In Greek mythology, an Oread (/ˈɔːriˌæd, ˈɔːriəd/; Ancient Greek: Ὀρειάς, romanizedOreiás, stem Ὀρειάδ-, Oreiád-, Latin: Oreas/Oread-, from ὄρος, 'mountain') or Orestiad (/ɔːˈrɛstiˌæd, -iəd/; Ὀρεστιάδες, Orestiádes) is a mountain nymph. They differ from each other according to their dwelling: the Idaeae were from Mount Ida, Peliades from Mount Pelion, etc. They were associated with Artemis, since the goddess, when she went out hunting, preferred mountains and rocky precipices.

The term itself appears to be Hellenistic, first attested in Bion of Smyrna's Ἐπιτάφιος Ἀδώνιδος and thus post-Classical.[1]

List of OreadsEdit

The number of Oreads includes but is not limited to:

List of Oreads
Name Location Relations and Notes
Britomartis Mount Dicte, Crete
Chelone changed by Hermes into a tortoise
Claea Mount Calathion, Messenia [2]
Cyllene Mount Cyllene, Arcadia [3]
Daphnis Mount Parnassos [4]
Echo Mount Cithaeron, Boeotia loved Narcissus[5]
Eidothea Mount Othrys, Malis was loved by Poseidon[6]
The Idaeae Mount Ida, Crete [7][8]
• Adrasteia
Cynosura
Helike
Ida
Nomia Mount Nomia, Arcadia a friend of Callisto[9]
Oenone
Othreis Mount Othrys, Malis [10]
Penelope
Phigalia
Pitys loved by Pan [11]
Sinoe Mount Sinoe, Arcadia nurse of Pan[12]
Sose loved by Hermes
The Sphragitides or Cithaeronides Mount Cithaeron, Boeotia [13][14]

HonoursEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. text at Perseus project
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 3.26.11
  3. ^ Bibliotheca 3.8.1
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.5.5
  5. ^ Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 970
  6. ^ Dryads & Oreiade; Theoi Project
  7. ^ Bibliotheca 1.4.5
  8. ^ Hyginus, Astronomica, 2.2
  9. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 8.38.0
  10. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 13
  11. ^ Propertius, Elegies 1. 18
  12. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.30.2
  13. ^ Plutarch, Life of Aristides 11. 3
  14. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.3.9