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Les Oréades (1902) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau, in Musée d'Orsay

In Greek mythology, an Oread (/ˈɔːriˌæd, ˈɔːriəd/; Ancient Greek: Ὀρειάς, stem Ὀρειάδ- Oreas/Oread-, from ὄρος, "mountain") or Orestiad /ɔːˈrɛstiˌæd, -iəd/; Όρεστιάδες, Orestiades) is a mountain nymph. They differ from each other according to their dwelling: the Idaeae were from Mount Ida, Peliades from Mount Pelion, etc. They were associated with Artemis, since the goddess, when she went out hunting, preferred mountains and rocky precipices.

The term itself appears to be Hellenistic, first attested in Bion of Smyrna's Αδὠνιδος Επιτἀφιος and thus post-Classical.[1]

List of OreadsEdit

The number of Oreads includes but is not limited to:

LIST OF OREADS
Name Location Relations and Notes
Britomartis
Chelone changed by Hermes into a tortoise
Claea Mount Calathion, Messenia [2]
Cyllene or Kyllene Mount Cyllene [3]
Daphnis Mount Parnassos [4]
Echo Mount Cithaeron loved Narcissus[5]
Eidothea
The Idaeae Mount Ida, Crete [6][7]
Adrasteia
Cynosura
Helike
Ida
Nomia Mount Nomia, Arcadia a friend of Callisto[8]
Oenone
Othreis Mount Othrys, Malis [9]
Penelope
Phigalia
Pitys [10]
Sinoe Mount Sinoe, Arcadia [11]
Sose
The Sphragitides or Cithaeronides Mount Cithaeron [12][13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. text at Perseus project
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 3.26.11
  3. ^ Bibliotheca 3.8.1
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 10.5.5
  5. ^ Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 970
  6. ^ Bibliotheca 1.4.5
  7. ^ Hyginus, Astronomica, 2.2
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 8.38.0
  9. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 13
  10. ^ Propertius, Elegies 1. 18
  11. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 8.30.2
  12. ^ Plutarch, Life of Aristides 11. 3
  13. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 9.3.9