorder, reordain, reorder, reordination, suborder, subordinary, subordinate, subordination, superordain, superorder, superordinate, superordination
oreg-[164] reach Greek ὀρέγειν (orégein), ὀρεκτός (orektós), ὀρεκτικός (orektikós), ὄρεξις (órexis), ὄρεγμα (óregma) anorectic, anorexia, dysorexia, orectic, orexin, parorexia
org- work Greek ὄργια (órgia) orgasm
organ- organ, instrument, tool Greek ὄργανον (órganon) organic, organism, organogenesis
ori-, ort- rise Latin oriri, ortus aboriginal, abort, abortifacient, abortion, abortive, disorient, disorientation, orient, oriental, Orientalia, orientate, orientation, orientational, orientative, origin, original, originality, originate, origination, originator, reorient, reorientation
orn- decorate Latin ōrnāre adorn, adornment, ornament, ornamental, ornamentation, ornate, ornative, ornature, suborn, subornation
ornith-[165] bird Greek ὄρνις, ὄρνιθος (órnis, órnithos) Avernus, ornithology, ornithomancy, ornithorhynchus, ornithosis
orphan-[166] Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós), ὀρφανότης orphan
orth-[167] straight Greek ὀρθός (orthós), ὀρθότης orthocenter, orthocentric, orthodontia, orthodontic, orthodontist, orthodox, orthodoxy, orthographic, ortholog, orthologous, orthonym, orthopedic, orthoscope, orthosis, orthostat, orthostyle, orthotic
oryz-[168] rice Greek ὄρυζα (óruza), ὀρύζιον Oryza, Oryzomys, rice, risotto
oscill- swing Latin oscillum oscillate, oscillation, oscillator, oscillatory
osm-[169] odor Greek ὀσμή (osmḗ), ὄσμησις anosmia, anosmic, cacosmia, coprosmia, dysosmia, dysosmic, euosmia, hyperosmia, hyperosmic, hyposmia, hyposmic, osmium, osmolagnia, osmophobia, osphresiolagnia, parosmia, phantosmia, troposmia
osm-[170] push, thrust Greek ὠσμός (ōsmós) osmometry, osmosis, osmostat, osmotic
oss- bone Latin os, ossis exossation, interosseous, ossature, osselet, osseocartilaginous, osseointegration, osseous, ossicle, ossicular, ossiferous, ossification, ossifrage, ossify, ossuary
oste-[171] bone Greek ὀστέον, ὀστέου (ostéon, ostéou), ὀστοῦν, ὀστοῦ (ostoûn, ostoû) dysostosis, endosteum, exostosis, hyperostosis, monostotic, Osteichthyes, osteoarthritis, osteoblast, osteochondritis, osteochondrosis, osteoclast, osteogenic, osteogenesis, osteoid, osteology, osteolysis, osteoma, osteomalacia, osteonecrosis, osteopathy, osteopenia, osteoporosis, osteosarcoma, osteosis, osteothrombosis, osteotome, osteotomy, periosteum, synostosis
osti- entrance Latin ostium ostiary, ostiolar, ostiole, ostium
ostrac- shell Greek ὄστρειον (óstreion), ὀστρακίζω (ostrakízō), ὄστρακον (óstrakon) Entomostraca, Leptostraca, Malacostraca, ostracism, ostracize, ostracod, ostracoderm, ostracon, periostracum
ostre-[172] oyster Greek ὄστρεον ostreophagist, oyster
ot-[173] ear Greek οὖς, ὠτός (oûs, ōtós) anotia, Aotus, microtia, Myosotis, otalgia, otic, otitis, otocephaly, otocleisis, otoconium, otocyst, otodynia, otolith, otology, otopathy, otophyma, otoplasty, otorhinology, otorrhea, otosclerosis, otoscope, otoscopy, ototomy, parotic, parotid, periotic, synotia
ov- egg Latin ovum obovate, oval, ovarian, ovariole, ovary, ovate, ovicapsule, ovicidal, ovicide, oviduct, oviferous, oviform, oviposition, ovipositor, ovolo, ovular, ovulation, ovulatory, ovule, ovum, pluriovulate
ovi- sheep Latin ovis ovile, ovine
oxy-[174] sharp, pointed Greek ὀξύς (oxús) anoxia, anoxic, dioxide, hypoxia, monoxide, oxide, oxyanion, oxygen, oxyhalide, oxymoron, oxyntic, oxytone, paroxysm, pentoxide, polyoxide, tetraoxygen, tetroxide, trioxide
oz-[175] smell Greek ὄζειν (ózein), ὄζων (ózōn), ὄζη ozocerite, ozone, ozopore

ReferencesEdit

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  24. ^ εὑρίσκω in Liddell and Scott
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  69. ^ λευκός in Liddell and Scott
  70. ^ λίπος in Liddell and Scott
  71. ^ λίσσομαι in Liddell and Scott
  72. ^ λίθος in Liddell and Scott
  73. ^ λύω in Liddell and Scott
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  81. ^ μεῖον in Liddell and Scott
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  83. ^ μέλισσα in Liddell and Scott
  84. ^ μῆνιγξ in Liddell and Scott
  85. ^ μείρομαι in Liddell and Scott
  86. ^ μέσος in Liddell and Scott
  87. ^ μετά in Liddell and Scott
  88. ^ μέταλλον in Liddell and Scott
  89. ^ μήτηρ in Liddell and Scott
  90. ^ μικρός in Liddell and Scott
  91. ^ μιμέομαι in Liddell and Scott
  92. ^ μίνθα in Liddell and Scott
  93. ^ μισέω in Liddell and Scott
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  98. ^ μόνος in Liddell and Scott
  99. ^ μωρός in Liddell and Scott
  100. ^ μορφή in Liddell and Scott
  101. ^ μῦς in Liddell and Scott
  102. ^ μύω in Liddell and Scott
  103. ^ μύκης in Liddell and Scott
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  106. ^ μύλη in Liddell and Scott
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  110. ^ μύσος in Liddell and Scott
  111. ^ μῦθος in Liddell and Scott
  112. ^ μυζάω in Liddell and Scott
  113. ^ ναρκάω in Liddell and Scott
  114. ^ ναῦς in Liddell and Scott
  115. ^ νέω in Liddell and Scott
  116. ^ νέος in Liddell and Scott
  117. ^ νεκρός in Liddell and Scott
  118. ^ νέμω in Liddell and Scott
  119. ^ νεφρός in Liddell and Scott
  120. ^ νῆσος in Liddell and Scott
  121. ^ νεῦρον in Liddell and Scott
  122. ^ νότος in Liddell and Scott
  123. ^ νῶτον in Liddell and Scott
  124. ^ νόθος in Liddell and Scott
  125. ^ νύξ in Liddell and Scott
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  127. ^ ὀβελός in Liddell and Scott
  128. ^ ὀβολός in Liddell and Scott
  129. ^ ὠκεανός in Liddell and Scott
  130. ^ ὄχλος in Liddell and Scott
  131. ^ ὀκτώ in Liddell and Scott
  132. ^ ὀδούς in Liddell and Scott
  133. ^ ὀδύνη in Liddell and Scott
  134. ^ οἶκος in Liddell and Scott
  135. ^ οἶνος in Liddell and Scott
  136. ^ οἰσοφάγος in Liddell and Scott
  137. ^ οἶστρος in Liddell and Scott
  138. ^ ὄγδοος in Liddell and Scott
  139. ^ ὠλέκρανον in Liddell and Scott
  140. ^ ὀλίγος in Liddell and Scott
  141. ^ ὠμός in Liddell and Scott
  142. ^ ὦμος in Liddell and Scott
  143. ^ ὄμβρος in Liddell and Scott
  144. ^ ὀμφαλός in Liddell and Scott
  145. ^ ὄνος in Liddell and Scott
  146. ^ ὄγκος in Liddell and Scott
  147. ^ ὄγκος in Liddell and Scott
  148. ^ ὄγκος in Middle Liddell and Scott
  149. ^ ὄνειρος in Liddell and Scott
  150. ^ ὦνος in Liddell and Scott
  151. ^ ὄνομα in Liddell and Scott
  152. ^ ὄνυξ in Liddell and Scott
  153. ^ ὄνυμα in Liddell and Scott
  154. ^ ᾠόν in Liddell and Scott
  155. ^ ὀπή in Liddell and Scott
  156. ^ ὄφις in Liddell and Scott
  157. ^ ὀφθαλμός in Liddell and Scott
  158. ^ ὄπισθεν in Liddell and Scott
  159. ^ ὀψέ in Liddell and Scott
  160. ^ ὀψωνέω in Liddell and Scott
  161. ^ ὄρος in Liddell and Scott
  162. ^ ὄρχις in Liddell and Scott
  163. ^ ὀρχέομαι in Liddell and Scott
  164. ^ ὀρέγω in Liddell and Scott
  165. ^ ὄρνις in Liddell and Scott
  166. ^ ὀρφανός in Liddell and Scott
  167. ^ ὀρθός in Liddell and Scott
  168. ^ ὄρυζα in Liddell and Scott
  169. ^ ὀσμή in Liddell and Scott
  170. ^ ὠσμός in Liddell and Scott
  171. ^ ὀστέον in Liddell and Scott
  172. ^ ὄστρεον in Liddell and Scott
  173. ^ οὖς in Liddell and Scott
  174. ^ ὀξύς in Liddell and Scott
  175. ^ ὄζω in Liddell and Scott