A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by some recipient or group of recipients. A message may be delivered by various means, including courier, telegraphy, carrier pigeon and electronic bus. A message can be the content of a broadcast. An interactive exchange of messages forms a conversation.[1]

Geheime Korrespondenz (secret correspondence), by Carl von Bergen
A headstone message in the Jerusalem British World War I Cemetery on Mount Scopus

One example of a message is a press release, which may vary from a brief report or statement released by a public agency to commercial publicity material.


Roles in human communicationEdit

In communication between humans, messages can be verbal or nonverbal:

  • A verbal message is an exchange of information using words. Examples include face-to-face communication, telephone calls, voicemails, email etc.
  • A nonverbal message is communicated through actions or behaviors rather than words, such as conscious or unconscious body language.

In computer scienceEdit

There are two main senses of the word "message" in computing: messages between the human users of computer systems that are delivered by those computer systems, and messages passed between programs or between components of a single program, for their own purposes.

Safety and privacy concernsEdit

Safety and privacy concerns have been expressed in the computer science industry regarding messages. There have been cases where instant messaging apps were found to present a risk of spyware infection.[2] Text messaging is one of the larger causes of distracted driving, and the act of texting and driving has been made illegal in many states as a result.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Carney, Dan (2009-04-08). "Dashboards meet the 21st century". msnbc.com. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  2. ^ Sunku, Durgaprasad (2019-11-01). "Hyderabad: WhatsApp is vulnerable to spyware attacks". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  3. ^ "Distracted Driving | NHTSA". www.nhtsa.gov. Retrieved 2022-10-09.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Messages at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionary definition of message at Wiktionary
  •   Quotations related to Message at Wikiquote